Dennis Frye – Leaders of the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Leaders of the 2nd Virginia Infantry TRT: 5:08

https://youtu.be/u1h7xqBmQsk

Dennis Frye

Well, who led this regiment? Who was in charge of the second infantry? Who were these people and what kind of experience did they have? Now, there’s kind of a myth associated with the Civil War that many of these men who initially joined the army – the confederate army and led the confederate army – were novices, that they had virtually no experience. They certainly had never fought in the Civil War before, but they didn’t have any kind of military background or military experience. Well, that’s not true, especially not true in the case of the 2nd Virginia infantry. The 2nd infantry was led by men who had military experience. As an example, the colonel of the regiment James Walkinshaw Allen. Colonel Allen, born Shenandoah County, 31-years-old in 1861, a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute. In fact, not only was he a graduate of the military institute, but he later became a professor who taught at VMI. He taught with Jackson, who was also at VMI. So, Jackson and Allen knew each other. They were friends. They had been on the faculty together at VMI. Jackson taught physics; Colonel Allen taught mathematics and so there was an almost immediate bond and trust between Jackson and Colonel Allen when the war breaks out. They start to serve together as part of the 1st Virginia brigade with Allen in command of the 2nd Virginia infantry. Allen was a very interesting person. As a young man, he had actually lost an eye through an accident, but it didn’t stunt his growth. By the time he was a teen at VMI he was six-foot-three inches tall. He would tower over the world. Six-foot-three was a very, very large man by 1861 terms. He was very careful in who he selected to lead this regiment. For example, his second in command Lieutenant Colonel Francis Lackland. Lackland was from Charlestown. Lackland was 30 years old. Lackland also was a VMI graduate. He had graduated in the same class in 1849. As his commander, Colonel James Allen. So, another VMI boy, two VMI grads in charge of the 2nd Virginia infantry. Then, we come to who will become the major of the regiment: Lawson Botts. Now Lawson Botts is not a graduate of VMI but he does have experience. He has military experience. For example, Lawson Botts helps organize the militia that will surround and suppress John Brown during the famous John Brown raid in Harper’s Ferry in 1859, and, in fact, this was such a successful effort by Lawson Botts that Botts will organize his own militia company in November of 1859, shortly after John Brown had been found guilty and that militia company Botts will train and drill from November of 1859, up to the outbreak of the war in April of 1861. So, he has experience. He hasn’t fought to any great extent, but he has experience with a trained militia company and so Lawson Botts becomes the major of the 2nd Virginia infantry. Even to the ranks of the captains, some of the men who are going to be commanding the companies – John W. Rowan – company A, the Charlestown company and Mexican war veteran. Another Mexican war veteran would be the commander or company B the Hamtramck guard – Vincent Moore Butler. Another Mexican war veteran would be the commander of company C (which was from Clarke County, known as the Nelson guard) William Nelson. Another Mexican war veteran was in command of the Floyd guard – George W. Chambers, the mayor of Harper’s Ferry, commanding the Floyd guard company K, also a Mexican war veteran. So, you can see that the leadership of this regiment, not only had the technical learning experience that they received through the benefit of the Virginia Military Institute, but many of these men who are leading troops, potentially leading troops or about to lead troops into battle have already experienced battle themselves and are veterans, true veterans of a fight. So, the 2nd Virginia infantry leadership is well qualified, understands war, and is ready to fight; and, more important, they are able to teach these young men who have joined the ranks how to fight.

Dennis Frye – General Background of the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – The Origins of the 2nd Virginia Infantry – TRT: 4:08

Well, of course, Stonewall Jackson will become the famous Stonewall Jackson on July 21, 1861, because the men in his ranks will stand upon Henry Hill and stand there like a stone wall. “There stands Jackson – like a stone wall” would declare General Bee, and, Jackson, indeed, with his force, would stand there and, actually, help turn the tide of battle – which was not going well for the confederacy at that moment – turned the tide of battle and, ultimately, helped lead to the great confederate victory of July 21, 1861 on Henry Hill in the battle of First Manassas. But, who were these men that enabled Stonewall Jackson to earn that nickname and who were these men who stood there on Henry Hill like a stone wall? Well, many of these men were from the lower Shenandoah Valley. These were men from Jefferson County, Berkeley County, Clarke County, and Frederick County, Virginia and these men who stood with Jackson there on Henry Hill were many of the same men who had arrived in Harper’s Ferry that third week of April, right after the army and arsenal had been seized, arrived there, drilled there, were trained there by Thomas Jonathan Jackson, while he was the commandant at Harper’s Ferry. So, there was a bond between Jackson and the local boys who had come up out of the lower Shenandoah Valley to join the confederate army. They became the stone wall. Well, who were these people? Well let’s take a look for a moment as to who comprised what became known as the 2nd Virginia infantry. The 1st Virginia brigade was comprised of five Virginia regiments. These five regiments totaled a little under 3,000 men and one of those regiments, known as the 2nd Virginia infantry was principally the lower Shenandoah Valley regiment and, in the 2nd Virginia infantry were 10 companies of men. Now a company at full strength was supposed to be about 100 men. So, theoretically, the 2nd Virginia infantry at full strength was a thousand men. As a regiment, it never equaled a thousand men, not even at the beginning of the war. Most of the companies had anywhere from 400 to 600 men, if that many, or pardon me, most of the companies usually had about 80, 70 to 80 men. The regiment itself may have been between six and 800 men, even at the beginning of the war. So here was the composition of the 2nd Virginia infantry, Company A came from Charlestown and was commanded by Captain John W. Rowan. Company B came from Shepherdstown, known as the Hamtramck Guard and they were commanded by Captain Vincent Butler. Company C came out of Clarke County and they were known as the Nelson Rifles and were commanded by Captain William Nelson. Company D came from Martinsburg from Berkeley County, commanded by Captain John Quincy Adams Nadenbush. Company E came out of of Berkeley County and they were known as the Hedgesville Riflemen and they were commanded by Captain Raleigh Colston. Company F Now, this is our Frederick County Company were known as the Winchester riflemen and they were commanded by Captain William Clark Jr. Company G, we come back to Jefferson County, Company G was known as the Botts’ Greys named after Lawson Botts of Charlestown, but not commanded by Botts. The Botts’ Greys actually were commanded Lawson Botts initially. He soon will be raised to the rank of major but initially at the outbreak of the war, it’s commanded by Captain Botts. Company H, the Letcher Riflemen, named after the governor of Virginia. They come out of tiny little Duffields here in Jefferson County and they will be commanded by James H. L. Hunter. Then, we go back to Clarke County for the Clarke Rifles. They came out of the Berryville area and they will be commanded by Strother H. Bowen. Finally, the final company – the tenth company of the 2nd Virginia infantry: Company K was known as the Floyd Guard, named after former secretary of war, John B. Floyd, and they were based out of Harper’s Ferry. Many of the armorers joined this company in response to John Brown and they were commanded by the mayor of Harper’s Ferry, George W. Chambers. So, 10 companies from the four lower Shenandoah Valley counties all totaled about 800 men who are soon going to do battle on Henry Hill and stand like a stone wall. they began, in a very disciplined, orderly fashion to drill and to execute the rules and the maneuvers of war and they would meet weekly in their companies. They would come into formation in the town square. They had their uniforms and they were different uniforms. For example, the Jefferson Guard were wearing the regular uniform of the United States Army – the standard blue with a Virginia belt buckle. But we had the Hamtramck Guard from Shepherdstown in a very different type uniform, and we had the uniforms coming from Frederick County out of Winchester – The Winchester Riflemen. They were green. So, all and the Bott’s Grays, obviously, were a gray uniform. They had all this different variety of uniforms, because these individual companies had come together had organized. They were armed with good weapons that were provided by the state of Virginia. rifles, rifled muskets or muskets, but they were good, operational weapons; and then, their commanders, their company commanders, their captains had drilled them. So, when the war erupts in 1861, these militiamen, these citizens had already learned the art of war. That didn’t mean they had been fired upon, certainly. They had not seen the enemy, but they were preparing themselves to be the home guard, the home defense for Virginia, and now they were truly called upon to stop an entire army of invaders coming from the north.

