“Thy Will Be Done” (25a) – Netta Lee, The “Refugee” – continued

2229 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710022414/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/12/thy-will-25-netta-lee-the-refugee-continued/

EPSON scanner image

Chapterette (25a) – Netta Lee, The “Refugee” – continued

August 10, 1864 – Dunham:

Well, my dear Pink, when I wrote last night, while awaiting the return of Father and Mother from We Haw, little did I dream that this evening I’d be in the Yankee lines.

We thought this place was entirely out of the path of either army, but they are pouring down upon us like locusts from every quarter and making a road diagonally across this lovely green yard, coming from the direction of Charlestown and going to the Berryville turnpike. Thousands are passing; I am at Mother’s window; there are three or four officers on the porch below. I heard one say: “We have fifteen thousand men in this corps. I expect we will go on to Winchester tomorrow.” Another says: “We will likely go on to Lynchburg after we run the rebs out of Winchester.” Mother remarked, sotto voce, to me: “Yes, AFTER.”

Another officer is saying: “We cannot subsist upon the country entirely; so it will depend upon the result at Winchester whether they will send a wagon train from Washington or not.”

The children have just come running up to tell us that the yankees have broken into the smokehouse. “Goodbye,” I say to all our fine old hams, a dozen of which were saved from Bedford. They have begun “to feed upon the fat of our land.”

The party of officers, being sufficiently refreshed have departed.

Old Peggy called from the yard to me to “please come down.” I went and found an impudent young soldier had taken one of the two kerchiefs I have in the world from the clothesline. Aunt Peggy told me about it; so I boldly walked up to the man and remonstrated: “That kerchief around your neck, sir, is mine, not yours, as you can see by my name there in full. I will thank you to return it to me.”

“No,” he said, “I will not! I want it to keep my neck from getting sunburned.” Then glancing at my name: “I like the name, too ’Netta Lee.’”

“Insolence! I insist upon your giving it to me!”

“I will pay you for it,” he said. “So I told that old woman,” pointing to Aunt Peggy, who broke in:

“You know I told you that it belongs to my young Miss, and I couldn’t let you have it.”

Unabashed, Mr. Yankee turned to go off, when I said scornfully: “Of course, I might have known you would hardly be gentleman enough to give me what you have stolen,” and was turning to leave, when he jerked the kerchief off his dirty neck, tossing it toward me, saying: “Damn it, take your old handkerchief!”

I smiled as I picked it from the ground on the end of a stick. “Here, Peggy take this and wash it. Be sure to boil it well!” The Yankee looked daggers and left amidst a general chuckle from servants and soldiers nearby. – (1).

August 29th, 1864, Mansfield:

Dear Pink, With what joy I now write. We are within the Confederate lines. Just before sundown Sunday our men arrived. They drove the federals from two miles this side of Winchester to Rippon, three miles this side of Charlestown. With joy, not unmingled with anxiety we listened to the cannonading as it came near and nearer. At last it was on the farm. We could see the smoke from our men’s guns and the enemy retreating. You know too well, from the Antietam battle, what it is to be in this dreadful suspense . . .

August 31st, 1864 – Mansfield:

Yankees, Yankees everywhere,
Their shouts and curses fill the air.

You see darling every few days we change masters. Here comes one of the masters to demand something to eat. – (2).

NETTA LEE – BY CHANCE – ENCOUNTERS CAPTAIN MARTINDALE:

September 5th, 1864 – Mansfield:

I have had trials lately, but those of today have surpassed them all for I have just met face-to-face that creature, Martindale. Brevet Major General A.T.A. Torbert sent him here to ask Cousin Mann if he would object to his having his headquarters here in the yard at Mansfield. From my window I saw an officer in a Captain’s uniform walk up and introduce himself to Brother Charles. At the same time another officer of the same rank came from behind and greeted him: “Good day, Mr. Lee.”

“Why, Captain Prentiss,” exclaimed brother Charles, giving him his hand. ”Where did you come from?”

“General Wright’s headquarters, about a mile from here,” replied Captain Prentiss.

Then turning to the other officer, Brother Charles said: “I presume you gentlemen know each other?” and invited them to seats on the porch.

In a little while Cousin Edmonia came to my room. “Netta,” she said. “Captain Prentiss is down on the porch. Father sent to ask you to come down and meet him.”

“Certainly,” I replied, “I will be down in a moment.”

I bathed my face and went down to the portico. Captain Prentiss was seated on the bench near the door, talking to Cousin Edmonia. At the far end of the porch, Cousin Mann was conversing with a man whom I recognized as Captain Martindale of the First New York Cavalry. Introducing us, Cousin Mann said: “Miss Lee, Captains Martindale and Prentiss.”

I bowed low to Captain Prentiss, then I stood erect and faced Martindale, my hands clenched, head high and lips parted, though out of them not a word came. I held Martindale’s, looking steadily into his face, which at first turned crimson, then deadly, as he quailed before my gaze. All eyes were upon us. The craven moved uneasily, then dropped his eyes to the floor. Without uttering a word, I turned my back on him and stepped into the hall. Then my power of speech returned to me. I felt an irresistible desire to make him recognize me before all the company.

So I faced him a second time. His eyes couldn’t look me in the face; his color changed from crimson to a livid white. Before I could speak, I caught the beseeching look of poor, dear old Cousin Mann. Quivering with pent-up emotion and outrage, I could only curl my lips with with scorn and again turn my back on the man.

Oh, if I could only have said my say to Captain Martindale. But Cousin Mann had never been in Federal lines before and lived in daily dread of having his house burned, for be it remembered, he, too, is a near relative of our great general, though he has not his name, which seems to be our great offence. We all fear that his giving shelter to one of us may bring trouble upon him; therefore, I am most circumspect in my speech.

Cousin Edmonia told me that Martindale left a few minutes after I did. Then Captain Prentiss turned to her and asked: “Miss Page, are all yankees so obnoxious to your cousin that the sight of us affects her so strangely?”

“No, Captain Prentiss,” said Edmonia, “But that man,” pointing to Captain Martindale, who was mounting his horse, ”burned her beautiful home in Shepherdstown a couple of weeks ago. This is their first meeting since that occasion.”

“Is it possible,” he exclaimed, “poor little girl. No wonder her eyes flashed. She was superb. My! but I am glad she didn’t look that way at me!”

Edmonia told him all about Bedford. When she had finished, he remarked: ”Well, it is not likely that Captain Martindale will take any meals in this house while they camp on your lawn.

“I guess he will not,” said Edmonia, emphatically. – (3).

(Self-destructive acts have many causes and origins. While its sources are unknowable, it should be noted that many years later, this same Franklin G. Martindale, while residing at a veteran’s home near Los Angeles, California, on October 2, 1896, died. The cause according to the official report: “Strychnine taken with suicidal intent.” He was buried in Home Cemetery Section 2, Row 5-13.-JS). – (4).

September 7, 1864 – Mansfield:

Brother Charles told me that while conversing with General Torbert, he said: “I suppose, General, you heard of the disagreeable episode that occurred on the portico yesterday.”

His reply: “Yes, Captain Martindale told me that he had met Miss Lee, whose home he had been ordered by Major General Hunter to burn. Martindale said he had been compelled to obey the orders given to him, but had been as merciful as he could.”

“General,” my brother answered, “my sister tells me that he was neither merciful nor manly – he was brutal.”

“Of course, Mr. Lee, it was all brutal in that young girl’s eyes and war is brutal at best. Martindale said he let them save everything excepting the parlor furniture, while his orders were to allow the removal of nothing save wearing apparel.”

“General Torbert,” replied my brother, “I assure you it was just the contrary. The only things saved were a part of the parlor furniture, which were removed before the men reached my father’s house, and while they were burning Fountain Rock. Our servants had pulled the piano to the drawing room door, when Martindale arrived and made them push it back. Some small boys had pulled a feather bed through a down-stairs window. The captain ordered them to let do or he would shoot them. My sister watched Martindale select books from the shelves in the library. When the flames were pouring out of doors and windows, he jeeringly offered to let them go in and save what they could.”

General Torbert looked very grave as he replied: “It is useless to make war worse than necessary. I should never give or execute such an order. Captain Martindale does not belong to my staff; he was ordered to my service as a guide through this country, to which I am a stranger. – (5).

September 15, 1864 – Mansfield:

The army still surrounds us and General Torbert’s headquarters are still at Mansfield. He is such a good man and a gentleman. Some of his staff officers I like very much too – I mean, of course, as much as I allow myself to like Blue Coats. The General is quite young, good enough looking, slender, and soldierly in bearing, with an exceedingly pleasant expression. He is modest and has a quiet dignity that at once charms and commands respect. What is more important, he does not force himself upon us. He has done all within his power to help us and to make war less brutal. Then, too, he is from Delaware and not a Yankee in the full significance of the word; he is also an old army officer. There are also two brothers from Elkton, Maryland – Ellis – who are refined. They have shown us many kind attentions.

The other day, General Torbert came on the porch, wearing a pair of superb new riding boots; they reached ‘way above his knees. He was equipped for a trip. He said:

“I have come to tell you goodbye, Miss Lee. I am leaving camp for a day or two.

“Oh,” I said, “would it be treason to tell a Rebel whither?”

“Oh, no, not so long as she is in my lines,” he said. “I am going on a little raid to Winchester, and by the way, I may see your brother, and bring him back with me.” He continued. “At any rate, I’m going to look him up.”

September 17, 1864 – Mansfield:

Oh, Pink my darling. I feel so happy! For father and all of us are going back to live in Shepherdstown; and in the old Rectory, too, so near to you. All of this great joy I owe under providence to General A. T. A. Torbert. I wrote you that, at the first opportunity, I was going to tell General Torbert all about the way Father had been persecuted and driven away from home by the malignity and petty spite of the Union men in Shepherdstown. He listened with much interest to all I told him and I do him but scant justice when I say he is kind and good.

“Miss Lee,” he said, “my advice to you all is to go at once to Shepherdstown as all your father’s property and interests are there, even if your house is destroyed.”

”But General, while that is true, there is where his enemies, persecutors and slanderers are, and not in the Federal army.”

“Well, you tell your father I say: “Go back to Shepherdstown and as far as I am concerned he shall not be molested by any of those petty officers of whom you have told me”

“But suppose they do arrest him and send him to prison, General?”

“Well, if they do, let me know at once and I’ll settle them and see that they don’t try it again.”

“Oh, my darling Pink, I am so happy, I don’t know what to do. You may be sure I expressed my gratitude to General Torbert. Everything is for the best. If we hadn’t lost our house, Father and Mother would have been separated indefinitely; and both are old and growing feeble. Now we can go to Shepherdstown if not to our beautiful Bedford, and start a new home. I thank God for this though I have not told Father and Mother for fear something may prevent. – (6).

References/Image Credits:

Chapterette 25: July 30, 1864 – The Burning of Chambersburg

1. Early’s interview with The Richmond State, June 22nd, 1887; The Wilmington Morning Star, North Carolina, Sunday, June 26, 1887. p. 478.
Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A.
Autobiographical Sketch and Narrative of the War Between the States. Appendix.

2. Letter to The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 1, 1864.

3. (Subscription to service required:)Rocky Mountain News August 3, 1864.

4. (Subscription to service required:) Evening Post (New York, NY) August 2, 1864.

5. History of Franklin County, p. 386.

6. Evening Post (New York, NY) Aug. 2, 1864.

7. Public Opinion, July 30, 1886; History of Franklin County, p. 386.

NEXT: Chapterette 26. https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/post-thy-will-be-done-chapter-26-by-jim-surkamp/ 

Thy Will Be Done (26) Gen. Phil Sheridan Brings “Total War” to the Valley by Jim Surkamp

767 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710014900/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/12/thy-will-26-gen-phil-sheridan-brings-total-war-to-the-valley/

-7-CEBE-Alfred-R-Waud

Made possible with the generous, community-minded support from American Public University System. Views in this video do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of the university. 

Within the next month, war would widen its wrath under Federal General Phil Sheridan leading war and devastation in the Shenandoah Valley, which was later taken to even greater vastness under Gen. Sherman in his march to the sea through Georgia. As time passed the Civil War became just warring, ever meaner and final, following the inevitable, insane calculus of all-out war.

Federal Commander U. S. Grant brought in Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan, making him Hunter’s subordinate, but making it clear that Sheridan would lead the troops in the field and that Hunter would be left with only administrative responsibilities. Hunter, feeling that Grant had a lack of confidence in him, requested to be relieved. – (1).

The actual “depredation order” had come from Gen. Grant on July 14, 1864, before the burnings of the three local homes. The orders were amended under Sheridan to avoid the burning of homes, but targeting barns, mills and all other buildings, destroying fences, seizing livestock and freeing previously enslaved persons.

Grant wrote his order:
If the enemy has left Maryland, as I suppose he has, he should have upon his heels veterans, militiamen, men on horseback, and everything that can be got to follow to eat out Virginia clear and clean as far as they go, so that crows flying over it for the balance of this season will have to carry their provender with them. – (2).

Grant also told Sheridan: “Do all the damage to railroads and crops you can. Carry off stock of all descriptions, and negroes, so as to prevent further planting. If the war is to last another year, we want the Shenandoah Valley to remain a barren waste.” – (3).

Then, in a short, violent campaign known to this day among Valley folk as, simply, the Burning, Sheridan led his troops on a 13-day rampage through the region, beginning on Sept. 26. The swath of destruction spanned 70 miles long and 30 wide. The men were ordered to spare homes, empty barns, the property of widows, single women and orphans, and to refrain from looting – but everything else was fair game. – (4).

Sheridan wrote later in his Memoir:
In war a territory like this is a factor of great importance, and whichever adversary controls it permanently reaps all the advantages of its prosperity. Hence, as I have said, I endorsed Grant’s programme, for I do not hold war to mean simply that lines of men shall engage each other in battle, and material interests be ignored. This is but a duel, in which one combatant seeks the other’s life; war means much more, and is far worse than this. Those who rest at home in peace and plenty see but little of the horrors attending such a duel, and even grow indifferent to them as the struggle goes on, contenting themselves with encouraging all who are able-bodied to enlist in the cause, to fill up the shattered ranks as death thins them. It is another matter, however, when deprivation and suffering are brought to their own doors. Then the case appears much graver, for the loss of property weighs heavy with the most of mankind; heavier often, than the sacrifices made on the field of battle. Death is popularly considered the maximum of punishment in war, but it is not; reduction to poverty brings prayers for peace more surely and more quickly than does the destruction of human life, as the selfishness of man has demonstrated in more than one great conflict. – (5).

On October 7, Sheridan reported to Grant, “I have destroyed over 2,000 barns filled with wheat, hay and farming implements; over 70 mills, filled with flour and wheat; have driven in front of the army over 4,000 head of stock, and have killed and issued to the troops not less than 3,000 sheep.” While the agricultural devastation was important, Sheridan also assessed the psychological impact on the residents,”The people here are getting sick of war.” – (6).

Recalled Richard Rutherford in his memoir of the burning of Hunter’s Hill and the subsequent depredations of Gen. Sheridan through the County:
I have stood at our windows at night and seen fires all around the town, where barns, mills. wheat and hay stacks were burning as a result of his orders. Stock of all kinds were taken and, in several instances, houses occupied by only women and children and to our mind were burned for no reason other than that a father or son had been home to see them. This was nothing but warring on women and children and was to our mind shocking and uncivilized warfare. I don’t think there is any punishment severe enough for a man who gave orders for such depredations. – (7).

References/Imae Credits:

Chapterette 26: GEN. PHIL SHERIDAN ADDS UP THE MAD CALCULUS OF WAR AND GETS “TOTAL WAR.”

1. David Hunter.

2. General Grant to Gen. Halleck – order stating “a crow would have to carry its own provender” on July 14, 1864: OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol. 40, Part 3 (Richmond, Petersburg); Chapter LII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION. p. 223.

3. Grant to Sheridan August 26, 1864 City Point, Va. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 43 (Part I), p. 917.

4. Jed Morrison, “Sheridan’s Ride” The New York Times Opinionator, October 21, 2014.

5. Sheridan, pp. 487-488.

6. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 43 (Part II), p. 308.

7. Rutherford, p. 39.

Chapterette 27-28: https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/6080/

Thy Will Be Done (27-28) – War Ends; Tender Sprouts of a New World by Jim Surkamp

14,117 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710014531/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/12/thy-will-27-war-ends-george-slow-dudley-pendleton-homebound/

Fountain_Rock_Ruin_People_1900

Made possible with the generous, community-minded support from American Public University System.

Chapterette 27 – April, 1865 – THE WAR ENDS. Dudley Pendleton Returns Home with a Servant; George Slow Finds a New Life in Philadelphia.

Sometime Congressmen to the Confederacy Alexander Boteler struggles for physical and spiritual footing while Richmond, the seat of Southern power, crumbles in to chaos and ruin all around him. He writes Helen, his wife, following the third battle of Petersburg, Va in April, 1865: (1).

Richmond, April 25, 1865 Tuesday

My own dearest wife:
I have written to you through Gettie (Angelica Peale Boteler), Pris (Priscilla Boteler, or Mrs. Henry Boteler, his other sister) and Charlie (Charles Peale Boteler) since I arrived here but as there is great uncertainty in the mails, I fear my letters may not have reached you. I write this hoping to have a chance to send it by some private opportunity across the country.

Taking it for granted, therefore, that my previous notes have failed to reach you, I’ll give you a brief resume in this of the circumstances attending my capture. On that terrible 2nd of April, my furlough expired and I left this city for Petersburg little thinking of the scenes I should see on my arrival there. When I got to P. the battle was raging all around the city which was on fire in several places. Our Quarters were abandoned and our Court with my baggage gone, I knew not whither. The enemy were within half a mile of the town, the day was intensely hot, I quite unwell and the confusion utterly indescribable. Well, here was a fix! To make my story short I stayed in P. till night, then having seen that all hope was lost, I crossed on the only remaining pontoon bridge and walked out to Dunlop’s three miles, to take the cars for Richmond which I did with 500 wounded in a freight train arriving in Richmond an hour after midnight. I had no idea that Richmond was also to be evacuated. Of course I was horrified when I got here to find if possible worse confusion and panic. The pickets around the city had been withdrawn. The yankees were looked for before morning, and the firing of warehouses had begin. I hurried to Ewell’s Hd Qtrs and saw the mobs gathering in the streets.

Well, here was another and a worse fix! Men think rapidly and decide promptly when they have their wits about them, and I rarely lose mine, so I footed off to my unfailing friend, Mr. Lersner, roused him up and told him the situation. He had a fine full-blooded mare. I told him I must have her, for my liberty if not my life depended upon it, and he proved himself to be a friend in need. After a hasty lunch and a glass of “viskey vater paff”, I mounted my mare and then felt ready for anything. What a difference it does make in a man’s feeling to have a fine horse under him on an occasion of this sort. Well might Richard III have offered his kingdom for a horse when his Richmond was in the field.

As I rode down main street it was three o’clock and I was involved in a mob there and on Cary street. After much difficulty and no small amount of danger, I got across on Mayo’s bridge to the southside of James River, and then before I struck off in the dark up the Manchester pike to intercept our army towards Farmville, I stopped on the hill to make my farewell look at the doomed city. The roar of drunken mobs, the clatter of cavalry and rattle of wagons, artillery, etc. hurrying off rose audibly above the noise of the falls. How little I thought even then that all that part of the town I had just traversed, including the bridges I had crossed and the others also, would be utterly destroyed in a few hours.

I pushed on alone in the dark, and by daylight had gotten some miles away. I then began to overhaul organizations and selecting my company, attached myself to a pleasant party of friends. The next day I came up with the army, having ridden all night, and here my real troubles began! Such a time as we had of it, such confusion, such privation and fatigue! On the second day the enemy’s cavalry overhauled us and began their attacks. It was my luck always to be just where the enemy chose to pitch into us, and I had the worry of being in four of the worst stampedes I ever saw and to lose everything I had but the clothes on my back, including my English saddle, cloak, and (I shall never cease regretting it) my cherished field glasses that I valued so highly and which the children saved for me last summer when our home was burned. My experience in Lee’s retreat to Appomattox, C. H. furnished incidents enough to fill a volume, and I must defer the details until I see you. On the 9th inst., as you know, we surrendered and were paroled on honorable terms by Genl. Grant, who did more by his magnanimity to conquer us than all his fighting has accomplished.

So on the Sunday or our surrender I was a prisoner of war, without a change of clothes, or blanket or morsel to eat, sick, suffering with three horrible boils (carbuncles), without shelter in the woods and the rain coming in torrents, and a cold rain at that. Is it not a wonder that I didn’t die, considering that I’m naturally delicate and will be in less than a month fifty years of age? By the way how old are you! When I last saw you last summer, you seemed to be about 25, but I can’t see more than half as well as other folks. After starving for a couple of days in the yankee lines I was lifted into an army wagon (without springs) and jolted down here over about 130 miles of rough country roads with little or nothing to eat in the way, suffering agony every inch of the journey, and the pains of death at every jolt. Whew! But it hurts me to think of it, and I’ll never forget my jaunt from Appomattox to Richmond. When I got here, to L’s. house of course, I was put to bed, a physician sent for and properly cared for. Now I’m well again with the exception of the natural weakness arising from my illness. By the terms of our surrender we are allowed to go home and to remain there “undisturbed,” and I would have been home by this time via Baltimore, if it had not been for the unfortunate and infamous assassination of Lincoln, which threw the North into a state of angry excitement and made it dangerous for paroled prisoners to go there, so that we are for the present detained here, no permits being allowed to Washington or Baltimore. They tell me I can go overland home, and I will go that way if not allowed to go by water to Baltimore as soon as the railroad is finished to Gordonsville through Culpepper, Loudoun or by way of Luray, New Market, and Winchester. I’ll get home somehow, if I have to foot it, in time to celebrate my 50th birthday with you all.

I have not heard from Alex (Alexander Boteler, Jr. in the Rockbridge Artillery, who met and married in Lynchburg.-JS)) since our surrender, there being no communication with Lynchburg. I learned that he was in Lynchburg when we were captured and that he left there with a number of others to go to Joe Johnston in North Carolina. If not captured before he got there he will be (or perhaps by this time has been) surrendered with the rest of Johnston’s army. For I suppose you are aware that we can no longer keep a force in the field this side of the Mississippi and that the cause of the South is utterly lost. The collapse has been a sudden one, and it is as complete as the worst enemies of the Confederacy could desire.

The government is trying to get across the Mississippi and great fears are felt lest Mr. Davis and Breckinridge shall be captured. I have decided upon my course. I need rest and yearn for peace. I did all I could to prevent this war and to preserve the Union and Constitution as our forefathers made them. I have been faithful to the trust reposed in me, both in the U.S. and Confederate Congresses, and I regard it to be the duty now of all good citizens to make the best of circumstances and bow to the manifest decree of Providence to do what he can to soften the asperities and heal the wounds of civil war by restoring order and good feeling.

We must acquiesce in the present status and return in good faith to our former positions in the Union (so far as our altered situation allows). This is the part of wisdom, good sense, and patriotism. Blood enough has been shed. We have written our protests in blood and can do nothing more but to submit. More of this, however, when we meet. I now go down to the post office to see if I can get a letter from Baltimore, as there is a mail in. I am very happy, darling wife, to hear of you, for I’ve just gotten Gettie’s letter, telling me you are in Baltimore. That intelligence makes me more anxious than ever to get off from here and I’m like a caged wild beast. Today I made a strong appeal to Gen. Ord and Gen. Patrick to let me go, but they are immovable and cannot tell when this confounded restriction upon us will be removed. It may exist for a fortnight yet, and every day now that keeps me from you is an age.

