Dennis Frye – The Esprit de Corps of the 2nd Virginia

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – The Esprit de Corps of the 2nd Virginia – TRT: 4:23

Dennis Frye

When the 2nd Virginia infantry came together in April and May of 1861, many of these men didn’t know each other. Now, they knew each other within their companies because – remember, their companies have been coming together and drilling and practicing for more than a year now, since the John Brown raid. So, within a company, you knew your brother or your neighbor or the man that was shoulder-to-shoulder beside you. But once you combined the companies, men from Charlestown joining with men from Martinsburg, joining with men from Hedgesville, joining with men from Harper’s Ferry – you put all those disparate groups into one regiment – many of the men didn’t know each other very well. But by June and mid-July of 1861, that had changed. The men of the 2nd Virginia had coalesced into one unit. They knew their neighbors. They still had their company designations, but now, their affiliation was with the regiment: the 2nd infantry. “I am a proud member of the 2nd Virginia infantry, 1st Virginia brigade, Thomas Jonathan Jackson, commanding.” So, I’d like to share with you just a few sentences from my book on the 2nd Virginia infantry, as to what it was like for them in 1861, before they would stand like a stone wall in the battle of First Manassas – the men of the 2nd infantry:

Indeed, the men did know each other well. Two months of marching, drilling, campfire chats had transformed a collection of strangers into a family of friends. Members of this new family – the 2nd Virginia infantry – had discovered through continuous conversations that George Washington dominated the ranks as the regiment’s most popular name. America’s first hero shared his name with 44 of the muster rolls’ surnames. Some had even learned that company B or company G’s George Washington have been born in 1842 on the former president’s 110th birthday. In addition to the Washington name, the regiment proudly claimed Lieutenant Richard Henry Lee of company G. Word had spread that Lee was the grandson of the mover of the Declaration of Independence. The regiment’s fraternity-like spirit also affected relative unknowns, like Benjamin Boyd and John Yates Beall. No one realized, of course, in 1861 that Boyd soon would become famous as father of the confederate spy, Belle-Boyd and that Beall would be hanged in 1865 after being sentenced by federal authorities as a guerrilla and a spy. Two months of war had revealed several anomalies in the regiment. The six-foot-three-inch frame of company I’s William Hannum towered above all others in the 2nd Virginia. On the other hand, all others dwarfed the five-foot stature of company E’s James Blattner the regiment’s shortest member. Although 73 percent of the soldiers in the 2nd infantry ranged between 18 and 30 years of age, Albert Moore and George W. Rutter proved notable exceptions, Moore, a boy 15-years-old in company A (the Charlestown company) enlisted as the regiment’s youngest recruit. Company C’s Rutter occupied the opposite end of the age scale and at age 53, he represented the regiment’s most senior member. Indeed, the men knew each other well.

Dennis Frye – General Jackson at Harper’s Ferry in 1861

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – General Jackson at Harper’s Ferry – TRT: 4:15

Dennis Frye

Well, the Virginia militia, of course, is citizen soldiers. It would be like our national guard today, but with this difference: many of these militiamen that would start to stream into Harper’s Ferry in the early days of the war right after April the 18th, right as Virginia occupied fully Harper’s Ferry, many of these men had practiced as militiamen, drilled as militiamen, but certainly had never been soldiers before, certainly never soldiers in battle. So, hundreds and, then thousands – ultimately up to eight thousand men – start to descend on Harper’s Ferry in the opening weeks of the war. Now remember that the population of Harper’s Ferry, Bolivar and Virginius Island – all combined – was only about 2.900 citizens. The town’s population almost triples within a month as a result of all these soldiers massing at Harper’s Ferry. Initially, these soldiers were commanded by Virginia militia generals with very gaudy uniforms and very colorful. They brought with them their big staffs and they had lots of whiskey and whiskey became the principal liquid nourishment of the day for many of these soldiers as they came into town as favors would be asked and favors would be passed. It really was a circus. In fact, Henry Kyd Douglas, who lived in Maryland, opposite Shepherdstown, decided to cast his lot with the new confederacy. (He) would cross the Potomac, come to Shepherdstown, joined company B – the Hamtramck guard of the 2nd Virginia infantry and would come to Harper’s Ferry. A lawyer who would volunteer as a private and he would report in the early days of the war that nothing was serious, yet everything was a joke.

Well, this would soon end – this joke. A serious face and a serious person would soon arrive and his name is Jackson – Thomas Jonathan Jackson; yes, same as “Stonewall” Jackson, but in April of 1861, he isn’t known as “Stonewall.” He is known as a Professor Jackson, a professor at the Virginia Military Institute where he taught physics and he taught artillery to the men, the young students there at VMI. Virginia needed someone who had experience to command at Harper’s Ferry and to take these militia – these citizen soldiers and make them real battle-hardened soldiers. Jackson himself was battle-hardened. Jackson himself was a graduate of West Point. Jackson had fought in Mexico and had fought with great bravery in Mexico and was acknowledged for his bravery as an artilleryman while fighting in the Mexican war. Of course, he had come to Lexington where he had lived for just about 10 years prior to the outbreak of the civil war. But when Virginia seceded, Jackson, who himself was opposed to secession just like Robert E. Lee, Jackson would cast his future with his home state, with Virginia, and his very first assignment of the civil war would be to take command at Harper’s Ferry. No one then knew that the famous – soon to become very famous – Stonewall Jackson had arrived.

Dennis Frye – Robert E. Lee’s Invasion of Maryland Heights

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Robert E. Lee’s Invasion of Maryland Heights – TRT: 6:03

Dennis Frye

War isn’t accurately portrayed and remembered. Are there any examples of that and what about Jackson’s invasion of Maryland? Well, Colonel Thomas Jackson at Harper’s Ferry, charged with the defense of Harper’s Ferry, looked around and he saw mountains. As you probably know, Harper’s Ferry sits in the bottom of a hole, a hole that’s been formed by the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers that have carved their way through the mountains of the Blue Ridge. So, surrounding Harper’s Ferry are three mountaintops. Think of Harper’s ferry as a triangle and, in the middle of that triangle, is the town, but on the edges of the town are these three “hills,” “bluffs,” “heights.” One of them, called Bolivar Heights, is to the west. Another called Loudoun Heights, which is on the south side of the Shenandoah River, is the second of the highest. But, the highest of the mountains is in Maryland on the north bank of the Potomac River and it is referred to as Maryland Heights. Now, Jackson looking around, charged with the responsibility of defending Harper’s Ferry. In fact, he would write to General Lee that he intended to defend Harper’s Ferry with all the spirit which actuated the defenders of Thermopylae. He’s going to make a stand: “we are not going to be removed from this location.” But Jackson has a problem and the problem is elevation. Elevation – West Point will teach you – every military commander knows, every man in the ranks knows – you must hold the high ground. You always have tactical advantage when you are placed on the highest position. Whilst Jackson is looking around at these Heights surrounding Harper’s Ferry – Bolivar Heights, Loudoun Heights, Maryland Heights, (Maryland Heights, of course, is actually in the state of Maryland) and this is precisely Jackson’s quandary. For him to hold the high ground means that he would have to actually invade Maryland with Virginia or confederate troops. Now, remember: Maryland has not seceded. Maryland is not a member of the confederacy, but Maryland is a sister state. The confederacy is working very hard to woo into the south and, if Jackson sends troops into Maryland, the response could be very negative. I mean, they’ve already responded negatively to United States troops coming into Maryland. The Baltimore riots of April the 18th, where Massachusetts soldiers- the 6th Massachusetts – these men are actually attacked and some of them killed because it’s considered an invasion of the sovereign soil of Maryland. So, what makes Jackson any different for Marylanders, if he sends troops from Virginia across the Potomac and has his own invasion of Maryland to hold Maryland Heights. So, it’s a very serious predicament for Jackson. Well, Jackson decides to throw politics aside and, of course, he sends his troops across the river and he occupies Maryland Heights with Virginians and also men from Kentucky, thinking that Kentucky, a border state like Maryland, might help soften the blow. Well, Maryland will have none of it. The governor of Maryland would write to the governor of Virginia and bitterly complain about Jackson’s incursion-invasion into Maryland. We often think of the first invasion of north occurring during the Antietam campaign of 1862 – September, 1862. No, it’s in May of 1861. The first confederate troops who go north of the Potomac River, go there by the order of Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson to hold Maryland Heights. Not only does he hold Maryland Heights, he sends troops down the Potomac River to Berlin (which is modern day Brunswick) and even further down the Potomac River to Point of Rocks – all to control the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and any possible approach by the yankees using the rails toward Harper’s Ferry. So, Jackson is now the master of his defense, while Governor Letcher and General Lee are going berserk in Richmond. “What is this man doing? He is crazy! We are trying to have an amicable relationship with the state of Maryland and here is this wild man out there who is suddenly sending troops into Maryland soil without Maryland’s permission or Maryland’s invitation!!” So, we actually reprimand Jackson. Lee says: “it is not a good idea to keep your troops in Maryland. You must remove them unless the contingencies of war require you to keep them there.” Even that early, Lee was giving discretion to his men in the field, not trying to control from Richmond. But giving Jackson immediate operational control over his immediate operational district, Jackson knows he must hold the high ground and he decides to stay in Maryland. He will remain. Eventually, it’s resolved like this: Baltimoreans come to Harper’s Ferry, join Jackson in the confederate army, and Jackson then places Maryland troops to occupy Maryland Heights. Hence, no longer do we have foreigners – men from outside the state of Maryland – holding the Heights. So, Jackson is now in charge of Maryland Heights. Marylanders are on Maryland Heights and the crisis is resolved. We see at this point the resolve of Thomas Jonathan Jackson and his eagerness to defend Virginia and his willingness to take the advantage of the high ground, hold it with utmost determination, a character trait that we will soon see repeated again and again.

Dennis Frye – Jackson’s Mission at Harper’s Ferry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Jackson’s Mission at Harper’s Ferry TRT: 5:49

Dennis Frye

At Harper’s Ferry at the beginning of the war, Robert E. Lee had a very specific mission for Thomas Jonathan Jackson. Harper’s Ferry – now keep in mind the structure of command. Lee is the overall general in command of all Virginia forces. All state forces defending Virginia belong to Lee. Jackson is directly under Lee and he is a colonel. He is a colonel in the Virginia militia responsible for the area at Harper’s Ferry. Lee assigns him the following responsibility: 1) get the armory machinery out of Harper’s Ferry, remove it. Remove it quickly, efficiently. Lee was very concerned that Harper’s Ferry, because it was so far to the north and could be so easily attacked and so vulnerable to a northern advance. They wanted to make sure that the armory machinery would be removed. This was very disappointing to the people of Harper’s Ferry and it was absolutely disheartening to the armorers, who worked there, when our Alfred Barbour, the former superintendent of the armory, had announced that secession would occur and that Virginia would move in and seize the machinery. There were high hopes that Virginia would continue the operation of the armory at Harper’s Ferry, but when it became very evident that the Potomac River, rather than the Mason-Dixon line, was to become the northern border of the confederacy. That machinery in that location in Harper’s Ferry was too vulnerable. So, Jackson, shortly after arrival, is given an assignment by Lee to remove that machinery and he begins immediately. He begins to dismantle the machinery, first in the musket factory, along the Potomac River, and then, ultimately, follows up, removing the machinery from the rifle factory along the Shenandoah River. It’s very methodical, very systematic. Jackson will use wagons, the Winchester-Potomac Railroad, and he will ship the machinery to Winchester. Ultimately, then it will be carried over land from Winchester to Strasburg, where it will be placed on the Manassas Gap Railroad and then, move further into the interior. So, within one week after Jackson’s arrival, (and incidentally he arrives on April the 29th) the war is only about 11 days old when Jackson arrives at Harper’s Ferry. He is already moving the machinery and has two-thirds of it moved into the interior within one week after his arrival. It was a very impressive performance by Jackson. This machinery had to be dismantled. It weighs tons and tons. He had to put the wagons and the trains together and move it when he didn’t get all the cooperation he needed from the local citizens. He impressed wagons and impressed the trains. He reminded people that we are now at war and that I’m in charge, not your local mayors and not your local county commissioners. So, with all of that, Jackson got that job done. Now, Lee gave him another assignment and that was to organize the burgeoning force that was organizing in Harper’s Ferry. These thousands of men that were coming not only from Virginia now, but also men were arriving from Mississippi and Alabama. The deep south states – the original seceding states – were sending men to Harper’s Ferry to be part of the confederate defense of Virginia. So Jackson was responsible for organizing all these men. His principal area of concentration were Virginians. There were almost 5,000 Virginians that had had concentrated at Harper’s Ferry, but they all arrived as militia companies with their own commanders – some trained, some with very little training. So, it was basically a pretty disorganized mob. Some were in uniform; some were had weapons, many did not; some who did have weapons had not very modern weapons. They would have been used during the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812. This was not what you would call an army. So, Jackson had to take this this mob of men – these citizens – and make them soldiers. The first thing he did was begin to organize them into regiments and brigades. For example, the 1st Virginia brigade that Jackson himself would soon command. The 1st Virginia brigade would consist of five Virginia regiments. Almost all of those men and those regiments coming out of the Shenandoah Valley. The local regiment that Jackson organized was called the 2nd Virginia infantry and it was comprised of men from Charlestown and Shepherdstown and Harper’s Ferry and little old Duffields. Even Duffields had a company in the 2nd Virginia infantry, but it also extended further south into Clarke County and included a company from Berryville and also further west into Martinsburg companies, coming from Martinsburg and Hedgesville. All of these local men in Berkeley and Jefferson and Clarke County in the lower Shenandoah Valley would become part of the 2nd Virginia infantry. In fact, there was even one Winchester company in there, coming out of Frederick County, Virginia. So, Jackson would work very hard to organize the men. Most of these men would be encamped on Bolivar Heights and it was there on Bolivar Heights that they would sleep and eat. But more than anything, they would drill and they would drill some more. They would drill some more, Jackson transforming these sons of Virginians into these very, very, very disciplined soldiers. But even with that discipline, the question was: how well would they fight on a battlefield? How well would their discipline stand up to the bullets of the enemy, whizzing toward them? That question still remained unanswered.

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Dennis Frye – Leaders of the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Leaders of the 2nd Virginia Infantry TRT: 5:08

https://youtu.be/u1h7xqBmQsk

Dennis Frye

Well, who led this regiment? Who was in charge of the second infantry? Who were these people and what kind of experience did they have? Now, there’s kind of a myth associated with the Civil War that many of these men who initially joined the army – the confederate army and led the confederate army – were novices, that they had virtually no experience. They certainly had never fought in the Civil War before, but they didn’t have any kind of military background or military experience. Well, that’s not true, especially not true in the case of the 2nd Virginia infantry. The 2nd infantry was led by men who had military experience. As an example, the colonel of the regiment James Walkinshaw Allen. Colonel Allen, born Shenandoah County, 31-years-old in 1861, a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute. In fact, not only was he a graduate of the military institute, but he later became a professor who taught at VMI. He taught with Jackson, who was also at VMI. So, Jackson and Allen knew each other. They were friends. They had been on the faculty together at VMI. Jackson taught physics; Colonel Allen taught mathematics and so there was an almost immediate bond and trust between Jackson and Colonel Allen when the war breaks out. They start to serve together as part of the 1st Virginia brigade with Allen in command of the 2nd Virginia infantry. Allen was a very interesting person. As a young man, he had actually lost an eye through an accident, but it didn’t stunt his growth. By the time he was a teen at VMI he was six-foot-three inches tall. He would tower over the world. Six-foot-three was a very, very large man by 1861 terms. He was very careful in who he selected to lead this regiment. For example, his second in command Lieutenant Colonel Francis Lackland. Lackland was from Charlestown. Lackland was 30 years old. Lackland also was a VMI graduate. He had graduated in the same class in 1849. As his commander, Colonel James Allen. So, another VMI boy, two VMI grads in charge of the 2nd Virginia infantry. Then, we come to who will become the major of the regiment: Lawson Botts. Now Lawson Botts is not a graduate of VMI but he does have experience. He has military experience. For example, Lawson Botts helps organize the militia that will surround and suppress John Brown during the famous John Brown raid in Harper’s Ferry in 1859, and, in fact, this was such a successful effort by Lawson Botts that Botts will organize his own militia company in November of 1859, shortly after John Brown had been found guilty and that militia company Botts will train and drill from November of 1859, up to the outbreak of the war in April of 1861. So, he has experience. He hasn’t fought to any great extent, but he has experience with a trained militia company and so Lawson Botts becomes the major of the 2nd Virginia infantry. Even to the ranks of the captains, some of the men who are going to be commanding the companies – John W. Rowan – company A, the Charlestown company and Mexican war veteran. Another Mexican war veteran would be the commander or company B the Hamtramck guard – Vincent Moore Butler. Another Mexican war veteran would be the commander of company C (which was from Clarke County, known as the Nelson guard) William Nelson. Another Mexican war veteran was in command of the Floyd guard – George W. Chambers, the mayor of Harper’s Ferry, commanding the Floyd guard company K, also a Mexican war veteran. So, you can see that the leadership of this regiment, not only had the technical learning experience that they received through the benefit of the Virginia Military Institute, but many of these men who are leading troops, potentially leading troops or about to lead troops into battle have already experienced battle themselves and are veterans, true veterans of a fight. So, the 2nd Virginia infantry leadership is well qualified, understands war, and is ready to fight; and, more important, they are able to teach these young men who have joined the ranks how to fight.