Dennis Frye – The Origins of the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – The Origins of the 2nd Virginia Infantry – TRT: 4:08.

Dennis Frye

The 2nd Virginia infantry was not a brand new organization in April, May and June of 1861, not new at all. Every company in the 2nd Virginia infantry – all 10 companies – had been organized as Virginia militia companies prior to the outbreak of the civil war. Now, the oldest company – the one that had been in existence the longest – was Company A, the Charlestown company that Captain Rowan was in command of. This company – the Jefferson Guard – had actually been organized in 1858 and it was the Jefferson Guard who was the first to respond to the John Brown attack on Harper’s Ferry in 1859. But most of the rest of the companies came into existence as a result of the John Brown raid. Now, you need to remember that Virginians considered John Brown, not just a murderer and not just a conspirator with northern abolitionists, but they considered Brown an invader and they expected more invasions by more people like John Brown. So the response to Brown was, not just his execution, but the lasting response was Virginians organizing to defend themselves against future incursions by abolitionists. They didn’t think Brown was the end of it. So numerous of these companies that are going to comprise the 2nd Virginia infantry will be organized in the aftermath of the John Brown raid. Now that’s consequential because you see they were actually organized, trained, equipped, and uniformed through the state of Virginia. These were not just your regular “corn stalk and feather bed” militia who would get together once a year and carry a corn stalk for a rifle or have a straw in their left foot or their right foot to help them march. No, no, no. Once these men came together in the aftermath of John Brown to defend their homes, to defend their firesides, defend their women and children, they began, in a very disciplined, orderly fashion to drill and to execute the rules and the maneuvers of war and they would meet weekly in their companies. They would come into formation in the town square. They had their uniforms and they were different uniforms. For example, the Jefferson Guard were wearing the regular uniform of the United States Army – the standard blue with a Virginia belt buckle. But we had the Hamtramck Guard from Shepherdstown in a very different type uniform, and we had the uniforms coming from Frederick County out of Winchester – The Winchester Riflemen. They were green. So, all and the Bott’s Grays, obviously, were a gray uniform. They had all this different variety of uniforms, because these individual companies had come together had organized. They were armed with good weapons that were provided by the state of Virginia. rifles, rifled muskets or muskets, but they were good, operational weapons; and then, their commanders, their company commanders, their captains had drilled them. So, when the war erupts in 1861, these militiamen, these citizens had already learned the art of war. That didn’t mean they had been fired upon, certainly. They had not seen the enemy, but they were preparing themselves to be the home guard, the home defense for Virginia, and now they were truly called upon to stop an entire army of invaders coming from the north.

Dennis Frye’s Personal Interest in the 2nd Virginia Infantry

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye’s Personal Interest in the 2nd Virginia Infantry – TRT: 4:39

Dennis Frye

Well, the 2nd Virginia infantry has a special interest to me because i’m a local boy. Now I have to admit, I didn’t grow up in the lower Shenandoah valley, but I was as close as it could be: a stone’s throw across the Potomac river in Washington County, Maryland. That is where I’m from. I feel some affinity to the 2nd Virginia infantry because of Henry Kyd Douglas. Henry Kyd Douglas also grew up in Washington County, Maryland and he, ultimately, went across the Potomac river from his home at Ferry Hill and joined the Shepherdstown company of the 2nd Virginia infantry which was company B, the Hamtramck guard. So this was my opportunity to learn about and study the boys who fought with Stonewall Jackson throughout the war who came from the local area that I was very familiar with; and with my association with Harpers Ferry and working with the National Park Service there for years and my association with Shepherd College and being a graduate of Shepherd with a degree in history, I had this personal interest and affinity to the 2nd Virginia infantry. Plus, my professor, one of my principal professors at Shepherd College when I was there was Dr. Millard Bushong. One of the very first writers to discuss the 2nd Virginia infantry and to bring about their very illustrious history was Dr. Bushong in his very famous book he wrote on Jefferson county. So, I wanted to do more research. Dr. Bushong in the 1970s whetted my appetite, but I wanted to really dig into who these people were, learn about them individually, find out who comprised those stones that made up that stone wall that stood there so firmly on Henry Hill. I was given the opportunity in the early 1980s. A history teacher named Harold Howard, a Virginian, – in fact, he actually had been named the history teacher of the year for the state of Virginia. Harold had worked at Appomattox National battlefield and Harold had this great interest in Virginia soldiers. He himself was a descendant of a Virginian who had served in the 2nd Virginia cavalry and he really loved the personal. He wanted to talk about individual soldiers. So Harold Howard, a history teacher, conceived the idea of creating a series of books on Virginia regiments and his idea was to have, not just a chronological narrative of these different regiments, but also to try to identify every man who served in that regiment during the course of the war and to put it in writing, to give yourself, not just the narrative, but also a roster of the soldiers. So, Harold contacted me, because he knew my interest in the valley troops and specifically Stonewall Jackson and asked if I would be interested in writing for his series. Well, I was in my early 20s and, being a historian, the opportunity to write a book about my own backyard and about the people who became so famous as part of the Stonewall Brigade was very exciting to me. So I agreed. I accepted the challenge and began researching in detail the 2nd Virginia infantrym spent a huge amount of time in the National Archives, working with what’s known as the “compiled service records,” which were the records of those men – everything from the time they enlisted to the time that they fought on the battlefields, through their rosters, through whether they became a prisoner of war, or whether they may have been in the field hospital or whether they died during the war from disease – all those kinds of records are available in the National Archives. They were put together in what’s known as a compiled service record. But for the Virginia troops, it had never been published. This information was not out there. So this was primary source information that had yet really been illuminated. So every soldier that I had an opportunity to research was an exciting venture for me. Of course, actually learning about the story of the regiment itself from its initiatives, its inauguration early in the war, all the way through Appomattox was an exciting ride. So, I was very fortunate to have published the 2nd Virginia infantry, which is part of the Virginia regimental series. This was actually the seventh book published in that series and it came out in the initial edition in 1984. So I’ve been working with and been fascinated by the 2nd Virginia infantry for close to 30 years now and they have many stories to tell.