My friend L. took a package of letters from my trunk after I left here, and going to N. York took them with him to hand over to some of my family for safe keeping. He didn’t stop in Baltimore on his return, but in Washington, and thence forwarded them by Express to Mr. D., finding his address, “Commercial Building,” in the directory. Did Mr. D. get the package? If so, take care of them, as they are interesting letters from Lee, Jackson, Stuart. Benny Andrews is here safe and well. I have no doubt but that Alex is paroled and at Lynchburg. Perhaps communication is open from Baltimore to L. and you can hear of him by writing to his wife. I am doing well, kindly cared for, all my necessities supplied. But I cannot be happy held in duress from you. True it might be worse. I might have been captured, as 2,000 of our poor fellows are now in Libby Castle Thunder, on bread and water. I am a prisoner of war, it’s true, but have liberty to go about the city and the pledge of Gen. Grant’s honor to go home and “remain there till properly exchanged,” which will be never, as we never can have an equivalent of prisoners to exchange for Lee’s army. Many old political friends are calling on me and all (friends and foes) now say I was right to resist secession as long as i did and to stand by the State afterwards.

I have been true to Virginia and am now laboring to have Virginia true to herself by acquiescing in the necessities of the hour. Today I have had conferences with Johnson, Barbour, A. Marshall, Alex Rives, Duff Green and others about the affairs of our State. There never was a time when our dear old commonwealth more needed the wisdom and devotion of her sons. Tell Charlie to cast his eyes about for capitalists to buy the Mill. It should be held by a joint stock company. L. thinks men can be found in N.Y. to take hold of it and I want him to aid me in finding them. Give my love to my darling children. Kiss dear little Eddie for his Grandpapa. Tell Gettie to read this letter as an answer to hers and to accept my heartfelt thanks for her welcome note.

The illustrated papers don’t exaggerate in their pictures the devastation of Richmond. I can hardly recognize the streets where I was familiar with every house. I’m utterly lost and bewildered in the midst of ruins which extend as far as the eye can reach.

It’s all like a horrible dream to me. I can give you no idea of the last three weeks. Love to all around you. I’ll daily to some of you. Let me hear from you, addressing your letters to L.’s care. God bless you, my own sweet wife. Your devoted Husband – (2).

GEORGE SLOW AND THE “SERVANT” OF WESTWOOD

When Dudley returned home to his family farm in Jefferson County at Westwood and to Tippie in Shepherdstown he was accompanied by a “servant,” a freed African- American man who had been with him throughout the war, just as George Slow, another Westwood African-American man accompanied and assisted the officer from Pennsylvania named Frank Donaldson, beginning in March, 1862 for the duration of the war. Both African-American men were at Westwood when Dudley’s father, Hugh Pendleton, freed them in March, 1862 as Federal General Nathaniel Banks and his army entered the County. Some returned and were helping run Westwood after the war with son Dudley.

The Pendleton household at Westwood after the war shows several members of the Slow family still there. The literate, 37-year old male named “Hugh T. Slow” could perhaps be the “servant” with Dudley Digges Pendleton during the war and perhaps helped Dudley in his considerable work at Westwood, as described in Pendleton’s letters to Tippie in the late 1860s. – (3).

Chapterette 28 – After The War and Tender Sprouts Appear, New Lives Unfold; Memories Blow Like a Breeze – Always.

Jordan Norris the African-American sexton of the Trinity Church worked for the Shepherd family before the war and was known for his fine presentation. The very day war ended, he was roused from sleep in his night shirt, taken toTrinity Church and ordered by Federal soldiers to ring the church bell proclaiming the war’s end and victory for the Federal army – and locking him inside. – (4).

Henry Kyd Douglas Finds His Glory.

One of the terms of surrender was the prohibition of Confederate officers to wear their uniforms. Yet, Henry Kyd Douglas characteristically returned to Shepherdstown in uniform. He arranged immediately upon his return to have his studio photo taken, in fact, by a Mr. Darnell, with his friend, Florence Hamtramck, also posed with him in a somewhat adoring posture. This cost Douglas yet another stay in a Federal prison from May through August, 1865. – (5).

After the war he was an ever-present personage at reunions, met the aging former Federal general George McClellan when the retired General came to Antietam. Douglas tried his hand with limited success at law in Maryland, and as told Mr. Surkamp by the late Henry Shepherd, Douglas liked to defy the strong animal odors aswirl about German Street by keeping a rose in his clenched teeth as he sauntered on through. He never married. If the statements of respected retired Confederate Gen. Tom Rosser to an audience on May 10, 1897 in Raleigh, North Carolina were to be accepted on their face, then Douglas would be on the short list of candidates for having lost the Special Order 191 of Lee’s Maryland Campaign in 1862, an altogether unknowable fact. Just the same, Douglas’ unquenchable flair for self-drama, in the end, served him well in writing his book “I Rode With Stonewall,” one of the few still-in-print, personal memoirs from the Civil War with an enforceable copyright in 2015 and that is regularly sold in book stores. – (6).

The Lees in Shepherdstown:

The Lee’s rebuilt a home on the west end of town using foundation stone from Bedford and with monetary support from the Lee relative who served in the Federal Navy, Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee. This Lee, when asked about his loyalty, replied “When I find the word Virginia in my commission I will join the Confederacy.” – (7).

November 5, 1865 – 22-year-old Netta would marry Charles Goldsborough, said to be the first marriage conducted at Trinity Episcopal Church. Recorded by George Byers, a Unionist in town during the war. – (8).

Henrietta Bedinger Lee Makes Her Traditional Year-End Entry in Her Diary for 1865.

December 31, 1865

I thank God for the mercies of this year. That the horror of wars have ceased that I have met again those friends from whom the war had separated me – and for the safe and pleasant journeys I have made and I pray, that He will sanctify for me the afflictions of the year – that are the deepest I can ever know. Since the first day of the year . . .and my sister Louisa was taken to her rest in Paradise. God grant the separation may not be a long one!! – (9).

Henrietta’s eldest son, Edwin, spent the balance of the war years in Canada overseeing Confederate Secret Service operations. He came home his health failing. His wife, Susan Pendleton Lee, traveled to warmer climes with him. He remembered in poems. He remembered the sight of the Manassas/Bull Run field and his time with dying Willie Lee, the fanciful innocent day when he was the Knight of Alhambra in the harmless ring tournament; then, in 1863, having to write an obituary for beloved George Bedinger, whose body was obliterated before the mouth of a cannon.

Wiser, he wrote:
Once they sprang to Battle’s call
As to a revel’s sound.
Then War-kings! Now – ah! this is all,
A nameless, storm-washed mound.

Edwin died in his sleep Wednesday, August 24, 1869. – (10).

Within a year of Edwin’s, Julia Pendleton Allen, the widow to James W. Allen, also died, leaving behind a young son. The wages of war had gathered upon her. – (11).

Autumn, 1867 – John Esten Cooke re-visits The Bower once more and sees fonder, former scenes.

In the autumn of 1867, I revisited the old hall where those summer days of 1863 had passed in mirth and enjoyment; and then I wandered away to the grassy knoll where ‘Stuart’s oak’ still stands. The sight of the great tree brought back a whole world of memories.

Seated on one of its huge roots, beneath the dome of foliage just touched by the finger of autumn, I seemed to see all the past rise up again and move before me, with its gallant figures, its bright scenes, and brighter eyes.

Alas! those days were dust, and Stuart sang and laughed no more. The grass was green again, and the birds were singing; but no martial forms moved there, no battle-flag rippled, no voice was heard. Stuart was dead; — his sword rusting under the dry leaves of Hollywood, and his battle-flag was furled forever.

That hour under the old oak, in the autumn of 1867, was one of the saddest that I have ever spent. The hall was there as before; the clouds floated, the stream murmured, the wind sighed in the great tree, as when Stuart’s tent shone under it. But the splendor had vanished, the laughter was hushed — it was a company of ghosts that gathered around me, and their faint voices sounded from another world! – (12).

The Dandridge sons returned home and helped out at the farm.

Formerly born, raised and enslaved at The Bower, John Fox and other family members lived in their own home adjacent to The Bower and offered their labor for hire.

John Fox had been a teamster with the Confederate Army, probably Grahem’s Artillery with Lemuel Pendleton Dandridge. They both returned to The Bower where the Dandridges’ once owned John and his three siblings, Mary, Humphrey and Benjamin. When very young and motherless (“Mary” their mother was forcibly taken away in the 1850s, according to the Fox family oral tradition because she refused to be a “brood” or frequent child-bearing woman). Owner Adam Stephen Dandridge had these four “little foxes” raised in and near the main house. The children were assumed to taste milk from the same bowl of the house pets at the mistress’ instruction, but, that aside, they ever since rejoiced at learning how to read and write – a benefaction that came with doing work around the home with its books and the practical need for them to read. Each would prosper in life.

John Fox would, after a few years working The Bower, become a neighboring property-owner and was employed by Lemuel Dandridge running their timber milling operation on the Opequon. Fox would own three farms at the time he died May 19, 1911 in Kearneysville, WV. – (13).

Sallie Dandridge, the Dandridge’s eldest daughter who had a romance with one of J.E.B. Stuart’s artillerymen in the fall of 1862, would marry another after his wartime death and would die young in 1879.

Lastly The Bower dream would settle back to earth, indistinguishable from decaying leaves, then etherealize into Memory.

1865-1868:
Dudley Pendleton Works Westwood, The Family Farm, With Paid Labor, & Writing At Night Love-Filled Letters To Tippie at the Boteler Home in Shepherdstown, 20 Miles North.

His aging father, Hugh Nelson Pendleton needed his help. At that time, two elderly African-American women refused to leave and stayed at Westwood until they died. Their Philadelphia relatives, however, visited them and other friends in the Valley and when Hugh N. Pendleton’s first grand child, Helen, was born on April 2, 1867, they sent the baby a lace handkerchief. – (14).

During the war, one of these freed servants from Westwood made his way to Massachusetts and to Lydia Maria Child, a noted New England writer and abolitionist. Ms. Child wrote to Hugh Pendleton that his former slave was ill with consumption and asked for money to help him. Mr. Pendleton wrote back that he had no money to send but if the man was sent “home” he would receive every care and attention. But it didn’t happen. – (15).

Home November 24, 1865
Friday night My darling,
I felt almost as if you were cruel in asking me not to go further than H.Ferry, so hard was it to leave you, yet I know you were right & on getting home & finding my father so unwell. I felt that glad as I would have been to be with you longer twas right for me to return. He is better than he was but still suffers greatly with severe cold. I found it hard to say goodbye putting an end to the pleasure of those days we were together, for tho’ the meaning of that time & its results gives me such happiness, it is very different from being with you from being able to look in your face & touch your hand. If I failed in ploughing as well as usual today you may regard yourself as the innocent cause. I could not help forgetting my work sometimes so busy were my thoughts with you. Each succeeding occasion that requires my parting with you will be harder for me to bear. Tell me did you experience any thing of that sinking of heart when we go to the Ferry and were to part after such a time together that I did? From your eye and manner I thought that you did. Was I right? I hope so, for my happiness now consists as much in the love you have for me as in loving you. I fear Mr. Lee suspected a good deal and if so you were plagued I know which I am sorry for. I wish I could relieve you from these disagreeable things. or, If you find this shockingly written you may set that down too to the effect of ploughing and to a quickening of the blood at my writing to you for the thought of you makes it run faster. I was anxious to get to Winchester before my return, but twill be impossible for me. To do so, as I expect to come up for Lilla on Monday if the weather proves good and tomorrow I must remain here. My visit will be very short. I must return the next day so pray give me as much of your time as you can. What would I give to be able to touch your hand tonight, it seems a long time already since I parted with you. Do not forget the picture for me. It will give me great pleasure while separate from you. My heart beats faster at the thought of seeing you on Monday. I am truly yours, D.D. Pendleton – (16).

Westwood
November 30, 1865
My Darling
What will you think when I tell you that last night I intended writing you but was prevented by weariness? I could not keep my eyes open long enough after all had retired to do so yet in the night I awakened and then I was certainly wide enough awake and had no thought but of you, but my opportunity of writing by the mail I intended was gone. I have no chance of writing except at night unless some accident occurs to keep me from my ordinary outdoor business which generally fills up the entire day.

Lilla’s account that we returned on Tuesday or she would have suffered greatly from Cold. Today she told me that one night at Mr. Rusts’ when we were alone she as usual on the sofa, she was greatly alarmed lest one of us might “say something” while she was falling asleep which that fear partially prevented “not intended for other peoples ears.” She went off just now saying she knew I was desiring it greatly, the presence of a third party being always unavailable. So you see she considers us together in thought tonight. Is she wrong? I hope not? Will you not be good while I am away & try & persuade your sisters and yourself that it will be best to listen to my anguish & desire and fix upon February as the time when you will be to me all you have.

So you may know hereafter that my letters will be written between 9 at night and the next morning. It always adds to the pleasure I feel in getting a letter & know the precise circumstance of the writer when twas written & their form I tell you this. In writing to me do not neglect to tell me every circumstance of your life however trivial it may appear, for if I were with you all these little things that together make up our existence would deeply interest me & bring temporarily apart does not in the least make them the less so. So place your self before me as nearly as possible in thought, word and action in your letters. My mother has already half-fallen in love with your likeness and I think a few more glimpses will suffice to complete the victory. The longer I look at it the more I like it, tho’ certainly it does not flatter you. You were so good to me on Monday and Tuesday, it gives me great pleasure to think of it, if you had not been I would have had a terrible time with your Father & Mother, for tho’ not at all bashful, I dreaded that talk very much; you know conversation however, made it easy. Please send me the words to “What will you do love”? It is constantly before me, so for my own peace, I must have the words correctly. This likeness looks at me almost as kindly & pleasantly as you do. But I wish it were you instead. I can communicate with it but there’s no reply.

Twas well too kind in any letter of mine. So let that rest. I read not long ago – when I was more at leisure – Kitto’s life in which were some lines that he wrote which I instant. like them. So will you.

Mary, one sparkle of thine eyes
I’ll not exchange for all the gems
That shine in kindly diadems.
Or spices of rich Araby.
My heart would count the refined gold
Which eastern kings have left untold
But as a beggars price to buy.
One sparkle of my Mary’s eye.

As Horace says tho’ name being changed the same is said of you. Instead of Mary read your own name. It is as true as it was with poor Kitto. I think you said you did not like the ending of my letter. Tell me what you think of the beginning. Any alteration that you may suggest will be cheerfully made. Tho’ I like well my mode of beginning & would not change it – perhaps you may suggest an improvement, if so it must be a word that means more & where’ll you find it? Tell me how I must end my letters to my mind when I say I am “truly yours,” I say a great deal – indeed I say all. “Yours” in thought, word, and deed. Nobody else has right or title in me in any respect. There! Does it not say enough? Let me hear those intended writings. This so that you would have no difficulty in reading it, lest I forgot care and have been thinking of you. I promised that I give you the months of Dec., January and as much of Feb. or you require. Surely enough for all preparation. Will you also do this? Do not for an instant think that there is any feeling of distrust that ails me of either myself or of you. I hear people say sometimes that such & such couples had best make the thing sure before either party changes their minds. Not so with us. But to look forward to a happiness that there is no physical hindrance to one’s enjoying within 3 months for it is hard. I will however look forward very cheerfully. But Ah! how I wish you may think with me. If this gives you trouble ’twill be disagreeable and I want nothing of it too closely to exercise it. Today I was summoned together with two black hands and told to work a road for two days. Each must go for himself. I can’t send my employee as was the case heretofore. Tomorrow it being very inconvenient I went to see the supervisor & he agreed to let me take a piece of road very near by and work it at my leisure so the greatest difficulty is saved. If I don’t stop soon you will object to the time & place of my writings as well as the manner. Don’t send your own too soon. Remember it and look at our talk to you just now. How will you begin? Let me see very soon. Summit Point is the post office.
God bless you,
My darling Yours truly
D.D. Pendleton

Westwood
December 27, 1865

Darling Helen
I can clearly prove to you how complete has been the surrender of my whole heart to you. For last night tho’ there were 20 pretty & agreeable girls in Berryville arranging for the Tableaux – which I cannot escape – I could not interest myself in the affair while if only You had been there all would have been so different. And not once were you forgotten. In one scene I died gracefully for them with Miss Nannie McConniker holding my hand. She agreed because she (knew) I was an engaged man. I can’t count her as to being confident on that point. Tonight is the main affair. I wish instead of being there I could be quietly with you. Papa says that these young young Ladies will think me very unsociable if I do not join in the effort and to satisfy him I went in. When I took my last letter to the Depot I expected yours but have not quite yet gotten it. Yesterday evening I was away. I hope it is there today & now I have not time to write more than this note. Else Kenneth will not get to the office at all. It is going to rain again very soon and hard too. . . . I dislike sending you such a letter, but still more to send than none. Tell me of your X-mas tree etc. Give my love to all. I cannot tell as to my going to Rockbridge yet.
God bless you my dear one,
Yours truly
Dudley D. Pendleton
– (17).

In 1870, after son Dudley married and moved to his home outside Shepherdstown, seventy-year-old Hugh Pendleton worked the land and kept house with his wife Elizabeth at Westwood with the help of their 29-year-old son, Robert, 19-year-old Kenneth and their daughter, 27-year-old Fanny. In addition to a 67-year-old African-American farm worker, Hugh Slow lived and worked at Westwood with his thirty-year-old wife, Millie and their four young children – Mary, Ellen, Lizzie and Ellen.

Meantime, 39-year-old George C. Slow family lived in Philadelphia with: Charles (70), Charity (67), Thomas E. (21), Alice L. (19), along with four members of the Williams family: Thomas (12), James (9), Erie (7), and Charity (4). – (18).

TIPPIE BOTELER’s 1872 CHRISTMAS WITH FAMILY:

Tippie Boteler describes Christmas for her mother from the home of Dudley’s parents:

Wythe County, Dec. 29th, 1872, Sunday Morn. 9th

My own darling Ma,

This last letter which I shall write this year will I hope reach in time to give a New Year greeting from your far away child and as it will be almost entirely about myself & my surroundings and prospects I hope it may relieve your mind of many of its anxieties concerning me, so that the New Year may be clouded by no thought of me. May it be a bright & happy one to you & all you love is the prayer of my heart. First let me tell you of how our Xmas was spent. Three happier more delighted children you never saw, & I was fully repaid for any trouble I might have taken to make them so. Their three little stockings were hung at the foot of their bed & were the first pleasure before daylight Xmas morning then the coming downstairs & the tree & baby house. Thanks to Pa for the number of “Hearth & home” from which I got the patterns & so was able to make some beautiful furniture. The box was divided into two rooms & papered within & without, the “London dolls” dressed in the latest style. Dudley made a nice bedstead & Kenneth sent Helen & Alice each a set of ten things. The tree was very pretty, pop corn colored papers on the sugar plums & the paper dolls make it very pretty. Father and Mother came over & dined with us. Aunty was not well enough to come. The dinner was Turkey (a present from Father) a spiced ham, corn, tomatoes, potatoes etc. Plum pudding peaches & tangle breeches but oh what a fearful day it was. It stormed so that Mother could not go back but stayed all night which was the crowning glory of the day the children thought. This is one of the deepest snows and has lasted longer than has been seen in this country for many years and so far they say has been the most severe winter. Your letter and a bundle of papers from Pa were brought in just before dinner Xmas day. I was too sorry to hear of your having been sick. I took it for granted that the reason I had not heard from you was because the girls had gotten home and had so much to tell and you to hear that it was impossible to write. I thank God I never think that you all don’t care for or think of me, and I am the last one to judge anyone for not writing – Dudley has just come in with two bundles of papers from Pa and a long letter from Sue Lee – I trust that you are now feeling your self again. You did not tell me what had been the matter with you. I was glad to hear such good reports of Lizzie, Lottie and poor little Alex. Will it be possible for him to study any during this winter. I started a box to you last week which I hope has reached you safely. Dudley could only prepay its way as far as Lynchburg some difficulty between Gen. Mahone’s and the Adams Express Companies but I do not mean you to pay it. How comfortable you all must be with the orientals all over the house.

I should like to be near enough to come sometimes & see and enjoy it, but I can rejoice in it even at this distance. We have managed to keep very comfortable bitter as the weather has been with this big open fireplace and the stove in my room above and I think we are more comfortable as regards furniture than at any time since we were married. Indeed, I have many comforts and blessings that I cannot be too thankful for. The children are all so well and such sweet ones (I can say this once a year) – that they add to the happiness of our little household I can safely say that they have already repaid me for all the trouble I’ve taken with them so all the enjoyment I may yet have in them will be clear again. Helen learns very well and every morning reads to me from the Bible while I wash up the breakfast table not more than six or eight verses at the time. I was amused at her coming to me that day after Xmas with a half eaten cake in her hand and saying: “Mama I must be unhealthy – I have no appetite.” Alice don’t fuss as much but is more steady and accurate. She was so distressed at not having a Xmas gift for you that I told her one of the cans I sent was for her which satisfied her. Of Lizzie I can’t say without writing volumes. I wish you could hear her say “Gentle Jesus meek and mild” and sing “Rock of Ages” and “Glory to God.” Her tongue is the sweetest in the world and she talks with her head besides. I don’t think she has grown any since you saw her last. She looks like a robin does in cold weather – a perfect ball. We think her a miracle of smartness. In regard to our staying here we will have to do so until a purchaser is found for the place – another Englishman the other day to look at it – We will certainly stay until after my confinement next March or April. My discernment (if it may be so called) at being here is a matter of principle with me. I don’t think it would be right to rest satisfied here with these surroundings or to be willing to bring up a family of daughters in this neighborhood so you see my discontent is not unhappiness. There are some things which if told or written would sound like hardships but which are not so in reality. So set your heart at rest my dear Ma and enjoy all you can in your own surroundings – and let me hear of your being happy or otherwise and it will be all I ask for. The mail is all we have outside these walls. My fondest love to dear Pa, Lizzie, Lottie, Alex and a kiss to each one of the dear children – Good bye God bless and have you all in his Holy keeping during the coming months of the New Year is the prayer of your most devoted daughter –

Tippie

I did not tell you that mother gave each of the children a very pretty mouseline dress. Dudley gave me a bottle of cologne. Thank your stars I did not sing Dudley’s as well as the children’s praises both in the same letter. – (19).

Fountain Rock No More

Alexander Boteler never had a home of his own after Fountain Rock burned. For a few months after that tragic event the family found refuge in the house which was later the Southern Methodist Rectory, then moved into the Episcopal Rectory. The rector, Dr. C. W. Andrews, had married Mrs. Henry Boteler, widow of Alex R. Boteler’s brother, and Alec and Elizabeth lived at her home across the street. Later for several years the Botelers with their daughter, Mrs. R. D. Shepherd, lived at The Grove, (In 1934, the home of Miss Violet Dandridge and Miss Nina Mitchell). Still later they occupied the house on lower Main Street known later as “Gray Lodge.” Nearly every winter was spent at the old Metropolitan Hotel in Washington, where there was pleasant association with old college friends and Southern Congressmen. In each of their Shepherdstown dwellings there was beauty and comfort. Books and pictures seemed to gravitate toward them and it was in these years that the older Pendleton children found appreciation with their grandfather a liberal education. It was a joy to be allowed to sit quietly on the floor of his study at The (Poplar) Grove, while he wrote or painted, and read Punch, The London Illustrated News, The London Graphic, Littell’s Living Age, American magazines and poetry, history and novels – books digestible and indigestible. Occasionally the children would be questioned as to poetry, history and lessons. When away in Washington or in the South or West, never a day passed which did not bring some book or paper from the grandfather to these children.

From time-to-time visitors, distinguished in the world of politics, art or letters, came to see him in Shepherdstown, and the grandchildren were sometimes allowed to be in the periphery of his circle, although inconspicuously seen and, of course, never heard. But they absorbed with thrilled interest much of what was going on in the world beyond the Blue Ridge and longed to breath that enchanted air.

On Friday, the 9th of July, 1880, the first railway train crossed the Potomac over the new bridge constructed by the Shenandoah Valley Railroad Company. Alex. R. Boteler had been a director for nearly ten years and devoted much time and had advanced money, in his warm advocacy of its building. It was one of the satisfactions of his life that the road was built through the village instead of being deflected to another point, as was threatened at one time. – (20).