Dennis Frye – General Background of the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – The Origins of the 2nd Virginia Infantry – TRT: 4:08

Well, of course, Stonewall Jackson will become the famous Stonewall Jackson on July 21, 1861, because the men in his ranks will stand upon Henry Hill and stand there like a stone wall. “There stands Jackson – like a stone wall” would declare General Bee, and, Jackson, indeed, with his force, would stand there and, actually, help turn the tide of battle – which was not going well for the confederacy at that moment – turned the tide of battle and, ultimately, helped lead to the great confederate victory of July 21, 1861 on Henry Hill in the battle of First Manassas. But, who were these men that enabled Stonewall Jackson to earn that nickname and who were these men who stood there on Henry Hill like a stone wall? Well, many of these men were from the lower Shenandoah Valley. These were men from Jefferson County, Berkeley County, Clarke County, and Frederick County, Virginia and these men who stood with Jackson there on Henry Hill were many of the same men who had arrived in Harper’s Ferry that third week of April, right after the army and arsenal had been seized, arrived there, drilled there, were trained there by Thomas Jonathan Jackson, while he was the commandant at Harper’s Ferry. So, there was a bond between Jackson and the local boys who had come up out of the lower Shenandoah Valley to join the confederate army. They became the stone wall. Well, who were these people? Well let’s take a look for a moment as to who comprised what became known as the 2nd Virginia infantry. The 1st Virginia brigade was comprised of five Virginia regiments. These five regiments totaled a little under 3,000 men and one of those regiments, known as the 2nd Virginia infantry was principally the lower Shenandoah Valley regiment and, in the 2nd Virginia infantry were 10 companies of men. Now a company at full strength was supposed to be about 100 men. So, theoretically, the 2nd Virginia infantry at full strength was a thousand men. As a regiment, it never equaled a thousand men, not even at the beginning of the war. Most of the companies had anywhere from 400 to 600 men, if that many, or pardon me, most of the companies usually had about 80, 70 to 80 men. The regiment itself may have been between six and 800 men, even at the beginning of the war. So here was the composition of the 2nd Virginia infantry, Company A came from Charlestown and was commanded by Captain John W. Rowan. Company B came from Shepherdstown, known as the Hamtramck Guard and they were commanded by Captain Vincent Butler. Company C came out of Clarke County and they were known as the Nelson Rifles and were commanded by Captain William Nelson. Company D came from Martinsburg from Berkeley County, commanded by Captain John Quincy Adams Nadenbush. Company E came out of of Berkeley County and they were known as the Hedgesville Riflemen and they were commanded by Captain Raleigh Colston. Company F Now, this is our Frederick County Company were known as the Winchester riflemen and they were commanded by Captain William Clark Jr. Company G, we come back to Jefferson County, Company G was known as the Botts’ Greys named after Lawson Botts of Charlestown, but not commanded by Botts. The Botts’ Greys actually were commanded Lawson Botts initially. He soon will be raised to the rank of major but initially at the outbreak of the war, it’s commanded by Captain Botts. Company H, the Letcher Riflemen, named after the governor of Virginia. They come out of tiny little Duffields here in Jefferson County and they will be commanded by James H. L. Hunter. Then, we go back to Clarke County for the Clarke Rifles. They came out of the Berryville area and they will be commanded by Strother H. Bowen. Finally, the final company – the tenth company of the 2nd Virginia infantry: Company K was known as the Floyd Guard, named after former secretary of war, John B. Floyd, and they were based out of Harper’s Ferry. Many of the armorers joined this company in response to John Brown and they were commanded by the mayor of Harper’s Ferry, George W. Chambers. So, 10 companies from the four lower Shenandoah Valley counties all totaled about 800 men who are soon going to do battle on Henry Hill and stand like a stone wall. they began, in a very disciplined, orderly fashion to drill and to execute the rules and the maneuvers of war and they would meet weekly in their companies. They would come into formation in the town square. They had their uniforms and they were different uniforms. For example, the Jefferson Guard were wearing the regular uniform of the United States Army – the standard blue with a Virginia belt buckle. But we had the Hamtramck Guard from Shepherdstown in a very different type uniform, and we had the uniforms coming from Frederick County out of Winchester – The Winchester Riflemen. They were green. So, all and the Bott’s Grays, obviously, were a gray uniform. They had all this different variety of uniforms, because these individual companies had come together had organized. They were armed with good weapons that were provided by the state of Virginia. rifles, rifled muskets or muskets, but they were good, operational weapons; and then, their commanders, their company commanders, their captains had drilled them. So, when the war erupts in 1861, these militiamen, these citizens had already learned the art of war. That didn’t mean they had been fired upon, certainly. They had not seen the enemy, but they were preparing themselves to be the home guard, the home defense for Virginia, and now they were truly called upon to stop an entire army of invaders coming from the north.

Dennis Frye – The Origins of the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – The Origins of the 2nd Virginia Infantry – TRT: 4:08.

Dennis Frye

The 2nd Virginia infantry was not a brand new organization in April, May and June of 1861, not new at all. Every company in the 2nd Virginia infantry – all 10 companies – had been organized as Virginia militia companies prior to the outbreak of the civil war. Now, the oldest company – the one that had been in existence the longest – was Company A, the Charlestown company that Captain Rowan was in command of. This company – the Jefferson Guard – had actually been organized in 1858 and it was the Jefferson Guard who was the first to respond to the John Brown attack on Harper’s Ferry in 1859. But most of the rest of the companies came into existence as a result of the John Brown raid. Now, you need to remember that Virginians considered John Brown, not just a murderer and not just a conspirator with northern abolitionists, but they considered Brown an invader and they expected more invasions by more people like John Brown. So the response to Brown was, not just his execution, but the lasting response was Virginians organizing to defend themselves against future incursions by abolitionists. They didn’t think Brown was the end of it. So numerous of these companies that are going to comprise the 2nd Virginia infantry will be organized in the aftermath of the John Brown raid. Now that’s consequential because you see they were actually organized, trained, equipped, and uniformed through the state of Virginia. These were not just your regular “corn stalk and feather bed” militia who would get together once a year and carry a corn stalk for a rifle or have a straw in their left foot or their right foot to help them march. No, no, no. Once these men came together in the aftermath of John Brown to defend their homes, to defend their firesides, defend their women and children, they began, in a very disciplined, orderly fashion to drill and to execute the rules and the maneuvers of war and they would meet weekly in their companies. They would come into formation in the town square. They had their uniforms and they were different uniforms. For example, the Jefferson Guard were wearing the regular uniform of the United States Army – the standard blue with a Virginia belt buckle. But we had the Hamtramck Guard from Shepherdstown in a very different type uniform, and we had the uniforms coming from Frederick County out of Winchester – The Winchester Riflemen. They were green. So, all and the Bott’s Grays, obviously, were a gray uniform. They had all this different variety of uniforms, because these individual companies had come together had organized. They were armed with good weapons that were provided by the state of Virginia. rifles, rifled muskets or muskets, but they were good, operational weapons; and then, their commanders, their company commanders, their captains had drilled them. So, when the war erupts in 1861, these militiamen, these citizens had already learned the art of war. That didn’t mean they had been fired upon, certainly. They had not seen the enemy, but they were preparing themselves to be the home guard, the home defense for Virginia, and now they were truly called upon to stop an entire army of invaders coming from the north.

Dennis Frye’s Personal Interest in the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye’s Personal Interest in the 2nd Virginia Infantry – TRT: 4:39

Dennis Frye

Well, the 2nd Virginia infantry has a special interest to me because i’m a local boy. Now I have to admit, I didn’t grow up in the lower Shenandoah valley, but I was as close as it could be: a stone’s throw across the Potomac river in Washington County, Maryland. That is where I’m from. I feel some affinity to the 2nd Virginia infantry because of Henry Kyd Douglas. Henry Kyd Douglas also grew up in Washington County, Maryland and he, ultimately, went across the Potomac river from his home at Ferry Hill and joined the Shepherdstown company of the 2nd Virginia infantry which was company B, the Hamtramck guard. So this was my opportunity to learn about and study the boys who fought with Stonewall Jackson throughout the war who came from the local area that I was very familiar with; and with my association with Harpers Ferry and working with the National Park Service there for years and my association with Shepherd College and being a graduate of Shepherd with a degree in history, I had this personal interest and affinity to the 2nd Virginia infantry. Plus, my professor, one of my principal professors at Shepherd College when I was there was Dr. Millard Bushong. One of the very first writers to discuss the 2nd Virginia infantry and to bring about their very illustrious history was Dr. Bushong in his very famous book he wrote on Jefferson county. So, I wanted to do more research. Dr. Bushong in the 1970s whetted my appetite, but I wanted to really dig into who these people were, learn about them individually, find out who comprised those stones that made up that stone wall that stood there so firmly on Henry Hill. I was given the opportunity in the early 1980s. A history teacher named Harold Howard, a Virginian, – in fact, he actually had been named the history teacher of the year for the state of Virginia. Harold had worked at Appomattox National battlefield and Harold had this great interest in Virginia soldiers. He himself was a descendant of a Virginian who had served in the 2nd Virginia cavalry and he really loved the personal. He wanted to talk about individual soldiers. So Harold Howard, a history teacher, conceived the idea of creating a series of books on Virginia regiments and his idea was to have, not just a chronological narrative of these different regiments, but also to try to identify every man who served in that regiment during the course of the war and to put it in writing, to give yourself, not just the narrative, but also a roster of the soldiers. So, Harold contacted me, because he knew my interest in the valley troops and specifically Stonewall Jackson and asked if I would be interested in writing for his series. Well, I was in my early 20s and, being a historian, the opportunity to write a book about my own backyard and about the people who became so famous as part of the Stonewall Brigade was very exciting to me. So I agreed. I accepted the challenge and began researching in detail the 2nd Virginia infantrym spent a huge amount of time in the National Archives, working with what’s known as the “compiled service records,” which were the records of those men – everything from the time they enlisted to the time that they fought on the battlefields, through their rosters, through whether they became a prisoner of war, or whether they may have been in the field hospital or whether they died during the war from disease – all those kinds of records are available in the National Archives. They were put together in what’s known as a compiled service record. But for the Virginia troops, it had never been published. This information was not out there. So this was primary source information that had yet really been illuminated. So every soldier that I had an opportunity to research was an exciting venture for me. Of course, actually learning about the story of the regiment itself from its initiatives, its inauguration early in the war, all the way through Appomattox was an exciting ride. So, I was very fortunate to have published the 2nd Virginia infantry, which is part of the Virginia regimental series. This was actually the seventh book published in that series and it came out in the initial edition in 1984. So I’ve been working with and been fascinated by the 2nd Virginia infantry for close to 30 years now and they have many stories to tell.

2nd Virginia Infantry Roster

2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment

This roster of the 2nd Virginia Regiment – these Jefferson County men listed here and men from elsewhere – is the seminal contribution of Dennis Frye. His book is: Frye, Dennis E. (1984). “2nd Virginia Infantry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

ADAMS, GEORGE E.: b. 3/21/43. Confectioner. enl. 4/29/61 in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov. 1861 and taken POW while on furlough. Exchanged 8/5/62. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 9/29/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

AISQUITH, ARCHIBALD H.: b. 5/11/45. 5’7″. light complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Right arm amputated at Gen. Hosp. at Staunton. Listed as unfit for active duty. Attached to Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 5/28/63. Last official entry shows him still at same hospital in Sept./Oct. 1864. Paroled 4/22/65 at Winchester. d. 11/3/94. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

AISQUITH, CHARLES W.: b.about 1841 in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt., date not listed. Wded. in neck at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to duty 9/25/61. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Present again 4/30-10/31, 1862. Hospitalized 4/5/63, chronic diarrhea. “slightly wounded by shell in Battle of Fredericksburg.” 12/13/62. Last official entry shows him commissioned as hospital steward, 6/1/63. d. 4/2/92. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ALEXANDER, THOMAS B.: b. 1840? Farmer. enl. 4/21/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. d. in hospital at Staunton, 6/18 or 6/19 1862; cerebretis. bur. Thornrose Cem., Staunton.

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM FONTAINE: b. 8/13/41. Druggist. enl. 6/3/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 9/10/61. Present again Nov.-Dec. 1861. Apptd. Hospital Steward, Ladies Relief Hospital, Lynchburg, 5/27/62. Steward at University Hosp., Charlottesville, June, 1862. To Ladies Relief Hospital, Lynchburg, 12/62-11/63. “Request that Steward be permanently assigned to duty as druggist” at Chimborazo #5, 2/29/64. Last official entry states he received a furlough from Chimborazo, 9/30/64. d. 4/11/80. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ALLEN, JAMES M.: b. 12/23/39. Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. Port Republic, 6/9/62. Wded. 2nd Manassas, date not specific. No further record. d. 6/17/09. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

ALLEN, JAMES WALKENSHAW: b. 7/2/29 in Shenandoah Co. 6’3″. “One eye lost in childhood when a piece from a spent cap blinded him.” Grad. V.M.I. 1849 (#5 of 24). V.M.I. faculty 1852, Asst. Professor of Mathematics. Farmer, Summit Point, Va., 1857. Commissioned Col. 2nd Va. Volunteer Militia, Jefferson Co., 1860. Apptd. Col. 2nd Va. Volunteer Infantry, 4/28/61. KIA when shot through the head at Gaines’s Mill, 6/27/62. bur. Hollywood Cem., Richmond. Re-interred Liberty, date not known.

ALLSTADT, J. THOMAS: b. 8/24/40. Farmer. Youngest prisoner of John Brown during Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry in Oct., 1859. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Deserted 6/2/61. d. 11/12/23, “the last survivor of John Brown.” bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ANDERSON, GEORGE W.: b. 4/19/24. 5’9″.light complexion, blue eyes, blonde hair. enl. 3/8/62 at Winchester in Co. C as Pvt. Detailed as Wagoner 12/30/62-May-June 1863. AWOL 9/2/63. Last official entry still shows him AWOL, Nov.-Dec. 1864. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester. d. 8/22/99. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

ARTHUR, WILLIAM: b. 1842? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 12/1/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Last official entry shows him receiving pay on 3/18/65.

ASHBAUGH, JOSEPH H.: enl. 3/10/62 at Winchester in Co. A as Pvt. sick at home in Jefferson Co., 10/31/62. Present again Nov./Dec. 1862. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/9/65. Last official entry shows him present, Feb., 1865. ‘

ASHBY. GEORGE W.: enl. 9/2/61 at Charles Town in Co. K as Pvt. Wded. at Cedar Run, 8/9/62. Admitted Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/11/62 with flesh wound. Returned to duty 8/30/62. Last official entry shows him present, 10/31/64. Retired to Invalid Corps, 2/20/65; assigned to Staunton, 3/14/65. Paroled 5/1/65 at Harpers Ferry.

ASHBY. WILLIAM F.: b. 1843? Blacksmith. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

BARNHART, DANIEL E.: b. 1840. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 11/13/61. d. 4/25/62 at Gen. Hosp. #2, Lynchburg; disease. bur. City Cem. (Old Methodist Cem.), Lynchburg. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Daniel E. Barnhart wounded at Kernstown 23rd of March 1862 died at Hospital Lynchburg, April 25th, aged 22.”

BARNHART, GEORGE W.: b. 7/28/43. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept./Oct. 1861. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/30/62. b. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865 states: “George W. Barnhart killed Aug. 28, 1862 at the second battle of Manassas, aged 20.”

BARNHART, HENRY F.: b. 1837. 5’5″. dark complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown as Sgt. in Co. B. To Lt. 11/18/62. To Capt. 6/13/63. POW at Fisher’s Hill, 9/22/64 (Ft. Delaware). Released 6/16/65. d. 1915. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BARR, DAVID: 5’10”. light complexion, gray eyes, auburn hair. Shoemaker. Residence Clarke Co. enl. 4/18/62 at Mt. Jackson in Co. I as Pvt. POW at Winchester, 6/5/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. AWOL since 8/15/62. POW in Jefferson Co. 2/15/63 (Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. POW at Gaines Cross Roads, 8/3/63 (Old Capitol Prison). d. 12/10/63 at Old Capitol Prison; cause not stated.

BARR, JOHN F.: b. 1825? 5’5″. fair complexion, gray eyes, sandy hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 7/1/61 at Camp Myers near Martinsburg in Co. K as Pvt. POW 6/15/62 at Harpers Ferry (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. AWOL 11/20/62. Court-martialed on 2/2/63 for 23 days AWOL (fine not stated). Deserted 7/26/63 POW (Rebel deserter) near Chambersburg, Pa., 7/27/63. Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 11/17/63.

BARR, MARTIN L.: b. 2/25/42. Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Pvt. AWOL 7/30-8/9 1861. AWOL since 12/27/61. POW at Harpers Ferry, 6/15/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Wded. in right thigh at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond, 11/29/63. To Chimborazo #1, 11/30/63. To Gen. Hasp. Staunton, 12/29/63. To Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/25-7/15 1864. POW at Clarkson, Va., 11/27/64 (Old Capitol Prison, Elmira). Paroled 3/14/65. d. 11/28/18. bur. Mt. Hebron Cem., Winchester.