2nd Virginia Infantry Roster

2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment

This roster of the 2nd Virginia Regiment – these Jefferson County men listed here and men from elsewhere – is the seminal contribution of Dennis Frye. His book is: Frye, Dennis E. (1984). “2nd Virginia Infantry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

ADAMS, GEORGE E.: b. 3/21/43. Confectioner. enl. 4/29/61 in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov. 1861 and taken POW while on furlough. Exchanged 8/5/62. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 9/29/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

AISQUITH, ARCHIBALD H.: b. 5/11/45. 5’7″. light complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Right arm amputated at Gen. Hosp. at Staunton. Listed as unfit for active duty. Attached to Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 5/28/63. Last official entry shows him still at same hospital in Sept./Oct. 1864. Paroled 4/22/65 at Winchester. d. 11/3/94. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

AISQUITH, CHARLES W.: b.about 1841 in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt., date not listed. Wded. in neck at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to duty 9/25/61. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Present again 4/30-10/31, 1862. Hospitalized 4/5/63, chronic diarrhea. “slightly wounded by shell in Battle of Fredericksburg.” 12/13/62. Last official entry shows him commissioned as hospital steward, 6/1/63. d. 4/2/92. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ALEXANDER, THOMAS B.: b. 1840? Farmer. enl. 4/21/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. d. in hospital at Staunton, 6/18 or 6/19 1862; cerebretis. bur. Thornrose Cem., Staunton.

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM FONTAINE: b. 8/13/41. Druggist. enl. 6/3/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 9/10/61. Present again Nov.-Dec. 1861. Apptd. Hospital Steward, Ladies Relief Hospital, Lynchburg, 5/27/62. Steward at University Hosp., Charlottesville, June, 1862. To Ladies Relief Hospital, Lynchburg, 12/62-11/63. “Request that Steward be permanently assigned to duty as druggist” at Chimborazo #5, 2/29/64. Last official entry states he received a furlough from Chimborazo, 9/30/64. d. 4/11/80. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ALLEN, JAMES M.: b. 12/23/39. Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. Port Republic, 6/9/62. Wded. 2nd Manassas, date not specific. No further record. d. 6/17/09. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

ALLEN, JAMES WALKENSHAW: b. 7/2/29 in Shenandoah Co. 6’3″. “One eye lost in childhood when a piece from a spent cap blinded him.” Grad. V.M.I. 1849 (#5 of 24). V.M.I. faculty 1852, Asst. Professor of Mathematics. Farmer, Summit Point, Va., 1857. Commissioned Col. 2nd Va. Volunteer Militia, Jefferson Co., 1860. Apptd. Col. 2nd Va. Volunteer Infantry, 4/28/61. KIA when shot through the head at Gaines’s Mill, 6/27/62. bur. Hollywood Cem., Richmond. Re-interred Liberty, date not known.

ALLSTADT, J. THOMAS: b. 8/24/40. Farmer. Youngest prisoner of John Brown during Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry in Oct., 1859. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Deserted 6/2/61. d. 11/12/23, “the last survivor of John Brown.” bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ANDERSON, GEORGE W.: b. 4/19/24. 5’9″.light complexion, blue eyes, blonde hair. enl. 3/8/62 at Winchester in Co. C as Pvt. Detailed as Wagoner 12/30/62-May-June 1863. AWOL 9/2/63. Last official entry still shows him AWOL, Nov.-Dec. 1864. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester. d. 8/22/99. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

ARTHUR, WILLIAM: b. 1842? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 12/1/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Last official entry shows him receiving pay on 3/18/65.

ASHBAUGH, JOSEPH H.: enl. 3/10/62 at Winchester in Co. A as Pvt. sick at home in Jefferson Co., 10/31/62. Present again Nov./Dec. 1862. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/9/65. Last official entry shows him present, Feb., 1865. ‘

ASHBY. GEORGE W.: enl. 9/2/61 at Charles Town in Co. K as Pvt. Wded. at Cedar Run, 8/9/62. Admitted Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/11/62 with flesh wound. Returned to duty 8/30/62. Last official entry shows him present, 10/31/64. Retired to Invalid Corps, 2/20/65; assigned to Staunton, 3/14/65. Paroled 5/1/65 at Harpers Ferry.

ASHBY. WILLIAM F.: b. 1843? Blacksmith. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

BARNHART, DANIEL E.: b. 1840. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 11/13/61. d. 4/25/62 at Gen. Hosp. #2, Lynchburg; disease. bur. City Cem. (Old Methodist Cem.), Lynchburg. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Daniel E. Barnhart wounded at Kernstown 23rd of March 1862 died at Hospital Lynchburg, April 25th, aged 22.”

BARNHART, GEORGE W.: b. 7/28/43. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept./Oct. 1861. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/30/62. b. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865 states: “George W. Barnhart killed Aug. 28, 1862 at the second battle of Manassas, aged 20.”

BARNHART, HENRY F.: b. 1837. 5’5″. dark complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown as Sgt. in Co. B. To Lt. 11/18/62. To Capt. 6/13/63. POW at Fisher’s Hill, 9/22/64 (Ft. Delaware). Released 6/16/65. d. 1915. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BARR, DAVID: 5’10”. light complexion, gray eyes, auburn hair. Shoemaker. Residence Clarke Co. enl. 4/18/62 at Mt. Jackson in Co. I as Pvt. POW at Winchester, 6/5/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. AWOL since 8/15/62. POW in Jefferson Co. 2/15/63 (Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. POW at Gaines Cross Roads, 8/3/63 (Old Capitol Prison). d. 12/10/63 at Old Capitol Prison; cause not stated.