The sharp, but aging Alexander Boteler encountered journalist George Bagby at the Entler Hotel, then run by former veteran cavalryman, big-bearded Henry Hagan. So captivated by Boteler’s light air and fond memories of the lost past, specifically Henry Bedinger, Bagby wrote: Friendship is beautiful. The love of man for man is rare, and it is divine. Would there were on the wide earth a friend to talk about me when I am gone as Boteler talked about Henry Bedinger, and his poetry. Bedinger, said Boteler, loved poetry and still remembered one Bedinger wrote just for him called an Invitation to Alec. With much feeling he recited them. His heart was warm with the memory of his dead friend.

An Invitation to Alec
by Henry Bedinger

My wife’s awa;’ my wife’s awa’,
Na mair she can me tease;
She’s gan til her father an’ mither an’ a’,
And I can do as I please.

So if you’re in for a night of joy,
And gin grat fun ye wad see,
Just don your plaidie my merry boy,
And o’er the meadow to me.

A wee bit room in eastern wing,
A ceiling so love and snug,
A cheerfu’ bleeze in the chimney neuk
And ablains a bit of a jug.

A bit of jug wi’ the barley bree,
A jest and merry sang,
And twa, thra friends what helping me
To push the hours along.

The wind may roar an’ the rain may fa’,
My wife’s awa’, my wife’s awa’;
Na mair she can me tease,
She’s gan til her father an’ mither an’ a’,
An’ we can do as we please.
– (21).

Helen Stockton Boteler died in February, 1891, and he did not tarry, dying in May, 1892 of a short but painful affection of the heart. – (22).

Monday, August 14, 1876 – At the Mt. Pleasant farm of Charles and Fanny Aglionby, they were paid a visit by a former enslaved member of the household Charles wrote in his diary:
It is interesting that Ralf Madison Hall Junior, aged 26, when he left, visited Mt. Pleasant with his wife and we gave them dinner. (Much later in September, 1899, Ralf came again and presented Frank Aglionby, Aglionby’s son, with a black walking-stick with a gold top and band on which is engraved: “For my masters, Charles Aglionby Esq. son Rev. Frank. K. Aglionby from his former slave – John Madison Hall . .”) – (23).

August 10th 1877 – Edmund Jennings Lee, husband of Henrietta and father to Netta, Edwin, Edmund and Harry, dies.

February, 1880: 65-year-old Abram Dixon who worked for the Bedingers at Poplar Grove during the war and after, is killed in a tree accident. – (24).

August 10, 1880 – Henrietta Bedinger Lee, widowed and now living at her home, Leeland in Shepherdstown, writes to herself:

Anniversary of my beloved husband’s death. Three years a widow. The first dream I had after his death was short and brief and oh so comforting. He came to me and said, “Come with me and I will show you something beautiful” – (25).

November 6, 1880 – The Lee’s burned out home Bedford is put up for sale. The Lees lived in Leeland, their rebuilt home on the Old Philadelphia Wagon Road, today Route 480. Anxiously Henrietta writes in her diary:

November 6, 1880 The sale is not confirmed, so it is still mine. This day, Bedford, the home and birthplace of my dear Father and sisters as well as myself and two brothers, was sold. It has passed away forever from me. I have shed so many tears in the last ten years that I thought the font was dry. But when my boys came from town and told me Bedford was sold the sobs came up and my tears gave way. How I prayed that this portion of the wreck of my poor husband’s property might be kept for me. God alone knoweth. It has not pleased my Father to grant this prayer and I bow submissively and humbly to his will. No tie of earthly goods remains to keep me united to the world. My grasp upon perishable things is loosened and my wearisome journey to the end will be easier, “Near to thee my God, nearer to thee even though it be a cross that raiseth me.” Thou hast given me the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, yet thine hand upholdeth me still.

November 19th, 1880 – Henrietta makes a final good-bye visit to her ancestral home.
“November winds howl idly by” This evening alone and sadly I turned my footsteps to Bedford. Now Bedford no more. The house and name dead. As I walked pensively over its once beautiful, now ruined grounds, I wondered what had been the especial sin of my forefathers that thus it was swept away from the earth with such destruction scarce one stone upon another to tell it had once been a beautiful stately habitation of joy and happiness, my grandfather’s home and my father’s birthplace as well as mine. And my heart asks, “who did sin, this man or his father?” that their home and memory are swept away from the children of men. Alas who can tell? Perhaps they reject the way, the truth, and the life” and this is the end. Ah me! Lovely homes are given us, but ruin and destruction follow the gift. I sat me down upon a part of the old foundation and wept aloud. Not even a bird heard the sobs as they welled up from my desolate heart. I called each dear familiar name of my childhood but none answered. There was neither voice nor sound. I stood in the ruin which was once my angel mother’s room and called blessed name of mother. But the cold gray sky only heard. I put my arms and faded grief worn cheeks upon every tree. My arms encircling the old decaying trunks and my cheek pressed to the bark as furrowed and almost old as the tree, yet my dear father planted them and in childhood I rest under their shade or with active and nimble limbs climbed and sat happily among the branches. Alas childhood! What a brief period. Visitations of dark grief and sorrow have been visited upon me. Such a checkered life that I almost am inclined to doubt I was ever a child. That period is so far away and the flowing shadows of the present so entirely envelope my existence. Oh why is it that we so cling to life. From cradle to grave tears are meted out to us. Has it been so with everyone born on earth? Yes! For all have sinned and sin brings sorrow and death. A beloved house is like a mother’s bosom, go from it afar, yet we can never forget or cease to love and cling to it. Often I wish I was miles and miles away from my scattered and ruined home, but here it is constantly before my eyes, saddened by what it is and what it was. The dear old beech trees where my angel sister Virginia and I played in childish merriment have all gone, dead or dying. My lovely sister’s poem written to unworthy me.

From Virginia to Henrietta, Bedford 1827:

Oft pensive memory wakes,
With all her feeling train,
And silently her way she takes,
O’er childhood’s paths again,
Thine image then she brings to me,
And me thinks thy form I see,
With laughing eye and curls of jet,
Little blooming Henriett;

When thru fields and meadows gay,
Decked with blooming flowers,
Joyously we used to stray,
And spend the rosy hours,
Or beneath the beech trees shade,
Oft in sportive mood we played,
The moss grown rock, it is there yet,
Doth remember Henriett?

Every joy my childhood knew,
Is blended still with thee,
Rapidly the moments flew,
Which brought such bliss to me,
The stream which wandered thro’ the wood.
How oft upon its banks we stood,
I cannot think without regret,,
Of these loved scenes now, Henriett.

But though these joys have passed,
Which gilded life’s bright morn;
Unfading still our love will last,
Its evening to adorn.
When Pain or sickness pales my cheek,
Thy sympathies heart I seek,
Oh do not think I can forget,
Thee, my sister, Henriett.

Through this world you rove,
And many friends you find,
No love is like your sister’s love,
So constant true and kind,
And when this weary life is o’er,
Oh may we meet on yon bright shore,
No more to part when once we’ve met,
My gentle sister Henriett.

Here at dear Bedford or what was once Bedford my angel sister next in age to me, in 1827 wrote this poem. She was the most lovely and highly gifted. And now, for the last time alone I visited her home and mine. What utter ruin and desolation lay around me, Then wearily and heart sick, I bent my way to both springs. It seemed to me that the hand of spite had tried to destroy even the spring, for the spot which was once the dairy an deep refreshing fountain of water, was filled in with huge stones, what was once the doorway was blocked with rocks and rubbish as if it were the design of wicked mischief to utterly and for all time make useless and ruin that beautiful dairy and spring which had so comforted and blest us. A little irresponsible stream was gushing from under the obstruction from which I drank, I wandered to the second and more beautiful spring. How brightly the water sparkled and murmured a perpetual requiem for the memory of my dead home. This spring the hand of violence and mischief could not injure for it gushed from in between two friendly planted rocks. Oh how my young heart in years gone by rejoiced to sit and listen to its singing, drink of the sparkling water so refreshing and grateful. That rushing stream was the only thing unchanged. I stooped and drank of its precious life-giving waters of Lethe to me, and cause entire forgetfulness of the past, “O memory cease nor wake one thought that slumbers in this aching breast.” How cool, how deliciously sweet was the water, the last drop I should ever take from that consecrated spot. I filled my cup, a little drinking cup, my dear little grandson George Rust gave me. And I poured the water out as libation to my once happy home and the joys of my childhood. And why on this chill gray evening with November wind sighing, moaning idly past did I go to this dear and sacred spot. Because in one month more it will be no longer mine. Another will have it in possession, as his, and the one I cannot bear to name as the possessor of my home. Therefore it is mine no longer. My home is gone, swept away by enemies, and now an enemy of my husband’s has purchased it as it is his. As I retraced my sad and long footsteps homeward I knelt upon a cold gray rock the last prayer that shall ever rise to heaven from the spot. Lord they will be done I cried. There is nothing now to hold my heart from thee, or keep me clinging to this world. Make me resigned and satisfied. My life is rapidly drawing to its close and the beloved ones “oh may we meet on your bright shores! No more to part whence once we’ve met.” – (26).

September, 1885 – Morgan’s Grove under its new owner became the site of the County Fair and remained so into the 1930s:

The Second Annual Exhibition to be held at Morgan’s Grove near Shepherdstown, September 8th, 9th, and 10th, promises to be one of the most magnificent exhibitions that has ever been held in the Valley of Virginia. An immense amount of machinery of every describable character has been entered for exhibition, and, in addition to this, live stock, agricultural products, ladies’ handiwork, etc. will be shown in the greatest profusion. The railroad companies will run excursion trains at low prices and the attendance of people each day will run up far into the thousands. At the Grove two large new buildings have just been put up – one of which is a hundred feet long by twenty-five feet wide, and the other, the ladies’ building, is almost as large. These buildings are water-tight, and will afford protection to visitors as well as the exhibits in case of rain. The Grove has been cleared up and made ready for the exhibition, and we are sure no more beautiful spot can be found anywhere. Each one of the three days will be full of interest, as eloquent speakers and various amusements will be provided. – (27).

Tragedy at the White Oak – 1886:

A Terrible Accident and Its Fatal Result
A feeling of gloom was thrown over the community on Tuesday afternoon by the announcement of a severe accident to Mr. D. D. Pendleton, who resided a little more than a mile from town, and this feeling was greatly intensified when his death was announced a few hours later. Mr. Pendleton was having his crop of grain threshed, and was superintending the work at the threshing machine. While the machine was running at full speed he stepped on the platform over the cylinder, one of the boards broke through and his left leg went into the cylinder. In an instant the limb was ground into a shapeless mass. Mr. Pendleton was tenderly removed to his house, nearby, and physicians summoned. He was fully conscious and gave directions as to what should be done until they arrived. His self-control is spoken of by those who were with him as being wonderful. The Drs. Reynolds, Dr. Tanner and Dr. Butler soon arrived, and did what they could to revive him. Amputation of the mangled limb was the dangerous necessity of the case, and about eight o’clock the operation was performed. Mr. Pendleton died two hours afterward. He had never rallied from the first shock of the accident, and this, together with the great loss of blood he had sustained caused the fatal result.

Mr. Pendleton was a native Virginian, and came from a long line of distinguished ancestors. He was a brave soldier during the civil war, having been a captain on the staff of General Pendleton. Shortly after the war he was married to Miss Helen Boteler, daughter of Hon. A. R. Boteler. His wife survives him, together with seven children – five girls and two boys. Mr. Pendleton was for a number of years a teacher and for several terms principal of Shepherd College. He was about 44 years of age.

The funeral services were announced for Thursday at four o’clock from the Episcopal Church. We would that we were able to pay a fitting tribute to the character of Dudley Digges Pendleton. But our pen fails us. Yet we cannot pass by a reference to his life and death. No nobler epitaph can be written than this: “He was a Christian gentleman.” His life was that of an earnest, active, manly courageous Christian, and, in his death he showed an unshrinking, undoubting faith in Him who doeth all things well. Always ready to lend his heart and hand to the cause of right, he will be missed by those who have labored with him and by those who have been helped by him. The sympathetic prayers of the community go out to the stricken wife and children and to those who were near and dear to him. – (28).

Dudley Digges Pendleton (husband Helen Macomb Boteler)
Birth: Mar. 2, 1840
Louisa County
Virginia, USA
Death: Aug. 24, 1886
(29).

November 21, 1888 – John Brown prosecutor Andrew Hunter, whose home burned Hunter’s Hill, was burned in July, 1864, died at this same, rebuilt home in Charlestown. His son, Andrew Junior, had been killed fighting in the Civil War.

Andrew Hunter died at his home November 21, 1888. He was 84 years old and up to his present illness of two weeks continuance, has enjoyed remarkable exemption from sickness. His beautiful residence in the eastern suburbs of Charlestown was burned by the order, it is alleged, by his own cousin, Gen. David Hunter of the United States Army. After the war, Mr. Hunter returned to Charlestown resumed the practice of his profession which he successfully pursued until a few years ago. In the meantime he rebuilt and reoccupied his old house. – (30).

THE BOWER BURNS & IS REBORN:

In 1892, the home itself, then owned by Stephen Dandridge’s son, Lemuel, burned to the ground. They rebuilt it on the same place, quickly and bigger. The same family today has lovingly placed The Bower within a permanent farmland protection easement and maintained its standing on the National Register of Historic Places. The Bower is a home and is private property. – (31).–

Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton (1871-1916), a daughter of Tippie’s, remembered growing up in the shadow of Fountain Rock and its legends:

At the upper end of Fountain Rock farm was another fine spring, known as the White Oak Spring, and it was near this source of living water that our father built our country home years after the struggle between the states was ended. The old place as by this time an overgrown ruin, exceedingly picturesque and interesting, surrounded by a hedge of orange so high as to shut in all but the tops of the trees from the view of passersby. The walls of the house remained standing, solid stone masonry built by Dr. Henry Boteler, but only by careful searching could be found traces of the long brick wings which dated back to colonial times. In the sheltered hollows of the foundation under what had been the two-storied front porch we found every year white and blue violets blossoming long before any other spring flowers could be discovered. The dairy was a cool retreat on the hottest mid-summer days – a stone building with pointed moss and lichen-covered roof which had escaped destruction. We never entered the great hollow, high-raftered main room without a desire to shout or sing, our voices sounding strangely magnificent, we thought, in that empty, water-traversed chamber. Outside the spring house great willow trees bent above the stream where it poured forth to meet the open air again. The courses of the stream leading from the spring was a big curve around three sides of the garden. Both banks were edged with willows, alder bushes, with wild growths or locust and sassafras and dogwood, with here and there a flowering quince or other reminder of the horticultural pride of forty years ago.In our day the garden was usually planted in corn, and under the long stone wall which bounded the higher level of the grove, snakes of prodigious size were supposed to abound. We never liked to pass the steps leading from the terrace above into that suspicious serpent-haunted region. But down at the end of the garden where the stream ran out through the hedge, across the road and way to alien fields was a group of big oak trees, and beneath their shade grew hundreds of jonquils (“Easter flowers,” we called them), and narcissus, and a carpet of tangled periwinkle crept to the water’s edge. This was the part of the garden we loved to explore, and we had names for every little bag and cape and inlet along those green-fringed banks. We never thought of calling our new home by the old name, “Fountain Rock” a name associated in our minds with all that is romantic and exciting to one’s imaginations. Fountain Rock belonged to the past, the past we dreamed of after a talk with our mother on long winter evenings.Ours was a very plain prosaic little home, in spite of our crude attempts to beautify it but it was made very dear to seven happy children whose greatest delight always followed the proposition, “Let’s go down to Fountain Rock.”“Down at Fountain Rock” we searched for hidden treasure, possibly buried in the mortar and bricks that lay beneath the light soil and overgrowth of grass and weeks and mosses with which the years had covered and beautified them. There we would play at war, battles and retreats, ambuscades, and thrilling escapes. “The yankees,” our mysterious entirely impersonal enemies behind every tree and lurking in every darkened thicket.“Down at Fountain Rock” we learned to know the songbirds, intimately and well. There were many in the trees and shrubbery of the old place that we seldom heard among the young maples and fruit trees of our home. “Down at Fountain Rock” we built dams in the stream and often followed its course to distant, sun-warmed pools where we could wade without aching feet. “Down at Fountain Rock” we tried to realize a home of ideal loveliness where a little girl whom we knew intimately, named Helen Boteler, moved in a continual round of interesting happenings.For Fountain Rock, as it had been before and during the war, was the scene of almost every story told us by our mother, whose memory held dear every nook and corner of her childhood’s home. It is no wonder that the very name for us had magic in it.The story that thrilled us more than any other was of the burning of the house, and it was a story often asked for by the young friends who visited the home. The story did not always come readily but a little talk about the place, a few questions answered, a reference to some war episode and soon mother would be in the midst of the narrative we wanted.I wish I could in some way suggest the vivid realism of her story. Her soft, splendid dark eyes did half the talking for her; her wonderful voice added special meaning to every word, and a remarkable half-unconscious power of mimicry made every character mentioned a real personality to us. So real, indeed, has it become to me that now, after many years, the memory of experiences other than my own home comes back to me with something of the effect of things actually seen, heard and felt by myself.Fountain Rock has passed into other hands, and ”the plow has passed over its pleasant places.”But we should like to think with dear Ella that, “as men when they die do not die all, so of their extinguished habitations there may be a hope, a germ to be revivified.” – (33).July 14, 1896 – Fifty-year-old Edmund J. Lee Jr. dies after a flawed surgery. (34).

THE REVILED FRANKLIN G. MARTINDALE TAKES HIS OWN LIFE:

Self-destructive acts have many causes and origins. While its sources are unknowable, it should be noted that many years later, this same Franklin G. Martindale, while residing at a veteran’s home near Los Angeles, California, on October 2, 1896, died. The cause according to the official report: “Strychnine taken with suicidal intent.” He was buried in Home Cemetery Section 2, Row 5-13. – (35).

Oct. 7, 1898 – Henrietta Bedinger Lee dies:

They Rest From Their Labors

Mrs. Henrietta Bedinger Lee, of Shepherdstown, died suddenly of heart disease last Friday at Litchfield, the home of her daughter, Mrs. Charles Goldsborough, at Walkersville, Frederick County, MD. She had spent most of her time for several years past with Mrs. Goldsborough. Mrs. Lee was the daughter of Lieutenant Daniel Bedinger of the Revolutionary Army, and his wife, Sarah Rutherford. She was the sister of Henry Bedinger, who represented with distinguished ability a Virginia district in the United Sates Congress from 1845 to 1849, and who was minister to Denmark from 1853 to 1858. She married Edmund Jennings Lee, a grandson on his mother’s side of Richard Henry Lee and nephew on his father’s side of Light-Horse Harry Lee, his father and mother having been cousins. Mrs. Lee, who was in the 89th year of her age, is survived by one son and two daughters: Rev. Harry B. Lee, a minister of the Episcopal Church at Charlottesville, Va.; Mrs. Ida Lee Rust, of “Rockland,” Leesburg, Va.; and Mrs. Charles Goldsborough, of Walkersville, Md. She was the mother also of General Edwin G. Lee, a gallant Confederate soldier, who died soon after the civil war, and of Edmund Jennings Lee, whose death occurred a year or two ago.Mrs. Lee was a woman of the highest intelligence, and her strength of character have ever caused her to be regarded with the highest respect and affection.She endeared to her all who came in contact with her, and her influence was always for good in this community, where most of her long life was spent. Her body was brought for burial, and on Sunday the funeral was held in the Episcopal Church, of which she had been a member for many years. The service was conducted by Rev. Dr. Neilson, of this place and Rev. Dr. Magill, of Frederick County, MD. The church was filled with relatives and friends who had gathered to pay to her their last tribute of respect. The earthly tenement from which so bright a spirit had fled was laid to rest in Elmwood Cemetery, so close to her old home that the birds that sing in the trees above her grave may be heard in the very spots that are hallowed by her associations. May the clods of valley rest gently upon her.– (36).

February 14, 1899 – William Morgan Dies in Shepherdstown

The death of Col. William A. Morgan, deputy sheriff of Jefferson County, which occurred last evening (Feb. 14th) after an illness of less than twenty-four hours, caused a great shock to this community, where he had long been one of the most popular citizens. Col. Morgan was born March 30, 1831 near Mt. Vernon, Fairfax County, Va. and, with his parents, came to Jefferson County in 1837. In 1854, he married Miss Annie J. Smith of Winchester, daughter of Col. Austin Charles Smith. She died some years ago. At the breaking out of the civil war, Col. Morgan entered the Confederate service as captain of Company F of the First Virginia Cavalry. He was subsequently promoted to be colonel of this regiment. He was one of the most gallant soldiers in the Confederate army and participated in almost every important battle in which the cavalry was engaged. He commanded various brigades from time-to-time during the last year of the war. After the surrender he returned to his home, near Shepherdstown, and engaged in farming. He was soon chosen deputy sheriff and held this office for about twenty-six years continuously. He was very popular in this county with all classes. Col. Morgan is survived by the following children: Augustine Morgan and Mrs. Anna Getzendanner of Shepherdstown; William A. Morgan of Kansas City, Mo.; Dr. Daniel H. Morgan of the U.S. Navy; and Archibald M. Morgan of the 2nd West Virginia Regiment at Greenville, SC. – (37).January 19, 1900 – George Slow dies in Philadelphia:J. E. Gillingham, for whom George Slow had for many years been a coachman and handy man, wrote Frank Donaldson:My dear Mr. Donaldson:Our old friend, George Slow, died this morning and will be buried on Monday, from his sister’s. Yours truly.

FUNERAL NOTICE George C. Slow, aged 70.

The relatives and friends of the family are respectively invited to attend the funeral on Monday, January 22nd, 1900. at 12 o’clock, from the residence of his sister, Mrs. Davis, No. 511 South 13th Street. Interment at grounds of Church of Holy Redeemer, Bryn Mawr, PA.I attended the services at his late residence, in company with Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Gillingham, and Captain Newhall, Mr. Gillingham’s private secretary, and with Mr. Gillingham and Captain Newhall, was present at his interment, at the grounds of the Church of the Redeemer. Slow had been a coachman for the Gillinghams for thirty years.Donaldson remembered his long-time friend:George Slow, irreproachable in character, kindly, manly, brave faithful, true, always to be depended upon, was endeared to me not only for these sterling qualities, but for the tenderness with which he watched over me, a young soldier, and for his unassailable honesty, unhesitating willingness in the performance of his duties. It is told of him that his search for me among the dead and wounded at Fair Oaks, was most moving, his finding his way afterwards to my home in Philadelphia illustrates his faithfulness, and his conduct at Gettysburg, where he crawled between the lines to Round Top that my haversack might be replenished, bespeaks his bravery.

He passed away with his heart full of tenderness for me, and the highest tribute I can pay his memory is that he was a man that always did his duty as God gave him the light to see it. From his friend,Francis A. Donaldson

George Slow’s niece, Lucy Digges Slow, named after Mrs. Hugh Pendleton’s sister, would later become the Dean of Women at Howard University in Washington, D.C. – (38).

Sunday, May 8, 1903 – John Wesley Seibert, the town barber, cook for Company B in the 2nd Virginia Infantry, dies.

John Wesley Seibert, who was born enslaved and raised by Eliza Morgan, an aunt of William Morgan at Falling Spring, cooked for Company B in the 2nd Virginia Infantry, had for many years until his death a fastidiously kept barber shop at the Entler Hotel, a hangout for his old comrades and the town.His funeral and burial were a truly remarkable event, as “The Shepherdstown Register” editor, H. L. Snyder wrote:

J. Wesley Seibert, the well-known colored barber, died at his home in Shepherdstown last Sunday (May 8, 1903-ED) night. The deceased was a much respected man, and had a wide circle of white friends in this section who will regret his death. Wesley who was about 59 years old, belonged in his youth to Mrs. Betsy Morgan. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he went with Company B, of this place, as cook, and all through the war he was with the Confederate soldiers in the Second Virginia Regiment, serving them faithfully and standing by them through all the adversities. After the war he settled in Shepherdstown, where he conducted a barber shop, having been located in the Entler building on Main Street for 36 years. For the past year his heart has been giving him serious trouble, and in February last he sold his business to Lester Wells and retired from work. He grew worse as time passed, and peacefully passed away Sunday night. He stood by his friends manfully and his influence was used in the right way in all matters pertaining to the public welfare. He was economical and prudent, and had accumulated a snug fortune, his home being among the neatest most comfortable in the town. He was married, but had no children. The funeral service was held in the colored Methodist church yesterday afternoon. It was one of the most remarkable demonstrations ever seen in Shepherdstown – indeed, we do not know that a similar occurrence has ever been known in this country. The Confederate Veterans and the Sons of the Confederate Veterans commanded by Capt. M. J. Billmyer, marched in the funeral procession and attended the service. The most prominent business men of the town and a number of ladies were among the white persons at the service – bankers, lawyers, merchants and businessmen generally paying their respect to the memory of a man whose skin was dark, but whose life had been faithful. The service was in charge of his pastor, Rev. J. E. Carter, and Revs. Murray, of Charles Town, and Greenfield of this place. Three white ministers of our town also assisted in the service, Rev. Charles Ghiselin, D.D. of the Presbyterian Church, Rev. H. O. McDaniel of the M. E. Church, and Rev. J. Thrasher, of the M. E. Church South. The church was filled with white and colored people, and the service was a very impressive one. – (39).