BARRINGER, GEORGE W.: b. 1830? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Corp. To Pvt. Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 7/17-12/13/61. POW 6/10/62. No further record.

BEALL, JOHN YATES: b. 1/1/35 in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed to convey a sick soldier to Jefferson Co., Sept./Oct. 1861. Wded. in chest in Battle of Bolivar Heights, 10/16/61. Discharged due to wound, 2/18/63. POW at Accomac Co., 1/16/63. Held as a political prisoner and pirate for his privateering in the Chesapeake Bay (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe, Pt. Lookout). Paroled from Pt. Lookout, 3/3/64. Court-martialed as a guerrilla and spy after captured in his attempt to release Confederate prisoners held on Johnson’s Island. Hanged on Governor’s Island in New York Harbor, 2/24/65. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BEALL, WILLIAM: b. 3/26/44. Student. Brother of John Yates Beall. enl. 6/8/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 10/3/61. POW near Manassas, 8/27/62. Exchanged and returned 11/20/62. On furlough, Jan.-Feb. 1863, Sent to hospital, 4/18/63. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/2-7/20 1863; diarrhea. Detailed by Special Order 253 from Secretary of War to report to J. Y. Beall, 10/4/63. POW at Accomac Co., 11/16/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe). Exchanged 3/16/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/16/07. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BEDINGER, GEORGE RUST:Pvt.b. Jefferson County, 7/10/1840, Attended UVa. 58-60. Enl. Co. B, 2nd Va. Inf. Harper’s Ferry 5/15/61. Transf. 1st RA 8/26/61. Present 8/26-10/31/61 and 1-4/27/62. Transf. Ashby’s Cav. 4/28/62. Received commission as Capt. to raise company,but failed. Elected Capt., Co. E, 33rd. 33rd Va/. Inf. 8/1/62. Present Chancellorsville, Winchester. KIA Gettysburg 7/3/63. “He was of medium height, active, strong, and graceful.” “In camp and on the march, Bedinger was always gay and cheerful, and though reared in ease and affluence, made himself and his comrades merry amid their privations and discomforts. During the long artillery duel in which his battery was engaged at Kernstown, he was always in the right place, and in spite of the dangers to which he was exposed and of which he was fully conscious, could not resist the temptation to be merry and to provoke merriment in others, at his own and his companions’ occasional impulses to dodge the noisiest shells with which the enemy were making the day hideous.”

BERRY, CHARLES JAMES: b. Sept. 1844 at Charles Town. enl. 7/9/61 at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Discharged 10/14/62, no reason given. d. 4/20/89 at Albany, Georgia. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BERRY, LAWRENCE LEE GRIGGS: b. 7/14/39 at Charles Town. Entered University of Virginia, 1857. grad. in political economy and moral philosophy. enl. 7/9/61 in Co. G as Pvt. KIA 9/21/61 while on picket duty at Natt’s Farm on Munson’s Hill near Falls Church. bur. Edge Hill Cem. Charles Town, W.Va.

BAST (BOST) GEORGE M.: b. 1818? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Sgt. sick at Shepherdstown since 9/29/61. Present again Nov-Dec. 1861. Surgeon’s discharge, 4/27/62. d. 5/2/70. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BOTELER, ALEXANDER R., JR.: b. 1843? in Jefferson Co. 5’9 1/2″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair. Clerk. enl. 6/10/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. B as Pvt. On special duty, 4/18-6/30 1861. Present again July/Aug. 1861. Discharged by Secretary of War, 10/8/61, reason not given. Unofficial source states he served in the Rockbridge Artillery. “Cadet” Boteler assigned to Ord. Office, Hoke’s Brigade, Early’s Division, 2nd Corps. 4/13/63. Relieved from this duty 8/16/63 and ordered to duty “with some artillery co.in the army.”

BOTTS, LAWSON: b. 7/25/25 at Fredericksburg. Attended V.M.I. 1841. Lawyer in Charles Town. m. Sarah Elizabeth Bibb Ranson, 1851. Defense attorney for John Brown during the early stages of Brown’s trial. Commissioned Capt. of Botts Greys, pre-war militia Co. from Charles Town, 11/4/59. Capt. Co. G. 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., 5/3/61. To Maj., 6/12/61. To Lt. Col., 9/11/61. To Col. 6/27/62. Provost Marshal at Winchester, Nov-Dec. 1861. MWIA when shot through cheek and mouth at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. d. 9/16/62 at Middleburg. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BOWERS, JOHN B.: b. 7/32. Farmer. enl. 6/8/61 at Camp Jackson at Harpers Ferry in Co. A as Pvt. Detailed as teamster, 8/16-8/26 1861. Detailed as ambulance driver, 9/16/61. Last official entry shows him sick in hospital at Winchester and still on detail as ambulance driver, 11/27/61. Paroled 5/2/65 at Winchester. d. 1/19/03. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BRANTNER, GEORGE W.: enl. 4/18/61 Duffields Co. H. AWOL July/August 1861.

BROTHERTON, ROBERT R.: b. 12/23/30. enl. 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Deserted near Bunker Hill, 10/16/62. d. 8/20/12. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BRISCOE, THOMAS W.: b. 9/4/33. Physician. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. MWIA in chest at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. d. 7/24/61 at hospital at Culpeper Court House. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BROWN, JAMES H.: b. 1841. Dept. of the Post Master. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Corp. d. 8/13/61, measles. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BROWN, JOSEPH F. (H.): b. 3/25/28. Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Detailed as teamster for regt., Nov-Dec.1862. AWOL 4/28/63. Unofficial source says he served in Co. A, 1st Va. Cav. d. 3/19/93. bur. Uvilla Methodist Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

BROWN, SAMUEL HOWELL: b. 1/14/31. Surveyor. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Sgt. Detailed as a recruiting officer, 8/2/61. Returned from recruiting 10/11/61. Detailed for special duty under Col. Angus W. McDonald by order of Gen. Jackson, Nov./Dec. 1861. Detailed in engineer corps, 4/18/62. Apptd. Lt. in engineer corps, 6/1/63. No further record. d. 1/24/05. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BROWN, WILLIAM J.: b. 1831. 5’7″. dark complexion, black eyes, sandy hair, gray, sandy whiskers. Clerk for circuit court of Jefferson Co.; also a lawyer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. sick at hospital, Nov./Dec. 1861. Wded. elbow joint, right arm, 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Captured at Charles Town and paroled, Sept./Oct. 1862. Detailed by Secretary of War, 8/4/63, to report to Richmond to serve as clerk for T. C. Green, state collector of C.S. taxes in Va. Given 6 months’ disability certificate, 4/19/64, due to permanently disabled right arm. No further record.

BURNETT, THOMAS D.: b. 9/10/38. Druggist and farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Corp. Detailed as Hospital Steward in 33rd Va. Vol. Inf., 9/10/61. d. 3/10/62. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BURNETT, WILLIAM: b. 1837? 5’9″. fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Lawyer. enl. 6/19/61 at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Discharged 2/28/62, reason not stated. d. 5/12/88. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BUTLER, FRANCIS G.: b. 4/10/21. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. MWIA in chest at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. d. 7/25/61 at Pringle’s House, Manassas. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BUTLER, VINCENT MOORE: b. 12/21/20. Physician. Apptd. Capt. of Hamtramck Guards, a pre-war militia company from Shepherdstown. 4/59. Capt. Co. B, 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., 5/3/61. Dropped from the roll, 4/20/62; not re-elected. d. 4/22/64. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BUTLER, WILLIAM: b. 8/23/41. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 8/17/61. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861-March/April 1862. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present again Jan /Feb. 1863. d. 5/6 or 5/8 1863 at Chimborazo #5, pneumonia. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BUZZARD, GEORGE W.: b. 1842? Laborer. enl. at Harper’s Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Last official entry shows him absent sick, Nov./Dec. 1861.

CAMERON, ALEXANDER B.: b. 1834? Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/20/62. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. MWIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62; d. 8/29/62. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Lt. A. B. Cameron wounded 28th of August, 1862 second battle of Manassas, died Aug. 30th, aged 27. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CAMERON, HENRY F.: b. 6/18/24. Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Sgt. Reduced to Pvt. Sept./Oct. 1861. AWOL 7/16-8/24 1861. Discharged 4/30-10/31 1862, overage. d. 11/11/88. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CAMPBELL, JAMES A.: b. 1827? Miller. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov-Dec. 1861.

CHAMBERS, GEORGE W.: b. 1/6/29. Merchant in Harper’s Ferry. Mayor of Harper’s Ferry, 1860. Organizer and Capt. of the Floyd Guards, a pre-war militia unit from Harper’s Ferry. Capt. of Co. K, 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., 5/3/61. Resigned 4/14/62. d. 2/3/08. bur. Harper’s Cem., Harper’s Ferry, W.Va.

CHAPMAN, JAMES W.: b. 1833? Blacksmith. enl. 4/19/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. To Pvt. 11/22/61. Absent sick July-Aug./Nov./Dec. 1861. AWOL at Bunker Hill, 10/15/62. No further record.

CHAPMAN, JOHN: b. 1839? 6′ 2″. dark complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/62 near Harrisonburg in Co. G as Pvt. POW at Rippon, W.Va., 9/6/64 (Camp Chase). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/11/65.

CHAPMAN, JOHN W.: enl. 7/17/61 at Winchester in Co. A as Pvt. sick at home in Jefferson Co., Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record.

CHAPMAN, JOSEPH H.: b. 1840? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Sent to hospital in Winchester, 12/16/61. Present by 10/31/62. Deserted 7/15/63. d. 8/25/77.

CHAPMAN, THORTON J.: b. 12/28/32. 6’0″. dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Farmer. drafted 4/15/63 at Camp Winder. Surgeon’s discharge for “permanent dislocation of the elbow joint,” 9/18/63. d. 3/5/11. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W. Va

CLEMENTS, FRANCES X.: 6’1″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, black hair. Residence Jefferson Co, enl. 3/6/62 at Winchester in Co, A as Pvt. Under arrest, Nov./Dec. 1862, charges not stated. Deserted 7/24/63. POW (Rebel deserter) at Harper’s Ferry, 8/10/63 (Old Capitol Prison), Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 9/26/63; sent north to Philadelphia.

CLINE, HENRY J.: b. 1842? Laborer. enl. 6/11/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. A as Pvt. sick at home in Jefferson Co., Nov-Dec. 1861. Present 6/30-10/31 1862. Last official entry shows him at Chimborazo #5, 5/23-6/21 1864, flesh wound in right thigh. No further record.

CLIP (CLIPP), JOHN W.: b. 2/17/34. enl. 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. F as Pvt. AWOL Since 10/12/62. No further record. d. 7/28/23. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

COCKRELL, DAVID H.: b. 1818? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Lt. Detailed as conscript officer for Jefferson Co., 10/1/62. Detailed by Brig. Gen. Talliferro as Chief of Pioneer Corps, 12/19/62; retained on this detail through March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him as commanding Division Provost Guard at Camp Ewell near Burgess Mill, 2/27/65. POW Appomattox, 4/9/65 (Old Capitol Prison). Released 8/8/65. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.; no dates on stone.

COLBERT, GEORGE W.: b. 1838? 5’10”. florid complexion, gray eyes, black hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since mid-May, 1861. Discharged 11/9/61, no reason stated.

COLBERT, JOHN JAMES: b. 12/18/39. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. Killed 9/9/62? bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

COLBERT, JOSEPH W.: b. 1842, Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 Co. H

COLBERT, RICHARD W.: b. 1844 Laborer, enl. 4/20/61 Floyd Guards, later Co. K

COLEMAN, JOHN W. enl. Co. A 2nd Va.

CONLEY, WILLIAM H.: b. 1833? Carpenter. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 9/31/1862. Wded. in finger on right hand at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/15/65. Chimborazo #2, 3/19/65; scorbutus. POW in Richmond hospital, 4/3/65. Paroled 4/22/65 from Libby Prison.

CONLEY, JAMES P.: enl. 2/28/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. No further record

CONRAD, ALEXANDER N.: b. 1842? Boatsman. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town In Co. A as Pvt. AWOL 12/25-12/30 1861. POW at Berryville, 7/1/62 (Old Capitol Prison, Ft. Monroe). Exchanged 8/5/62. Re-enlisted in Co. A, 9th Va. Cav., Sept./Oct. 1862. No official record of his service in the 9th Va. Cav.

COOKUS, GEORGE W.: b. 10/11/40. Mason. enl. 4/21/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 6/30/61. Present again July/Aug., 1861. Absent sick 9/15/62 at home. POW at Shepherdstown, 4/23/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe). Paroled 4/30/63. Absent sick 5/21/63. Gen. Hosp. #11, Richmond, 6/5/62; diarrhea. Furloughed 60 days, 6/5/63. d. 10/5/63 at home in Shepherdstown, disease. bur. Old Reformed Graveyard, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CONNER, MORRIS: b. 1831? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

CRAIGHILL, EDWARD A.: b. 11/2/40 at Charles Town. Physician. enl. 4/22/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Asst. Surgeon, 11/16/61. Detailed as steward in hospital at Winchester, 6/25/61. Detailed as hospital steward at Camp Pickens, Manassas, 9/19/61. Trans. Nov/Dec. 1861, location not stated. Postwar, physician at Lynchburg.

CRAIGHILL, JAMES B.: b. 1839? Student. enl. 6/16/61 at Camp Jackson in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed in Ord. Dept., 7/11/61. Last official entry shows him as an Ord. Sgt. through 2/26/62. No further record.

CROMWELL, RICHARD W.: enl. 10/8/62 Co. C 2nd Inf. at Bunker Hill Deserted 12/13/62.

CROW, JACOB B.: b. 11/6/32. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 8/17/61. To Pvt. Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 7/16-8/10 1861. Detailed as teamster, 9/8/61. Detailed as teamster, 6/30-10/31 1862 through Jan/Feb. 1864. Detailed to report to Col. Nadenbousch at Staunton 2/64. POW near Lexington, 6/11/64 (Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/2/65. No further record. d. 2/24/97. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CULP, JOHN WESLEY: b, 1839? Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Taken POW while absent on furlough, March/April 1862. Exchanged 8/5/62. KIA at Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill near family farm property 7/3/63.

CURRIE, CHARLES W.: b. 1838. 5’3″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Farmer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H of 2nd Va. Inf. as Pvt. Wded. at Kernstown 3/23/62. POW near Harper’s Ferry 10/16/62 (Ft. McHenry). Exchanged 10/25/62. enl. 12/62/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. Present Sept./Oct. 1863-July/Aug. 1864. Admitted to Chimborazo #1 8/20/64; debility. Discharged from hosp. 8/27/64. No further record. Paroled at Winchester 4/21/65. d. Dec. 1879 at Martinsburg, W.Va.

CURRIE, GEORGE E.: b. 3/21/39. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Sgt. 6/30·10/31 1862. To Lt. Jan/Feb. 1863. Wded. at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/14/65. d. 2/24/95. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DALGARN, STEPHEN S.: b. 8/5/44. 5’5″. light complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. enl. 12/4/62 at Guinea’s Station in Co. D as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/18/65 at Winchester. d. 8/14/04. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DANDRIDGE, PHILIP PENDLETON: b. 1/15/43 in Jefferson Co. Student. enl. 5/1/61 at Winchester in Co. F as Pvt. Discharged 8/6/61, no reason stated. Assigned cadet Co. F. 9th Va. Cav., 10/30/61. Assigned to staff of Gen. W.H.F. Lee, 10/15/63. Promoted to Lt. of Infantry (which organization not stated), 3/3/65. Postwar, civil engineer. d. 1/8/21 at Baltimore, Md. bur. Mt. Hebron Cem., Winchester.

DANDRIDGE, EDMOND PENDLETON: b. 1/28/41. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Martinsburg in Co. D as Pvt. Wded. in foot at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him sick in hospital, Nov/Dec. 1861.

DAVENPORT, HENRY BEDINGER: b. 9/9/31. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Lt. Last official entry in Nov/Dec. 1861 shows him commanding the Co. since 7/21/61 due to the wounding of Capt. Rowan. d. 9/15/01. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DAVIS, GEORGE A. S.: b. 1835. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. To Lt. 10/24/61. Commanding Co. 6/30-10/31 1862 through Nov/Dec. 1862; May/June 1863; Sept-Oct. 1863. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 1/6/63; acute diarrhea. To Gen. Hosp. Lynchburg, 1/9/63. Present again March/April 1863. On furlough July/Aug. 1863. Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, 9/16-9/28 1863; chronic diarrhea. Sent to hospital sick, 1/22/64. Present again March/April 1864. Inspector and Mustering Officer for regt., 10/31/64. On detached service, 11/29/64; mission not stated. Resigned 1/18/65 due to smallness of Co. and his inability to march “on account of chronic diarrhea from which I have been suffering for two years.” d. 2/12/80. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DAVIS, HENRY C.: b. 5/18/39. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To. Corp. 11/25/61. in Commissary Dept., 10/19-10/31 1861. Reenlisted in artillery, 6/30-10/31 1862.