BARR, JOHN F.: b. 1825? 5’5″. fair complexion, gray eyes, sandy hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 7/1/61 at Camp Myers near Martinsburg in Co. K as Pvt. POW 6/15/62 at Harpers Ferry (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. AWOL 11/20/62. Court-martialed on 2/2/63 for 23 days AWOL (fine not stated). Deserted 7/26/63 POW (Rebel deserter) near Chambersburg, Pa., 7/27/63. Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 11/17/63.

BARR, MARTIN L.: b. 2/25/42. Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Pvt. AWOL 7/30-8/9 1861. AWOL since 12/27/61. POW at Harpers Ferry, 6/15/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Wded. in right thigh at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond, 11/29/63. To Chimborazo #1, 11/30/63. To Gen. Hasp. Staunton, 12/29/63. To Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/25-7/15 1864. POW at Clarkson, Va., 11/27/64 (Old Capitol Prison, Elmira). Paroled 3/14/65. d. 11/28/18. bur. Mt. Hebron Cem., Winchester.

BARRINGER, GEORGE W.: b. 1830? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Corp. To Pvt. Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 7/17-12/13/61. POW 6/10/62. No further record.

BEALL, JOHN YATES: b. 1/1/35 in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed to convey a sick soldier to Jefferson Co., Sept./Oct. 1861. Wded. in chest in Battle of Bolivar Heights, 10/16/61. Discharged due to wound, 2/18/63. POW at Accomac Co., 1/16/63. Held as a political prisoner and pirate for his privateering in the Chesapeake Bay (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe, Pt. Lookout). Paroled from Pt. Lookout, 3/3/64. Court-martialed as a guerrilla and spy after captured in his attempt to release Confederate prisoners held on Johnson’s Island. Hanged on Governor’s Island in New York Harbor, 2/24/65. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BEALL, WILLIAM: b. 3/26/44. Student. Brother of John Yates Beall. enl. 6/8/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 10/3/61. POW near Manassas, 8/27/62. Exchanged and returned 11/20/62. On furlough, Jan.-Feb. 1863, Sent to hospital, 4/18/63. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/2-7/20 1863; diarrhea. Detailed by Special Order 253 from Secretary of War to report to J. Y. Beall, 10/4/63. POW at Accomac Co., 11/16/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe). Exchanged 3/16/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/16/07. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BEDINGER, GEORGE RUST:Pvt.b. Jefferson County, 7/10/1840, Attended UVa. 58-60. Enl. Co. B, 2nd Va. Inf. Harper’s Ferry 5/15/61. Transf. 1st RA 8/26/61. Present 8/26-10/31/61 and 1-4/27/62. Transf. Ashby’s Cav. 4/28/62. Received commission as Capt. to raise company,but failed. Elected Capt., Co. E, 33rd. 33rd Va/. Inf. 8/1/62. Present Chancellorsville, Winchester. KIA Gettysburg 7/3/63. “He was of medium height, active, strong, and graceful.” “In camp and on the march, Bedinger was always gay and cheerful, and though reared in ease and affluence, made himself and his comrades merry amid their privations and discomforts. During the long artillery duel in which his battery was engaged at Kernstown, he was always in the right place, and in spite of the dangers to which he was exposed and of which he was fully conscious, could not resist the temptation to be merry and to provoke merriment in others, at his own and his companions’ occasional impulses to dodge the noisiest shells with which the enemy were making the day hideous.”

BERRY, CHARLES JAMES: b. Sept. 1844 at Charles Town. enl. 7/9/61 at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Discharged 10/14/62, no reason given. d. 4/20/89 at Albany, Georgia. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BERRY, LAWRENCE LEE GRIGGS: b. 7/14/39 at Charles Town. Entered University of Virginia, 1857. grad. in political economy and moral philosophy. enl. 7/9/61 in Co. G as Pvt. KIA 9/21/61 while on picket duty at Natt’s Farm on Munson’s Hill near Falls Church. bur. Edge Hill Cem. Charles Town, W.Va.

BAST (BOST) GEORGE M.: b. 1818? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Sgt. sick at Shepherdstown since 9/29/61. Present again Nov-Dec. 1861. Surgeon’s discharge, 4/27/62. d. 5/2/70. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BOTELER, ALEXANDER R., JR.: b. 1843? in Jefferson Co. 5’9 1/2″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair. Clerk. enl. 6/10/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. B as Pvt. On special duty, 4/18-6/30 1861. Present again July/Aug. 1861. Discharged by Secretary of War, 10/8/61, reason not given. Unofficial source states he served in the Rockbridge Artillery. “Cadet” Boteler assigned to Ord. Office, Hoke’s Brigade, Early’s Division, 2nd Corps. 4/13/63. Relieved from this duty 8/16/63 and ordered to duty “with some artillery co.in the army.”

BOTTS, LAWSON: b. 7/25/25 at Fredericksburg. Attended V.M.I. 1841. Lawyer in Charles Town. m. Sarah Elizabeth Bibb Ranson, 1851. Defense attorney for John Brown during the early stages of Brown’s trial. Commissioned Capt. of Botts Greys, pre-war militia Co. from Charles Town, 11/4/59. Capt. Co. G. 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., 5/3/61. To Maj., 6/12/61. To Lt. Col., 9/11/61. To Col. 6/27/62. Provost Marshal at Winchester, Nov-Dec. 1861. MWIA when shot through cheek and mouth at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. d. 9/16/62 at Middleburg. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BOWERS, JOHN B.: b. 7/32. Farmer. enl. 6/8/61 at Camp Jackson at Harpers Ferry in Co. A as Pvt. Detailed as teamster, 8/16-8/26 1861. Detailed as ambulance driver, 9/16/61. Last official entry shows him sick in hospital at Winchester and still on detail as ambulance driver, 11/27/61. Paroled 5/2/65 at Winchester. d. 1/19/03. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BRANTNER, GEORGE W.: enl. 4/18/61 Duffields Co. H. AWOL July/August 1861.