June 3, 1914 – Danske Dandridge, the once ten-year-old-girl who vilified “serpent” Gen. Hunter dies.

Now aging and ailing for many months, a gunshot rang out in the upper floor of her home. Alexandra Lee Levin, a descendant, wrote:

Helen Goldsborough of Shepherdstown, (a relative), will never forget the day when she and her brother and their governess had driven over to Rose Brake (The Grove, Poplar Grove-JS) Danske’s home, to visit. Suddenly a servant came running out, screaming that Mrs. Dandridge had shot and killed herself. The two Goldsborough children were quickly whisked away in their pony cart, while their father hastened over to help poor Steve Dandridge. – (40).

Enormously gifted, hard-working, sometimes feeling misunderstood, Danske Dandridge worried over her fragile health when she wrote one of her best, late-in-life-poems, called “The Struggle,” that poet John Greenleaf Whittier acclaimed:

Body I pray you, let me go!

It is a soul that struggles so.

Body, I see on yonder height

Dim reflex of a solemn light;

A flame which shineth from the place

Where Beauty walks with naked face;

It is a flame you cannot see,

Lie down, you clod, and set me free.

October 20, 1914 – Tippie dies:Entered Into Rest

We are sincerely sorry to record the death of Mrs. Helen M. Pendleton, the much-beloved former resident of Shepherdstown, who passed away at her home in Pittsburghh Tuesday morning. She had been in failing health for several years past, and her death had been anticipated for some weeks, as she gradually grew weaker. She had suffered much since first her health gave way and it is a consoling thought to her loved ones, in the hour of their sadness, that she has entered into the rest that comes to people of God. Mrs. Pendleton was born and reared in this community and most of her life was spent here. She was daughter of the late Hon. Alexander R. and Helen Stockton Boteler, whose home Fountain Rock, near Shepherdstown, was burned during the Civil War by order of General Hunter. She was married to Captain Dudley Digges Pendleton, whose tragic death occurred as the result of an accident twenty-eight years ago. About eleven years ago she went to Pittsburgh to make her home, several of her children having located there ever since.

Mrs. Pendleton was one of the most lovable characters who has ever graced with womanly virtues this community. From her girlhood she was the object of genuine regard of a wide circle of friends. Full of kindness and unselfish thought for others, active and helpful in every good work, high-minded and cultured, she was a truly noble woman, and this community is the better for her pure life and Christian character. She leaves behind a memory that is as sweet incense and which will be an influence for good continually. During her last illness she time and again expressed the wish that she might get back to Shepherdstown and be among friends of former years. She has indeed come back – her spirit still lives among us and her body sleeps in Elmwood where so many of her friends of her youth lie in the quiet tomb.Mrs. Pendleton was 73 years of age. She was born in 1841, a year of great political excitement, when Vice-President “Tippecanoe“ Tyler became President of the United States by the death of President Harrison. She was affectionately nicknamed “Tippie” and all her life she was “Tippie” to her relatives and friends. She is survived by two sons and four daughters: Dudley Digges Pendleton of Elizabeth, New Jersey; Hugh N. Pendleton of Connellsville, Pa.; Miss Helen Boteler Pendleton, of Newark, N.J.; Elizabeth S. and Charlotte Pendleton and Mrs. C. D. Scully of Pittsburg.The body will be brought to Shepherdstown for burial, arriving here Friday morning at half-past ten o’clock. The funeral service will be held immediately afterward in Trinity Episcopal Church, of which the deceased had been a consistent member from her girlhood and interment will take place in Elmwood Cemetery.Then, when on earth I breathe no more,The prayer, oft mixed with tears before,I’ll sing upon a happier shore,Thy will be done.”– (41).Helen Macomb Boteler PendletonBirth: May 4, 1840Death: Oct. 20, 1914– (42).January 12, 1915 – Helen Hunter, a Shepherd College student on the yearbook editorial staff, published her visit to Fountain Rock:Dearest Peggy:We have just come back from a walk to the Morgan’s Grove Fair Grounds. It’s a rather desolate place in winter, but in a summer it is beautiful. It’s a grove of handsome old trees with our Town Run beginning in its famous spring, and the misty Blue Ridge in the far distance. I’m sending you a picture of the old ruin on the grounds. It was a magnificent Colonial home that was burned during the Civil War.Several persons here who knew the owner told me all about it. A company of Federal soldiers were sent to burn the house, for the Botelers were well-known Southern sympathizers. The soldiers wouldn’t allow the family to take anything from the house. One daughter carried her grandmother’s portrait out, but had to return it. The most thrilling incident of all, I think, is about the girl who played Dixie (CORRECT: Charlotte Elliott’s “Thy Will Be Done”) as hard as she could on the piano. They say she would have kept right on till she burned up with her piano if she hadn’t been carried out, struggling all the while. The barn was burned too, but as the cattle pens were built around it, I couldn’t get a picture of that.We all drank from the spring near the old house. Someone remarked that it used to be called the spring of ’76, where the young men of Shepherdstown and the country round about gathered for a barbecue before they started on the long march to Boston to take part in the Revolution.We were corrected, however, by a Jefferson County girl. These people are all strong on their local history. She said that this spring is Fountain Rock Spring and that the Spring of ’76 is on the other side of the railroad. (Danske Dandridge preserved the song her ancestor, possibly one of the three Bedinger brothers – Henry, Daniel or Michael – composed and sung this broad, patriotic song at Falling Springs for 10 June, 1775, prior to their 25-day march to Boston to join the Continental Army.

That seat of science, Athens,

And Earth’s great mistress, Rome,

Where now are all their glories?

We scarce can find their tombs :

Then guard your rights, Americans,

Nor stoop the pliant knee,

Oppose, oppose, oppose, oppose.

The landing of the tea.

Far from a world of tyrants.

Beneath the western sky.

We formed a new dominion.

In the Land of Liberty.

The world shall own their masters here.

Then hasten on the day, —

We’ll shout and shout, and shout, and shout,

For brave America.

We led fair Freedom hither.

And lo, the deserts smiled,

A paradise of pleasure

Just opened in the wild;

Your harvest, bold Americans,

No power shall snatch away.

Then let’s huzza, huzza, huzza.

For brave America.

Some future day shall crown us

The masters of the Main,

By giving law and freedom

To men of France and Spain :

And all the isles and ocean spread

Shall tremble and obey

The laws, the laws, the laws,

the laws,Of North America.

Proud Albion bowed to Caesar

And numerous lords before.

To Picts, and Danes, and Normans,

And many masters more . . .– (43).)

Helen Hunter continues:The grounds are now used for the Morgan’s Grove Fair, held every year, and for a general picnic ground all through the summer. The railroad runs close by and trains stop there during fair week. I’m going skating again soon. We skate on the canal and it’s great fun, especially when we build a bonfire and sit along the bank by it. After school yesterday we had our fire built on a rather steep bank. It was icy, too, but so muddy the ice could not be seen. In trying to get down the bank Virginia slipped and fell right into the fire – I should say through it, for she slid right on down the bank scattering the fire to the four winds. Luckily she wasn’t burned at all, though she was rather badly bruised.My Chemistry needs my undivided attention now.Write soon Lovingly Helen – (44).

April 1, 1932 -“Miss Netta” – the last surviving witness to The Burnings – moves on with grace.

Netta Lee, a widow, lay back, suffering from uremic poisoning, her 88-year-old frame at ease in the Leeland home. On April first, 1932. She died and was buried beside her husband Charles at Mt. Olivet Cemetery in nearby Frederick, Maryland, with the headstones of almost all her family peeking thru a narrow grove of trees at Leeland in adjacent Elmwood Cemetery. Graveside respect was organized for the last one who was really there at The Burning. – (45).

A square mound of earth among stones. Nettie’s precious ones turn home.Everything starts again.Daily tasks repeat a recurring theme.The new wind blows sighs and cries, Knowing it is our Song.Netta_Last_WordsWhen the swallows homeward fly,

When the roses scatter’d lie,

When from neither hill nor dale,

Chants the silv’ry nightingale,

In these words my bleeding heart,

Would to thee its grief impart.

When I thus thy image lose,

Can I, oh! can I e’er know repose?

Can I, oh! can I e’er know repose?

When the white swan southward roves,

To seek at noon the orange groves,

When the red tints of the west,

Prove the sun is gone to rest,

In these words my bleeding heart,

Would to thee its grief impart.

When I thus thy image lose,

Can I, oh! can I e’er know repose?

Can I, oh! can I e’er know repose?

My poor heart, why do you cry,

Once also you in peace will lie!

All things on this earth must die;

Will then we meet, you and I?

My heart asks with boding pain

Will faith join us once again?

After today’s bitter parting pain.

Can I, oh! can I e’er know repose?

Can I, oh! can I e’er know repose?Sunset_Two_Swallows_TITLE2

References/Image Credits:

Chapterette 27-28: April, 1865 – THE WAR ENDS. Dudley Pendleton Returns Home with a Servant; George Slow Finds a New Life in Philadelphia.

1. Third Battle of Petersburg.

2. The Boteler Collection – courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

3. Ibid.

Chapterette 28: After The War and Tender Sprouts Appear, New Lives Unfold; Memories Blow Like a Breeze – Always.

continued from Chapterette 27:

4. Bushong, p. 188.

5. Kenamond, p. 122.

6. Arnold, Thomas Jackson. (1922). “The Lost Dispatch – A War Mystery.” Confederate Veteran, Volume 30, p. 317. (NOTE: Arnold was incorrect on one point. Douglas lived until 1903 and was serving as a courier during the Maryland Campaign for Gen. Jackson, and smoked cigars. Arnold says he was at the address by Rosser and wrote down his information on the following day).

7. Samuel Phillips Lee. wikipedia.org.

8. Pendleton-Boteler. Jefferson County Clerk Records, West Virginia. Marriage Records.

9. Year end letter The Goldsborough Collection.

10. Levin, pp. 190-193.

11. Julia Pendleton Allen GET ADD

12. Cooke, pp. 101-102.

13. Hamstead, Elsie. (2000). “One Small Village: Kearneysville 1842-1942.” Hagerstown, MD: Hagerstown Printing. Print.

15. The Boteler Collection

16. Ibid.

17, Ibid.

18. 1870 Census.

19. The Boteler Collection.

20. Shepherdstown Register, February 21, 1934.

21. Shepherdstown Register, December 21, 1933.

22. Shepherdstown Register, February 21, 1934.

23. Aglionby Farm Diary Vol. 1 p. 6.

24. U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index, 1850-1880.

25. The Goldsborough Collection, The Lee Society.

26. Ibid.

27. The Boteler Collection.

28. Shepherdstown Register, September, 1885.

29. Shepherdstown Register, August 26, 1886.

30. Thursday, November 22, 1888; Sun (Baltimore, MD) Volume: CIV Issue: 5 Page: 4. Local Matters
Date: Thursday, November 22, 1888. Paper: Sun (Baltimore, MD) Volume: CIV Issue: 5 Page: 4
This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by NewsBank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004. genealogybank.com.

31. Bower Burns VFP ADD

32. Mary B. “Pink” Boteler Mason.

33. Shepherdstown Register, February 21, 1934.

34. July 14, 1896 – Fifty-year-old Edmund J. Lee findagrave ADD

35. Military Service Records National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

36. Shepherdstown Register, October 13, 1898.

37. The Baltimore Sun, February 16, 1899.

The Late Colonel Morgan. a Popular Citizen of Jefferson County and a Gallant Soldier
Date: Thursday, February 16, 1899. Paper: Sun (Baltimore, MD) Volume: CXXIV Issue: 79 Page: 3.
This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by NewsBank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004.Source: genealogybank.com

38. The Boteler Collection.

39. The Shepherdstown Register, May 8, 1903.

40. Levin, The Shepherdstown Good Newspaper, fall, 1985, p. 7.

41. Shepherdstown Register, October 22, 1914.

42. Helen Macomb Boteler Pendleton
Birth: May 4, 1840
Death: Oct. 20, 1914

43. Dandridge, p. 85.

44. The Cohongaroota, Shepherd College. 1915. pp. 97-98.

45. Netta Lee Goldsborough Burial.

Chapterette 29: https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/thy-will-be-done-chapter-29-endnotes-by-jim-surkamp/

Thy Will Be Done Chapter 29 Endnotes by Jim Surkamp

2327 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710015205/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/12/thy-will-be-done-endnotes/

Chapterette 1: 1850s – The “Days That Never End” – But That Did
The Day of the Horses – The Ring Tournament in Leeland Field.

1. The Shepherdstown Register, August 8, 1857.

2. Crayon, Porte (Strother, D. H.). “The Mountains – X.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Volume 51. Issue: 304 (September, 1875). pp. 475-486. Print.

3. The Shepherdstown Register, August 8, 1857.

4. Crayon, Porte (Strother, D. H.). “The Mountains – X.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Volume 51. Issue: 304 (September, 1875). pp. 475-486. Print.

5. The Baltimore Sun, September 1, 1849.

6. The Shepherdstown Register, August 8, 1857.

7. The Baltimore Herald, August 2, 1848, (Thornton Perry collection, Virginia State Library).

Chapterette 2: Working Jefferson County’s Peaceful, Fertile Lands

1. Serena K. Dandridge undated letter, Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

2. Adam Stephen Dandridge Account Books, Jefferson County Museum.

3. A. R. H. Ranson. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review. Vol. 21, No. (4 Oct. 1913), pp. 428-447.

4. Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A Nineteenth Century Romantic” The Shepherdstown Register, December 21, 1933.

5. Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society. Volume LXXV December 2011. “Jefferson County to Liberia: Emigrants, Emancipators, and Facilitators.” by Jane Ailes and Marie Tyler-McGraw pp. 43-76.

6. A. R. H. Ranson. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review. Vol. 21, No. (4 Oct. 1913), pp. 428-447.

Chapterette 3: Henry Bedinger and Alec Boteler – The Creative Congressmen

1. Mary Bedinger Mitchell, “Memories,” edited by Nina Mitchell. Shepherdstown, WV: Printed privately.

2. Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A Nineteenth Century Romantic” The Shepherdstown Register, December 21, 1933.

3. Boteler Collection, Duke University.

4. Mary Bedinger Mitchell, “Memories,” edited by Nina Mitchell. Shepherdstown, WV: Printed privately.

5. Serena K. Dandridge undated letter, Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

Chapterette 4: The War Storm Gathers Over Jefferson County.

1. wikipedia.org – Great_Seal_of_the_Confederate_States_of_America

Chapterette 5: April, 1861 – Drumbeats

1. James Walkenshaw Allen – VMI Historic Rosters Database.

2. Strother, Harpers New Monthly, June, 1866. pp. 1-26.

3. National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.

4. Report of Inspection made at Harper’s Ferry, Va. by Lieut. Col. George Deas, Inspector General C.S.Army. May 23, 1861.

5. Moore, Edward Alexander, pp. 36-38.

6. Ann C. Reeves Collection.

7. Levin, p. 24.

8. Levin, p. 26.

9. Douglas, p. 3, pp. 6-7.

10. Ibid.

11. Driver, p. 76.

12. Serena K. Dandridge undated letter, Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

Chapterette 6: A Wartime Tragedy – Rezin Davis & Lizzie Shepherd & Their Soon-To-Be Three Children

1. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “A Wartime Tragedy,” The Shepherdstown Register, September 25, 1924.

Chapterette 7: The Battle of Manassas/Bull Run Is Over; William Lee Is Dying: William Morgan Writes “My dear Anna” About Events.

1. The Ann C. Reeves Collection.

2. Western Historical Manuscript Collection, Columbia, Mo.

3. Casler, John O. (1906). “Four years in the Stonewall Brigade, containing the daily experiences of four year’s service in the ranks from a diary kept at the time.”

4. Cummings, Col. Arthur. (1906) “Colonel Cumming’s Account.” Southern Historical Society papers. R. A. Brock (ed). Volume 34. Richmond, VA.: Southern Historical Society. pp. 367-371

5. The Bedinger/Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

6. The C. W. Andrews Collection, Duke University.

7. The Boteler Collection – Courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

8. Provided by A.M.S. Morgan to Raymond and Natalie Parks and included in their compilation “Bits & Pieces” in the Perry Room, Charles Town Library.

9. The Bedinger/Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

Chapterette 8: August-September, 1861 – Returning to Home and Family Does Not Exceed The Reach of Armies.

1. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “A Wartime Incident,” The Shepherdstown Register. March 8, 1934

2. Helen Boteler Pendleton, The Shepherdstown Register, January 25, 1934.

3. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “A Wartime Tragedy,” The Shepherdstown Register, September 25, 1924.

4. Driver, p. 61.

Chapterette 9: October-December, 1861 – Fountain Rock’s Nighttime Search Takes Away Rezin Davis Shepherd Junior To Prison.

1. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “A Wartime Tragedy,” The Shepherdstown Register, September 25, 1924.

Chapterette 10: A Love-Prospecting Henry Kyd Douglas Writes Tippie Boteler from a 2nd Virginia Infantry Encampment Amid the Worst Winter Weather Conditions in West Virginia, Yet Perhaps Unable to Warm Her Heart.

1. Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori.

2. Henry Kyd Douglas Papers, Duke University.

3. Small portion of a letter by Julia Allen February 11, 1862 – Virginia Military Institute Archives. Collection note: The original letter is privately owned. The owner provided the VMI Archives with a copy of the original and granted us permission to publish the letter on our website, so that its content could be made available to researchers.

Chapterette 11: March, 1862 – Freedom Comes Hard To Rezin Davis Shepherd and Almost Too Late; But Freedom Offered by Hugh Pendleton at Westwood to His Many Enslaved is the Long-Awaited Day.

1. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “A Wartime Tragedy,” The Shepherdstown Register, September 25, 1924.

2. The Richmond Enquirer correspondent in Winchester reporting the number of enslaved driven from Harper’s Ferry after its capture by Confederates. – September 23, 1862.

3. Strother Diaries, p. 10.

4. Dandridge Account Books – Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, WV.

5. James, Anne Hooff Farm Journals, Wednesday, March 12, 1862. Perry Collection, Charles Town Library.

6. Charles Aglionby, The Day Book.

7. Ibid.

8. 1860 Slave Schedules, Jefferson County, Virginia, United States Census.

9. A Young Northern Soldier’s Journey thru Jeff. in March 1862 – The Boteler Collection – Courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

10. Ibid.

11. Ailes, Tyler-McGraw, p. 52.

12. Jefferson County Death Records show the death December 6, 1858 of enslaved person, Mary Frances Thornton and reported by her owner, Hugh N. Pendleton.

13. A Young Northern Soldier’s Journey thru Jeff. in March 1862 – The Boteler Collection – Courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

14. History of the Corn Exchange Regiment, 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers, p. 642.

15. A Young Northern Soldier’s Journey thru Jeff. in March 1862 – The Boteler Collection – Courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

Chapterette 11a: Steve Dandridge Finally Gets a Uniform, James W. Allen Falls

1. A Young Northern Soldier’s Journey thru Jeff. in March 1862 – The Boteler Collection – Courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

2. Serena K. Dandridge undated letter, Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

3. Moore, p. 62.

4. Ibid., pp. 36-38.

5. Gaines’ Mill Battle.

Chapterette 12: The Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg Repurposes the War and Fills Shepherdstown’s Structures with 5,000 Wounded . . . and the Echoes of Indelible Memories.

1. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “A Wartime Tragedy,” The Shepherdstown Register, September 25, 1924.

2. Civil War Scholars, Decisions Sorely Missed.

3. Mitchell, p. 686.

4. Frye, “Harpers Ferry Under Fire – A Border Town in the American Civil War.”

5. Mitchell, p. 687.

6. Frye, “Harpers Ferry Under Fire – A Border Town in the American Civil War.”

7. Mitchell, p. 687.

8. Ibid. p. 690.

9. Dawes, p. 87.

10. Gordon, p. 82.

11. Mitchell, pp. 690-691.

12. Ted Hughes from “Crow’s Account of the Battle.”

13. Field Artillery in the American Civil War.

14. Williams, p. 127.

15. Neese, p. 125.

16. Gordon, p. 83.

17. Sears pp. 271-273.

18. Longstreet, pp. 251-252.

19. Sears, p. 396 fn. 22.

20. Alexander, p. 146.

21. Ted Hughes, “Crow’s Account of the Battle.”

22. Douglas, p. 175.

23. Mitchell, p. 691.

24. Ibid.

25. Netta Lee, pp. 15-16.

26. Mitchell, pp. 691-692.

27. Ibid.

28. Serena K. Dandridge undated letter, Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

29. “The Coral Island” (book).

30. Mitchell, p. 692.

31. J. F. J. Caldwell, p. 53.

32. Mitchell, p. 693.

33. Moore, pp. 156-157.

34. Serena K. Dandridge undated letter, Dandridge Collection, Duke University.

35. Mitchell, p. 695.

36. Letterman, p. 855 (p. 98 in Appendix). Reference to cared for Confederates just prior to “Table X.”

37. Hard, pp. 190-194.

38. Henrietta Lee to daughter Ida, October 3, 1862, Shepherd University Library.

39. Netta Lee, pp. 16-17.

40. Henrietta Lee to daughter Ida, October 3, 1862, Shepherd University Library.

Chapterette 13: September-October, 1862 – The Bower – “If these walls could talk”

1. “Serena Catherine Dandridge Memoir.” p. 73 – Dandridge Collection – Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, WV.

2. Hotchkiss, p. 85.

3. Von Borcke pp. 183-186.

4. Von Borcke p. 190.

5. Charles Aglionby’s Farm Journal, p. 34.

6. Netta Lee, p. 12.

7. Ibid.

8. Peggy Vogtsberger. “This Fine Music.”

9. Blackford, pp. 161-162.

10. Blackford, pp. 158-159.

11. Von Borcke, pp. 202-203.

12. Von Borcke, p. 204.

13. Von Borcke, pp. 221-222.

14. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “A Wartime Tragedy,” The Shepherdstown Register, September 25, 1924.

Chapterette 14: November 14, 1862 – Henry Kyd Douglas Writes Tippie Boteler . . Longingly.

1. Henry Kyd Douglas Papers, Duke University.

Chapterette 15: Thursday, December 11 – Monday, December 15, 1862 – Dudley Digges Pendleton, Tippie’s Future Husband, Vividly “Paints” the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. including His Own Heroic Act.

1. The Boteler Collection – courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

Chapterette 16: December, 1862-April, 1863 in Jefferson County – The Calm Between Storms.

1. “The Day Book Kept By Charles Aglionby at Mount Pleasant, Charles Town, Jefferson County, Virginia.” 6 March, 1861 to 1 January, 1866.” – Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, Wv.

2. Levin, p. 2.

3. Henrietta Bedinger Lee, Goldsborough Collection, Shepherd University Library.

Chapterette 17: George Bedinger on a Gettysburg Hill; Henry Kyd Douglas Falls.

1. Moore, p. 136.

2. The Dandridge and Boteler collections – Duke University.

3. The University Memorial: Biographical Sketches of Alumni of the University of Virginia who Fell in the Confederate War. pp. 477-478.