DAVIS, JOHN b. : b. 1833? Soldier, enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Lt. Discharged 4/18/62, no reason stated.

DAVIS, JOSEPH M,: b. 1833? Laborer. enl. 5/18/61 at Camp Lee in Co. K as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

EICHELBERGER, HENRY – CO. H

EICHELBERGER, LEWIS, S. – CO. H

EICHELBERGER, GEORGE F.: b. 12/18/43. 6′ 0″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 4/15/64. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Returned to duty 2/20/62. Wded. at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/24/64. Furloughed 6/9/64. Paroled 4/24/65 at Charles Town. d. 2/6/10. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

EICHELBERGER, WEBSTER: b. 3/9/35. Minister. enl. 6/26/61 at Camp Stephens in Co. G as Pvt. Discharged 7/20/62, reason not stated.

ENGLE, JOHN M.: b. 9/8/22. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co, H as Pvt. AWOL sometime before 6/30/61 and never mustered. d. 1/9/97. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va·

ENTLER, CATO MOORE: b. 1822. Confectioner. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. sick at Manassas Hosp. 10/21/61. To Chimborazo #5, 11/3/61; diarrhea. To Gen. Hosp. Farmville, 5/7/62; torpor of liver. Returned to duty 7/16/62; however, last official entry shows him absent sick 6/30-10/31 1862.

ENTLER, CHARLES E.: b. 1842. Clerk. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Deserted 6/15/61.

ENTLER, DANIEL M.: b. 1835. in Shepherdstown. 5’8″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov-Dec. 1861. On furlough Jan-Feb, 1862. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Detailed as asst. in commissary dept. (temporarily), Nov. 1862. Wded. in arm at Gettysburg, 7/2/63. Sent to Gen. Hosp. 7/15/63; fractured humerus, left arm. To Chimborazo #4, Richmond, 9/28/63. Surgeon’s Discharge 12/23/63, “wound is still open at elbow joint.”

ENTLER, JOHN PHIL: b. 8/22/38. Carpenter. enl. 4/21/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 4/25/62· To Sgt. March 1864, Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout), Exchanged 3/14/65. No further record. d. 12/30/09. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

ENTLER, JOSEPH N.: b. 1841. Boatman. enl. 5/22/61 at Camp Jackson in Co. A as Pvt. Deserted 6/6/61.

ENTLER, WILLIAM M.: enl. in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 9/20/62. No further record.

ENGLISH, ROBERT M.: b. 9/27/24. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Lt. Wded. in arm,leg, and breast at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to duty 10/25/61. KIA at Port Republic, 6/9/62, bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

FAGHENDER, FENTON L.: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. last official entry shows him present, Nov.-Dec. 1861.

FAGHENDER, JOSEPH H.: b. 1837. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Service in Ord. Dept., 10/19-10/30 1861. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/20-7/17 1862. Absent sick at home in Jefferson Co. at 10/31/62 muster. Present again Nov-Dec. 1862. Detailed as teamster, 12/20/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). d. 6/14/64 at Pt. Lookout; cause not stated.

FEAMAN, JOHN S.: b. 1825. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. KIA at Kernstown, 3/23/62.

FEAMAN, WELLS A.: Pvt Co. F. enl. Striders Mill 10/13/62. deserted 11/10/62.

FERRELL, CHARLES F.: b. 8/23/42, Painter. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 7/17/61 while on march from Winchester to Manassas. Present again Sept-Oct. 1861. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. After exchange, went home without leave, and taken POW at home. On parole as of 10/31/62. Present again Nov.-Dec. 1862. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 5/23/08. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

FLAGG, GEORGE H.: b. 4/9/32. 5’7″. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Farmer. enl. 4/21/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/20/62. Signs roll as commanding Co., Jan.-Feb. 1864. Stuart Hosp., Richmond, 3/26-4/2 1865; rheumatism. Paroled 4/19/65 at Winchester. d. 3/25/00. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

FOLEY, JOHN F.: b. 10/22/40. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Shown as Sgt. 6/30-10/31/62. To. Lt. 11/18/62 for “exhibition of extraordinary valor and skill in the several battles in which this regt. has been engaged.” Signs roll as commanding Co., Nov.-Dec. 1863. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/3/26. bur. Harpers Cem., Harpers Ferry, W.Va.

FOWLER, SAMUEL H.: b. 6/10/29. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Martinsburg in Co. D. as Sgt. Reduced to ranks 1/19/61 for drunkenness and disobedience of orders. To Corp. 11/1/63. POW at Fisher’s Hill, 9/23/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/15/65. d. 3/23/05. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

FRAZIER, JAMES H.: b. 1838? Auctioneer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Special duty as harnessmaker, Nov.-Dec. 1861. Discharged 7/30/62, reason not stated.

FULK, WILLIAM: b. 10/19/29. drafted 10/13/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Oct. 1862-July/Aug. 1863. listed as deserter, July/Aug. 1863. d. 7/17/03. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GAGEBY, DAVID B.: b. 1826? Carpenter. enl. 4/19/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Corp. 8/1/61. To Sgt. 11/22/61. Absent sick 5/30/62-March/April 1863. AWOL 5/11/63. No further record. d. 1901. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GALLAHER, CHARLES FRANK: b. 11/28/42. 5’8″. dark complexion, black eyes, gray hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Charles Town, 10/15/61. Chimborazo #1, 10/17-10/28 1861; debility. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 4/19/65; reason not stated. Paroled 4/22/65 at Winchester. d. 1915. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GALLAHER, CHARLES HORACE: b. 4/17/39. 5’10,”. florid complexion, blue eyes, amber hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 10/13/63. Wded. ln head at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton, 12/8//63.Returned to duty 2/11/64. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/20/65. paroled 4/30//65 at Staunton. d. 1/29/11. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GALLAHER, WILLIAM B.: b. 3/21/33 at Charles Town. Publisher and Editor of Charles Town’s “Virginia Free Press.” enl. 6/22/61 at Camp Stephens in Co. A as Pvt. Discharged 7/28/62, reason not stated. Unofficial source states he served in Commissary Dept. of the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, during the rest of the war. d. 8/28/03. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GIBSON, JOSHUA GREGG: b. 1/3/23. Listed in Co. G, but never mustered “being of bad health” and because he “furnished a substitute uniformed.” d. 2/124/94. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GOHEEN, THOMAS: b. 1832? 5’3″. dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Boatsman. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 5/26/61 at Lemon’s Ferry in Co. I as Pvt. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/11-5/28 1864; cephalalgia. POW at Strasburg, 10/19/64 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/13//65.

GOLD, THOMAS DANIEL: b. 2/23/45. 5’8″. light complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Pvt. To Corp. 8/13/61. To Sgt. 8/1/62. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5//62. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 10/22/63-1/13/64; typhoid fever. Absent sick Sep/Oct.-Nov./Dec. 1863. On detached duty, Jan/Feb. 1864. Present again March/April, 1864. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/20/65. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester. Postwar, Va. State Senate, 1899-1903; author of “History of Clarke County and its Connection with the War Between the States” (1914). d. 12/7/15. bur. Greenhill Cem., Berryville. (NOTE: Gold is from Clarke County but is an exception and included here because he wrote a book about 2nd Virginia.-ED)

GREEN, THOMAS CLAIBORNE: b. 11/30/20 at Fredericksburg. Son of John W. Green, a Va. Supreme Court of Appeals judge. Practiced law with Col. Angus McDonald in Hampshire Co. at Romney. m. Mary Naylor McDonald, Col. McDonald’s oldest daughter. Mayor of Charles Town during the John Brown raid in 1859; also served as a defense attorney for Brown. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. On special duty in telegraph office, June 1861. Elected to Va. Legislature from Jefferson Co., 12/22/61. Apptd. chief collector of Confederate taxes in Va. by President Davis in 1863 and remained in this position until war’s end. Postwar, returned to Charles Town; apptd. to W.Va. Supreme Court of Appeals in 1876 and continued in this capacity until his death. d. 12/4/89. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GROVE, FRANCIS T.: b. 1845? Student. enl. 5/17/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Last official entry shows him AWOL, March/April, 1862. d. 1924. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GROVE, WILLIAM H.: b. 1842? Student. enl. 5/17/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. AWOL March/April, 1862. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. No further record.

GRUBER, BENJAMIN F.: b. 1845? Laborer. enl. 5/15/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

HAMTRAMCK, SELBY M.: b. 11/24/42. Student enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62. (Ft. Delaware). d. 6/9/62 at Ft. Delaware, cause not stated. Claim to C. S. government states that he died with no wife or children and that $180.30 was paid to his mother Sallie E. Hamtramck for his service. bur. Finn’s Point Nat. Cem., Ft. Delaware or Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HANNAH, THOMAS W.: enl. 3/10/62 at Winchester in Co. A as Pvt. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HARRELL, EDWARD R.: b. 1829? 5’8″. light complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. Drafted 10/1/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. K as Pvt. To Sgt 3/1/63. Wded. in thigh at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Moore Hosp., Gen. Hosp. #24, Richmond, 5/11-5/26 1863. To Gen. Hosp. #27, Richmond, 5/26/63; gangrene. Furloughed for 60 days, 7/8/63. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 7/13-0ct. 1863. Next record shows him on detail at Chimborazo #5, 7/15/64-Feb. 1865. POW at Richmond Hosp., 4/3/65, (Jackson Hosp., Libby Prison, Newport News). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 7/1/65.

HARRELL, EDWIN R.: b. 11/20/30. Tinner. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Lt. Deserted 7/14/61 from Winchester. Dismissed from the army in disgrace by court-martial, 10/23/61. bur. Methodist Graveyard, Charles Town, W.Va.

HASTINGS, DANIEL B.: b. 1816? Blacksmith. enl. 5/12/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Absent sick in hosp. at Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; rheumatism. Surgeon’s Discharge, 11/7/61.

HAWKS, WELLS JOSEPH: b. 1814 in Massachusetts. Moved to Winchester about 1843 and then to Charles Town. Bought an old church in Charles Town and converted it into a carriage manufacturing establishment. Served as commissioner and superintendent of the public schools of Jefferson Co., as mayor of Charles Town, and was elected to the Va· House of Delegates in 1855 and 1857. m. 1) Mary Smith, 2) Sarah Smith, 3) Sarah B. Worthington. Commissary Capt of 2nd Va. Inf. Commissioned Maj. and served as Gen. Jackson’s Chief of Commissary, 10/22/61-5/10/63; also on staffs of Generals Ewell, Early, and Lee. Postwar, returned to Charles Town. d. 5/28/73. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va·

HAWN, WILLIAM H. H. : b. 1840? Shoemaker. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. Supposed to have been taken POW while falling back up the Valley, March/April 1862. Absent sick at home since 9/15/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. AWOL 7/14/63. No further record.

HENDERSON, DAVID E.: b. 6/23/32. Artist enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Apptd. Lt in Topographical Engineers, date not stated. “Employed in making maps since the commencement of the war with the exception of a few weeks preceding the Battle of Manassas.” Detailed as draftsman to Gen. Johnston, 8/26/61. Draftsman at Gen. Lee’s headquarters, 6/30/62. No further record. d. 11/16/87. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HENDERSON, RICHARD: b: 7/26/43. Student enl. 5/25/61 at Camp Lee in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 10/13/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Detailed as teamster for QM’s train, Nov/Dec. 1862. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled at Appomattox. Postwar, farmer. d. 6/22/05. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HENDRICKS, DANIEL WEBSTER: b. 7/26/38. Farrier. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Listed as present through July/Aug. 1861; then no record again until shown absent sick, Sept./Oct., 1863. Also appears on rolls of Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. Present again Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official record shows him present, July/Aug. 1864. Paroled 4/18/65 at Harpers Ferry. d. 1/15/10 near Duffields. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HENDRICKS, JAMES MADISON: b. 2/6/44. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Re-enlisted in Co. D, 6th Va. Cav., 6/30-10/31/1862. d. 6/12/23. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HENDRICKS, WILLIAM: b. 12/32/21, Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt.KIA at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. bur. St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

HENSON, GEORGE W.: 5’9 1/2″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. enl. 2/10/62 at Winchester in Co. A as Musician. To Pvt 8/17/63, POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Charged $1.00 for wasting 20 rounds of ammunition, Jan/Feb, 1864. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/15/65.

HESSEY, CHARLES E.: b. 1836? Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at Shepherdstown, July/Aug. 1861. d. 1/3 or 1/30 1862 at Shepherdstown; disease. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HESSEY, EDWARD H.: b, 1826? Brickmaker. enl. 6/9/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Winchester, March/April 1862-May/June 1863. Nurse at New School Presbyterian Church Hosp., Winchester, 10/20/62. Present again July/Aug, 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 10/29/64. No further record.

HESSEY, RICHARD AMOS: enl. 7/9/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Absent on furlough Nov-Dec. 1861. Present again Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL since 5/28/62, and dropped from the roll 12/22/62. No further record. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HILL, JOHN: b. 12/18/20. 5’9″. light complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Tailor. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To. Corp. 11/22/61. Detailed to Staunton as nurse in hosp., 11/20/62-Nov/Dec. 1863. Deserted 1/16/64, Oath of Allegiance to U.S., date not given. d. 3/13/05, bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HOOFF, JAMES LAWRENCE: b. 10/2/25. enl. 7/6/61 at Darkesville in Co. G as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. One record states he served as a QM Sgt. in the 2nd Va. Inf. and as Asst. QM in the 11th Va. Cav. Postwar, merchant in Charles Town; elected to W.Va. legislature in 1875; later became president of Jefferson Co. Court. d. 8/24/87. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HOOFF, WILLIAM A.: b. 1839? 5’8″. dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed as nurse to Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, 1/30/63. Ward master in Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, March/April 1863-Jan./Feb. 1864. Returned to regt. 3/14/64. POW at Salem Church, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/16/65 at Winchester.

HOPKINS, ABNER CRUMP: b. 10/24/35 in Powhatan Co. grad. Hampden-Sydney College, 1855. Attd. Union Theological Seminary. Minister at Martinsburg Presbyterian Church. m. Anne Pleasants Atkinson, 5/16/61, Commissioned 5/3/62 as chaplain of the 2nd Va. Vol. lnf. To Chaplain of the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va. Postwar, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Charles Town, 1866-1911. d. 2/4/11. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HORN, GEORGE: b. 8/6/19. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL and never mustered, 4/18-6/30 1861. No further record. d. 2/2/79. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HOUT, DAVID H.: b. 11/24/20. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Corp. To Sgt. 11/13/61. Discharged 4/30-10/31/1862, overage. d. 3/11/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HOUT, GEORGE W.: enl. 6/1/63 Sharpsburg, Md. in Co. B as Musician. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, went west. d. 2/13/20 at Warrensburg, Mo.

HOWELL, DAVID, JR.: b. 8/25/38. Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 10/1/62. Signs roll as commanding Co., March/April 1864, Wded. Aug. 1864, exact battle and date not given. Sent to Richmond to forward recruits to army, 11/23/64. Retired to Invalid Corps, 3/6/65, and stationed at Newtown. Paroled 4/21/65 at Charles Town. d. 1/31/03. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUMPHREYS, DAVID: b. 5/2/32 at Charles Town. Farmer. enl. 5/14/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Unofficial source states he was injured during drill in camp at Centreville (1861); disabled and discharged. Absent on special duty since 11/19/61. Re-enlisted in Co. B. 7th Va.Cav. Retired 12/23/64. Postwar, merchant; moved to Norfolk in 1869 and entered insurance business; helped with the development of Norfolk and was a member of the town council; author of “Heroes and Spies.” d. 7/5/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUMRICKHOUSE, GEORGE W.: enl. 6/21/63 near Sharpsburg in Co. B as Musician. Surrendered at Appomattox.

HUMRICKHOUSE, SAMUEL P.: b. 1830? in Shepherdstown. 5’3″. fair complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Tailor. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Absent sick Aug/5-Nov/Dec. 1862. Present again Jan/Feb, 1863. On furlough March/April 1863. Discharged 5/26/63 by reason of insanity; he was “taken very sick with Typhoid Fever.”

HUNSICKER, JAMES W.: enl. 10/8/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. A as Pvt. Chimborazo #1, 3/21/63; fever. d. 4/2 or 4/3/1863 at Chimborazo #1.

HUNTER, ANDREW: b. 1835? Physician. enl. 6/5/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. C as Pvt. Trans. to Culpeper Court House as a Surgeon, 9/25/61. No further record.

HUNTER, JAMES H. L.: b. 4/9/30. Lawyer/Merchant. Capt. of Letcher Riflemen, a pre-war militia Co. in Jefferson Co., 11/25/59. To Capt., Co. H. 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., enl. 5/3/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62; reason not stated. Paroled 4/26/65 at Ashland. d. 8/17/91. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUNTER, THOMAS C.: 5’11”. light complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 7/3/61 at Martinsburg in Co. D as Pvt. listed as hosp. steward, 4/30-10/31 1862 through March/April 1863. Absent sick at hosp., May/June 1863. Commissioned hosp. steward, 8/28/63; place of service not stated. Present again Sept/Oct. 1863. Last official entry states he was trans. to the surgeon at Gen. Long’s headquarters, 4/30-10/3 1864. Paroled 4/10/65 at Barkelsville Junction.