BROTHERTON, ROBERT R.: b. 12/23/30. enl. 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Deserted near Bunker Hill, 10/16/62. d. 8/20/12. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BRISCOE, THOMAS W.: b. 9/4/33. Physician. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. MWIA in chest at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. d. 7/24/61 at hospital at Culpeper Court House. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BROWN, JAMES H.: b. 1841. Dept. of the Post Master. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Corp. d. 8/13/61, measles. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BROWN, JOSEPH F. (H.): b. 3/25/28. Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Detailed as teamster for regt., Nov-Dec.1862. AWOL 4/28/63. Unofficial source says he served in Co. A, 1st Va. Cav. d. 3/19/93. bur. Uvilla Methodist Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

BROWN, SAMUEL HOWELL: b. 1/14/31. Surveyor. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Sgt. Detailed as a recruiting officer, 8/2/61. Returned from recruiting 10/11/61. Detailed for special duty under Col. Angus W. McDonald by order of Gen. Jackson, Nov./Dec. 1861. Detailed in engineer corps, 4/18/62. Apptd. Lt. in engineer corps, 6/1/63. No further record. d. 1/24/05. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BROWN, WILLIAM J.: b. 1831. 5’7″. dark complexion, black eyes, sandy hair, gray, sandy whiskers. Clerk for circuit court of Jefferson Co.; also a lawyer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. sick at hospital, Nov./Dec. 1861. Wded. elbow joint, right arm, 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Captured at Charles Town and paroled, Sept./Oct. 1862. Detailed by Secretary of War, 8/4/63, to report to Richmond to serve as clerk for T. C. Green, state collector of C.S. taxes in Va. Given 6 months’ disability certificate, 4/19/64, due to permanently disabled right arm. No further record.

BURNETT, THOMAS D.: b. 9/10/38. Druggist and farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Corp. Detailed as Hospital Steward in 33rd Va. Vol. Inf., 9/10/61. d. 3/10/62. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BURNETT, WILLIAM: b. 1837? 5’9″. fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Lawyer. enl. 6/19/61 at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Discharged 2/28/62, reason not stated. d. 5/12/88. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BUTLER, FRANCIS G.: b. 4/10/21. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. MWIA in chest at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. d. 7/25/61 at Pringle’s House, Manassas. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BUTLER, VINCENT MOORE: b. 12/21/20. Physician. Apptd. Capt. of Hamtramck Guards, a pre-war militia company from Shepherdstown. 4/59. Capt. Co. B, 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., 5/3/61. Dropped from the roll, 4/20/62; not re-elected. d. 4/22/64. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BUTLER, WILLIAM: b. 8/23/41. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 8/17/61. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861-March/April 1862. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present again Jan /Feb. 1863. d. 5/6 or 5/8 1863 at Chimborazo #5, pneumonia. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

BUZZARD, GEORGE W.: b. 1842? Laborer. enl. at Harper’s Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Last official entry shows him absent sick, Nov./Dec. 1861.

CAMERON, ALEXANDER B.: b. 1834? Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/20/62. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. MWIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62; d. 8/29/62. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Lt. A. B. Cameron wounded 28th of August, 1862 second battle of Manassas, died Aug. 30th, aged 27. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CAMERON, HENRY F.: b. 6/18/24. Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Sgt. Reduced to Pvt. Sept./Oct. 1861. AWOL 7/16-8/24 1861. Discharged 4/30-10/31 1862, overage. d. 11/11/88. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CAMPBELL, JAMES A.: b. 1827? Miller. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov-Dec. 1861.

CHAMBERS, GEORGE W.: b. 1/6/29. Merchant in Harper’s Ferry. Mayor of Harper’s Ferry, 1860. Organizer and Capt. of the Floyd Guards, a pre-war militia unit from Harper’s Ferry. Capt. of Co. K, 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., 5/3/61. Resigned 4/14/62. d. 2/3/08. bur. Harper’s Cem., Harper’s Ferry, W.Va.

CHAPMAN, JAMES W.: b. 1833? Blacksmith. enl. 4/19/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. To Pvt. 11/22/61. Absent sick July-Aug./Nov./Dec. 1861. AWOL at Bunker Hill, 10/15/62. No further record.

CHAPMAN, JOHN: b. 1839? 6′ 2″. dark complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/62 near Harrisonburg in Co. G as Pvt. POW at Rippon, W.Va., 9/6/64 (Camp Chase). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/11/65.

CHAPMAN, JOHN W.: enl. 7/17/61 at Winchester in Co. A as Pvt. sick at home in Jefferson Co., Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record.

CHAPMAN, JOSEPH H.: b. 1840? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Sent to hospital in Winchester, 12/16/61. Present by 10/31/62. Deserted 7/15/63. d. 8/25/77.

CHAPMAN, THORTON J.: b. 12/28/32. 6’0″. dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Farmer. drafted 4/15/63 at Camp Winder. Surgeon’s discharge for “permanent dislocation of the elbow joint,” 9/18/63. d. 3/5/11. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W. Va

CLEMENTS, FRANCES X.: 6’1″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, black hair. Residence Jefferson Co, enl. 3/6/62 at Winchester in Co, A as Pvt. Under arrest, Nov./Dec. 1862, charges not stated. Deserted 7/24/63. POW (Rebel deserter) at Harper’s Ferry, 8/10/63 (Old Capitol Prison), Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 9/26/63; sent north to Philadelphia.

CLINE, HENRY J.: b. 1842? Laborer. enl. 6/11/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. A as Pvt. sick at home in Jefferson Co., Nov-Dec. 1861. Present 6/30-10/31 1862. Last official entry shows him at Chimborazo #5, 5/23-6/21 1864, flesh wound in right thigh. No further record.

CLIP (CLIPP), JOHN W.: b. 2/17/34. enl. 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. F as Pvt. AWOL Since 10/12/62. No further record. d. 7/28/23. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

COCKRELL, DAVID H.: b. 1818? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Lt. Detailed as conscript officer for Jefferson Co., 10/1/62. Detailed by Brig. Gen. Talliferro as Chief of Pioneer Corps, 12/19/62; retained on this detail through March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him as commanding Division Provost Guard at Camp Ewell near Burgess Mill, 2/27/65. POW Appomattox, 4/9/65 (Old Capitol Prison). Released 8/8/65. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.; no dates on stone.

COLBERT, GEORGE W.: b. 1838? 5’10”. florid complexion, gray eyes, black hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since mid-May, 1861. Discharged 11/9/61, no reason stated.

COLBERT, JOHN JAMES: b. 12/18/39. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. Killed 9/9/62? bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

COLBERT, JOSEPH W.: b. 1842, Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 Co. H

COLBERT, RICHARD W.: b. 1844 Laborer, enl. 4/20/61 Floyd Guards, later Co. K

COLEMAN, JOHN W. enl. Co. A 2nd Va.

CONLEY, WILLIAM H.: b. 1833? Carpenter. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 9/31/1862. Wded. in finger on right hand at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/15/65. Chimborazo #2, 3/19/65; scorbutus. POW in Richmond hospital, 4/3/65. Paroled 4/22/65 from Libby Prison.