4. Casler, pp. 180-181.

5. Golladay, p. 530.

6. Obituary in The Lynchburg Virginian, July 21, 1863; Levin, p. 66.

7. Douglas, p. 250.

8. Levin, p. 67.

Chapterette 18: Tippie Boteler Recalls The Fight Near Fountain Rock in July, 1863; Kyd Douglas’ Letters to Tippie Don’t Take Hold.

1. Shepherdstown Register February 1, 1934.

2. Henry Kyd Douglas Papers, Duke University.

Chapterette 19: December 17, 1863 – Imprisoned Henry Kyd Douglas writes Tippie Boteler from his Deep-Frozen Island Prison on Johnson’s Island in Lake Erie.

1. Henry Kyd Douglas Papers, Duke University.

Chapterette 20: The United States Colored Troops’ Company G of the 19th Regiment Knocks on Henrietta Bedinger Lee’s Door at Bedford.

1. Jefferson County Historical Society Magazine, Volume LXII. December 1996.
Fragments of a Diary of Shepherdstown – Events During the War 1861-5.

2. Netta Lee Diary, pp. 8-11.

3. Service Records, United States Colored Troops. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

4. Robert Summers – Curator/Webmaster for http://19usct.com

5. Ibid.

6. Service Records of the United States Colored Troops.

Chapterette 21: Spring, 1864 – Netta Lee Remembers Tom Beall and Kiziah and Kizzie’s “Secret Society.”

1. Netta Lee, pp. 25-29.

Chapterette 22: About April, 1864 Netta Lee Remembers Clever Horse Snatching by Her Brother.

1. Alexandra Lee Levin’s book “This Awful Drama” implies without specifying that this incident occurred in the spring of 1863. It has been placed in the spring of 1864 here, because Edmund Lee’s service record indicates that in April-May, 1864 Lee was on “horse detail.” The mentioned soldiers, Clemmons and Jones who were with him, also have service records showing their presence in April-May, 1864 in Shepherdstown was easily possible.

2. Netta Lee, pp. 23-24.

Chapterette 23: July 17-19, 1864 – The Three Burnings; David Hunter Torches Hunter Hill, Fountain Rock and Bedford While Their Families Watch and Become Homeless, Another Is Saved by Clever Dealings; Gen. David Hunter Planned Widespread Burnings; But Lincoln Took Operational Powers From Him.

1. Hunter to Halpine, Official Record Vol. 37, Part II. p. 367.

2. The Diaries of David Hunter Strother, p. 280, edited by Cecil Eby.

3. Rutherford, pp. 38-39.

4. Evans, p. 263.

5. Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 7. p. 446.

6. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 37 (Part II). pp. 374-375.

7. Ibid. p. 394.
Title: The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 37 (Part II).

8. The Diaries of David Hunter Strother, p. 280, edited by Cecil Eby.

9. Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton, “The Burning of Fountain Rock” The Shepherdstown Register, February 8, 1934.

10. Then eight-years-old. Augustine Morgan as retold by Anna Getzendanner, pp. 6-7.

11. Levin, pp. 11-12.

12. Letter, Tippie Boteler to her sisters – The Boteler Collection – courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

13. Henrietta Bedinger Lee, Goldsborough Collection, Shepherd University.

14. Danske Dandridge. pp. 27-29.

15. Letter, Henrietta Bedinger Lee, Goldsborough Collection, Shepherd University.

16. Netta Lee, pp. 29-34.

17. Augustine Morgan, as recorded by Anna Getzendanner, pp. 6-7

18. Copy, in Henrietta B. Lee’s handwriting, Goldsborough Collection, Shepherd University.

19. Letter, Tippie Boteler to her sisters – The Boteler Collection – courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

20. Ibid.

21. The Dandridge and Boteler Collections, Duke University.

22. The Boteler Collection – courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

Chapterette 24: The Journey of a Refugee by Netta Lee – The Lees Go To Clarke County.

1. Netta Lee, pp. 36-37.

2. Ibid. pp. 42-45.

Chapterette 24a Continued (slightly out of time sequence)

1. Netta Lee, pp. 45-47.

2. Ibid., pp. 48-53

3. Ibid. pp. 54-55.

4. Franklin G. Martindale, 1st New York Cavalry. Service and Veterans Records from the Civil War, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

5. Netta Lee, pp. 55-56.

6. Ibid., pp. 61-63.

Chapterette 25: July 30, 1864 – The Burning of Chambersburg

1. Early’s interview with The Richmond State, June 22nd, 1887; The Wilmington Morning Star, North Carolina, Sunday, June 26, 1887. p. 478.
Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A.
Autobiographical Sketch and Narrative of the War Between the States. Appendix.

2. Letter to The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 1, 1864.

3. (Subscription to service required:)Rocky Mountain News August 3, 1864.

4. (Subscription to service required:) Evening Post (New York, NY) August 2, 1864.

5. History of Franklin County, p. 386.

6. Evening Post (New York, NY) Aug. 2, 1864.

7. Public Opinion, July 30, 1886; History of Franklin County, p. 386.

Chapterette 26: GEN. PHIL SHERIDAN ADDS UP THE MAD CALCULUS OF WAR AND GETS “TOTAL WAR.”

1. David Hunter.

2. General Grant to Gen. Halleck – order stating “a crow would have to carry its own provender” on July 14, 1864: OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol. 40, Part 3 (Richmond, Petersburg); Chapter LII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION. p. 223.

3. Grant to Sheridan August 26, 1864 City Point, Va. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 43 (Part I), p. 917.

4. Jed Morrison, “Sheridan’s Ride” The New York Times Opinionator, October 21, 2014.

5. Sheridan, pp. 487-488.

6. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 43 (Part II), p. 308.

7. Rutherford, p. 39.

Chapterette 27-28: April, 1865 – THE WAR ENDS. Dudley Pendleton Returns Home with a Servant; George Slow Finds a New Life in Philadelphia.

1. Third Battle of Petersburg.

2. The Boteler Collection – courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller.

3. Ibid.

Chapterette 28: After The War and Tender Sprouts Appear, New Lives Unfold; Memories Blow Like a Breeze – Always.

continued from Chapterette 27:

4. Bushong, p. 188.

5. Kenamond, p. 122.

6. Arnold, Thomas Jackson. (1922). “The Lost Dispatch – A War Mystery.” Confederate Veteran, Volume 30, p. 317. (NOTE: Arnold was incorrect on one point. Douglas lived until 1903 and was serving as a courier during the Maryland Campaign for Gen. Jackson, and smoked cigars. Arnold says he was at the address by Rosser and wrote down his information on the following day).

7. Samuel Phillips Lee. wikipedia.org.

8. Pendleton-Boteler. Jefferson County Clerk Records, West Virginia. Marriage Records.

9. Year end letter The Goldsborough Collection.

10. Levin, pp. 190-193.

11. Julia Pendleton Allen GET ADD

12. Cooke, pp. 101-102.

13. Hamstead, Elsie. (2000). “One Small Village: Kearneysville 1842-1942.” Hagerstown, MD: Hagerstown Printing. Print.

15. The Boteler Collection

16. Ibid.

17, Ibid.

18. 1870 Census.

19. The Boteler Collection.

20. Shepherdstown Register, February 21, 1934.

21. Shepherdstown Register, December 21, 1933.

22. Shepherdstown Register, February 21, 1934.

23. Aglionby Farm Diary Vol. 1 p. 6.

24. U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index, 1850-1880.

25. The Goldsborough Collection, The Lee Society.

26. Ibid.

27. The Boteler Collection.

28. Shepherdstown Register, September, 1885.

29. Shepherdstown Register, August 26, 1886.

30. Thursday, November 22, 1888; Sun (Baltimore, MD) Volume: CIV Issue: 5 Page: 4. Local Matters
Date: Thursday, November 22, 1888. Paper: Sun (Baltimore, MD) Volume: CIV Issue: 5 Page: 4
This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by NewsBank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004. genealogybank.com.

31. Bower Burns VFP ADD

32. Mary B. “Pink” Boteler Mason.

33. Shepherdstown Register, February 21, 1934.

34. July 14, 1896 – Fifty-year-old Edmund J. Lee findagrave ADD

35. Military Service Records National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

36. Shepherdstown Register, October 13, 1898.

37. The Baltimore Sun, February 16, 1899.

The Late Colonel Morgan. a Popular Citizen of Jefferson County and a Gallant Soldier
Date: Thursday, February 16, 1899. Paper: Sun (Baltimore, MD) Volume: CXXIV Issue: 79 Page: 3.
This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by NewsBank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004.Source: genealogybank.com

38. The Boteler Collection.

39. The Shepherdstown Register, May 8, 1903.

40. Levin, The Shepherdstown Good Newspaper, fall, 1985, p. 7.

41. Shepherdstown Register, October 22, 1914.

42. Helen Macomb Boteler Pendleton
Birth: May 4, 1840
Death: Oct. 20, 1914

43. Dandridge, p. 85.

44. The Cohongaroota, Shepherd College. 1915. pp. 97-98.

45. Netta Lee Goldsborough Burial.

Thy Will Be Done – Chapter 30 References

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710020156/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/12/thy-will-be-done-references/

“Thy Will Be Done” – References

Made possible with the generous, community-minded support from American Public University System. Views in this video do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of the university. More . . .

References:

Collections:

The Dandridge Papers #104, Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, Wv.

The Dandridge and Boteler collections – Duke University.

Henry Kyd Douglas Papers, Duke University.

The Boteler Collection – courtesy Ms. Leslie Keller, family historian.

The Goldsborough Collection – The Lee Society, Alexandria, Virginia. With permission.

The Goldsborough Papers – Shepherd University Library.

Robert Summers – Curator/Webmaster for http://19usct.com

William Fitzhugh Lee: “The Overlooked Lee” – Ann C. Reeves. 7811 words. From the Ann C. Reeves Collection

Edwin Gray Lee letter to the mother of dying William “Willie” F. Lee, July, 1861. – courtesy Western Historical Manuscript Collection, Columbia, Mo.

Ann C. Reeves Collection – by permission Ms. Reeves, Parran family historian.

Periodicals:

The Baltimore Herald, August, 1848, (Thornton Perry collection, Virginia State Library).

The Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society:

Rutherford, Richard D. (1993). “Recollections of Richard D. Rutherford.” Cecil D. Eby (Ed.). Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society Vol. LIX. pp. 17-44.

Ailes, Jane and Marie Tyler-McGraw. (December, 2011).“Jefferson County to Liberia: Emigrants, Emancipators, and Facilitators.” Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society. Volume LXXV, pp. 43-76.

Volume LXII. December, 1996.Fragments of a Diary of Shepherdstown – Events During the War 1861-5.

Volume LIX December, 1993.Recollections of Richard D. Rutherford, edited by Cecil D. Eby.

Volume LXI, December, 1995.Slave Census of 1850, Jefferson County, (West) Virginia, with , compiled by Hugh E. Voress and Robert E. Allen.

Volume IX. December, 1943.The Bedinger Family.

Volume X. December, 1944.“Bedford.” pp. 11-13.

Lee, Henrietta Edmonia. (1925). “The Recollections of Netta Lee,” Alexandria, VA: The Society of the Lees of Virginia. Print.

Levin, Alexandra. (Fall, 1978). ”Why Have You Burned My House: Henrietta Le and the Burning of Bedford“. Virginia Cavalcade. Vol. 28 No. 2, P. 84.

Mitchell, Mary B. (1888). “A Woman’s Recollections of Antietam.”(Under pseudonym “Mary Blunt”) Battles and Leaders. Vol. 2. Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buel (Ed.). New York, NY: Century Co. Print.

Mitchell, Mary B. (1888). “A Woman’s Recollections of Antietam.”(Under pseudonym “Mary Blunt”). Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.p. 689.

A. R. H. Ranson. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review. Vol. 21, No. (4 Oct. 1913), PP. 428-447.– See more:

Peggy Vogtsberger. “This Fine Music.” (NOTE: This program first appeared in an article in Volume 10, No. 4 of The Cannoneer. Sources: Burke Davis, “The Swinging Sweeneys,” The Iron Worker, Autumn, 1969, contributed by Wes Rine. Bob Trout confirmed the dates and information). The linked music is believed to be, but not with certainty, the music played by Sweeney’s orchestra.-JS. civilwarscholars.com 9 June 2011 Web. 5 September 2014.

Harper’s New Monthly Magazine:

Crayon, Porte (Strother, D. H.). “The Mountains – X.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Volume 51. Issue: 304 (September, 1875). pp. 475-486. Print.

Crayon, Porte (Strother, D. H.). “The Mountains – X.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Cornell Digital Library – The Making of America. 19 July 2011. Web. 29 January 2014.– See more:

Crayon, Porte (Strother, D. H.). “The Mountains – IX.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Volume 51. Issue: 304 (July, 1874). pp. 156-168. Print.

Crayon, Porte (Strother, D. H.). “The Mountains – IX.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Cornell Digital Library – The Making of America. 19 July 2011. Web. 29 January 2014.

Strother, David H., “Personal Recollections of the Civil War.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, New York, NY: Harper and Bros. Volume 33, Issue: 193, June, 1866. pp. 7-16. Print.

Strother, David H. (June, 1866). “Personal Recollections of the Civil War.” Harpers Magazine. 7 May 2008. Web. 20 Oct. 2010.p. 12.

pp. 14-16.– See more:

Books:

Adams, Charles S. (1998). “Alexander Robinson Boteler: Wheel Horse of Whiggery, Stonewall’s Courier.” Shepherdstown, WV: Self-published. Print.

Aglionby, Charles. “The Day Book Kept By Charles Aglionby at Mount Pleasant, Charles Town, Jefferson County, Virginia.” 6 March, 1861 to 1 January, 1866.” – Transcribed by Francis John Aglionby (1932-2002). With permission from Julia Aglionby. Available at the Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, WV.

Alexander, Edwin P. (1989). “Fighting for the Confederacy: The Personal Recollections of General Edward Porter Alexander.“ edited by Gary W. Gallagher. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. Print.

Alexander, Edwin P. (1989). “Fighting for the Confederacy: The Personal Recollections of General Edward Porter Alexander.“ Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Tippie Boteler wrote to Lottie August, 1861: “Pa had half-dressed & gone down to the backdoors, at which he found massed bayonets & finding there was no escape went himself to the (front) door, threw it wide open & asked what they meant by coming at that time of night to a gentleman’s house . . .One (enemy soldier) said: ‘You are a very dangerous man.’ Pa said, ‘yes, last night unarmed, barefoot & half-dressed.’” –Anderson, Paul C. (2002). “Blood Image: Turner Ashby in the Civil War and the Southern Mind.” Baton Rouge. LA: Louisiana State University Press.

Anderson, Paul C. (2002). “Blood Image: Turner Ashby in the Civil War and the Southern Mind.” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

p. 180.

Bates, Samuel P.; Richard, J. Fraise. (1887). “History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county, its townships, towns, villages, schools, churches, industries, etc.; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; biographies; history of Pennsylvania, statistical and miscellaneous matter, etc.” Chicago, IL.: Warner, Beers & Co. Print.

Bates, Samuel P.; Richard, J. Fraise. (1887). “History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county, its townships, towns, villages, schools, churches, industries, etc.; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; biographies; history of Pennsylvania, statistical and miscellaneous matter, etc.”Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Beach, William H. (1902). “The First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry From April 19, 1861 to July 7, 1865.” New York, NY: The New York Cavalry Association. Print.

Beach, William H. (1902). “The First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry From April 19, 1861 to July 7, 1865.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.pp. 393-395.

Blackford, William W. (1945). “War Years with Jeb Stuart.” New York, NY: Charles Sons. p. 155. Print.

Blackford, William W. (1945). “War Years with Jeb Stuart.” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Bushong, Millard K.(2007). “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Westminster, MD: Heritage Books. Print.

Bushong, Millard K. “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.p. 188.

Caldwell, J. F. J. (1866). “The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as ‘Gregg’s’ and subsequently as ‘McGowan’s brigade.” Philadelphia, King & Baird, printers.

Caldwell, J. F. J. (1866). “The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as ‘Gregg’s’ and subsequently as ‘McGowan’s brigade.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 18 July 2012.p. 53.

Carman, Ezra A. ( ) “The Maryland Campaign of September, 1862 Vol. II: Antietam.” edited and annotated by Thomas G. Clemens. El Dorado Hill, CA: Savas Beatie. Print.

Casler, John O. (1906). “Four years in the Stonewall Brigade, containing the daily experiences of four year’s service in the ranks from a diary kept at the time.” Marietta, GA: Continental Book Company. Print.

Casler, John O. (1906). “Four years in the Stonewall Brigade, containing the daily experiences of four year’s service in the ranks from a diary kept at the time.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Cooke, John E. (1868). “Mohun; or, The last days of Lee and his paladins.” New York, NY:F. J. Huntington and Co. Print.

Cooke, John E. (1868). “Mohun; or, The last days of Lee and his paladins.” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.The Bower pp. 99-103.

Cummings, Col. Arthur. (1906) “Colonel Cumming’s Account.” Southern Historical Society papers. R. A. Brock (ed). Volume 34. Richmond, VA.: Southern Historical Society. pp. 367-371

Cummings, Col. Arthur. (1906) “Colonel Cumming’s Account.” Southern Historical Society papers. Google Books 15 Aug. 2006 Web. 15 Oct. 2011.

Dandridge, Danske. (1909). “George Michael Bedinger: a Kentucky pioneer.” Charlottesville, Va. Michie Co., printers. pp. 27-29

Dandridge, Danske. (1909). “George Michael Bedinger: a Kentucky pioneer.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 8 July 2013.

(2007). Virginia at War, 1861.” edited by William C. Davis and James I. Robertson, Jr. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. Print.

(2007). Virginia at War, 1861.” edited by William C. Davis and James I. Robertson, Jr. Google Books 15 Aug. 2006 Web. 15 Oct. 2011.p. 147.

Dawes, Rufus R. (1890). “Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers.” Marietta, Ohio:E.R. Alderman & Sons. Print.

Dawes, Rufus R. (1890). “Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 8 July 2013.

Douglas, Henry Kyd. (1940, 1968). “I Rode With Stonewall.” Charlotte, NC: University of North Carolina Press. Print.

Douglas, Henry Kyd. (1940, 1968). “I Rode With Stonewall.” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.p. 3, 5, pp. 6-7; pp. 249-250.

Driver, Robert J. “The 1st and 2nd Light Artillery (Rockbridge Artillery).” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard Publishers. Print.

Jubal Early Recalls His Role in the Burning of Chambersburg – TranscriptLynchburg VA June 1st 1882Dear SirIn reply to your enquiries I have to inform you that the Town of Chambersburg was burned on the same day in which the demand on it was made by McCausland and refused – It was ascertained That a force of the enemy’s cavalry was approaching, and there was no time for delay – Moreover the refusal was peremptory, and there was no reason for delay, unless the demand was a mere idle threat –As to the other enquiry – I had no knowledge of what amount of money there might be in Chambersburg – I knew that it was a town of some Twelve Thousand inhabitants – The Town of Fredrick in Maryland, which was a much smaller town than Chambersburg, had in June very promptly responded to my demand on it for $200.000 – Some of the inhabitants, who were friendly to us, expressed a regret that I had not put my demand at $500,000. There was one or more National Banks at Chambersburg, and the Town ought to have been able to raise the sum I demanded − I soon heard that the refusal was based on inability to pay such a sum, and there was no offer to pay any sum. The value of the houses destroyed & h…[?], with their contents, was fully $100,000 in gold, and at the time I made the demand the price of gold in greenbacks had very nearly reached $3.00, and was going up rapidly. Hence it was that I required the $500,000 in greenbacks, if the gold was not paid. To provide against any further depreciation of the paper money.I would have been fully justified by the laws of retaliation in war, in burning the town, without giving the inhabitants the opportunity of redeeming in.Very Respectfully YoursJ A EarlyEdward W. Bok Esqr.sethkaller.com1 February 2011 Web. 10 December 2014.p. 478.

Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early, C.S.A. (1912). “Autobiographical sketch and narrative of the war between the states.” Philadelphia & London: J. B. Lippincott Company. Print.p. 371.

Eby, Cecil D., Jr. (Ed. and Intro.). (1961). “A Virginia Yankee in the Civil War. The Diaries of David Hunter Strother.” Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. Print.

Eby, Cecil D., Jr. (Ed. and Intro.). (1961). “A Virginia Yankee in the Civil War. The Diaries of David Hunter Strother.”Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 8 July 2013.p. 280.

Evans, Willis, F. (1928). “History of Berkeley County, West Virginia.” Print.

Frye, Dennis E. (1984). “2nd Virginia Infantry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

Frye, Dennis E. (1988). “12th Virginia Cavalry.” Lynchburg, VA: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.– See more:

Frye, Dennis. (2012). “Harpers Ferry Under Fire – A Border Town in the American Civil War.” Virginia Beach, VA: The Donning Company Publishers. Print.

Getzendanner, Anna M. (undated). “A Boy’s Recollections of The Civil War (1861-1865) – The experiences of Augustine C. Morgan, son of Col. William Augustine Morgan.

Gordon, John B. (1903). “Reminiscences of the Civil War.” New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. Print.

Gordon, John B. (1903). “Reminiscences of the Civil War.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 18 July 2012.p. 82.

Hamstead, Elsie. (2000). “One Small Village: Kearneysville 1842-1942.” Hagerstown, MD: Hagerstown Printing. Print.

Hard, Abner, M.D. (1868). “History of the Eighth Cavalry Regiment Illinois Volunteers.” Aurora, Ill.: self-published. p. 190. Print.

Hard, Abner, M.D.(1868). “History of the Eighth Cavalry Regiment Illinois Volunteers.” Google Books. 15 August 2006 Web. 18 July 2012.p. 190.

Harsh, Joseph L. (1999) “Taken At The Flood: Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Strategy in the Maryland Campaign of 1862.” Kent, OH: Kent State University Press. Print.

Hotchkiss, Jedediah. (1973). “Make Me a Map of the Valley The Civil War Journal of Stonewall Jackson’s Topographer.” Edited by Archie P. McDonald. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist University Press. Print.

Hughes, Ted. (Poem). “Crow’s Account of the Battle.” angelfire.com 28 October 1996 Web 24 December, 2012.

James, Anne Hooff Farm Journals, Wednesday, March 12, 1862. – Perry Collection, Charles Town Library.

Johnson, John L. (1971). ”The University Memorial: Biographical Sketches of Alumni of the University of Virginia who Fell in the Confederate War.” Baltimore, MD: Turnbull Brothers. Print.

Kenamond, A. D. (1963) “Prominent Men of Shepherdstown.” Charles Town, WV: Jefferson County Historical Society. Print. pp. 32-33, pp. 35-36, p. 122.

Levin, Alexandra Lee. (1987). “This Awful Drama: General Edwin Gray Lee, C.S.A., And His Family.” New York, NY: Vantage Press. Print.

Lincoln, Abraham To Franklin G. Martindale[c. July 17, 1864?]The property of Charles J. Faulkner is exempt from the order of General David S. Hunter for the burning of the residences of prominent citizens of the Shenandoah Valley in retaliation for the burning of the Governor Bradford’s house in Maryland by the Confederate forces. ABRAHAM LINCOLNCollected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 7. p. 446.quod.lib.umich.edu 12 November 2010 Web. 10 December 2014.

Longstreet, James. (1896). “From Manassas to Appomattox – memoirs of the Civil War in America.” Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott Co. Print.

Mitchell, Mary B. undated. “Memories.” compiled and edited by Nina Mitchell. – Shepherd University Library.

Moore, Edward Alexander. (1907). “The story of a cannoneer under Stonewall Jackson, in which is told the part taken by the Rockbridge artillery in the Army of northern Virginia.” New York, NY; Washington, Neale Publishing Co. Print.

Moore, Edward Alexander. (1907). “The story of a cannoneer under Stonewall Jackson, in which is told the part taken by the Rockbridge artillery in the Army of northern Virginia.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.

pp. 36-38 – George Rust, Alec Boteler singing.

p. 62. – Steve Dandridge

p. 136. – George Bedinger

pp. 156-157. – Sharpsburg, Bedinger Home

Neese, George M. (1911). “Three years in the Confederate horse artillery.” New York, Washington: Neale Publishing Company. Print.