HURST, JAMES A.: b. 12/19/29. Farmer. enl 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Lt. AWOL 9/20-11/1/61. No further record. d. 7/24/91. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HURST, THOMAS G.: b. 7/23/26. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. MWIA in abdomen, at 1st Manassas 7/21/61. d. 8/1 or 8/8/1861 at Orange Court House Hosp. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUTSON, ROBERT: b. 1842? Blacksmith. enl 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. d. 7/19/61 at hosp. in Winchester.”The Virginia Free Press” reported 9 Nov 1865 that a “Robert Hudson died at Winchester Hospital 19th July, 1861 aged 22 years.”

JENKINS, JOSEPH J.: b. 1832? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. Elected Capt. 4/20/62. Surrendered at Appomattox.

JOHNSON, JOHN W.: b. 1843? 6’0″. dark complexion, dark eyes, gray hair. Cooper. Residence Jefferson Co. Drafted 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov.-Dec. 1862. Arrested and POW at Leetown. 12/29/62;”said to be at home when taken making barrels for the Confederate army.” (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. Present again 4/8/63.Chimborazo #2, 6/11/64; diarrhea. To lynchburg, 7/9/64. Paroled 4/20/65 at Winchester. d. 11/29/26. bur. Stonewall Cem., Winchester.

JONES, JOHN W.: b. 1842? Blacksmith. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Present again July/Aug. 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Chimborazo #2, 3/10/65; pneumonia. Furloughed 60 days, 3/9/65. No further record. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “John W. Jones wounded at Mine Run 27th Nov 1862 died Nov. 30th age 25.”

KANODE, BLACKFORD W.: b. 12/31/36. 5’7″. fair complexion, black eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. enl. 10/8/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. A as Pvt.- SERVED IN 7TH VA CAV – Detailed to Commissary Dept., 12/5/62. Present again Jan/Feb. 1863. Absent sick since 4/10/63. Present again May/June 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/17/65. d. 1/15/18. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

KEERL, JOHN D. : b. 1840? Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 9/1/63. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Returned from sick furlough, 7/23/63. Last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864.

KEERL, ROBERT DOUGLAS: b. 11/30/45. Trans. from Co. K, 24th Ga. Inf., 11/15/62 (sic) at Culpeper Court House and joined Co. G as Pvt. Only official entry states he was present 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/19/26. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

KEERL, WILLIAM L.: b. 1843? Clerk. enl. 6/6/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Charged $2.00 for pair of shoes received, 8/29/61. Hosp. near Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; fever. Present again by 10/31/61. Wded. in forehead at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present by 10/31/62. Wded. when slightly bruised by shell at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Present again Jan-Feb. 1863. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

KEYES, WILLIAM H.: b. 7/15/41. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Trans. to 1st Va. Cav., 7/14/61. KIA at Jenning’s Landing on the James River, 3/24/64. bur. Old Reformed Graveyard, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

KIMES, HENRY: b. 1816? Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Shepherdstown, Sept/Oct. 1861. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official entry states he was taken POW while on furlough, March/April 1864. b. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

KIMES, WILLIAM: b. 1821? 5’5 1/2″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, black hair. Painter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home, July/Aug. 1861. Surgeon’s discharge, 11/9/61; disability. Re-enlisted 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Released 2/20/65. POW at Ft. Steadman near Petersburg, 3/25/65 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/14/65.

LACKLAND, FRANCIS: b. 5/20/30 near Charles Town. grad. V.M.I. 1849. Employed in Engineer Corps of the Alabama Railroad. Entered C.S. service May, 1861 at Harpers Ferry as Capt.in Engineer Corps. To Lt. Col., 2nd Va. lnf., June 1861. Hosp. 1st Brigade, Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; pneumonia. d. 9/5/61 at Fairfax Court House; “pneumonia supervening upon organic disease of the heart.” bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LAMBRIGHT, GEORGE W.: b. 7/6/47 at Hancock, Md. enl. 7/20/64 at Winchester in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, 10/31/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, spent 6 years in W.Va. and then moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, where he was a merchant.

LEE, RICHARD HENRY: b. 8/24/21. grandson of Richard Henry Lee, mover of the Declaration of Independence in the Continental Congress. Lawyer. Residence Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Lt. Absent sick 8/26-9/13/1861. Wded. severely at Kernstown, 3/23/62. Recommended for service on a military court, Oct. 1862. Later became Judge Advocate and Col. in the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va. d. 6/18/02. bur. Old Chapel Cem., Millwood.

LEMON, ALEX: Unofficial source lists him in Co. B. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LEVI, GEORGE W.: b. 11/23/42 in Jefferson Co. Farmhand. enl. 5/22/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. I as Pvt. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. Disabled by disease and dropped from the roll, 4/18/62. Postwar, farmer, Clarke Co. sheriff for 10 years; U.S. Marshal for Western District of Va. until 1890. d. 3/1/20 at Berryville. NOTE: HE WAS A CHILD IN JEFFERSON COUNTY.

LEWIS, JOHN H. B.: b. 10/10/19. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Ord. Sgt. 4/30-10/31 1862. Absent sick since 11/12/62. No record again until Sept/Oct. 1863 when he is listed as present. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/17-6/28 1864; febris remittens. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/26/64; debility. Retired to Invalid Corps, 3/3/65, and stationed at Lexington. No further record. d. Dec. 1870. bur. Lewis-Muse Graveyard, Jefferson Co., W.Va.

LEWIS, LEWIS: enl. 3/4/62 at Winchester in Co. D as Pvt. MWIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. d. 9/3/62. bur. White Church Graveyard, Middleway. W.Va.

LEWIS, WALTER: enl. 3/4/62 at Winchester in Co. D as Pvt. MWIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. d. l0/15/62. bur. White Church Graveyard, Middleway, W.Va.

LEWIS, WILLIAM H.T.: b. 4/30/32. Farmer. enl. 5/5/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 6/16/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62. reason not stated. d. 5/31/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LICKLIDER, GEORGE W.: b. 12/9/38. Farmer. enl. 6/20/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. Absent. under arrest at Manassas Junction, July/Aug. 1861; reason not stated. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 2/6/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. NOTE: THIS IS THE 12TH CAV ENTRY: b. 12/9/38. 5’11”. dark complexion, gray eyes, black hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 7/1/63 at Orange Court House in Co. F as Pvt. Present July/Aug. 1863-July/Aug. 1864. Sorrel horse appraised at $800. KIA at Shady Grove (Todd’s Tavern), 5/5/64. No further record. Paroled at Winchester, 4/25/65. d. 2/6/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LINK, ADAM, JR.: b. 10/16/17. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Surgeon’s discharge, 5/15/61,”for inability.” d. 3/27/62. bur. St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

LINK, ADAM CRUZEN: b. 11/30/32. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL July/Aug. 1861. No further record. d. 3/28/62 at New Market; measles. bur. 1st at St. Matthew’s Lutheran Church Cem., New Market; body later removed to St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

LINK, JOHN ALLEN: b. 4/21/42. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL July/Aug. 1861. No record again until he appears as wded. in stomach at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Absent wded. Jan/Feb. 1863. Wded. in hand at Chancellorsvllle, 5/3/63. Last official entry shows him still absent wded. and at home, 4/30-10/31 1864. Postwar. farmer. d. 6/19/35 at Uvilla, W.Va. “Last surviving Confederate veteran in Jefferson Co.” bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LINK, THOMAS: b. 4/2/27. Farmer. Residence Dufflelds. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H. Elected Lt. 11/22/61. Absent sick in hosp. near Centerville. July/Aug-Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov-Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 4/16/62. d. 4/21/74 at Duffields.

LOCK, WILLIAM M.: b. 9/17/37. Farmer. enl. 6/2/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Last official entry shows him absent on special duty in Commissary Dept. since 1/16/61. Apptd. 9/9/62 Capt. of Commissary, 62nd Va. Partisan Rangers. POW at Hardy Co., 11/9/62 (Camp Chase). Exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, 12/8/62. Promoted to Major and Commissary, 1/28/63, in Imboden’s Brig. Paroled 5/8/65 at Winchester. d. 5/16/92. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LOYNS, HENRY M.: b. 1839. enl. 10/16/64 at Richmond in Co. H as Pvt. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 1910. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LUCAS, ANDREW: Listed in Co. G. Only official entry says he was discharged 8/7/62. d. 9/3/87.

LUCAS, EDWARD D.: b. 1842? Lawyer. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/11-7/4/1864; wounded. Surrendered at Appomattox.

MADDOX, JAMES E.: b. 1821? Carpenter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. Elected Lt. 11/22/61. POW at Leetown, 5/3/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. No further record.

MAGAHA, JACOB: enl. 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present again by 10/31/62. d. 5/26/63 in hosp at Richmond “from wound.” “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Jacob Magaha, wounded at Chancellorsville, 5th of May, 1863 died the 9th, aged 30.”

MAGAHA, WILSON H.: b. 1830. 6’0″. light complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Carpenter. Residence Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Detailed as teamster, 10/15-10/31 1861. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 3/10/63; typhoid fever. Present again May/June 1863. Wded. at Gettysburg, 7/2/63. POW at Gettysburg, July 1863 (DeCamp Gen. Hosp., David’s Island, N.Y. Harbor; Ft. Wood, Bedloe’s Island, N.Y. Harbor where “lower one-third of right thigh amputated. “). Paroled from Hammond Gen. Hosp., Pt. Lookout, date not specific. Chimborazo #1, 3/7/64. Furloughed 3/8/64 for 60 days. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 3/22/64. To Staunton, 5/30/64. No further record. d. 1900. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MARMADUKE, JAMES J.: b. 1835? Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL since 10/14/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. POW at Manassas, 8/27/62, and paroled. Absent sick at home since 9/21/62. AWOL since 11/10/62. Arrested (Rebel deserter) at Baltimore, 6/29/63 (Ft McHenry). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 8/26/63.

MARMADUKE, LUTHER: b. 1838? Tanner. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Detailed as Musician to 2nd Regt. Band, May/June 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). d. 10/1/64 at Elmira; typhoid fever. bur. Woodlawn Nat. Cem., Elmira, N.Y., Section 9, grave 532.

MARMADUKE, SELBY “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Selby M Marmaduke died at Fort Delaware 9th of July 1862, aged 21”

MASON, JAMES MURRAY: b. 8/25/39. Unofficial source lists him in Co. F. d. 1/10/23. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MATHENY, BUSHROD: b. in Jefferson Co. drafted 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co G as Pvt. Detailed as shoemaker, in 1st Brig., Nov/Dec 1862. Absent sick and sent to hosp. 1/2/63 Last official entry states he died in hosp. in Washington, no date given.

McCORMICK, PHILIP J.: b. 1837? Brickmaker. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. To Corp. 8/12/61. To Pvt. 10/18/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861. “The Virginia Free Press” Nov.. 9, 1865: “23 March 1862 killed at Kernstown Philip McCormick, Co. K 2nd Va. Infantry, aged 25 years.”

McDONALD, WILLIAM NAYLOR: b. 2/4/34 in Hampshire Co. Received Master’s Degree from University of Virginia and became a professor of rhetoric and principal of a high school in Louisville, Kentucky; then became a lawyer in Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on special duty in Cav. of Angus W. McDonald, Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official record shows him on detail to engineer service, 3/26/62. Resigned from this and trans. to Co. D, 11th Va. Cav. Later promoted to Capt. of artillery and assigned to Ord. Dept. Wded. in side at Wilderness,
5/6/64. Another source says he also served on the staffs of Rosser and Mahone. Postwar, teacher; founder and principal of Shenandoah University School at Berryville; founder of Cool Spring School; author of “The Laurel Brigade.” d. 1/4/98. bur. Greenhill Cem., Berryville.

McDONOUGH, CHARLES T.: b. 1844? in Loudoun Co. Light complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home since 9/5/61. Surgeon’s discharge, 12/8/61; disability. NOTE ENTRY FROM 12TH VA CAV: b. 1844? in Loudoun Co. 5’9″. fair complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Tailor in Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A of 2nd Va.lnf. as Pvt. Absent sick at home since 9/5/61. Surgeon’s discharge, 12/8/61; disability. Listed in Co. B of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. (date and location of enl. not stated). POW 1st N.Y. Cav. near Charles Town, 12/26/62 (Camp Chase, 1/3/63). To City Point for exchange, 3/28/63.

McENDREE, DANIEL M.: b. 1838? in Jefferson Co. 5’9″. fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Clerk. enl. 4/27/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Present again Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL since 5/1/62. Discharged 7/27/62, being a “citizen of Kentucky and having served 90 days after expiration of this term.”

McENDREE, WILLIAM H.: b. 1841? Clerk. enl. 5/29/61 at Lemon’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 4/18/62. Absent sick Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL during July, 1862 and since 9/20/62. AWOL 10/10-12/1/62. Detailed clerk for QM of 2nd Va. Inf., Dec. 1862. Remained on this detail through last official entry which shows him present, 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

McINTYRE (McINTIRE), RICHARD W.: b. 1843? 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. enl. 10/8/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. A as Pvt. Sent to hosp. sick, 10/28/63. Present again Jan./Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/18/65 at Winchester. Alive in 1920.

MciNTYRE, THOMAS B.: b. 1837? Mason. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62.

McKENNEY (McKINNEY), FRANCIS E.: b. 1841? Florid complexion, hazel eyes, black hair. Farmer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Absent sick at home in Jefferson Co. 9/5/62-May-June, 1863. Shown as AWOL since 6/13/63. POW at Leetown, 10/12/63 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 4/23/64. POW at Harpers Ferry, 4/26/64 (Camp Chase). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/1/65. bur. Greenhill Cem., Martinsburg, W.Va.

MEDLAR, NAPOLEON B.: b. 1840? Gunsmith. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G in Pvt. Detailed as musician for 2nd regt., July/Aug. 1861. Gen. Hosp. Howard’s Grove, Richmond, 7/21/63; severe contusion of left thigh by a fall. To Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/3/63. Present again Sept/Oct. 1863. Next official record shows him as an armorer in a repairing establishment at Charlottesville, 3/19-Aug. 1862. Final record shows him as an armorer at the C. S Carbine Factory, Richmond, 3/19/63. No further record.

MELVIN, JACOB S.: b. 1/6/30. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Dufflelds in Co. H as Lt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov. Dec. 1861. Vouchers for the fall of 1862 list him as a Capt. and Asst. Commissary. d. 1/25/12. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MELVIN, WILLIAM: b. 8/27/41. enl. 3/18/63 at Camp Winder in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. by shell in left side of back below shoulder blade at Monocacy, 7/9/64. POW at Monocacy, 7/9/64 (U.S. Gen. Hosp West Buildings, Baltimore: Ft. McHenry). Exchanged 2/16/65. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 2/17/12. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MILLBURN, HENRY: b. 1841? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. AWOL 12/27-12/30 1861. Last official entry shows him present, 12/31/61.

MILLER, BENJAMIN: enl. 4/18/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 4/20-8/1 1862. No further record except parole statement that says he was paroled 4/20/65 at Mt. Jackson.

MILLER, EMMANUEL: b. 1817? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL and never mustered, 4/30-6/30 1861. No further record.

MILLER, MILTON B. : b. 1832? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

MILLER, WILLIAM H.: b. 1830? Farmer. enl. 5/17/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Last official entry shows him AWOL. March/April, 1862.

MOBLEY, GEORGE W.: enl. 9/13/61 at Charles Town in Co. K as Pvt. AWOL Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official entry Says he deserted 11/20/62. d. 1899. bur. Harpers Cem., Harpers Ferry, W.Va.

MOHLER, DAVID GUIN: 5’10”. fair complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. Only record in POW statement that shows him in Co. G as Sgt. POW at Fairfax Station, 4/10/65 (Elmira, 5/2/66). Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Elmira. 7/3/65. Unofficial source (VMI Register) says he was in Co. A of the VMI cadets at the Battle of New Market, 5/15/64. Postwar, graduated 122nd from VMI Class of 1867. Worked as a merchant and with real estate. d. 6/5/17. bur. Arlington Cem., Arlington, Va.

MOLER, DANIEL: b. 1840? 5’8″. dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer. enl. 4/25/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Corp. 7/1/63. Absent sick at hosp., July/Aug.-10/25/62. Wded. at Gaines’s Mill or Malvern Hill, 6/27 or 7/1/1862. Present again by 10/31/62. Wded. slightly by shell at Fredericksburg. 12/13/62. Present by 12/31/62. Absent sick at hosp., 4/13/63. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/2-6/9 1863; debility. Wded. in neck at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63, Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton. 1/6/64. Returned to regt. 3/8/64. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/25/65 at Winchester.

MOLER, HENRY CLAY: enl. 12/8/62 at Camp Moss Neck in Co. B as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Present again Sept/Oct., 1863. Detailed in Pioneer Corps, Johnson’s Division, Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864.