CONLEY, JAMES P.: enl. 2/28/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. No further record

CONRAD, ALEXANDER N.: b. 1842? Boatsman. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town In Co. A as Pvt. AWOL 12/25-12/30 1861. POW at Berryville, 7/1/62 (Old Capitol Prison, Ft. Monroe). Exchanged 8/5/62. Re-enlisted in Co. A, 9th Va. Cav., Sept./Oct. 1862. No official record of his service in the 9th Va. Cav.

COOKUS, GEORGE W.: b. 10/11/40. Mason. enl. 4/21/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 6/30/61. Present again July/Aug., 1861. Absent sick 9/15/62 at home. POW at Shepherdstown, 4/23/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe). Paroled 4/30/63. Absent sick 5/21/63. Gen. Hosp. #11, Richmond, 6/5/62; diarrhea. Furloughed 60 days, 6/5/63. d. 10/5/63 at home in Shepherdstown, disease. bur. Old Reformed Graveyard, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CONNER, MORRIS: b. 1831? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

CRAIGHILL, EDWARD A.: b. 11/2/40 at Charles Town. Physician. enl. 4/22/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Asst. Surgeon, 11/16/61. Detailed as steward in hospital at Winchester, 6/25/61. Detailed as hospital steward at Camp Pickens, Manassas, 9/19/61. Trans. Nov/Dec. 1861, location not stated. Postwar, physician at Lynchburg.

CRAIGHILL, JAMES B.: b. 1839? Student. enl. 6/16/61 at Camp Jackson in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed in Ord. Dept., 7/11/61. Last official entry shows him as an Ord. Sgt. through 2/26/62. No further record.

CROMWELL, RICHARD W.: enl. 10/8/62 Co. C 2nd Inf. at Bunker Hill Deserted 12/13/62.

CROW, JACOB B.: b. 11/6/32. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 8/17/61. To Pvt. Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 7/16-8/10 1861. Detailed as teamster, 9/8/61. Detailed as teamster, 6/30-10/31 1862 through Jan/Feb. 1864. Detailed to report to Col. Nadenbousch at Staunton 2/64. POW near Lexington, 6/11/64 (Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/2/65. No further record. d. 2/24/97. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

CULP, JOHN WESLEY: b, 1839? Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Taken POW while absent on furlough, March/April 1862. Exchanged 8/5/62. KIA at Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill near family farm property 7/3/63.

CURRIE, CHARLES W.: b. 1838. 5’3″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Farmer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H of 2nd Va. Inf. as Pvt. Wded. at Kernstown 3/23/62. POW near Harper’s Ferry 10/16/62 (Ft. McHenry). Exchanged 10/25/62. enl. 12/62/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. Present Sept./Oct. 1863-July/Aug. 1864. Admitted to Chimborazo #1 8/20/64; debility. Discharged from hosp. 8/27/64. No further record. Paroled at Winchester 4/21/65. d. Dec. 1879 at Martinsburg, W.Va.

CURRIE, GEORGE E.: b. 3/21/39. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Sgt. 6/30·10/31 1862. To Lt. Jan/Feb. 1863. Wded. at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/14/65. d. 2/24/95. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DALGARN, STEPHEN S.: b. 8/5/44. 5’5″. light complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. enl. 12/4/62 at Guinea’s Station in Co. D as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/18/65 at Winchester. d. 8/14/04. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DANDRIDGE, PHILIP PENDLETON: b. 1/15/43 in Jefferson Co. Student. enl. 5/1/61 at Winchester in Co. F as Pvt. Discharged 8/6/61, no reason stated. Assigned cadet Co. F. 9th Va. Cav., 10/30/61. Assigned to staff of Gen. W.H.F. Lee, 10/15/63. Promoted to Lt. of Infantry (which organization not stated), 3/3/65. Postwar, civil engineer. d. 1/8/21 at Baltimore, Md. bur. Mt. Hebron Cem., Winchester.

DANDRIDGE, EDMOND PENDLETON: b. 1/28/41. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Martinsburg in Co. D as Pvt. Wded. in foot at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him sick in hospital, Nov/Dec. 1861.

DAVENPORT, HENRY BEDINGER: b. 9/9/31. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Lt. Last official entry in Nov/Dec. 1861 shows him commanding the Co. since 7/21/61 due to the wounding of Capt. Rowan. d. 9/15/01. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DAVIS, GEORGE A. S.: b. 1835. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. To Lt. 10/24/61. Commanding Co. 6/30-10/31 1862 through Nov/Dec. 1862; May/June 1863; Sept-Oct. 1863. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 1/6/63; acute diarrhea. To Gen. Hosp. Lynchburg, 1/9/63. Present again March/April 1863. On furlough July/Aug. 1863. Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, 9/16-9/28 1863; chronic diarrhea. Sent to hospital sick, 1/22/64. Present again March/April 1864. Inspector and Mustering Officer for regt., 10/31/64. On detached service, 11/29/64; mission not stated. Resigned 1/18/65 due to smallness of Co. and his inability to march “on account of chronic diarrhea from which I have been suffering for two years.” d. 2/12/80. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

DAVIS, HENRY C.: b. 5/18/39. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To. Corp. 11/25/61. in Commissary Dept., 10/19-10/31 1861. Reenlisted in artillery, 6/30-10/31 1862.

DAVIS, JOHN b. : b. 1833? Soldier, enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Lt. Discharged 4/18/62, no reason stated.

DAVIS, JOSEPH M,: b. 1833? Laborer. enl. 5/18/61 at Camp Lee in Co. K as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

EICHELBERGER, HENRY – CO. H

EICHELBERGER, LEWIS, S. – CO. H

EICHELBERGER, GEORGE F.: b. 12/18/43. 6′ 0″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 4/15/64. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Returned to duty 2/20/62. Wded. at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/24/64. Furloughed 6/9/64. Paroled 4/24/65 at Charles Town. d. 2/6/10. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

EICHELBERGER, WEBSTER: b. 3/9/35. Minister. enl. 6/26/61 at Camp Stephens in Co. G as Pvt. Discharged 7/20/62, reason not stated.

ENGLE, JOHN M.: b. 9/8/22. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co, H as Pvt. AWOL sometime before 6/30/61 and never mustered. d. 1/9/97. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va·

ENTLER, CATO MOORE: b. 1822. Confectioner. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. sick at Manassas Hosp. 10/21/61. To Chimborazo #5, 11/3/61; diarrhea. To Gen. Hosp. Farmville, 5/7/62; torpor of liver. Returned to duty 7/16/62; however, last official entry shows him absent sick 6/30-10/31 1862.

ENTLER, CHARLES E.: b. 1842. Clerk. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Deserted 6/15/61.