Neese, George M. (1911). “Three years in the Confederate horse artillery.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movie, Music and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.p. 125.

New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Sears, Stephen W. (1983). “Landscape Turned Red – The Battle of Antietam.” Boston, New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Inc. Print.

Sheridan, Philip H. (1888). “Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, General, United States Army.” Volume 1. New York, NY: Jenkins & McCowan. Print.

Sheridan, Philip H. (1888). “Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, General, United States Army.” Volume 1. Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movie, Music and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.pp. 487-488.

Survivors’ Association, 118th (Corn Exchange) Reg’t. P. V. (1888). “History of the Corn Exchange Regiment, 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers, from their first engagement at Antietam to Appomattox. To which is added a record of its organization and a complete roster. Fully illustrated with maps, portraits, and over one hundred illustrations.” J. L. Smith in Philadelphia, PA: J. L. Smith Publishers. Print.

Survivors’ Association, 118th (Corn Exchange) Reg’t. P. V. (1888). “History of the Corn Exchange Regiment, 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers, from their first engagement at Antietam to Appomattox. To which is added a record of its organization and a complete roster. Fully illustrated with maps, portraits, and over one hundred illustrations.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movie, Music and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.p. 642.

Borcke, Heros Von. (1867). “Memoirs of the Confederate war for independence.” Philadelphia, PA.: Lippincott. Print.

Borcke, Heros Von. (1867). “Memoirs of the Confederate war for independence.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 October 2012.

Williams, Alpheus S. (1959). “From the Cannon’s Mouth: The Civil War Letters of General Alpheus S. Williams.” Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press. Print.

Williams, Alpheus S. (1959). “From the Cannon’s Mouth: The Civil War Letters of General Alpheus S. Williams.” books.google.com. 15 August 2006 Web. 18 July 2012.p. 127.

Newspapers:

The Baltimore Sun, September 1, 1849.

The Baltimore Herald, August 2, 1848,

The Lynchburg Virginian, July 21, 1863.

The Baltimore Sun, February 16, 1899. William A. Morgan; Obituary.

Winchester Republican, August 16, 1861.

Virginia Free Press, October 10, 1867.

The Shepherdstown Register, August 8, 1857.

The Shepherdstown Register,, July 27, 1899.

The Shepherdstown Register, October 22, 1914 (Obituary).

The Shepherdstown Register, Oct. 13, 1898 (Obituary).

The Shepherdstown Register, August 26, 1886 (Obituary).

The Shepherdstown Register, May 8, 1903 (Obituary).

Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A Nineteenth Century Romantic,” The Shepherdstown Register, December 21, 1933.

Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A 19th Century Romantic – Home Life at Fountain Rock,” The Shepherdstown Register, January 4, 1934.

Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A Nineteenth Century Romantic – The Story of Alexander R. Boteler’s Capture and Remarkable Escape,” The Shepherdstown Register, January 25, 1934.

Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A Nineteenth Century Romantic – The Fight Near Fountain Rock,” The Shepherdstown Register, February 1, 1934.

Helen Boteler Pendleton, “The Burning of Fountain Rock,” The Shepherdstown Register, February 8, 1934.

Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A Nineteenth Century Romantic – The Fall of Richmond; Surrender at Appomattox,” The Shepherdstown Register, February 15, 1934.

Helen Boteler Pendleton, “A Nineteenth Century Romantic – The Last Quarter Century.”The Shepherdstown Register, February 22, 1934.

Elizabeth Stockton Pendleton. “A Wartime Incident – Fifty years Ago,” Shepherdstown Register, July 16, 1914; also “A Wartime Tragedy,” Shepherdstown Register, March 8, 1934.

Burning of Chambersburg

A letter to the Philadelphia Inquirer dated at Chambersburg on Monday, August 1 says:

The Rebels approach to this place was first heard of about 4 o’clock Saturday morning, when a small force, numbering about sixty five men, under command of Lieutenant H.S. McLain, United States Army, with one piece of artillery, took a position on New England Hill, a short distance above the town, and commenced firing grape and canister into their ranks. This battery kept the enemy in check for two hours while the merchants and business men at once commenced packing up their goods, so that before the arrival of the invaders the most valuable portion of the merchandise had been removed. The little band under Lieutenant McLain harassed the invaders and fought them until they were nearly surrounded.

The battery was withdrawn, and at 6 o’clock the raiders came into town in scattering squads, under that ferocious and unrelenting freebooter, McCausland. Formal possession of the town was taken, and Gen. McCausland made his headquarters in the Franklin house. After this he made a proclamation to the citizens, demanding one hundred thousand dollars in gold, or five hundred thousand dollars in greenbacks.— He threatened to burn the town if the money was not obtained This demand, of course, was not complied with. The Rebel General was evidently aware that the money could not be raised; and he was sure of it affording a pretext to execute the premeditated plan for destroying Chambersburg.

McCausland then allowed his men to scatter in squads over the town, to plunder and ravage the people, and put the torch to whatever buildings they thought proper to burn. Their first move was for the taverns in the town, and here they drank to excess and then visited private residences, and demanded of the occupants certain sums of money, threatening to lay their dwellings in ashes. Some of the citizens saved their residences by complying with their terms: others gave them to understand that they would suffer death rather than give them money. A guard of a half a dozen men had been detailed by the Rebel General to visit the resident of Col. Alexander K McClure, situated about a mile and a half out of town. They did not know the direct locality of Mr. McClure’s residence, and while proceeding on their errand they stopped at the house of Mr. Wm. Eyster, and that gentleman being at home, they inquired of him where the property was located.

Having received a reply, they visited the splendid residence, ordered Mrs. McClure, who was very sick at the time, out of the house, stole everything that was of value, and burned the house. They next proceeded to the barn, which was well filled with wheat, and this structure shared the same fate. They were not aware that Mr. McClure had several other building and barns in the immediate neighborhood, or they would surely have been destroyed. Mrs. McClure, although sick, was obliged to walk nearly eleven miles. The Colonel had left the place before the Rebels entered, and had gone to Harrisburg. His loss will not fall short of £50,000.

The Government Commissary store house, the Court House, three printing offices, one belonging to the German Reformed Church, where the German Reformed Messenger and a German paper were printed; the office of the Franklin Repository, and the office of the Valley Spirit; all hotels, grocery stores, and the principal portion of the town was, a few hours after they commenced their hellish work, one mass of ruins. In all, there have been about two hundred and fifty buildings destroyed. At the time of the fire, a strong breeze was prevailing and the flames spread in every direction.

It was really heart rending to see the women, almost frantic, running to and fro, begging the miserable wretches to cease the work of destruction. Children were running in every direction seeking for their parents, while the women were crying and hunting for their children who could not be found. Families were rushing from their homes, without anything that they could call their own; except the clothing they had upon their backs, to seek security in the desolated fields around the town. The appeals of the old and helpless were heard above the noise of the conflagration, and this only served to elicit the scorn and derision of the freebooters, who came for the infamous purpose of laying this once beautiful town in ruins. – Philadelphia Inquirer, August 1, 1864.whilbr.org 4 October 2003 Web. 10 December 2014.

Genealogybank.com (Subscription service):

The Tournament at ShannondaleDate: Saturday, September 1, 1849 Paper: Sun (Baltimore, MD) Volume: XXV Issue: 91 Page: 1. This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by News Bank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004.genealogybank.com 11 October 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

Date: Wednesday, August 3, 1864 Paper: Rocky Mountain News (Denver, CO) Page: 2This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by News Bank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004.genealogybank.com 11 October 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

The Pennsylvania Raid. Scenes at Chambersburg–Atrocities of the Rebels–Excitement in the Cumberland ValleyDate: Tuesday, August 2, 1864 Paper: Evening Post (New York, NY) Volume: 65 Page: 3This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by News Bank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004.genealogybank.com 11 October 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

Gen Hunter’s Order-Mosby RetaliatesDate: Thursday, July 7, 1864 Paper: Daily True Delta (New Orleans, LA) Volume: XXIX Issue: 194 Page: 1This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by News Bank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004.genealogybank.com 11 October 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

Date: Thursday, August 25, 1864 Paper: Charleston Mercury (Charleston, SC) Page: 1This entire product and/or portions thereof are copyrighted by News Bank and/or the American Antiquarian Society. 2004.genealogybank.com 11 October 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

Barbarism in WarDate: Saturday, August 6, 1864 Paper: Columbian Register (New Haven, CT) Volume: LII Issue: 2698 Page: 2genealogybank.com 11 October 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

Horror’s of WarDate: Saturday, August 6, 1864 Paper: Cincinnati Daily Enquirer (Cincinnati, OH) Volume: XXIX Issue: 202 Page: 1genealogybank.com 11 October 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

Jed Morrison, “Sheridan’s Ride” The New York Times Opinionator, October 21, 2014.opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com 11 November Web. 10 December 2014.

Official Records of the War of the Rebellion:

1. Volume XXVII – in Three Parts. 1889. (Vol. 27, Chap. 39)Chapter XXXIX – Operations in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Department of the East. June 3-August 3, 1863.Part I – ReportsPart II – ReportsPart III – Correspondence, etc.ebooks.library.cornell.edu 11 May 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.Part II, p. 530.

2. Jonathan Letterman. Report. – U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. (1861-1865) Part I. Volume I. Medical History. (1st Medical volume).” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

p. 855(p. 98 in Appendix). Reference to cared for Confederates just prior to “Table X.”

3. Title: The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 37 (Part II). pp. 374-375.

4. The actual order came from Gen. Grant:General Grant to Gen. Halleck – order stating “a crow would have to carry its own provender” on July 14, 1864: OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol. 40, Part 3 (Richmond, Petersburg); Chapter LII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION. If the enemy has left Maryland, as I suppose he has, he should have upon his heels veterans, militiamen, men on horseback, and everything that can be got to follow to eat out Virginia clear and clean as far as they go, so that crows flying over it for the balance of this season will have to carry their provender with them. –ebooks.library.cornell.edu 11 May 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.p. 223.

5. On July 14, 1864, Grant wired Army Chief of Staff Henry Halleck in Washington that a force should be assembled in the valley “to eat out Virginia clear and clean … so that crows flying over it for the balance of the season will have to carry their provender with them.” To accomplish that purpose, Grant recommended to the War Department the consolidation of four military departments into a single army, staffing it with 32,000 seasoned troops: the formidable Army of the Shenandoah. Now it needed a capable commander.

6. Volume XXXVII – in Two Parts. 1891. (Vol. 37, Chap. 49)Chapter XLIX – Operations in Northern West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. May 1-August 3, 1864.Part II – Union and Confederate Correspondence, etc.D. HUNTER, Major- General. SPECIAL ORDERS, HDQRS. DEPT. OF WEST VIRGINIA, No. 128. Harpers Ferry, W. Va., July 17, 1864. I. Capt. F. G. Martindale, First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry, will proceed with the cavalry under his command to Charlestown, W. Va., and burn the dwelling-house and outbuildings of Andrew Hunter, not permitting anything to be taken therefrom except the family. II. Capt. F. G. Martindale, First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry, will proceed with the cavalry under his command via Charlestown to Martinsburg, W. Va., and burn the dwelling-house and outbuildings of Charles J. Faulkner, not permitting anything to be taken therefrom except the family. III. Brig. Gen. W. W. Averell. U. S. Volunteers, will immediately proceed to Martinsburg, W. Va., and assume command of that place keeping with him one brigade of General Crooks infantry and his own cavalry force. General Crook having been ordered out of the department, General Averell will hereafter report direct to the commanding general of the department, and will keep him advised daily of the situation of affairs about Martinsburg. As soon as General Averell’s command arrives at Martinsburg, he will proceed to Winchester and attack the enemy at that place if his force is considered sufficient..By order of Major-General Hunter: [CHAS. G. HALPINE,] Assistant Adjutant- General. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF WEST VIRGINIA, –ebooks.library.cornell.edu 11 May 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.pp. 367-368.

7. FREDERICK, July 15, 1864. (Via Monocacy. Received 8 a. in.) Hon. E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War: Captain Martindale, First New York Cavalry, of General Hunters army, here on reconnaissance with sixty men, left Martinsburg Wednesday 11 a. m. General Crook had arrived at Cherry Run with his division. General Hunter was then at Cumberland, marching this way. He was without doubt at Martinsburg Thursday evening. Captain Martindale says the men are wearied and foot sore; the cavalry much exhausted. I think your dispatches will get to General Hunter as soon as 6 o’clock this a.m., if Lieutenant Wyckoff gets along safely. If I can telegraph from Harpers Ferry I will send forward the cipher dispatch, following it myself. No enemy in this part of the State. When Captain Martindale left Martinsburg a force of 1,000 rebel cavalry were guarding a train of wagons, cattle, and plunder of all kinds, then at Winchester. He was too weak to feel or attack them. N. P. CHIPMAN, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp.ebooks.library.cornell.edu 11 May 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.p. 343.

8. CAMDEN STATION, Baltimore, July 18, 1864. (Received 8.30 pm.)

Hon. E. M. STANTON: I have just received the following report from our engineer at Harpers Ferry:

“I called to see General Hunter this morning and asked him to send a force upon the line of our road between Harpers Ferry and Opequon, to enable us to relay the track and get road open. He replied: ‘Will send a force in a day or two.’ He also stated that he had burned Andrew Hunters residence at Charlestown, and had given orders to burn Faulkner’s house at Martinsburg, and that it is his intention if he finds guerrillas at Charlestown to burn that town; and as Clarke County only polled two votes against the ordinance of secession, he will burn every house in the county.”

If this course is pursued I apprehend such retaliation will follow as will largely add to the losses and sufferings of our border. . . – John W. Garrett, president of the Baltimore & Ohio RailroadTitle: The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 37 (Part II).ebooks.library.cornell.edu 11 May 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.pp. 374-375.

9. 8,000 men by Mary 23, 1861Report of Inspection made at Harper’s Ferry, Va. by Lieut. Col. George Deas, Inspector General C. S. Army. May 23, 1861.Title: The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 2Author: United States. War Dept., John Sheldon Moody, Calvin Duvall Cowles, Frederick Caryton Ainsworth, Robert N. Scott, Henry Martyn Lazelle, George Breckenridge Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph William Kirkleyebooks.library.cornell.edu 11 May 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.pp. 867-870.

10. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 – Volume 43 (Part II),ebooks.library.cornell.edu 11 May 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.p. 308.

Unauthored:

1. The Cohongaroota, Shepherd College. 1915. pp. 97-98.

2. Between 300 and 400 dwellings were burned, leaving at least 2, 500 persons without a home or a hearth. In value, three-fourths of the town were destroyed. The scene of desolation must be seen to be appreciated. Crumbling walls, stacks of chimneys and smoking embers, are all that remain of once elegant and happy homes. As to the scene itself, it beggars description. My own residence being on the outskirts, and feeling it the call of duty to be with my family, I could only look on from without. The day was sultry and calm, not a breath stirring:, and each column of smoke rose black, straight and single, first one, and then another, and another, and another, until the columns blended and commingled; and then one vast and lurid column of smoke and flame rose perpendicular to the sky, and spread out into a vast crown, like a cloud of sackcloth hanging over the doomed city; whilst the roar and the surging, the crackling and the crash of falling timbers and walls broke upon the still air with a fearful dissonance, and the screams and sounds of agony of burning animals, hogs and cows and horses, made the welkin horrid with the sounds of woe. It was a scene to be witnessed and heard once in a life-time.”

Slowly the men of Averill rode up the ruined street.And warm were the cobble stones beneath their tir’d horses’ feet;High o’er their heads and banners, upward iu eddying whirls,Above the blacken’d buildings the smothering smoke-cloud curls.‘To their right and left lay ruins, the marks of rebel rage,‘Twas a scene of desolation, a blot on history’s page.Homeless were maid and mother, and houseless were son and sire.No sheltering roof to shield them, surrounded all by fire;And most harmonious music to those so helpless madeWere the sounds of Union trappings, the clatter of the blade.Loudly they greeted the troopers with joyful shout and cheer,But silently sat the soldiers, amid the scene so drear;Warm were the stones beneath their steeds, and warm their welcome, too,And warm with a thirst for vengeance each soldier’s heart then grew.– pp. 386-389

Unauthored. (1887). “History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania, containing a history of the county, its townships, towns, villages, schools, churches, industries, etc.; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; biographies; history of Pennsylvania, statistical and miscellaneous matter, etc.” Chicago, IL>:Warner, Beers & Co. Print.

Unauthored. (1887). “History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania, containing a history of the county, its townships, towns, villages, schools, churches, industries, etc.; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; biographies; history of Pennsylvania, statistical and miscellaneous matter, etc.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.pp. 382-389.

4. Census Records & Jefferson County Death Records:

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850 and 1860, Virginia.” Slave Schedules – Jefferson County, Virginia.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia.” [microform] (Volume Reel 0953 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Free Schedules – Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia.” [microform] (Volume Reel 0953 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Free Schedules – Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011. – p. 359B.

Ancestry.com (Subscription service):

1870 United States Federal Census about Hugh N PendletonName: Hugh N PendletonAge in 1870: 70Birth Year: abt 1800Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1870: Grant, Jefferson, West VirginiaRace: WhiteGender: MalePost Office: Charles TownName AgeHugh N Pendleton 70Elizabeth Pendleton 56Robert N Pendleton 23Kenneth Pendleton 17Faney Pendleton 22Alexander Pendleton 0Lucy Diggs 69Hugh T Slow 37Millie Slow 30Mary Slow 7Ellen Slow 3Lizzie Slow 3/12James Evans 69search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1870 United States Federal Census about Edmund I LeeName: Edmund I Lee[Edmund J Lee]Age in 1870: 73Birth Year: abt 1797Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1870: Chapline, Jefferson, West VirginiaRace: WhiteGender: MalePost Office: ShepherdstownValue of real estate: View imageHousehold Members:Name AgeEdmund I Lee 73Henrietta Lee 60Edwin G Lee 34Susan P Lee 30Edmond T R Lee 25Hary B Lee 21Alice Smith 18

NO MATCH IN 1850 Census1870 United States Federal Census about Philip Thornton (in the Poor House)Name: Philip ThorntonAge in 1870: 79Birth Year: abt 1791Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1870: Southern District, Loudoun, VirginiaRace: BlackGender: MalePost Office: UnisonValue of real estate: View imageHousehold Members:Name AgeAdaline Poland 31Sarah Poland 1Ruth Shores 72Edith West 72Catharine Novel 70Eliza Whiton 37Susan Whiton 7Edward Whiton 5Alexander Whiton 1Mary J Dustins 28Laura Dustins 3James Leonis 70Isaac Fears 75Simon Peters 44Benjamin Sinclair 75Joshua Hartman 45John Hunt 50George Novel 65Henson Novel 60Nancy Williams 70Rachael Walker 77Matilda Hill 77Mary Popkins 32Charles Popkins 3Sarah Popkins 28Robert Popkins 5Richard Malberry 50Philip Thornton 79search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1860 United States Federal Census about Helen ThorntonName: Helen ThorntonAge in 1860: 47Birth Year: abt 1813Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1860: Charlestown, Jefferson, VirginiaRace: MulattoGender: FemalePost Office: CharlestownValue of real estate: View imageHousehold Members:Name AgeThomas Thornton 40Helen Thornton 47search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1850 United States Federal Census about Helen ThorntonName: Helen ThorntonAge: 35Birth Year: abt 1815Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1850: Charlestown, Jefferson, VirginiaRace: MulattoGender: FemaleFamily Number: 183Household Members:Name AgeThomas Thornton 30Helen Thornton 35James Brady 17Caroline Brady 14John H Thornton 10search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1870 United States Federal Census about Peggy Washington*Name: Peggy WashingtonAge in 1870: 60Birth Year: abt 1810Birthplace: West VirginiaHome in 1870: Shepherdstown, Jefferson, West VirginiaRace: MulattoGender: FemalePost Office: ShepherdstownHousehold Members:Name AgeGeorge Hunter 21Susan Hunter 25Peggy Washington 60Gennie Washington 12Mary Powell 16search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Grandson (one of three grandsons along with Thompson and George to Peggy Washington) Washer woman at Bedford)1920 United States Federal Census about William WashingtonName: William WashingtonAge: 85Birth Year: abt 1835Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1920: Las Vegas, Clark, NevadaStreet: Third StreetHouse Number: XRace: BlackGender: MaleRelation to Head of House: HeadMarital Status: MarriedSpouse’s Name: Ella WashingtonFather’s Birthplace: United States of AmericaMother’s Birthplace: United States of AmericaHousehold Members:Name AgeWilliam Washington 85Ella Washington 68George Washington 31Howard Washington 23search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Grandson (one of three grandsons along with William and George to Peggy Washington) Washer woman at Bedford)1870 United States Federal Census about Thompson WashingtonName: Thompson WashingtonAge in 1870: 35Birth Year: abt 1835Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1870: Southern District, Loudoun, VirginiaRace: BlackGender: MalePost Office: MiddleburgThompson Washington 35Virginia Washington 25Franklin Washington 2search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

OR

1880 United States Federal Census about Thompson WashingtonName: Thompson WashingtonAge: 50Birth Year: abt 1830Birthplace: VirginiaHome in 1880: Mercer, Loudoun, VirginiaRace: BlackGender: MaleRelation to Head of House: Self (Head)Marital Status: MarriedSpouse’s Name: Ann E. WashingtonFather’s Birthplace: VirginiaMother’s Birthplace: VirginiaNeighbors: View others on pageOccupation: Works On FarmHousehold Members:Name AgeThompson Washington 50*Ann E. Washington 25William F. Washington 12Burr H. Washington 10Sarabetta Washington 6Oreanna Washington 5Richard L. Washington 3Ella L. Washington 4msearch.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1880 United States Federal Census about Hannah ThorntonName: Hannah Thornton (not matched by age to those listed in either the 1850 or 1860 Enslaved Census for Boteler)Age: 55Birth Year: abt 1825Birthplace: West VirginiaHome in 1880: Stockton, Camden, New JerseyRace: BlackGender: FemaleMarital Status: WidowedFather’s Birthplace: West VirginiaMother’s Birthplace: West Virginiasearch.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1900 United States Federal Census about Lewis W ThorntonName: Lewis W Thornton (matches to five-year-old male enslaved with Boteler in 1860 Enslaved Census).[James W Thornton]Age: 45Birth Date: Dec 1854Birthplace: West VirginiaHome in 1900: Falling Waters, Berkeley, West VirginiaRace: BlackGender: MaleRelation to Head of House: HeadMarital Status: MarriedSpouse’s Name: Susan V ThorntonMarriage Year: 1876Years Married: 24Father’s Birthplace: VirginiaMother’s Birthplace: West VirginiaOccupation: View on ImageNeighbors: View others on pageHousehold Members:Name AgeLewis W Thornton 45Susan V Thornton 42George A Thornton 23Charles W Thornton 19Susen E Thornton 15Mary L Thornton 12Margie S Thornton 10James W Thornton 6Laura V Thornton 8Joseph B Thornton 2Eliza E Thornton 0/12George W Thornton 39search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1880 United States Federal Census about John Thornton (Matches to ten-year old male at Boteler’s 1850 Slave Schedule)Name: John ThorntonAge: 40Birth Year: abt 1840Birthplace: West VirginiaHome in 1880: Charlestown, Jefferson, West VirginiaRace: BlackGender: MaleRelation to Head of House: Self (Head)Marital Status: MarriedSpouse’s Name: Nancy ThorntonFather’s Birthplace: West VirginiaMother’s Birthplace: West VirginiaNeighbors: View others on pageOccupation: PlastererName AgeJohn Thornton 40Nancy Thornton 39Rebecca Thornton 12Lucien Thornton 15Hannah Thornton 10Polly Thornton 8Juda Thornton 5Mary F. Thornton 1search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

West Virginia, Deaths Index, 1853-1973 about Margt. Bunkins (Sister L. McKenna)Name: Margt. Bunkins (Matches 18- or 20- year old female enslaved peson with Boteler in 1860 Census)Birth Date: abt 1841Birth Place: VirginiaDeath Date: 8 Jun 1871Death Place: Chas. Tp., Jefferson Co., West VirginiaDeath Age: 30Occupation: ServantRace: BlackMarital Status: MarriedGender: FemaleSpouse Name: Nelson or Wilson Bunkinssearch.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1880 United States Federal Census about Kittie BunkinsName: Kittie Bunkins (not born yet for listing of enslaved with Boteler in 1860 Enslaved Census).Age: 20Birth Year: abt 1860Birthplace: West VirginiaHome in 1880: Potomac, Jefferson, West VirginiaRace: BlackGender: FemaleMarital Status: SingleFather’s Birthplace: West VirginiaMother’s Birthplace: West Virginiasearch.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

West Virginia, Deaths Index, 1853-1973 about Fanni BunkinsName: Fannie BunkinsBirth Date: abt 1854Birth Place: VirginiaDeath Date: 16 Jun 1869Death Place: Shepherd, Jefferson Co., West VirginiaDeath Age: 15Occupation: NoneRace: BlackMarital Status: SingleGender: FemaleFather Name: WilsonMother Name: Margt. Bunkinssearch.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

1880 United States Federal Census about Wm. Bunkins (also in 24 USCT)Name: Wm. Bunkins (matches with 19-year-old male with Boteler in 1860 Enslaved Census).Age: 40Birth Year: abt 1840Birthplace: West VirginiaHome in 1880: Potomac, Jefferson, West VirginiaRace: BlackGender: MaleMarital Status: WidowerFather’s Birthplace: West VirginiaMother’s Birthplace: West VirginiaNeighbors: View others on pageOccupation: Laborersearch.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index, 1850-1880 about Abram Negro DixonSurname: Abram Negro DixonBirth: Jan. 1, 1814Death: Feb. 24, 1880Year: 1880County: Jefferson CO.State: WVAge: 65Gender: M (Male)Month of Death: JanState of Birth: WVID#: 197_85543Occupation: LABORERCause of Death: TREE FELLsearch.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Dixon left a large family and his widow:1880 United States Federal Census about Abram DixonName: Abram Dixon Jr.Age: 15Birth Year: abt 1865Birthplace: West VirginiaHome in 1880: Shepherdstown, Jefferson, West VirginiaRace: BlackGender: MaleRelation to Head of House: SonMarital Status: SingleFather’s Birthplace: West VirginiaMother’s name: (L)Sucy DixonMother’s Birthplace: West VirginiaNeighbors: View others on pageOccupation: Farm LaborerName AgeLucy Dixon 58Robert Dixon 33Albert Dixon 31Harris Dixon 26Samuel Dixon 23David Dixon 21Jessie Dixon 17Abram Dixon 15Carrie Dixon 10search.ancestry.com 10 July 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Fold3.com (Subscription service):

Census – US Federal 1860National Archives Catalog Title: Population Schedules for the 1860 Census, compiled 1860 – 1860Record Group: 29. Short Description: NARA M653. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedules.Roll: 1355. Virginia › Jefferson › [Blank] › Pages 26-27NamesBoteler, Alexander R (b. ~1815)Boteler, Helen McComb Stockton (b. 1815)Angelica Peale (b. 1839)Boteler, Helen Mc C (b. ~1841)Boteler, Charlotte R (b. ~1845)fold3.com 16 September 2011 Web. 10 December 2014.