MOLER, LEE H.: b. 3/12/37. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Lt. Elected Capt. 4/20/62. Resigned 8/15/62 due to “an old and large hernia at the left side.” d. 10/28/08. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MOLER, RALEIGH V.: b. 9/4/40. Farmer. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. AWOL 11/27-12/2 1861. Last official entry shows him present 12/31/61. d. 10/16/17. NOTE ENTRY FROM 12TH VA CAV: MOLER, RALEIGH: b. 9/4/40. Farmer. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A of 2nd Va.lnf. as Pvt. AWOL 11/27-12/2/61. Last Infantry entry shows him present, 12/31/61. enl. 12/11/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. Pvt. Only entry shows him AWOL, Sept/Oct. 1863. No further record. Unofficial source (“Shepherdstown Register” obituary, 10/25/17) says Moler was captured and sent to Ft. Delaware, where he was kept in confinement for some time. Finally, with several other Confederate prisoners, he accepted an offer of freedom from the Union authorities with the provision that he go west for garrison duty at Ft. Laramie, Wyoming. The Confederates agreed to this condition, hoping to escape on their way west or at Ft. Laramie. Their plan proved futile, however, as there was no opportunity to escape en route. In Wyoming, the hostile Indians were so numerous that it would dare to run the gauntlet. Therefore, Moler served in the U.S. Army until the end of the war, fighting Indians on the Great Plains. Postwar, farmer at Uvllla, Jefferson Co., W.Va. m. Lydia E. Engle, 1/5/89. d. 10/16/17. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MONROE, GEORGE B. : b. 8/8/18. Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on special duty, 4/18-6/30/1861. Absent sick since 7/1/61. Discharged 1/19/62 for disability. d. 2/18/67. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, ALBERT L.: b. 12/29/45. Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. d. 4/14/34. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, BERKELEY W.: b. 7/30/44 at Charles Town. Clerk. enl. 5/4/61 at Harpers Ferry, Co. K as Pvt. To Sgt Maj., 2nd Va. Inf., 5/4/61. To Lt. 4/20/62. To Capt., date not given. Signs roll as commanding Co. 6/30-10/31 1862. Wded. slightly by shell at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Signs roll as commanding Co. Nov./Dec 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present March/April, 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox d. 3/27/22 at Richmond bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, CLEON: b. 11/24/40. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co G as Pvt. To Corp 8/23/61. To Lt. Nov/Dec. 1862. Absent sick at hosp., 10/15/61 Present again Nov/Dec 186l Last official records state he was on duty with Provost Guard, 10/12/Nov. 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, lawyer d 12/26/14 bur. Edge Hill Charles Town, WVa.

MOORE, EDWIN L.: b 2/14/31. Banker enl. 4/18/61 Charles Town Co G. Elected Capt. to succeed Capt. Botts 6/13/61. To Maj. 9/16/62. Signs roll as commanding 2nd Va. lnf., 10/31/62. Absent on detail as acting inspector, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va., Nov/Dec. 1862-May/June 1863. Next official record lists him as AAG to Trimble’s Division, 1/6/64. No further record. d. 12/11/81. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, FONROSE M.: b. 1844? Student. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

MOORE, SAMUEL JOHNSTON CRAMER: b. 6/29/26 in Charles Town. Lawyer. m. Ellen Kownslar. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Lt. Elected Capt. 11/19/61. Last official entry shows him absent due to wound in thigh at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Detailed as Judge Advocate, Army of Northern Va., 8/25/62. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/13-7/25 1863; hemorrhoid. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/9/64. To Front Royal, 6/27/64. Served as Ass’t. lnspector Gen., 2nd Corps, dates not given. Assigned as Adj. Gen. to Gen. Early and the Valley Army, 7/29/64 to Appomattox. Postwar, Clarke Co. lawyer and judge. d. 12/19/08. bur. Greenhill Cem. Berryville.

MOORE, WILLIAM H.: b. 10/29/41 in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. dark complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Laborer. Wded. in leg at Port Republic, 6/9/62. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/20-8/13/1862. Trans. to C. S. Navy, 4/6/64. d. 2/25/10. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MORNINGSTAR, SAMUEL: b. 1827 5′ 11 “. dark complexion, black eyes, dark hair. drafted 10/1/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. K as Pvt. AWOL since 10/12/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. Absent on detail as teamster, 1/6/63. last official entry shows him still absent on detail as teamster, March/April 1864. Paroled 4/27/65 at Winchester.

MURPHY, SMITH: b. 1842. 5’7″. light complexion, black eyes, brown hair. Carpenter. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Sgt. 7/1/62. Wded. in thigh at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864. Paroled 4/26/65 at Charles Town.

MYERS, SAMUEL B.: b. 6/27/41. 5’6″. sandy complexion, gray eyes, sandy hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home 8/2/61-Sept/Oct. 1861. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861 and detailed as orderly to Col. Allen. Absent on detail as Post Master of 1st Division, 10/25/62-March/April 1863. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/9-7/6 1864; debility. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/24/65 at Winchester. d. 5/11/74. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MYERS, GEORGE N.: b. 2/16/43. Student. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. MWIA at 1st Manassas. 7/21/61. d. 8/12/61 at Gen. Hosp. Culpeper Court House. bur. Edge Hill Cem. Charles Town, W.Va.

MYERS, JAMES W.: b. 1842? Printer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Sgt. Nov/Dec. 1862. Wded. at Cedar Run, 8/19/62. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville. 8/11/62. To Gen. Hosp. Lynchburg. 9/1/62. Present again by 10/31/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Jackson Hosp., Richmond, 3/7/65; debility. Furloughed 3/9/65 for 30 days. No further record.

NICHOLS, FRANCIS M.: enl. 12/1/62 at Guinea’s Station in Co. A as Pvt. Stuart Hosp., Richmond, 7/6/64; diarrhea. Jackson Hosp., Richmond, 7/29/64. Furloughed 7/29/64 for 30 days. Last official entry shows him present for 10/31/64 muster and states he was detailed to division Ord. train. No further record.

NOLAND, GEORGE WILLIAM: b. 1838. 5’7″. dark complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Painter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp. 8/5/61. To Sgt. 9/1/62. To Pvt. 10/31/63. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/22/65 at Winchester. d. before 1900 at Baltimore, Md.

NOLAND, JAMES HENRY: b. 12/7/34. Machinist. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. On duty at Col. Allen’s headquarters, Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him absent sick in hosp., Nov/Dec. 1861. Unofficial source states he served in medical dept. Postwar, member of Turner Ashby Camp #22 at Winchester. d. 12/7/98. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

O’BANNON, GEORGE M.: b. 1844? Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp., Nov/Dec. 1863. Re-enlisted 4/18/62 in Co. I. AWOL Jan./Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present again, March/April 1864.

O’BANNON, HENRY C.: b. 1841? Miller. Residence Charles Town. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A. Wded. in forearm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. POW at Charles Town, 11/10/62 (Ft. McHenry). Paroled 11/12/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 1/6-1/8 1863; debility. Absent on detail to Gen. Ewell’s headquarters, 6/16/63. Present again July/Aug. 1863. Absent on detail as guard at hosp. in Staunton, 10/3/63. Last official entry shows him still on detail as guard at hosp· in Staunton. March/Aprll 1864. POW at Staunton, 9/26/64 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/12/65.

O’BANNON, JAMES H.: b. 1840? 5’8″. ruddy complexion, black eyes, dark hair, Printer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Corp. To Lt. 9/2/61. To Capt. 9/2/62. Absent sick Sept/Oct. 1861. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Absent on furlough Jan/Feb. 1863. Present again March/April 1863. Absent sick Jan/Feb. 1864. Present again March/April 1864. POW at Snicker’S Gap, 7/25/64 (Old Capitol Prison, Ft. Delaware). Oath of Allegiance to U.S. 6/14/65.

O’BANNON, WILLIAM A.: b. 1843? 5’6″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Butcher. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A of 2nd Va Inf. as Pvt. Last Infantry record shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1881. enl. 6/1/62 in Charles Town in Co. A of 12th Va Cav. POW in Jefferson Co., 12/4/63 Ft. Delaware, 3/4/64), Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Ft. Delaware, 6/19/65.

OSBOURN, ALEXANDER LINK: b. 11/1/44. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Trans. to Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. d. 1/19/11 at Shenandoah Jct. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. NOTE ENTRY FROM 12TH VA CAV. OSBOURN (OSBORN) ALEXANDER LINK: b. 11/1/44. 5’8″. dark complexion. gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer in Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co, H of 2nd Va. Inf. as Pvt. enl. 4/19/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. Shown as 4th Corp, on Jan./Feb. 1864 roll. Present Sept./Oct. 1863-March/April 1864. POW at New Market 10/9/64 (Pt. Lookout 10/20/64), Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Pt. Lookout 6/15/65. Postwar. resident of Shenandoah Junction in Jefferson Co. W.Va. Furnished rosters of Co. A and Co. D for McDonald’s Laurel Brigade book. d. 1/19/11 at Shenandoah Junction. Jefferson Co. W.Va. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown. W.Va

OSBOURN, JAMES S. ALLEN: Unofficial source shows him in Co. H. d. 9/29/01. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

PAINTER, JAMES H.: b. 1841? Laborer. enl. 5/11/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Wded in the thigh at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to regt. 10/1/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec· 1861. d. 1910. bur. Greenhill Cem., Stephens City. DIFFERENT FROM JAMES PAINTER LISTED IN THE 12TH VA CAVALRY.

PENDLETON, BENJAMIN S.: b. 3/28/42. Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Absent on leave 10/31/62. Absent on detail as brig. orderly, 11/26/62-May/June 1863. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 1/19/31. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

PENDLETON, JAMES ALBERT: b. 5/8/44· Printer. enl. 6/9/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/30/62. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

REDMAN, WILLIAM R.: Only record is a POW statement that lists him in Co. A as Lt. POW 1/7/65 at Baltimore: “Rebel officer and spy.” (Old Capitol Prison, Alexandria). “Alias Jackson Wallace. Alias Jerry Bissell.” No further record.

REED, JOHN J.: b. 1834? Lawyer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Discharged 10/12/61, reason not stated.

RICKARD, JAMES R.: b. 2/21/28. Residence Shepherdstown. enl. 6/20/63 near Sharpsburg, Md. in Co. B as Musician. Last official entry shows him absent in hosp. at Lynchburg, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/14/65 at Lynchburg. d. 8/26/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

RIDER, JOHN WILLIAM: b. 4/1/40. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town Co. G as Pvt. Appears as Sgt. at 10/31/62 muster. Wded. in arm and chest at Harpers Ferry, 10/16/61. Wded. at 1st Winchester, 5/25/62. Gen. Hosp. Mt. Jackson, 6/1/62. Present again by 10/31/62. Detailed as Sgt. in charge of ambulances, May/June 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/3 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 12/31/23 at Halltown. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RIGHTSTINE, ADAM: enl. 10/10/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 5/31/63. Last official entry shows him still absent sick, March/April 1864.

RISSLER, GEORGE L.: b. 10/11/27 in Frederick Co. 5′ 10 1/2″. florid complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. AWOL since 12/19/61. No further record. d. 7/20/16. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RISSLER, SAMUEL J. (or L.): b. 9/30/30. 5’9″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. drafted 12/4/62 at Guinea’s Station in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed as ambulance driver for 2nd Regt., 12/14/62-July, 1864. POW near Harpers Ferry, 7/2/64 (Old Capitol Prison, Elmira). Exchanged 3/10/65. Paroled 4/19/65 at Charles Town. d. 9/3/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ROBERTSON, MYRTILLO STEPTOE BRENT: b. 5/29/26. Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. Absent on detail guarding baggage wagons, 10/7/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Detailed as commissary Sgt., 10/10/62. Last official entry shows him present and still on detail as commissary Sgt., 4/30-10/31/1864. Paroled at Farmville, date not specific. d. 2/16/86 at Charles Town, W.Va.

ROBINSON, FREDERICK M.: b. 1831? Tailor and postal worker in Charles Town. enl. 5/9/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. AWOL since 12/27/61. Gen. Hosp. #13, Richmond, 10/31-11/15/1862; rheumatism. Gen. Hosp. Camp Winder, Richmond, 11/17-1/27 1862; acute diarrhea. Absent on detail with extra baggage, Jan/Feb.-May/June 1863. Absent on detail with Ord. train, May/June-8/6 1863. AWOL 2/11-3/20 1864. Chimborazo #5, 3/12/64; gonorrhea. To Chimborazo #2, 4/10/64. To Farmville, 5/5/64. To Chimborazo #4, 5/19-9/20 1864. Last official entry shows him present again by 10/31/64. POW (Rebel deserter) at Brandy Station, 4/6/65. Took oath and sent to New York City.

ROBINSON, JAMES B. : b. 3/27/37. Farmer. enl. 5/15/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 6/22/85. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

RONEMOUS, LEWIS: b. 1826? Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

RONEMOUS, WILLIAM: b. 1817? Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H, date not given. Listed AWOL at both 6/30 and 8/31/1861 musters. No further record.

ROWAN, JOHN W.: b. 8/3/10. 5’10”. dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Mason. Capt. of Co. K, 2nd Battalion, Va. Regt. U.S. Army, Mexican War. Capt. of Jefferson Guards, a pre-war militia Co. from Jefferson Co., since May, 1858. To Capt. of Co. A, 2nd Va. Inf., 5/3/61. Wded. in the ankle at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Still absent at home in Charles Town, Nov/Dec. 1861. Absent sick at Charles Town since 9/15/62, “complaining of wound received at Manassas.” Present again Jan/Feb. 1863. Retired to Invalid Corps, 4/26/64 because of wound. Assigned to Staunton where he assisted Provost Marshal. Paroled 4/30/65 at Staunton. d. 12/24/72. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RUST, HENRY D.: b. 1833? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. To Pvt. 7/1/62. Wded. in arm and foot at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. At hosp. in Lynchburg since 11/20/62. Gen. Hosp. Liberty, 12/13/62. Present again Sept/Oct. 1863. Wded. in hand and thumb at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Last official entry shows him still absent from wound, March/April 1864. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RUST, THOMAS G.: b. 1839. 5’4″. dark complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Carpenter. Residence Harpers Ferry. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/20/65. d. 1908. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RUTHERFORD, GERARD DAVID: b. 1841? 5’8″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair. Farmer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Jefferson Co., Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official entry says he deserted, 5/31/62. When captured at Petersburg, however, he is listed in Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. POW at Petersburg, 10/29/62 (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 12/2/62. No further record. Listing with Co. D 12th Va not reflected in 12th Rosters in Frye’s book

RUTHERFORD, JOHN A.: b. 1843? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

RUTHERFORD, THOMAS W.: b. 1838? Laborer. enl. 4/20/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Absent sick at home Nov/Dec. 1862-Nov/Dec. 1863. AWOL 2/1/64. No further record.

SAPPINGTON, GEORGE W.: b. 1827? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Corp. Aug. 1861. To Sgt. 11/22/61. To Lt. 4/20/62. Wded. at Kernstown, 3/23/62 and still absent from wounds at 10/31/62 muster. Dismissed from C.S.A. service, 12/16/62; reason not stated.

SADLER, JOHN N.: b. 11/26/29. enl. 6/11/62? at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick, captured at Charles Town, and paroled by 10/31/62. Absent sick at Staunton hosp., Jan/Feb-5/24/63. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, Jan./Feb-5/24/63; typhoid fever. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 4/13/63; phthisis. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/5/63; pneumonia. To Lynchburg, 9/21/63. Returned from sick leave, 10/3/63. Wded. in neck at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton, 12/8/63. Listed as unfit for active service, Sept/Oct. 1864. On “duty” at Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond, 11/23/65. No further record. d. 1/18/95. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SADLER, LEONARD L.: b. 4/16/32. Merchant. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him absent sick, Nov/Dec. 1862. No further record. d. 9/22/98. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SANBORN, JOHN J.: b. 1841? Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Lost one bayonet sometime before 6/30/61. Fined $11.00 by court·martial, 8/15/61; reason not stated. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

SCARLET, JOHN W.: enl. 9/4/61 at Charles Town in Co. K as Pvt. AWOL Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record.

SCOTT, MICHAEL: b. 1838? enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Deserted 9/20/61.

SELDON (SELDEN), JOHN: b. 2/24/22 in Loudoun Co. 6’0″. florid complexion, blue eyes, light brown hair. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 8/1/61. Discharged 12/5/61, “unfit for duty.” d. 1/8/96. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SHARFF, JACOB K.: b. 3/2/24. Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Detailed as cook with surgeon, Nov/Dec. 1862. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 3/1/11. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

SHEETZ, DANIEL W.: drafted 4/14/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. K as Pvt. Absent sick and sent to hosp., 8/11/62. Still absent sick in hosp., May/June 1863. Listed as AWOL, July/Aug. 1863. Last official entry still shows him AWOL, March/April 1864. No further record.

SHEETZ, WILLIAM L.: drafted 4/14/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. K as Pvt. Absent sick 5/2/62-4/5/63. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). d. 2/12/65 at Elmira; chronic diarrhea. bur. Woodlawn Nat. Cem., Elmira N.Y., grave #2018.