ENTLER, DANIEL M.: b. 1835. in Shepherdstown. 5’8″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov-Dec. 1861. On furlough Jan-Feb, 1862. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Detailed as asst. in commissary dept. (temporarily), Nov. 1862. Wded. in arm at Gettysburg, 7/2/63. Sent to Gen. Hosp. 7/15/63; fractured humerus, left arm. To Chimborazo #4, Richmond, 9/28/63. Surgeon’s Discharge 12/23/63, “wound is still open at elbow joint.”

ENTLER, JOHN PHIL: b. 8/22/38. Carpenter. enl. 4/21/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 4/25/62· To Sgt. March 1864, Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout), Exchanged 3/14/65. No further record. d. 12/30/09. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

ENTLER, JOSEPH N.: b. 1841. Boatman. enl. 5/22/61 at Camp Jackson in Co. A as Pvt. Deserted 6/6/61.

ENTLER, WILLIAM M.: enl. in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 9/20/62. No further record.

ENGLISH, ROBERT M.: b. 9/27/24. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Lt. Wded. in arm,leg, and breast at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to duty 10/25/61. KIA at Port Republic, 6/9/62, bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

FAGHENDER, FENTON L.: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. last official entry shows him present, Nov.-Dec. 1861.

FAGHENDER, JOSEPH H.: b. 1837. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Service in Ord. Dept., 10/19-10/30 1861. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/20-7/17 1862. Absent sick at home in Jefferson Co. at 10/31/62 muster. Present again Nov-Dec. 1862. Detailed as teamster, 12/20/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). d. 6/14/64 at Pt. Lookout; cause not stated.

FEAMAN, JOHN S.: b. 1825. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. KIA at Kernstown, 3/23/62.

FEAMAN, WELLS A.: Pvt Co. F. enl. Striders Mill 10/13/62. deserted 11/10/62.

FERRELL, CHARLES F.: b. 8/23/42, Painter. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 7/17/61 while on march from Winchester to Manassas. Present again Sept-Oct. 1861. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. After exchange, went home without leave, and taken POW at home. On parole as of 10/31/62. Present again Nov.-Dec. 1862. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 5/23/08. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

FLAGG, GEORGE H.: b. 4/9/32. 5’7″. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Farmer. enl. 4/21/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/20/62. Signs roll as commanding Co., Jan.-Feb. 1864. Stuart Hosp., Richmond, 3/26-4/2 1865; rheumatism. Paroled 4/19/65 at Winchester. d. 3/25/00. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

FOLEY, JOHN F.: b. 10/22/40. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Shown as Sgt. 6/30-10/31/62. To. Lt. 11/18/62 for “exhibition of extraordinary valor and skill in the several battles in which this regt. has been engaged.” Signs roll as commanding Co., Nov.-Dec. 1863. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/3/26. bur. Harpers Cem., Harpers Ferry, W.Va.

FOWLER, SAMUEL H.: b. 6/10/29. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Martinsburg in Co. D. as Sgt. Reduced to ranks 1/19/61 for drunkenness and disobedience of orders. To Corp. 11/1/63. POW at Fisher’s Hill, 9/23/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/15/65. d. 3/23/05. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

FRAZIER, JAMES H.: b. 1838? Auctioneer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Special duty as harnessmaker, Nov.-Dec. 1861. Discharged 7/30/62, reason not stated.

FULK, WILLIAM: b. 10/19/29. drafted 10/13/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Oct. 1862-July/Aug. 1863. listed as deserter, July/Aug. 1863. d. 7/17/03. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GAGEBY, DAVID B.: b. 1826? Carpenter. enl. 4/19/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Corp. 8/1/61. To Sgt. 11/22/61. Absent sick 5/30/62-March/April 1863. AWOL 5/11/63. No further record. d. 1901. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GALLAHER, CHARLES FRANK: b. 11/28/42. 5’8″. dark complexion, black eyes, gray hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Charles Town, 10/15/61. Chimborazo #1, 10/17-10/28 1861; debility. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 4/19/65; reason not stated. Paroled 4/22/65 at Winchester. d. 1915. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GALLAHER, CHARLES HORACE: b. 4/17/39. 5’10,”. florid complexion, blue eyes, amber hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 10/13/63. Wded. ln head at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton, 12/8//63.Returned to duty 2/11/64. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/20/65. paroled 4/30//65 at Staunton. d. 1/29/11. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GALLAHER, WILLIAM B.: b. 3/21/33 at Charles Town. Publisher and Editor of Charles Town’s “Virginia Free Press.” enl. 6/22/61 at Camp Stephens in Co. A as Pvt. Discharged 7/28/62, reason not stated. Unofficial source states he served in Commissary Dept. of the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, during the rest of the war. d. 8/28/03. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GIBSON, JOSHUA GREGG: b. 1/3/23. Listed in Co. G, but never mustered “being of bad health” and because he “furnished a substitute uniformed.” d. 2/124/94. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GOHEEN, THOMAS: b. 1832? 5’3″. dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Boatsman. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 5/26/61 at Lemon’s Ferry in Co. I as Pvt. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/11-5/28 1864; cephalalgia. POW at Strasburg, 10/19/64 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/13//65.

GOLD, THOMAS DANIEL: b. 2/23/45. 5’8″. light complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Pvt. To Corp. 8/13/61. To Sgt. 8/1/62. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5//62. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 10/22/63-1/13/64; typhoid fever. Absent sick Sep/Oct.-Nov./Dec. 1863. On detached duty, Jan/Feb. 1864. Present again March/April, 1864. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/20/65. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester. Postwar, Va. State Senate, 1899-1903; author of “History of Clarke County and its Connection with the War Between the States” (1914). d. 12/7/15. bur. Greenhill Cem., Berryville. (NOTE: Gold is from Clarke County but is an exception and included here because he wrote a book about 2nd Virginia.-ED)

GREEN, THOMAS CLAIBORNE: b. 11/30/20 at Fredericksburg. Son of John W. Green, a Va. Supreme Court of Appeals judge. Practiced law with Col. Angus McDonald in Hampshire Co. at Romney. m. Mary Naylor McDonald, Col. McDonald’s oldest daughter. Mayor of Charles Town during the John Brown raid in 1859; also served as a defense attorney for Brown. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. On special duty in telegraph office, June 1861. Elected to Va. Legislature from Jefferson Co., 12/22/61. Apptd. chief collector of Confederate taxes in Va. by President Davis in 1863 and remained in this position until war’s end. Postwar, returned to Charles Town; apptd. to W.Va. Supreme Court of Appeals in 1876 and continued in this capacity until his death. d. 12/4/89. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

GROVE, FRANCIS T.: b. 1845? Student. enl. 5/17/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Last official entry shows him AWOL, March/April, 1862. d. 1924. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GROVE, WILLIAM H.: b. 1842? Student. enl. 5/17/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. AWOL March/April, 1862. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. No further record.