Census – US Federal 1860Census – US Federal 1860National Archives Catalog Title: Population Schedules for the 1860 Census, compiled 1860 – 1860Record Group: 29. Short Description: NARA M653. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedules.Roll: 1355. … Virginia › Jefferson › Shepherdstown › Page 94NamesBoteler, Margie (b. ~1840)Boteler, Mary M (b. ~1845)Boteler, Ann H (b. ~1817)fold3.com 16 September 2011 Web. 10 December 2014.

Census – US Federal 1860National Archives Catalog Title: Population Schedules for the 1860 Census, compiled 1860 – 1860Record Group: 29. Short Description: NARA M653. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedules.Roll: 1355. Virginia › Jefferson › [Blank] › Page 27

Caroline B. Bedinger (b. 1828)George Rust Bedinger (b. 1841)Virginia Rust Bedinger (b. 1842)Mary (b. 1851)Henry (b. 1854)Caroline (b. 1856)Fannie Griffith (b. 1841) teacherfold3.com 16 September 2011 Web. 10 December 2014.

Civil War Service Records – National Archive & Records Administration – (NARA):

Franklin G. Martindale Captain, 1st New York Cavalry Service NotePublication Title: Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of New YorkContent Source: NARAContent Partner: NARASource Publication Year: 1965Fold3 Publication Year: 2011Record Group: 94fold3.com 16 September 2011 Web. 10 December 2014.

Link to service records of Henry, Charles and Alexander Boteler, Jr. at fold3.com. (two may be sons of ARB’s brother Henry.fold3.com 16 September 2011 Web. 10 December 2014.

New York 1st Cavalry Rosterdmna.ny.gov 30 January 2012 Web. 10 December 2014.

Findagrave.com:

Helen Stockton BotelerBirth: Mar. 11, 1815Death: Feb. 15, 1891findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Alexander Robinson Boteler (of Bright’s disease)Birth: May 16, 1815Death: May 8, 1892findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Mary “Pink” Boteler MasonBirth: Oct., 1848Death: Feb. 9, 1894findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Dudley Digges Pendleton (husband Helen Macomb Boteler)Birth: Mar. 2, 1840Louisa CountyVirginia, USADeath: Aug. 24, 1886findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Helen Stockton BotelerBirth: Mar. 11, 1815Death: Feb. 15, 1891findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Alexander Robinson Boteler (of Bright’s disease)Birth: May 16, 1815Death: May 8, 1892findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Mary “Pink” Boteler MasonBirth: Oct., 1848Death: Feb. 9, 1894findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Virginia (Diddy) Bedinger MichieBirth: 1842Death: 1919findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Helen Boteler PendletonBirth: Apr. 2, 1867Death: Sep. 27, 1955findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Helen Macomb Boteler PendletonBirth: May 4, 1840Death: Oct. 20, 1914findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Elizabeth Stockton PendletonBirth: Feb. 24, 1871Death: Feb. 28, 1916findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 10 December 2014.

Other Web Sources:

Web site of the Civil War Preservation Trust. Battle Maps.civilwar.org/battlefields/ 27 June 2009 Web. 10 December 2014.

Dudley Digges PendletonBirthdate: March 2, 1840Death: Died August 24, 1886Immediate Family:Son of Hugh Nelson Pendleton and Elizabeth Frances Mann DiggesHusband of Helen M. BotelerBrother of Robert Nelson Pendleton; Kenneth Murray Pendleton and Kenneth Murray PendletonHalf brother of Julia Nelson Allengeni.com 3 March 2000 Web. 10 December 2014.

Julia Pendleton Allen Civil War Letter.A Confederate Officer’s Wife in Winchester, VirginiaCollection note:The original letter is privately owned. The owner provided the VMI Archives with a copy of the original and granted us permission to publish the letter on our website, so that its content could be made available to researchers.vmi.edu 25 December 2001 Web. 10 December 2014.

National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data: National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, onlinenps.gov April 2012 Web. 10 December 2014.

James Walkenshaw Allen – VMI Historic Rosters Databasevmi.edu 25 December 2001 Web. 10 December 2014.

Great Seal of the Confederate States of Americawikipedia.org 2 December 2003 Web. 10 December 2014.

Berkeley County, West Virginia Biography of Mary Boyd FAULKNERMary Boyd FAULKNER was the daughter of General Elisha Boyd, who purchased the location of “Boydville” from General Adam Stephen, the founder of Martinsburg, and moved his family into it in August 1812. At the death of General Boyd in 1844, that property, with a large farm adjoining it, was willed to his daughter, Mary Boyd, who married Charles James Faulkner.There is an interesting story about how, in July 1864, during the Civil War when Charles Faulkner was being held prisoner of State of the United States Government, and both her sons, Charles and Boyd Faulkner, were serving in the Confederate Army, Mary was the sole protector of her home when Union troops came to “Boydville” with orders to “burn Boydville to the ground.” General Hunter, who then commanded the Federal forces in the Valley of Virginia, ordered Captain Martindale of a New York Cavalry Company to proceed to burn the home of his uncle, Andrew Hunter of Charles Town, the home of A.R. Boteler of Shepherdstown, and “Boydville,” the home of Charles James Faulkner. After the burning of the two former places, refusing to allow anything except the personal clothing of the inhabitants to be removed, early in the morning, General Averill, who was then in command of the forces at Martinsburg, notified Mrs. Faulkner that Captain Martindale, with a squad of cavalrymen, was on his way to carry out the orders of General Hunter and that all articles that were absolutely essential to their comfort should be removed from the house. Nothing was done, however, by Mrs. Faulkner in accumulating their articles and about 9 o’clock, after two hours of suspense, Mrs. Pierce, who was on the front porch, noticed a body of cavalrymen riding up the lawn drive from the street. When this body reached the point of 50 yards from the house it was halted and two of the men dismounted, one of them Captain Martindale. When he reached the porch he asked whether she was Mrs. Faulkner and was informed that it was not, but her daughter. He replied, “I want to see Mrs. Faulkner.” The Captain was then shown into the drawing room and when Mrs. Faulkner appeared, Captain Martindale remarked, “This is a fine old place.”

Mrs. Faulkner replied, “Do you want to see me, Sir?” He said, “I have called to inform you, Madam, that I have orders from General Hunter to burn ‘Boydville’ to the ground.” Mrs. Faulkner replied, “Will you let me see your orders?” “No, Madam, my order is a sealed one.” “Perhaps you will, however, let me see it,” Mrs. Faulkner said. The Captain then took the order from his pocket and read: “You are ordered to burn the property of Charles J. Faulkner to the ground and everything in it.” “Give me one hour’s notice,” Mrs. Faulkner replied. “This is not the property of Mr. Faulkner and neither you nor General Hunter will dare to put a torch to this house. It was given to me by my father, General Boyd, who was an officer in the War of 1812.” At this moment, two of Mrs. Faulkner’s nephews, Judge Edmond Pendleton and Dr. E. Boyd Pendleton, walked into the room and had an interview with Captain Martindale. Both of these gentlemen were Union men. When the contents of the order of Captain Martindale became known in the town, great sympathy was expressed by the people of Martinsburg and an indignation meeting was held to protest against the execution of the order. Through the influence of General Averill, the matter was suspended for a short time and with the assistance of Mrs. Faulkner’s nephews and others, a telegram was sent by the kindness of General Averill to Hagerstown, by courier, addressed to General Cullum, Chief of General Halleck’s staff, and an old friend of the family, requesting him to lay the subject before President Lincoln, with the request that the order of General Hunter be countermanded.

Suspense of the family during the intervening between the sending of the message and the reply to it was exceedingly painful. About the hour when, under the orders of Captain Martindale, the torch was to be applied, all were anxiously watching the entrance to the lawn for the return or the courier with a reply which would save the home or lay it in ashes. When the soldiers had commenced their preparations to burn the building, the anxious eyes that were watching the entrance to the lawn saw a man riding rapidly towards the house holding in his hand an envelope. On reaching the pavement that led down to the driveway, he dismounted and came rapidly to the porch and presented Mrs. Faulkner with an envelope addressed to Captain Martindale, which she turned over to him and, when opened, contained the following message from the President: “The property of Charles J. Faulkner is exempt from the order of General David S. Hunter for the burning of the residences of prominent citizens of the Shenandoah Valley in retaliation for the burning of the Governor Bradford’s house in Maryland by the Confederate forces. Signed Abraham Lincoln.”

Captain Martindale raised his cap in salutation and walking down to where he had left his men, gave orders which put them in their saddles and in a moment he and his men were clattering down the avenue to the street.

The carved mantels and doorways of Boydville were brought from England. When the house was first built, the grass plots on each side of the brick pavement in front were surrounded by a high fence of old English brick — later these were taken down and replaced by hedges of boxwood which were killed by the zero weather of the severe winter of 1914. A high brick wall also enclosed the grounds in front of the entrance on the street. The garden walls, 6 feet in height, were standing in 1928, in a perfect condition as originally built in 1812.

Many distinguished guests were entertained at Boydville, among them: Henry Clay, who held in his arms and blessed the owner, former Senator Charles J. Faulkner, when he was just 5 months old; Mr. Bancroft, the historian; two vice presidents of the U.S., Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois and Charles W. Fairbanks of Indiana; Sir Louis Davies, Sir Wilfred Laurier, and Sir Richard Cartwright, representatives of Great Britain when the Anglo-American Commission, of which Senator Faulkner was a member, met; Hon. John W. Foster, former Secretary of State; Hon Nelson Dingley, Chairman of the Ways and Means Committee of the House of Representatives; and T. DeWitt Talmage.

Mary Boyd Faulkner died in 1894 and was buried beside her husband, Charles James Faulkner, in the private burial grounds adjoining Norborn Cemetery.

Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from History of Berkeley County, West Virginia, 1928.rootsweb.ancestry.com 20 March 2008 Web. 10 December 2014.

Jasper Thompson’s Destiny Day September 6, 1906 by Jim Surkamp with Monique Crippen-Hopkins

VIDEO: Jasper Thompson’s Destiny Day September 6, 1906 by Jim Surkamp with Monique Crippen-Hopkins 2:53:13

A River of Story in 25 Chapters by Jim Surkamp (See links to each chapter). NO VOICE OVER 4:05:39

CHAPTER 1 OF 25 CHAPTERS: Jasper Thompson’s Destiny Day September 6, 1906

TRT: 3:19 Video link: https://youtu.be/KSXoj0c5My4#t=0m0s

FLICKR 26 images
https://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/albums/72157688726719796

541 words.

https://web.archive.org/web/20190612202411/https://civilwarscholars.com/2017/09/chapter-1-the-thompsons-the-washingtons-by-jim-surkamp/

With support from American Public University System (apus.edu). (The sentiments expressed do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of APUS, and are intended to encourage fact-based exchange for a better understanding of our nation’s foundational values.

AN EXPLANATION

CHAPTER 1 – THE THOMPSONS & THE WASHINGTONS

A River of Story by Jim Surkamp

This very American story begins over two hundred years ago on family farms in today’s Jefferson County, owned by Washington family and worked for generations by the Thompson family.

The images and text tell the story – we give where the numbered images came from, accompanied by music mostly by Shana Aisenberg and Cam Millar and with assorted soundscapes.

Family historian Monique Crippen-Hopkins
“That is a family mystery. We only know from oral history that his horse brought him
home. “We never found out anything else. . .”

References:

Monique Crippen-Hopkins

Image Credits:

1. A River of Story by Jim Surkamp

2. This is a radical re-imagining of Jasper Thompson’s Destiny Day to better show you how it was created and to enhance music and image. FINAL

3. Chapter 1: FINAL
4. The Thompsons & the Washingtons FINAL
5. Music by Shana Aisenberg FINAL

5.1 TITLE This very American story begins over two hundred years ago on family farms in today’s Jefferson County, owned by Washington family and worked for generations by the Thompson family.FINAL

6.The Thompsons & the Washingtons Montage FINAL

6.1 The Thompsons & the Washingtons (Monique) FINAL

6.2 The Thompsons & the Washingtons (Blakeley) FINAL

6.3 The Thompsons & the Washingtons (Claymont Court) FINAL

6.4 The Thompsons & the Washingtons (Prospect Hill) FINAL

CREDIT:

Monique Crippen-Hopkins; Google Maps aerial SW of Charles Town, WV;

Blakeley – Wayland, John W. (1944). “The Washingtons and their homes.” hathitrust.org 26 August 2015 Web. 20 September 2016. p. 226.

Prospect Hill – Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society/Pre-Revolutionary Structures and Sites In Jefferson County. Part I
[Schley, Linnie] 1975 Volume:41 Page(s):12-53

Claymont Court, Charles town, W. Va. postcard –
pinterest.com 2 February 2010 Web. 10 January 2017.

7. Tombstone marker in Gibsontown/Fairview Cemetery, Charles Town, WV of Jasper Thompson – courtesy Monique Crippen-Hopkins FINAL

8. Video of 156 Gibsontown Road and environs – Jim Surkamp FINAL

9. Dolly Thompson working in her backyard early 1900s; Jasper Thompson, about 1890s – courtesy Monique Crippen Hopkins. FINAL

10. Dolly Thompson (on table) – Monique Crippen-Hopkins FINAL

11. Jasper Thompson in a suit Montage FINAL

11.1 Jasper Thompson in a suit (Monique Crippen-Hopkins) FINAL

11.2 Jasper Thompson in a suit (line art of flag) FINAL

11.3 Jasper Thompson in a suit (entire source page – line art of flag) FINAL

CREDIT:

Line art of American flag – Miller, Francis Trevelyan. (1912). “The photographic history of the civil war in ten volumes.” Vol. 2. Internet Archives archive.org p. 26.

12. TITLE September 6, 1906 FINAL

13. We only know from oral history (Monique) FINAL

14. That his horse brought him home Montage FINAL

14.1 That his horse brought him home (Biscoe entire image) FINAL

14.2 That his horse brought him home (Monique Crippen Hopkins Family historian) FINAL

CREDIT:

Title: Charles Town, Near View Looking Northeast ID No.: 028078
West Virginia & Regional History Center. Date: 1884/08/01. Description: Gen. no. 120, neg. by Biscoe, Thomas, and Walter. No. 49. Date 1884, August 1. 5:45 P.M. wvhistoryonview.org 9 October 2010 Web. 20 June 2016.

15. Augustine Avenue, Charles Town, WV 2016 – by Jim Surkamp FINAL


CHAPTER 2: Prospect Hill & 3 Brothers Washington: Click Here https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/chapter-2-prospect-hill-and-three-brothers-washington-by-jim-surkamp/

CHAPTER 2 – Prospect Hill and Three Brothers Washington by Jim Surkamp.

932 words.

TRT: 3:42 Video link: https://youtu.be/KSXoj0c5My4#t=3m19s

https://web.archive.org/web/20190612203644/https://civilwarscholars.com/2017/09/chapter-2-prospect-hill-three-brothers-washington-by-jim-surkamp/

FLICKR 19 images
https://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/albums/72157686233129471

With support from American Public University System (apus.edu). The sentiments expressed do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of APUS, and are intended to encourage fact-based exchange for a better understanding of our nation’s foundational values.

VIDEO VERSION 2 WITH VOICE TRACK, CLOSED CAPTIONING & MODIFIED CONTENT – START: 3:56

BEGIN CHAPTER 2 – PROSPECT HILL & THREE BROTHERS WASHINGTON

Many of The Thompsons worked for the last three Washingtons who owned Mt. Vernon, who also had “a personal home” in Jefferson County.

The handed-down family’s records of Monique Crippen-Hopkins state: “The Thompsons were all slaves of the Washingtons down to Jasper Thompson.”

Most of the time they worked at enhancing the lands and homes of the Washington family members at their homes in Jefferson County.

Many of the Thompsons worked in the beginning on the Jefferson County lands of just one of three brothers of Corbin and Hannah Lee Washington – Richard Henry Lee Washington

The will of John Augustine, their grandfather, set out that his 2720 acre property in today’s Jefferson County would be divided among his three grandsons incrementally as each one turned twenty-one. They were born a year apart.

Richard Henry Lee Washington, whose then deceased mother was the daughter of Richard Henry Lee, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, turned twenty-one in 1809, triggering the division of his estate the following year by John Washington’s surviving widow Hannah Bushrod Washington.

References:

Monique Crippen–Hopkins

Galtcho Geertsema

John Augustine Washington

Jefferson County Clerk:
Plat of the partition and division of lands of Hannah Washington, deceased, showing the redivision of Parcel #2 containting respectively 892 acres and 942 acres. Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

Plat number 28 Deed Book 11, Page 30 August 13, 1818
Plat of the partition and division of the lands of Richard H. L. Washington, Lot #1, 324 acres, conveyed to Bushrod Washington; Lot #2, 286 acres, conveyed to Herbert, and, Lot #3, 274 acres, conveyed to John A. Washington.
Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

Solomon Thompson, Jr. Thompson Collection
University of Kansas Libraries
Thompson Family Collection, Kansas Collection, RH MS 510, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas Libraries
etext.ku.edu 12 January 2010 Web. 20 December 2016.

Blakeley
Wayland, John W. (1944). “The Washingtons and their Homes.” McClure Printing Company: Staunton, VA. hathitrust.org 26 August 2015 Web. 20 September 2016. p. 226.

Image Credits: (includes images in sequence from the video)

1. Image Credits 2: FINAL
2. Prospect Hill & Three Brothers Washington FINAL
3. Music by Cam Millar FINAL

4. The Thompsons were all slaves of the Washingtons down to Jasper Thompson, who died in 1906. FINAL

5. Mostly they worked at the farms of three brothers from 1810 to 1844, when Jasper was born. FINAL

6. The three brothers were the children of Corbin, George Washington’s nephew, and Hannah Bushrod Washington. FINAL

7. They were John Augustine, Bushrod Corbin and Richard Henry Lee Washington. FINAL

8. The three brothers each began building an adjacent home in today’s Jefferson county, called Blakeley, Claymont, and Prospect Hill, respectively. FINAL

9. Jasper’s father – Solomon Thompson (Monique) FINAL

10. I actually have a picture of Solomon. (Solomon) FINAL

CREDIT
Solomon Thompson Sr. – Monique Crippen-Hopkins

11. The handed-down family’s records of Monique Crippen-Hopkins state: “The Thompsons were all slaves of the Washingtons down to Jasper Thompson.” (records) FINAL

CREDIT
Solomon Thompson, Jr. Thompson Collection
University of Kansas Libraries
Thompson Family Collection, Kansas Collection, RH MS 510, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas Libraries
etext.ku.edu 12 January 2010 Web. 20 December 2016.

12. Most of the time they worked at enhancing the lands and homes of the Washington family members at their homes in Jefferson County. FINAL

CREDIT

Life of George Washington by Junius Stearns loc.gov 16 June 1997 Web. 20 September 2016.

13. TITLE Many of The Thompsons worked for the last three Washingtons who owned Mt. Vernon, who also had “a personal home” in Jefferson County. (Steptoe) FINAL

CREDIT
Tom Steptoe

14. John Augustine Washington 1736-1787 FINAL
findagrave.com 2 December 1998 Web. 13 December 2011.

15. TITLE When John Augustine, the father, died in 1787, he left his 2720 acre land called Prospect Hill to his wife, Hannah Bushrod Washington. FINAL

16. TITLE In 1810 Hannah Bushrod divided up the land three ways and the eldest brother, Richard, settled his portion, still called Prospect Hill. FINAL

17. Parcels combining to be the 2720-acre estate called Prospect Hill FINAL

CREDIT:
Galtcho Geertsema, Google Maps

18. Richard Henry Lee, father to Richard Henry Lee Washington’s mother FINAL

CREDIT

The official portrait of Supreme Court Justice Bushrod Washington(1762-1829)
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 1 October 2016. Photo taken by Billy Hathon 7-29-2011

19. Hannah Bushrod Washington’s Division of Estates of 2720-acre Prospect Hill Deed Book 6, pp. 292-293 Feb.12 1810 Jefferson County Clerk FINAL

CREDIT:

Plat number 12 Deed Book 6, Page 292 February 13, 1810
Plat of the partition and division of lands of Hannah Washington, deceased, showing the redivision of Parcel #2 containting respectively 892 acres and 942 acres. Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

20. Hannah Bushrod Washington 1738-1801 FINAL

CREDIT

Wayland, John, The Washingtons and Their Homes.
babel.hathitrust.org 26 August 2015 Web. 20 September 2016. p. 112.

Hannah Bushrod Washington
geni.com 30 November 2013 Web. 1 October 2016. Managed by: Holly Dianne Faulkner

21. Richard Henry Lee Washington’s original 885 acres taken from the 2720 acre Prospect Hill when he reached maturity. FINAL

CREDIT:

silhouette of young man “Richard Henry Lee Washington” (semblance only)
1335 Studio of John Miers – early 1800s
Unknown man
Silhouette painted on plaster
Early 1800s
Trade Label No. 11
Painted by John Field. The plaster slab has been cut to fit the frame, which is not original.
profilesofthepast.org.uk 22 August 2013 Web. 20 December 2016.