SHEETZ, WILLIAM W.: enl. 4/8/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Deserted from Winchester 5/24/62. Recovered from desertion 9/8/63. Sentenced by court-martlal to 1 year’s hard labor. Sentence remitted by order of Gen. Lee. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

SHEPHERD, ABRAHAM S.: b. 3/21/36. Farmer. enl. 5/22/61 at Camp Jackson in Co. A. Discharged 6/6/61 “on account of being a captain in the 55th Regiment militia in Jefferson County and being ordered on duty by Col. John T. Gibson, commanding said regiment of militia,” Unofficial source shows him also in Co. F, 17th Va. Cav. Wded. at 3rd Winchester, 9/19/64. d. 11/5/07. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SHEPHERD, EDWARD CLARENCE: b. 1836? 5’8″. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. grad. V.M.I. enl. 10/22/61 at Centerville as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/18/62. Court-martialed for cowardice at 2nd Manassas, 10/28/62, and cashiered from the service. Went home to Jefferson Co. after the sentence. When Confederates approached his home in June 1863, he went to Baltimore. Arrested at Baltimore, 6/29/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Delaware, Johnson’s Island). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/19/65. Postwar, mathematics professor at Frederick, Md. College. d. 8/29/07 at Frederick, Md.

SHEPHERD, H. SMITH: b. 1838? Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Detailed to attend to sick in hosp. at Gettysburg, 7/4/63. POW at Gettysburg, 7/3/63 (sic) (U.S. Gen. Hosp., West Buildings, Baltimore; debility). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 3/16/65.

SHEPHERD, ALEXANDER H.: b. 1831. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. d. 9/25 or 9/26/1861 at hosp. at Camp Harman; typhoid fever. bur. Shepherd Burial Ground, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SHIRLEY, JOHN J.: b. 2/1/31. Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL 7/3-10/15 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 7/24/96. bur. Uvilla Methodist Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

SIMPSON, FRANK A.: b. 10/26/41. enl. 7/17/61 in Co. A as Pvt. location not stated. To Corp. 8/1/61. Wded. at Port Republic, 6/9/62. Present before 10/31/62 muster. Absent on detached service March/April 1863; duty not stated. Present again May/June 1863. Last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864. No further record. d. 9/18/71. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SKINNER, WILLIS: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. To Corp., date not given. Absent sick at hosp. at Camp Harman, July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. KIA at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63.

SMALL, JAMES M. (or N.): b. 1844? 5’4″; dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. enl. 9/16/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Newtown, 7/28/63 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 3/10/65. Paroled 4/18/65 at Charles Town.

SMITH, CONRAD C.: b. 4/5/24. Unofficial source lists him in Co. B. d. 3/14/86. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SMITH, DANIEL C. (or L.): b. 1836. Carpenter. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. To Sgt. 3/1/64. Last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864. No further record. d. 2/24/80. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SMITH, GEORGE W.: b. 3/16/33. enl. 11/1/62 at Camp Allen in Co. A as Pvt. Deserted 6/22/62. POW (Rebel deserter), 7/31/63; location of capture not stated. Oath of Allegiance to U.S., date not given. d. 4/12/04. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

SNYDER, HENRY M.: b. 6/7/36. Farmer. enl. 5/1/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. in thigh at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Last official entry shows him still absent from wound, Nov./Dec. 1861. d. 11/11/64. bur Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SNYDER, JOHN: b. 1822. enl. 10/23/61 at Centerville in Co. B as Pvt. Present for muster 12/31/62 through April 30, 1864. Next record shows him wded. in right testicle and thigh at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (U S. Gen. Hosp., Alexandria; wounded). d. 5/1 or 6/1 1864 at U.S. Gen. Hosp., Alexandria; from wounds. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SPOTTS, JOSEPH B.: b. 1843? Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp. Aug. 1861 To Pvt. 11/25/61 for “bad conduct.” Detailed in QM’s Dept., 7/1/62. Present again Jan/Feb. 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt Lookout). d. 6/4/64 at Pt. Lookout, cause not stated.

STEWART, CHARLES H.: b. 1832? Clerk. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Lt. To Capt 4/20/62. To Maj. 4/21/64. Signs rolls as commanding the regt. Nov/Dec. 1863-March/April 1864. Paroled 4/19/65 at Mt. Jackson. d. 10/18/66. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

STONEBRAKER, A.S.: Apptd. 6/19/61 Regt QM. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Next official record says he was reassigned, 9/15/64; nature of reassignment not stated. No further record.

STRAITH, JOHN ALEXANDER: b. 1/26/35. Physician. Apptd. Asst Surg., 2nd Va. Inf., 5/17/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. d. 1/4/72. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

STRIDER, JOHN S.: b. 1837? Farmer. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct 1861. d. 12/18/61, cause not stated.

STURDY, JOHN W.: b. 1840? Armorer. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt Discharged 8/14/61 and detailed to C. S. Carbine Factory in Richmond to make arms. POW 5/6/65 at Athens, Georgia. Paroled 5/25/65 at Harpers Ferry.

SUDDITH, GEORGE E.: b. 1841? Machinist. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

TABB, CHARLES W. M.: b. 5 October 1844, served as a private in Company G of the 2nd Virginia Infantry, Confederate State Army. enlisted 28 May 1862, at Winchester, Virginia. Wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg on 31 December, 1862. He was mortally wounded in action in the thigh at Paynes Farm on 27 Nov 1863, and died in the Confederate hospital at Gordonsville, VA., on 15 February 1864. He is buried in the military Cemetery at Stanton, Virginia.

TAPSCOTT, SAMUEL B.: b. 1837? 5’7″. dark complexion, black eyes, black hair, brown whiskers. Clerk. enl. 4/30/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL May/June-July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861 Absent sick March/April 1862. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/4-9/16 1862; wounded (probably wded. at 2nd Manassas. although his entries state he was AWOL since 7/1/62, so there is a possibiity that he was wded. at Malvern Hill and turned up missing as a result). POW at Strasburg, 2/13/63 (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. Present again March/April 1863. Gen. Hosp. #13, Richmond, 6/16/63; acute diarrhea Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville. 7/24-8/4 1863; debility. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira) . Exchanged 10/29/64. No further record. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Samuel Tapscott died March 23rd 1865 at Fortress Monroe, aged 28.”

TAYLOR, JOHN W.: b. 3/31/42. 5’5’/2 “. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 11/22/61 at Camp Stephenson in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 4/18/62. To Sgt. 8/1/62. Absent on furlough, Jan-Feb. 1862. Absent sick March/April 1862. Present again 4/30-10/31 1862. Gen. Hosp. Danville, June 1864; wounded neck. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/26/64; wounded neck. To Lynchburg 9/28/64. Last official entry shows him present again by 10/31/64 muster POW at Ft. Steadman near Petersburg, 3/25/65 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S. 6/11/65. d. 12/11/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

TAYLOR, LEMUEL T.: b. 1825. Wagon maker. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Corp. To Sgt. 8/17/61. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. AWOL since 8/5/62 and dropped from the roll, Nov/Dec. 1862. No further record until 10/3/64 when he is shown in Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond. To Gen. Hosp. #5, Richmond. 10/8/64. chronic diarrhea. d. 1/12/64 at Gen. Hosp. #5, Richmond.

TIMBERLAKE. BENJAMIN T.: b. 1839? Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 8/8-9/2 1861. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/9/65. Paroled at Harpers Ferry, 3/24/65 (sic).

TOWNER, JAMES L. b. about 1828. occupation postmaster. enl. 4/18/61 Halltown. Pvt. 7-8/61 absent on recruiting service not mustered. Present 9-10/61 and 11-12/61. Absent sick 1-2/62. absent sick behind enemy lines 3-4/62. d. 4/16/91.

TOWNER, HARRIS T. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “T. Harris Towner, wounded a Kernstown, 23rd of March, 1862 and died the 25th at Winchester aged about 40.” (2nd husband of Laura Morgan Parran of Shepherdstown).

WALTERS, JOSEPH W.: b. 9/8/34. Laborer. Residence Augusta Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick since 6/24/63. Detailed to wait on sick at Gettysburg. POW at Gettysburg, 7/3/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Delaware, Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 9/30/64. Furloughed from Chimborazo #1, 10/10/64, length of furlough not stated. No further record. d. 11/23/68. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

WASHINGTON, RICHARD BLACKBURN: b. 11/12/22. Attd. V.M.I., 1843. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 8/20/61. Discharged 10/14/61, reason not stated. Postwar, farmer at Charles Town. d. 10/15/10. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

WATSON, SAMUEL: b. 1839? Weaver. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on 30-day detail for manufacturing duty, 10/13/61. Absent on special duty, Nov/Dec. 1861; “time unllmited·” Type of duty not specified. No further record.

WATSON, WILLIAM: b. 1842? Weaver. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on 30-day detail for manufacturlng duty, 10/13/61. Absent on special duty, Nov/Dec. 1861; “time unlimited. ” Type of duty not specified. No further record.

WHITE, BENJAMIN S.: b. 9/28/42. Student. enl. 4/26/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt., date not given. Absent sick 10/28-10/31 1862. KIA at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va

WHITTINGTON, GEORGE W.: b. 1843? Blacksmith. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Pvt. Absent sick in hosp., July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. AWOL since 12/27/61. AWOL since 5/30/62, and dropped from the roll. No further record. d. 1/1/24 in Clarke Co.

WHITTINGTON, JAMES: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 5/14/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL 31 days, July/Aug. 1861, and fined $11.00 for absence by court-martial. Absent sick, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. Later appears on rolls of Co. B 12th Va. Cav. d. 10/28/01. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

WHITTINGTON, JOHN N.: b. 1840? Painter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp. 9/1/62. To Sgt. 10/31/63. POW at Woodstock, 6/2/62. Exchanged 8/5/62. POW at Fisher’s Hill. 9/22/64 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/14/65. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

WHITTINGTON, CORNELIUS: b. 1838? 5’10”. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Absent on detached service under Asst. AM, July/Aug. 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-12/31 1864. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

WILLINGHAM, GEORGE W.: b. 1838? 5’9″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark brown hair. Carpenter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 6/16/61 at Winchester in Co. I as Pvt. AWOL 8/4-8/13 1861. Fined $5.00 for absence by court-martial. Absent sick Sept/Oct.-Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 3/17-5/28 1862. POW at High Bridge, 4/6/65 (City Point). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/22/65.

WILTSHIRE, JAMES B.: b. 1844 Farmer. enl. 6/12/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick, Nov./Dec. 1861. enl. 4/17/62 Conrad’s Store Co. 12th Va Cav., 10/1/63 taken prisoner Winchester, Ft. McHenry 11/2/63; d. 7/11/64.

WILTSHIRE, CHARLES B. b: 1842 enlisted brother of James. June, 1861 Co. G. as Pvt. Absent, sick. enl. 5/15/62 as sgt Co. A, 12th Va. Cav.; present 9-10/63; present 11-12/63; wded 2/28/64; absent wded. 1-4/64; died 4/65 from ball left in right lung.

WINTERMOYER, JACOB: b. 10/28/31. Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 6/18/63-Jan. 1864. Deserted 2/1/64. d. 8/27/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

WINTERMOYER, JOHN: b. 1827? Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861. Exchanged POW, 8/5/62. Where and when captured not stated. No further record. 2/28/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

WINTERMOYER, THOMAS H.: b. 1834? 5’8″. light complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Shoemaker. enl. 4/23/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 12/1/62. Exchanged POW, 8/5/62. Where and when captured not stated. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 10/29/64. Next record shows him in hosp. in Macon, Georgia, 11/15/64; diarrhea. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

WINTERMOYER, WILLIAM. b. abt. 1829. weaver. enlisted Co. B. 4/18/61. Present 7-12/61 and 1-2/62. AWOL 3-4-/62. AWOL since 5/1/62. Dropped from the roll 12/22/62.

WRITT, GEORGE W.: b. 1//25/41. Farmhand. enl. 4/29/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. I as Pvt. AWOL 7/27-7/31 1861. AWOL 11/25-11/30 1861. Deserted 1/24/64. d. 2/21/01 at Rippon, W.Va. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

YONTZ, GEORGE W.: b. 1842 Shoemaker. enl.4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt To Corp. 8/1/62. Wded. at 2nd Manassas. date not specific. Present at 10/31/62 muster. Detailed in band, 6/20/63. Trans. to 2nd Regt Band, Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/13 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

YONTZ, JOSEPH E.: enl. 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp 10/1/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

YOUNG, THOMAS B.: b. 3/5/38. Butcher. enl. 4/18/6 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Sgt. 7/1/62. To Pvt 10/31/63. Fined $11.00 for AWOL by court-martial, July/Aug. 1861. Absent on detached service in Valley of Virginia, 1/1/63; duty not stated. Present again May/June 1863. Charged $.50 for wasting 10 rounds of ammunition, Jan/Feb. 1864. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Jackson Hosp., Richmond, 3/7/65; debility. Furloughed 3/8/65 for 30 days. No further record. d. 11/13/90. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ZITTLE, JOHN H.: b. 1835? Printer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Lt. Last official entry shows him present, Jan/Feb. 1862. Dropped from the Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62; reason not stated.

33rd Virginia Cavalry

LEE, WILLIAM FITZHUGH: b. 4/27/32. Res. Shepherdstown. grad. VMI 1853. resigned U.S. Army commission 4/30/1861. Temporarily assigned to 33rd Va. Inf. as Capt. 7/61.

Lee, William Fitzhugh, document (MS #0326)

The collection consists of the United States Army Commission document of William Fitzhugh Lee, VMI Class of 1853. The document is dated August 1, 1856 and is signed by Secretary of War Jefferson Davis. During the Civil War Lee served as Lt. Col. , 33rd Virginia Infantry Regiment, and was killed at Manassas in July 1861. bur. Elmwood Cem, Shepherdstown. WV. Connected to the story of Gen. J.E.B.Stuart’s silver spurs.

Archives, Virginia Military Institute

6th Virginia Cavalry

Musick, Michael P. (1990). “6th Virginia Cavalry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, Inc. Print.

BALTIS, CHARLES: b. Loudoun Co. enl. 9/13/62 in Co. A. Deserter since 4/1/64. on 7-8/64 roll. AWOL on 9-10/64 roll. d. 1/26/09 at Charles Town, W.Va., supposedly bur. Harpers Ferry.

DAVIS, ALBERT F.: enl. 10/12/62 in Co. C. One month’s pay deducted by court-martial 11-12/63. in General Hosp. Charlottesville, 1/24-2/5/64 with scabies. Absent with leave 9-10/64. POW 1/13/65 at Kabletown W.Va. Took the oath at Elmira 6/27/65. resid. Charles Town, W.Va.

DAVIS, A. STROTHER.: enl. 5/31/61 in Co. D. AWOL sick since 10/16/62 at Charles Town, W.Va. Paroled 10/22/62 at Harpers Ferry. POW 1/16/63 near Berryvile on horse leave. Paroled 2/15/63 at Ft. McHenry. in General Hosp. Petersburg 2/18-2/24/63 with debilitas. absent with leave on 9-10/64 roll. AWOL 3/22/65. Res.Jefferson Co. W.Va.

GRIGGS, JAMES LEE: enl. 7/24/61 in Co. D. Absent on duty in Ordinance Dept. on rolls for 8/31/63 and 11-12/64. in Richmond Hosp with dysentery 4/19-6/4/64 and on 5/4/64. Wded. 9/22/64 near Luray. Otherwise present thru 3/22/65 final roll. d. 7/25/85, bur. Edge Hill Cem. Charles Town, W.Va.

HARRIS, GEORGE: b. in Jefferson Co. (W.Va.). enl. 8/16/61 in Co. D. To Corp. on 5-6/62 roll. Horse KIA 6/9/64 near Woodstock. Present on every roll thru 3/22/65. d. near Myerstown, W.Va. age 73 bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

JANNEY, WILLIAM WALTER: b. 9/23/43. enl. 4/23/61 in Co. D. Student. Courier for Gen. J.E.B. Stuart on 9-10/61 thru 5-6/62. POW while on furlough. Paroled in Richmond hosp. with dysentery 6/10-6/17/64. POW 7/20/64 at Winchester. d. 3/5/65 at Camp Chase of chronic diarrhea and bur. there but re-interred in Episcopal and Masonic Cem. Middleway, W.VA.

LEWIS ROBERT HUME: b. 11/12/43 in Alexandria. Att VMI. enl. 10/1/62 in Co. D. with scabies 12/4/63. Found guilty of AWOL by court martial 3/7/64. Courier for Gen.T. Rosser on 9-10/64 roll. Scout for Gen Fitzhugh Lee 3/22/65. Paroled 4/20/65 at Winchester. res. Jefferson County, W.Va. Postwar farmer and insurance agent in Charles Town and Winchester, m. Ann Cary Randolph Jones 1879. d. 12/12/21 in Baltimore MD.

MILSTEAD, JAMES: b. 1845. res. Charles Town. enl 9/29/62 in Co. H. Present on all rolls thru 3/22/65 final roll, but reported by Richmond as deserter 2/26/65. Wded. and POW 4/1/65 at Hatcher’s Run. d. 5/23/65 at Lincoln Gen. Hosp. Washington, D.C. chronic diarrhea. Single effects given to his Aunt Bea.