Plat number 28 Deed Book 11, Page 30 August 13, 1818
Plat of the partition and division of the lands of Richard H. L. Washington, Lot #1, 324 acres, conveyed to Bushrod Washington; Lot #2, 286 acres, conveyed to Herbert, and, Lot #3, 274 acres, conveyed to John A. Washington.
Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

Chapter 3: Click Here https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/chapter-3-jasper-thompsons-earliest-ancestors-by-jim-surkamp/

CHAPTER 3 – Jasper Thompson’s Earliest Ancestors by Jim Surkamp.

1535 words.

STORY 3 – JASPER THOMPSON’S EARLIEST ANCESTORS

Video link within the longer video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4LJpJeIwFMw#t=6m22s

FLICKR 41 images
https://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/albums/72157686989491454

https://web.archive.org/web/20190612203644/https://civilwarscholars.com/2017/09/chapter-3-jasper-thompsons-earliest-ancestors-by-jim-surkamp/

With support from American Public University System (apus.edu). The sentiments expressed do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of APUS, and are intended to encourage fact-based exchange for a better understanding of our nation’s foundational values.

Jasper Thompson’s Destiny Day September 6, 1906 by Monique Crippen-Hopkins and Jim Surkamp TRT: 2:53:14 (in 25 chapters)
Video link: https://youtu.be/4LJpJeIwFMw

BEGIN CHAPTER 3 of 25 CHAPTERS – JASPER THOMPSON’S EARLIEST ANCESTORS

Jasper’s father, Solomon was but an infant in 1810. But there was also Fortune, Jasper’s grandfather, who was the gardener on the farm. There was Haney Richardson who with Fortune had and raised eight children along with Solomon.

Prospect Hill also benefitted from the contributions of Haney Richardson-Thompson’s parents at that same time – Boson (or “Boatswain”) and Hannah Richardson.((great-grandmother of Jasper Thompson)

And Haney Richardson’s grandparents – Furrow Sr. and Penny Richardson – were there at Prospect Hill too in 1810. These Thompsons likely worked at Prospect Hill first.

Jasper Thompson’s paternal, great grandfather and Solomon Thompsons grandfather worked at nearby Bullskin Farm, first developed by George Washington. His name also was Jasper Thompson. His wife’s identity is unknown.

Jasper Thompson the elder was working for John and Elizabeth Ariss, he a famed architect, who rented since 1786 from George Washington his Bullskin plantation, where they built a fine home, and also with the help of Jasper farmed another 700 acre parcel also rented from George.

Descendants of Jasper Thompson the elder were still enslaved by law because even though he was emancipated in 1813 by Elizabeth Ariss, the mother of his children, had not been. Her increase by the law then, remained enslaved.

Jasper Thompson – emancipated by name May 24, 1813 – “and all his increase,” but descendants Fortune and Solomon and the family were enslaved again.
Tradition followed in Virginia at that time that the increase would assume the status of the mother, not the father.

The wife of this earlier Jasper Thompsons is not known to Monique Crippen-Hopkins or the family, and this woman could have remained enslaved.

References:

1. Monique Crippen Hopkins genealogybreakingdownthewalls.blogspot.com 13 December 2013 Web. 20 January 2017.

2. Solomon Thompson, Jr. Thompson Collection
University of Kansas Libraries
Thompson Family Collection, Kansas Collection, RH MS 510, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas Libraries
etext.ku.edu 12 January 2010 Web. 20 December 2016.

3. email November 1, 2016 – to Jim Surkamp from John C. Allen, architectural historian, author of “Uncommon Vernacular” :

Ariss moves to Fauquier County in around 1765. Around 1768 he moves to Frederick (soon to be Berkeley).

Here’s where Ariss was living before moving to Rock Hall:
1772 Court order for Warner Washington and others to
inspect “road from flat rock by Mr. Thurston’s by
the head of Kate’s spring, into the road leading to the
bloomery below Mr. Ariss’s…” ((Is this Prospect
Hill?))

This is the Rock Hall lease. The portion of the farm that is where the stone building and house ruins are.

1786 March 13 – GW executes lease for 700 acres “on the
waters of the Bullskin” to “last for the lives of John
Airess and his present wife Elisabeth Ariss for L 60
per year.”

Standard lease printed format except that GW adds in
hand “withon 5 years of this indenture will Build if it’s
not already done a good Dwelling House at least
thirty by forty feet with brick or stone chimneys…”
GW’s other Bullskin leases were required to build
houses of 16 x 16 feet

Battaile Muse account book Jan 17 1786

Ariss must have built a fine house on GW’s land as the tax assessment in the Special House tax of 1798 states:
1798 1798 House Tax – John Ariss listed as a tenant of Gen.
George Washington in a house valued at $1,050, a
high value for the area. Harewood valued at $1,250

1798 1798 Slave Tax – John Ariss listed as overseer for
Thornton Washington Heirs

End of email from John C. Allen

4. Jefferson County, Wv Clerk:

Plat of the partition and division of lands of Hannah Washington, deceased, showing the redivision of Parcel #2 containting respectively 892 acres and 942 acres. Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

Plat number 28 Deed Book 11, Page 30 August 13, 1818
Plat of the partition and division of the lands of Richard H. L. Washington, Lot #1, 324 acres, conveyed to Bushrod Washington; Lot #2, 286 acres, conveyed to Herbert, and, Lot #3, 274 acres, conveyed to John A. Washington.
Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

Freedom Deed May 24, 1813 Deed Book 7, Page 484 Elizabeth Ariss
Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

Image Credits:

BEGIN CHAPTER 3 – JASPER’S THOMPSON’s EARLIEST ANCESTORS

1. Image Credits 3: FINAL
2. Jasper Thompson’s Earliest Ancestors FINAL
3. Banjo by Shana Aisenberg FINAL

4. From-genealogybreakingdownthewalls.blogspot.com Montage FINAL

CREDIT:

Monique Crippen Hopkins genealogybreakingdownthewalls.blogspot.com 13 December 2013 Web. 20 January 2017

5. Jasper’s father, Solomon was but an infant in 1810. But FINAL

CREDIT:

“Babywearing”…The African Trend That Made The Runways
anethnicnurse.com 15 September 2015 Web. 20 December 2016.

6. there was also Fortune, Jasper’s grandfather, FINAL

6.1 TITLE Hannah B. Washington division of estates FINAL

CREDIT:

Hannah B. Washington – division of estates – Deed Book 5 Page 353 – February 13, 1810 – Jefferson County Clerk.

7. who was the gardener on the farm – Fortune – Jasper’s gfather semblance only. FINAL

7.1 who was the gardener on the farm – Fortune – Jasper’s gfather semblance only. (Credit) FINAL

CREDIT:

Washington at Mount Vernon, 1797, Nathaniel Currier, 1852
Courtesy of the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association
nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/fireandfreedom/exhibition2 5 January 2017 Web 20 January 2017

8. There was Haney Richardson (Credit) FINAL

CREDIT:

Solomon Thompson, Jr. Thompson Collection
University of Kansas Libraries
Thompson Family Collection, Kansas Collection, RH MS 510, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas Libraries
etext.ku.edu 12 January 2010 Web. 20 December 2016.

9. who with Fortune had and raised eight children along with Solomon. (Haney Richardson semblance) FINAL

CREDIT:

David Hunter Strother
“Betsey Sweet” April 11, 1856
images.lib.wvu.edu 22 September 2004 Web. 10 February 2017.

10. Prospect Hill also benefitted from the contributions of Haney Richardson-Thompson’s (farm scene most image) FINAL

10.1 Prospect Hill also benefitted from the contributions of Haney Richardson-Thompson’s (farm scene-Credit) FINAL

CREDIT:

Junius Stearns Washington as a Farmer at Mount Vernon
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 20 December 2016.

11. parents at that same time – (Thompson Family Tree underlined) FINAL

CREDIT:

Solomon Thompson, Jr. Thompson Collection
University of Kansas Libraries
Thompson Family Collection, Kansas Collection, RH MS 510, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas Libraries
etext.ku.edu 12 January 2010 Web. 20 December 2016.

12. Boson (or “Boatswain”) (detail Tanner painting) FINAL

12.1 Boson (or “Boatswain”) (full Tanner painting) FINAL

CREDIT:

Henry Ossawa Tanner
The Banjo Lesson
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 20 December 2016.

13. and Hannah Richardson.(great-grandmother of Jasper Thompson) FINAL

13.1 and Hannah Richardson.(entire John Rose painting) FINAL

CREDIT:

Miss Breme Jones
Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum,
Colonial Williamsburg 22 February 1997 Web. 20 January 2017

14. Music by Shana Aisenberg FINAL

15. And Haney Richardson’s grandparents (Montage family records) FINAL

16. Furrow Sr. and Penny Richardson – were there at Prospect Hill too in 1810.(Credits) FINAL

CREDIT:

Jefferson County Clerk;
Solomon Thompson, Jr. – Thompson Collection – University of Kansas Libraries

17. Furrow Sr. and Penny Richardson were there at Prospect Hill too in 1810.(Mount detail) FINAL

17.1 Furrow Sr. and Penny Richardson were there at Prospect Hill too in 1810.(Mount entire painting) FINAL

CREDIT:

William Sidney Mount
The Power of Music
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 20 December 2016.

18. Furrow Sr. and Penny Richardson were there at Prospect Hill too in 1810. (Crowe painting Credit) FINAL

18.1 Furrow Sr. and Penny Richardson were there at Prospect Hill too in 1810. (Penny Furrow Jasper’s great great grandmother) (detail from above Crowe painting) FINAL

CREDIT:

Enslaved Waiting for Sale by Eyre Crowe
blog.encyclopediavirginia.org 30 March 2008 Web. 20 January 2017.

19. These Thompsons likely worked at Prospect Hill first. (plat) FINAL

CREDIT:

Deed Book 11, Page 30, Aug. 13, 1818, Jefferson County Clerk

20. but for Jasper Thompson’s great grandfather, father of Fortune and (Darley surveying) FINAL

20.1 but for Jasper Thompson’s great grandfather, father of Fortune and (African-American man in painting) FINAL

CREDIT:

Barbara Lombardi
A drawing of Washington as a young surveyor. history.org 22 February 1997 Web. 20 January 2017

GEORGE WASHINGTON (1732-1799). First President of the United States. Young George Washington as a surveyor on the American frontier. Steel engraving, 19th century, after Felix O.C. Darley. by Granger

21. grandfather of Solomon Sr. – who lived at another nearby Washington home, FINAL

CREDIT

Image of Solomon Thompson Sr – Monique Crippen-Hopkins

22. TITLE: Jasper Thompson’s paternal, great grandfather and Solomon Thompson’s grandfather worked at nearby Bullskin Farm, first developed by George Washington. His name also was Jasper Thompson. His wife’s identity is unknown.

23. bought and developed by George Washington since the early 1750s. (Bullskin Farm) FINAL

CREDIT:
Jim Surkamp

24. Jasper’s great grandfather was also “Jasper Thompson” (Rubens) FINAL

24.1 Jasper’s great grandfather was also “Jasper Thompson” (entire painting Rubens) FINAL

CREDIT:

Four Studies of the Head of a Negro
Peter Paul Rubens – Date unknown
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 20 December 2016.

25. TITLE: Jasper Thompson the elder was working for John and Elizabeth Ariss, he a famed architect, who rented since 1786 from George Washington his Bullskin plantation, where they built a fine home, and also with the help of Jasper farmed another 700 acre parcel also rented from George. FINAL

26. (Correct “Ariss”) FINAL

26.1 Solomon Thompson Jr. Paper regarding Jasper Thompson the elder FINAL

CREDIT:
Solomon Thompson, Jr. – Thompson Collection – University of Kansas Libraries

27. TITLE Descendants of Jasper Thompson the elder were still enslaved by law because even though he was emancipated in 1813 by Elizabeth Ariss, the mother of his children, had not been. Her increase by the law then, remained enslaved. FINAL

28. Jasper Thompson – emancipated by name May 24, 1813 – “and all his increase,” FINAL

CREDIT:
Freedom Deed May 24, 1813 Deed Book 7, Page 484 Elizabeth Ariss- Jefferson County Clerk

29. babe again FINAL
The wife of this earlier Jasper Thompsons is not known to Monique Crippen-Hopkins or the family, and this woman could have remained enslaved.

CREDIT:

“Babywearing”…The African Trend That Made The Runways
anethnicnurse.com 15 September 2015 Web. 20 December 2016.

Chapter 4 Click Here https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/chapter-4-3-washington-households-in-jefferson-county-1820-forward-by-jim-surkamp/

CHAPTER 4: 3 Washington Households in Jefferson County 1820 Forward by Jim Surkamp.

637 words.

STORY 4 – 3 WASHINGTON FAMILIES HERE – 1820 (begins at 8:53 within the longer video shown below) Video link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4LJpJeIwFMw#t=8m53s

FLICKR 14 images
https://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/albums/72157686989250464

https://web.archive.org/web/20190612214310/https://civilwarscholars.com/2017/09/chapter-4-3-washington-households-in-jefferson-county-1820-forward-by-jim-surkamp/

With support from American Public University System (apus.edu). The sentiments expressed do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of APUS, and are intended to encourage fact-based exchange for a better understanding of our nation’s foundational values.

Jasper Thompson’s Destiny Day September 6, 1906 by Monique Crippen-Hopkins and Jim Surkamp TRT: 2:53:14 (in 25 chapters) Video link: https://youtu.be/4LJpJeIwFMw

BEGIN CHAPTER 4 OF THE 25 CHAPTERS OR STORIES WITHIN THE ABOVE, LONGER VIDEO – THREE WASHINGTON HOUSEHOLDS

Many of the Thompsons worked first at Prospect Hill. But when young Richard Henry Lee Washington, the owner of the 885 acre parcel, with its little main house, died a young bachelor, the 885 acres was divided three ways.

His property was divided among his sister and two brothers. But we do have a little, printed invitation to one of the Fairfaxes to come to a party at Prospect Hill. It was a dancing party and it was called for twelve noon and since the house was diminutive, they must have danced outdoors on the lawn. – John A. Washington

It appears that, with the division of the remaining Prospect Hill, Solomon Thompson, who was about eight years old then, became a part of John A. & Jane Charlotte Washington’s household and farm at Blakeley.

References:

Monique Crippen-Hopkins My Journey: Breaking down the walls
genealogybreakingdownthewalls.blogspot.com 13 December 2013 Web. 20 January 2017.

Galtcho Geertsema – surveyor and compiler of near complete records of land transactions in the eastern Panhandle prior to 1800.

The Washingtons of Jefferson County
By John Augustine Washington, Family Historian, Interview August 3, 2001.
justjefferson.com 21 March 2004 Web. 20 January 2017

Wayland, John W. (1944). “The Washingtons and their Homes.” McClure Printing Company: Staunton, VA. hathitrust.org 26 August 2015 Web. 20 September 2016. p. 226.
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89062493457;view=1up;seq=250226

Image Credits:

1. Image Credits 4 FINAL
2. 3 Washington Households in Jefferson County 1820 Forward FINAL
3. Forked Deer on Mandolin by Shana Aisenberg FINAL

4. TITLE: Many of the Thompsons worked first at Prospect Hill. But when young Richard Henry Lee Washington, the owner of the 885 acre parcel, with its little main house, died a young bachelor, the 885 acres was divided three ways. FINAL

5. Family Historian John A. Washington FINAL

CREDIT:
Jim Surkamp

6. TITLE: His property was divided among his sister and two brothers. But we do have a little, printed invitation to one of the Fairfaxes to come to a party at Prospect Hill. It was a dancing party and it was called for twelve noon and since the house was diminutive, they must have danced outdoors on the lawn. – John A. Washington FINAL

7. Richard Henry Lee Washington (semblance only) FINAL

CREDIT:

Full Dress of a Gentleman, 1810. @Costume Institute of Fashion Plates, Met Museum
janeaustensworld.wordpress.com 7 September 2007 Web. 20 December 2016.
home page.

8. John A. Washington and plat of Richard Henry Lee Washington’s lands FINAL

CREDIT:
Jim Surkamp

Plat number 28 Deed Book 11, Page 30 August 13, 1818
Plat of the partition and division of the lands of Richard H. L. Washington, Lot #1, 324 acres, conveyed to Bushrod Washington; Lot #2, 286 acres, conveyed to Herbert, and, Lot #3, 274 acres, conveyed to John A. Washington.
Jefferson County Clerk, Deed Room, Charles Town, WV.
documents.jeffersoncountywv.org 10 October 2014 Web. 20 October 2016.

9. TITLE: It was a dancing party and it was called for twelve noon and since the house was diminutive, they must have danced outdoors on the lawn. – John A. Washington FINAL

CREDIT:

quadrille_Prospect Hill
Members of the “Ton” dancing the Quadrille at Almack’s including, second from left, Sarah Villiers, Lady Jersey (1813)
Jane Austen Society of North America
jasna.org 11 November 1998 Web. 20 December 2016.

10. TITLE: It appears that, with the division of the remaining Prospect Hill, Solomon Thompson, who was about eight years old then, became a part of John A. & Jane Charlotte Washington’s household and farm at Blakeley. FINAL

11. Solomon Thompson FINAL

CREDIT

Monique Crippen-Hopkins

12. The Thompsons & The Washingtons Montage FINAL

CREDIT:

Wayland, John W. (1944). “The Washingtons and their Homes.” McClure Printing Company: Staunton, VA. hathitrust.org 26 August 2015 Web. 20 September 2016. p. 226.

13. Blakeley Farm parcels FINAL

CREDIT:

Galtcho Geertsema

14. Farming at Blakeley FINAL

CREDIT:

Life of George Washington by Junius Stearns loc.gov 16 June 1997 Web. 20 September 2016.

Chapter 5 Click Here https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/chapter-5-who-all-owned-mount-vernon-the-adults-by-jim-surkamp/

CHAPTER 5 – Who “All” Owned Mount Vernon (the adults) by Jim Surkamp.

610 words.

STORY OR CHAPTER 5 – “WHO ALL” OWNED MOUNT VERNON? (VIDEO BEGINS AT 10:22 IN THE MUCH LONGER VIDEO SHOWN BELOW)
Video link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4LJpJeIwFMw#t=10m22s

FLICKR 18 images
https://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/albums/72157689467002275

https://web.archive.org/web/20190612210935/https://civilwarscholars.com/2017/09/chapter-5-who-all-owned-mt-vernon-the-adults-by-jim-surkamp/

With support from American Public University System (apus.edu). The sentiments expressed do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of APUS, and are intended to encourage fact-based exchange for a better understanding of our nation’s foundational values.

BEGIN CHAPTER 5 (OF 25 CHAPTERS OR STORIES) – WHO ALL OWNED MT. VERNON

Six adult family members owned Mount Vernon after Lawrence Washington.

One or all of these last three also lived from about 1820 through the mid 1850s at Blakeley in Jefferson County.

After the death in 1752 of its owner, Lawrence Washington 7:43 The Mount Vernon mansion had six adult owners up to its sale in 1858:
Anne Washington (1728-1761)
George Washington owned it from 1761 to 1799
Mount Vernon’s last 3 owners . . .
Made Blakeley their “personal” home
John Augustine Washington II owned 1829-1832
Jane Charlotte Washington 9:22 Owned until 1855
Jane Charlotte’s son John owned till 1858.

References:

The Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association
mountvernon.org 11 November 1996 Web. 20 October 2016.

Image Credits: (includes images in sequence from the video)

1. Image Credits 5: FINAL
2. Who All Owned Mt. Vernon (the adults) FINAL
3. Shana Aisenberg on Mandolin Playing “Lorena” FINAL

4. Mount Vernon Edward Savage FINAL

CREDIT:

The East Front of Mount Vernon attributed to Edward Savage (American, 1761 – 1817), c. 1787-1792, oil on canvas, H-2445/A, Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, Bequest of Helen W. Thompson.
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 20 October 2016.

5. After the death in 1752 of its owner, Lawrence Washington FINAL

CREDIT:

Lawrence Washington – (Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association)
It is possible the portrait was painted by Gustavus Hesselius, an itinerant painter working out of Annapolis, Maryland.
mountvernon.org 11 November 1996 Web. 1 October 2016.

6. Lawrence’s Daughter Anne Washington inherited Mt. Vernon FINAL

CREDIT:

Anne Fairfax Washington Lee (widow of Lawrence) (1728-1761)
Anne Fairfax as a Shepherdess by Philippe Mercier. Date painted- c.1750 Oil on canvas, 124 x 100 cm Collection: Fairfax House No. 27, Castlegate, York, England
geni.com 30 November 2013 Web. 1 October 2016. Managed by: Holly Dianne Faulkner.

7. George Washington owned it from 1761 to 1799 FINAL

7.1 George Washington owned it from 1761 to 1799 (Mignot) FINAL

CREDIT:

Washington and Lafayette at Mount Vernon, 1784 (also known as The Home of Washington after the War)- Louis Remy Mignot – 1859. Owner/Location: Metropolitan Museum of Art – New York, NY (United States – New York) Dates: 1859. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Washington_and_Lafayette_at_Mount_Vernon,_1784_by_Rossiter_and_Mignot,_1859.jpg

8. George Washington’s nephew Bushrod Washington FINAL

8.1 Owned until his 1829 death FINAL https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BushrodWashington.jpg

CREDIT:

The official portrait of Supreme Court Justice Bushrod Washington(1762-1829)
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 1 October 2016.

9. Mt. Vernon’s last three owners FINAL

9.1 Made Blakeley their “personal” home FINAL

CREDIT:

Google Maps

Wayland, John W. (1944). “The Washingtons and their Homes.” McClure Printing Company: Staunton, VA.
babel.hathitrust.org 26 August 2015 Web. 20 September 2016.
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89062493457;view=1up;seq=136;size=75

10. John Augustine Washington owned 1829-1832 FINAL

CREDIT:

1335 Studio of John Miers – Unknown man – Silhouette painted on plaster – Early 1800s
Trade Label No. 11 – Painted by John Field. The plaster slab has been cut to fit the frame, which is not original.
profilesofthepast.org.uk 22 August 2013 Web. 20 December 2016.

11. Kitchen at Mount Vernon by Eastman Johnson – FINAL https://emuseum.mountvernon.org/objects/6118/kitchen-at-mount-vernon;jsessionid=3193DDA4257AB4F043CEF6B8341FF049

CREDIT:

Kitchen at Mount Vernon – Eastman Johnson – 1857 mountvernon.org Gift of Annie Burr Jennings, Vice Regent for Connecticut, 1937 Conservation courtesy of Mike and Patti Sipple

12. (Owner no. 6) Widow Jane Charlotte Blackburn Washington owned Mt. Vernon Montage FINAL

12.1 Owned until 1855 FINAL

CREDIT:

Jane Charlotte Washington – Jefferson County Historical Society Magazine – 2007

Image of page 1 of Jane Charlotte’s Washington’s Will
JCBW Will Book 14 Page 341 9/17/1855
wvgeohistory.org 5 October 2010 Web. 1 October 2016.

13. Old Mount Vernon by Eastman Johnson FINAL

CREDIT:

Eastman Johnson, The Old Mount Vernon, 1857, oil on board, M-4863, Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, Purchased with funds courtesy of an anonymous donor and the Mount Vernon Licensing Fund, 2009

https://americanart.si.edu/exhibitions/humboldt/online/eastman-johnson-mount-vernon

14. Jane Charlotte’s son John Augustine, owned until 1858 (Owner No. 7) FINAL

CREDIT:

John Augustine Washington III (1821-1861)- Mount Vernon Ladies Association
mountvernon.org 11 November 1996 Web. 20 October 2016.

15. Jane Charlotte introduced her son and the nation to the idea of historic preservation FINAL

CREDIT:

Early view of Mansion ca. 1858 – N. S. Bennett
mountvernon.org 11 November 1996 Web. 20 October 2016.

Chapter or Story 6 Click Here https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/chapter-6-blakeley-claymont-by-jim-surkamp/