MORGAN, DANIEL HENRY: enl. 4/28/62 in Co. D. POW 7/14/63 at Falling Waters, Va. (now W.Va.). Paroled 12/24/63 at Pt. Lookout. Present as Pvt. Present 9-10/64. AWOL 3/22/65. MWIA at Five Forks. d. 4/8/65 bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va. 4/1/65. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Daniel H. Morgan of this town, member of Co. D 6th Virginia Cavalry, wounded on 1st April 1865 on the South Side Railroad and d. in Cumberland County, on the 8th following, at the residence of his brother-in-law, A.J. Smith aged 31.”

OPIE, JOHN NEWTON b. 3/14/44 at “Millview” Jefferson Co. WVa Att. VMI enl 10/15/62 in Co. D. Previously in 5th Va Inf. Horse KIA 6/9/63 at Brandy Station Wded 10/11/63 at Brandy Station and absent wded on rolls until POW on final 3/22/65 roll/Retired to Invalid Corps 1/8/65. POW 2/6/65 in Clarke Co . Paroled 3/14/65 at Elmira. Paroled Winchester 5/8/65 Grad U. Va law school 1885 House of Delegates 1882-84 State Senate 1896-1904 10 married Belle harmon 1866, 2) Ida Watson Fletcher 1878 Wrote “A Rebel Cavalryman” (1899) d at Staunton 1/26/06 bur Thormrose Cem. Staunton.

PENDLETON DUDLEY DIGGES: b. 1840 in Louisa Co. Grad. Washington College. Teacher. enl. 9/24/61 in Co. D. Trans. from Rockbridge Artillery. Present until appointed Capt. and Adjutant on staff of his uncle, Gen. William N. Pendleton 5/22/62. Personally recommended for Lt. by Gen. T. J. Jackson and by Col. Charles Field, Capt. Hugh M. Nelson, and Gens W. N. Pendleton and J.E.B. Stuart. Paroled 4/9/65 at Appomattox. Postwar, Principal of Shepherd College, Shepherdstown W.Va. d. 8/25/86. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown.

PENDLETON, ROBERT NELSON: b. 2/4/42 in Louisa Co. Att. Washington Coll. enl. 3/19/62 in Co. D. Horse wounded 5/23/62 near Front Royal. Absent as clerk at brigade HQ 12/5/63 thru 3/22/65. To Lt. and drillmaster on the staff of Gen. W. H. Payne 3/28/65. Recommended by Gen. Payne 2/26/65 for “intelligence, good habits, courage and usefulness on the field.” Paroled 4/25/65 at Summit Pt., W.Va. Postwar, farmer and civil engineer res. Jefferson and Clarke Cos. m. Fannie Gibson 1869. d. at Wyethville 1905.

STEPTOE ROBERT C.: enl. 8/14/61 in Co. D. Courier for Gen. W. E. Jones. on 11-12/62 returns. Wded at Trevillian Station 6/11/64. POW 4/1/65 at Five Forks. Otherwise always present thru final 3/22/65 roll. Took the oath 6/19/65 at Pt. Lookout res. Jefferson Co. transportation furnished to Baltimore, MD

TIMBERLAKE, THOMAS WILLIAM: b. 10/7/42. enl. 5/12/61 in Co. D. in Richmond hosp. 5/16-5/17/64 in Charlottesville hosp. with intermittent fever 6/12-7/29/64 including furlough. Present on all rolls until KIA; 9/19/64 at Winchester. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem. Middleway W.Va.

WIGGINTON, JAMES: b. 12/15/40. Farmer. enl. Harpers Ferry 5/15/61. Trans. Co. D 6th Va. Cav 9/61. AWOL 12/25. Present 11-12/61. POW Clarke County 3/20/64. Sent to Ft. Delaware prison. exch. 3/65. Paroled Winchester 4/20/65. Postwar, physician. d. Summit Point, W.Va. 2/1/08. bur. Episcopal Masonic Cem. Middleway.

WILLIAMS, THOMAS E.: b. Va. about 1837. enl. Shepherdstown 6/4/61. To 6th Cav Co. D. Pvt. Apptd. ass’t surgeon 2nd NC Cav. 11/3/64. Paroled 5/1/65.

7th Virginia Cavalry

Armstrong, Richard L. (1992). “7th Virginia Cavalry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

CLEMENS, WILLIAM: “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Killed in battle of Beverly, Randolph County, Va. on the 12th of January,1865, William Clemens of this town a member of Co. G 7th Virginia Cavalry, Rosser’s Brigade aged about 21 years.”

DINKLE, LEWIS GRAHAM: b. Charles Town 11/8/29 enlisted Charles Town 9/20/62. (Listed in 1860 Census in Charles Town occupation “artist.”)

DREW, DOLPHIN: b. 1846 Co. A 7th Cav. imprisoned 9/29/63

DRISCOL, DANIEL O.: b. 5/3/45. Lt. Co. A. Glenn’s 7th Cav. KIA Dam No. 4 12/11/61. bur. Chapline Cem. north of Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GLENN, JAMES W.: b. 1/10/32. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 6/22/61 at Charles Town in Henderson’s Co. of 7th Va. Cav. (later Co. A of 12th). Elected 1st Lt., 10/28/61. Appointed Capt. of Co. A, 5/10/62. Dec. 31, 1862 muster reports he received a two-week furlough about 6/20/62, and had not returned to the Co. since then. Resigned 1/12/63; reason not stated. POW (location and date of capture not stated) at Ft. Delaware, 4/20/63. Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Ft. Delaware, 4/24/63. No further record. Postwar, resident of Shenandoah Junction, W.Va. d. 11/27/07. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LEE, EDMUND III (JR). b. Jefferson County 1844. Enl. January at Timberville. Pvt. paroled 1865. Pvt.

MCDONALD, ANGUS WILLIAM JR.: b. 5/16/29. 1st Lt. Co. F. d. Charles Town 10/24/1914 Bur Zion Episcopal Church. Lived after the war in Jefferson County with brothers Edward Hitchcock and William N.

MYERS, SAML. B.: b. 6/27/41. Carpenter. enl. Winchester 3/8/62 Pvt. Co. F. d. 5/11/74 Edge Hill Cem.

ORNDORFF, JAMES G.: b. Jefferson County 1843. Pvt. Co. G. charged with being a “bushwhacker” of Feds imprisoned most of the war.

STARRY, JOHN D.: b. 4/18/19. Surgeon. d: 4/28/99 bur. Zion Episcopal Church. “Tom” his servant hired out as a teamster.

STARRY, WILLIAM S.: b. 1831. Pvt. Co. A Glenn’s 7th Va Cav. d. 4/16/63 bur. Zion Episcopal Church.

TRAPNELL JOSEPH III: b. 1842. Pvt. Co. G. Ashby’s 7th Va. Cav. d. 11/12/1922 bur. Zion Episcopal.

Confederate Batteries: Chew’s, Rockbridge, Amherst

CHEWS’s BATTERY:

ATKINSON, ROBERT CHILTON.: b. 10/3/41 in Smithfield. Son of Hon. Archibald and Elizabeth Ann Chilton Atkinson. attended Lynchburg Military Institute and William and Mary. enl. 4/61/ Pvt. Co. K 3rd Va Inf. Discharged 10/2/61. Trans. to 10th Va Cav as hosp. steward. Detailed in Lynchburg hosp. after Gettysburg. Discharged 10/31/64. enl. Chew’s Battery 1864. Paroled at Isle of Wight 4/30/65. Attended U.Va. 1865-1866. m. Marry Tandy Bull in 1868. Pharmacist St.Louis Mo. 1894-1900. d. St. Louis 12/31/17.

CHEW, JOHN A.: QM Sgt enl 3/4/62 at Winchester as Sgt QM Sgt sometime between 9/62-10/63 Absent sick 11-12/63 On detached service 1-2/64 Present 3/64.

CHEW, ROGER PRESTON: b. 4/9/43 Loudoun County, Va. from Kabletown, Jefferson Co. grad. VMI 12/12/61. Drill master in Richmond 4/61. Assigned to the Lee battery at Monterey 7/15/61-9/61. Apptd. Capt. 4/23/62. Served with the 7th Va Cav. to 6/62. 11-12/63 on furlough. To Major, Horse Artillery 3/14/64. Lt Col. commanding Horse Artillery 2/8/65. Paroled at Greensboro, NC 5/3/65. M. Louisa Fontaine Washington 8/15/71. Postwar, farmer, real estate, and insurance. Member of the W.VA. Legislature 1882-1890. d. 3/16/21. buried Zion Episcopal Church.

CLIP(P), SAMUEL: Pvt. Enl Deserted 2/26/62 at Martinsburg.

CLIP(P), THOMAS: Pvt. Enl Deserted 2/26/62 at Martinsburg.

DECK, WILLIAM J.: b. 1839. enl. 5’7″ light complexion, dark hair, black eyes. 10/4/62 at Charles Town as Pvt. Present 9/62-8/63. Absent sick 9/7/63. Present 11/63-8/31/64. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

HOOFFMASTER, GEORGE W.: Pvt. enl. 11/13/61 at Charles Town. Disabled by wounded in leg at Dam #5, C&O Canal 12/8/61.

HOOFFMASTER S. WASHINGTON: Pvt. Only record shows him as a deserter 2/10/62 at Martinsburg.

KEPHART, JACOB: Pvt. Born in Frederick County, MD. 6′ dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Blacksmith. Only record shows deserted 4/20/62 at Conrad’s Store.

LINE, JOHN D.: Pvt. enl 11/13/61 at Charles Town Present. 9/62-2/63. Trans. to Imboden’s Brigade.

REILY, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN “FRANCIS”: enl. 7/20/63 at Berryville. WIA 10/11/63 at Brandy Station. at Chimborazo hosp. #5 10/14-11/11/63 with gunshot wound to right leg. Trans. to Lynchburg. Present 1-2/64. Present 3-5/64. App’td. Corp. 4/1/64 d. of wounds received at Trevillian Station 6/12/64.

THOMSON, JAMES WALTON: b. 10/28/43 in Jefferson Co. Fought beside father at the attack on John Brown at Harpers Ferry. At 1st Manassas as aide to Jackson. absent 10/1-10/31/65. commanding company 11-12/63. Captain on service voucher 2/27-3/30/64. Appted. Major 3/1/65. KIA 4/6/65 at High Bridge in Amelia Co. bur. Charlottesville, re-interred in the Stonewall Cem. Winchester.

WARE, NIMROD ANDERSON: b. 1846 Clarke Co. 6’2″ light complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes. Entered VMI 1862 for one year. enl. Chews Battery 6/5/63 at Culpeper CH. Present 6/5/63-8/31/64 Ware was in Neese’s gun section in 1864. Clothing issued 12/14/64. at Staunton Hosp. at Charlottesville Hosp 1/2-1/9/64 with scabies trans. Lynchburg. Paroled Charles Town 5/4/65. Attended U.Va 1868. obtained a position on a steamship line operating between Shanghai and Yokahoma. d. Nagasaki before 3/1881. Personal effects including the flag of the Stuart Horse Artillery were transfered back to Charles Town and the flag eventually turned over to Col. Chew.

ZOMBRO, JOHN L.: enl. 10/1/62 in Co. F. AWOL 7/8 and 9-10/64.

Dennis Frye – Lee’s Defense of Virginia

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Lee’s Defense of Virginia TRT: 4:50.

Dennis Frye

Okay tell us about the plan for defending the state of Virginia by General Robert E Lee? General Robert E Lee, who was charged with the defense of Virginia – the overall commander of all Virginia forces – looked at the state and decided that he couldn’t defend everywhere, every time. So he looked for very specific points that he could defend. critical strategic points in the state of Virginia. You need to remember that in 1861 Virginia ran all the way from the Ohio river where Wheeling is today the western panhandle of current West Virginia, all the way, of course, to Norfolk. Virginia was a huge state, very expansive. Of course the Virginia border was the boundary between the United States of America and the confederacy. Virginia separated two nations. He knew that it would be difficult to try to defend his state because he knew that the federals would be invading. They knew that even before Virginia succeeded that Virginia would become the target of federal invasion. Complicating matters for Lee is this: the capital of the confederacy would move from Montgomery, Alabama, where it had been since February. When the confederacy was formally established to Richmond and in May of 1861 the move would occur. President Jefferson Davis, his cabinet officials would come and locate and the principal center of government for the confederacy would now become Richmond. Of course this makes Richmond even a more inviting target for union incursion. So it fell upon General Lee to defend the state and, ultimately, to defend the capital the confederacy and the northern frontier of the confederacy. So he looks at the state. He pulls out his map and of course he’s a native Virginian, so he knows much about his home state and he says this: “well, let’s start with the area around Norfolk. We need to protect Norfolk. We need to keep Norfolk under control and to ensure that the union navy and union armies can’t come into the soft underbelly of Virginia. So Norfolk becomes a principal area of defense. Of course the peninsula between the James and York river, approaching Richmond becomes another area of defense that Lee will select. Then he moves north and he moves all the way north to Manassas Junction where railroads come together, only a little over 30 miles from Washington D.C., But there, by Lee holding Manassas Junction with confederate forces, he could ensure that there would not be an easy route directly south from Washington to Richmond. So that’s a blockading force, basically, to try to protect Richmond. Then we move west and north to Harpers Ferry and, again, he selects Harper’s Ferry, because it, strategically, is located in the Shenandoah Valley. the Shenandoah Valley was critical to the confederacy. It was a place where huge amounts of food will be produced for confederate armies. It also was a logical location of northern invasion. So if lee could have a force at Harper’s Ferry, he could help block that invasion and he could also help control the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. That then takes us further west all the way to Grafton. Grafton today is in West Virginia, but Grafton was another one of those very significant railroad towns that Lee felt if he could hold that he could help defend western Virginia and help ensure that western Virginia does not collapse. Western Virginia was the area where the anti-secessionists lived. Western Virginia was where the people who voted against the secession resided and it was vulnerable to union invasion from Pennsylvania and from Ohio. So by holding Grafton, he hoped Lee did what he could to keep western Virginia very solidly in Virginia and in favor of the confederacy. So think of that huge arc running all the way from Norfolk to Richmond in the peninsula to Manassas to Harper’s Ferry and then ultimately to Grafton. Those became the points of defense that Robert E. Lee selected to protect Virginia at the outbreak of the civil war.

Dennis Frye – What was the Union’s Strategy at the Beginning of the Civil War?

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – What was the Union’s Strategy at the Beginning of the Civil War? TRT: 4:35.

Keep in mind that at the outset of the war, Virginia is the easy target for United States forces. This is the place where again with Maryland remaining in the union and Virginia now the confederacy, the confederate states of america – union troops can can come together in Maryland, can stage in Maryland, and then launch invasions from Maryland into Virginia into the confederacy. Now remember,early in the war there’s an expectation, especially in the north, that this is going to be a short war. This isn’t going to last very long. Remember that, when President Lincoln issues his initial proclamation requesting troops, he only asked for troops for 90 days because we’re going to finish this war in the 90 days. It’s going to be over, and so it becomes very evident that if it’s going to be a short war, that is going to occur in close proximity to Washington and that the closest enemy territory to Washington and the north – Maryland – is the state of Virginia. So this becomes the focus of union strategy. Now basically Winfield Scott, the union commander, develops a two-prong advance. He is going to have one force concentrate around Washington, drilling there, preparing there. All its logistics and operations there will move against Manassas Junction. You’ll recall that Robert E. Lee has a blockading force under general P.G.T. Beauregard, holding the very strategic railroad junction at Manassas, a little more than 30 miles from Washington. So, one union force will concentrate against Manassas – the second union force will concentrate against Harper’s Ferry. Then again, Lee had placed troops at Harpers Ferry, commanded by Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson. So these are going to be the two points of contact – the two points, probably – of battle, initial fighting between the north and the south. Manassas and Harper’s Ferry: that’s what General Scott has in mind. So, to make this advance against the Harper’s Ferry and Shenandoah valley area, he selects a veteran General Robert Patterson. Now Patterson is almost 70 years old, a native of Pennsylvania. He’ll be commanding mainly Pennsylvania troops, who are responding to this 90-day call to come squash the rebellion in the south in Virginia. So Patterson’s army is formed ultimately nearly 20,000 men, 20,000 gather in Patterson’s army and come to Hagerstown, Maryland. Hagerstown will be the launch pad for this advance into Virginia. Now it’s not going to be a direct advance upon Harper’s Ferry. What they hope to do is be able to flank the confederates out of Harper’s Ferry to move in such a way that they could either get behind them or encircle them by coming in from the north near Williamsport, Maryland, coming into the Shenandoah valley via the Valley Pike to Martinsburg, Virginia, (today West Virginia), and then moving from Martinsburg in various ways toward Harper’s Ferry where, ultimately, the battle will occur. So Patterson has very little time to make this happen. He’s got inexperienced troops. These are militiamen who have been farmers and shoemakers and laborers in the fields and businesses and manufacturers of Pennsylvania. Ultimately, an organization arrives from Massachusetts, the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry, which is often known as the Harvard regiment. This was a three-year regiment. They actually enlisted for three years, not 90 days and Patterson even has a few of the regular army with him when he initiates his campaign. So, middle of June, arriving and concentrating around Hagerstown by first week of July he is preparing to move against the confederates in the Shenandoah Valley. But something has happened: the confederates retreat suddenly from Harper’s Ferry and the campaign plans change for Patterson, General Scottcott and the Shenandoah Valley operation.