GRUBER, BENJAMIN F.: b. 1845? Laborer. enl. 5/15/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

HAMTRAMCK, SELBY M.: b. 11/24/42. Student enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62. (Ft. Delaware). d. 6/9/62 at Ft. Delaware, cause not stated. Claim to C. S. government states that he died with no wife or children and that $180.30 was paid to his mother Sallie E. Hamtramck for his service. bur. Finn’s Point Nat. Cem., Ft. Delaware or Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HANNAH, THOMAS W.: enl. 3/10/62 at Winchester in Co. A as Pvt. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HARRELL, EDWARD R.: b. 1829? 5’8″. light complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. Drafted 10/1/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. K as Pvt. To Sgt 3/1/63. Wded. in thigh at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Moore Hosp., Gen. Hosp. #24, Richmond, 5/11-5/26 1863. To Gen. Hosp. #27, Richmond, 5/26/63; gangrene. Furloughed for 60 days, 7/8/63. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 7/13-0ct. 1863. Next record shows him on detail at Chimborazo #5, 7/15/64-Feb. 1865. POW at Richmond Hosp., 4/3/65, (Jackson Hosp., Libby Prison, Newport News). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 7/1/65.

HARRELL, EDWIN R.: b. 11/20/30. Tinner. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Lt. Deserted 7/14/61 from Winchester. Dismissed from the army in disgrace by court-martial, 10/23/61. bur. Methodist Graveyard, Charles Town, W.Va.

HASTINGS, DANIEL B.: b. 1816? Blacksmith. enl. 5/12/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Absent sick in hosp. at Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; rheumatism. Surgeon’s Discharge, 11/7/61.

HAWKS, WELLS JOSEPH: b. 1814 in Massachusetts. Moved to Winchester about 1843 and then to Charles Town. Bought an old church in Charles Town and converted it into a carriage manufacturing establishment. Served as commissioner and superintendent of the public schools of Jefferson Co., as mayor of Charles Town, and was elected to the Va· House of Delegates in 1855 and 1857. m. 1) Mary Smith, 2) Sarah Smith, 3) Sarah B. Worthington. Commissary Capt of 2nd Va. Inf. Commissioned Maj. and served as Gen. Jackson’s Chief of Commissary, 10/22/61-5/10/63; also on staffs of Generals Ewell, Early, and Lee. Postwar, returned to Charles Town. d. 5/28/73. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va·

HAWN, WILLIAM H. H. : b. 1840? Shoemaker. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. Supposed to have been taken POW while falling back up the Valley, March/April 1862. Absent sick at home since 9/15/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. AWOL 7/14/63. No further record.

HENDERSON, DAVID E.: b. 6/23/32. Artist enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Apptd. Lt in Topographical Engineers, date not stated. “Employed in making maps since the commencement of the war with the exception of a few weeks preceding the Battle of Manassas.” Detailed as draftsman to Gen. Johnston, 8/26/61. Draftsman at Gen. Lee’s headquarters, 6/30/62. No further record. d. 11/16/87. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HENDERSON, RICHARD: b: 7/26/43. Student enl. 5/25/61 at Camp Lee in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 10/13/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Detailed as teamster for QM’s train, Nov/Dec. 1862. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled at Appomattox. Postwar, farmer. d. 6/22/05. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HENDRICKS, DANIEL WEBSTER: b. 7/26/38. Farrier. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Listed as present through July/Aug. 1861; then no record again until shown absent sick, Sept./Oct., 1863. Also appears on rolls of Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. Present again Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official record shows him present, July/Aug. 1864. Paroled 4/18/65 at Harpers Ferry. d. 1/15/10 near Duffields. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HENDRICKS, JAMES MADISON: b. 2/6/44. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Re-enlisted in Co. D, 6th Va. Cav., 6/30-10/31/1862. d. 6/12/23. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HENDRICKS, WILLIAM: b. 12/32/21, Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt.KIA at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. bur. St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

HENSON, GEORGE W.: 5’9 1/2″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. enl. 2/10/62 at Winchester in Co. A as Musician. To Pvt 8/17/63, POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Charged $1.00 for wasting 20 rounds of ammunition, Jan/Feb, 1864. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/15/65.

HESSEY, CHARLES E.: b. 1836? Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at Shepherdstown, July/Aug. 1861. d. 1/3 or 1/30 1862 at Shepherdstown; disease. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HESSEY, EDWARD H.: b, 1826? Brickmaker. enl. 6/9/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Winchester, March/April 1862-May/June 1863. Nurse at New School Presbyterian Church Hosp., Winchester, 10/20/62. Present again July/Aug, 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 10/29/64. No further record.

HESSEY, RICHARD AMOS: enl. 7/9/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Absent on furlough Nov-Dec. 1861. Present again Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL since 5/28/62, and dropped from the roll 12/22/62. No further record. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HILL, JOHN: b. 12/18/20. 5’9″. light complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Tailor. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To. Corp. 11/22/61. Detailed to Staunton as nurse in hosp., 11/20/62-Nov/Dec. 1863. Deserted 1/16/64, Oath of Allegiance to U.S., date not given. d. 3/13/05, bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HOOFF, JAMES LAWRENCE: b. 10/2/25. enl. 7/6/61 at Darkesville in Co. G as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. One record states he served as a QM Sgt. in the 2nd Va. Inf. and as Asst. QM in the 11th Va. Cav. Postwar, merchant in Charles Town; elected to W.Va. legislature in 1875; later became president of Jefferson Co. Court. d. 8/24/87. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HOOFF, WILLIAM A.: b. 1839? 5’8″. dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed as nurse to Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, 1/30/63. Ward master in Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, March/April 1863-Jan./Feb. 1864. Returned to regt. 3/14/64. POW at Salem Church, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/16/65 at Winchester.

HOPKINS, ABNER CRUMP: b. 10/24/35 in Powhatan Co. grad. Hampden-Sydney College, 1855. Attd. Union Theological Seminary. Minister at Martinsburg Presbyterian Church. m. Anne Pleasants Atkinson, 5/16/61, Commissioned 5/3/62 as chaplain of the 2nd Va. Vol. lnf. To Chaplain of the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va. Postwar, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Charles Town, 1866-1911. d. 2/4/11. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HORN, GEORGE: b. 8/6/19. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL and never mustered, 4/18-6/30 1861. No further record. d. 2/2/79. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HOUT, DAVID H.: b. 11/24/20. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Corp. To Sgt. 11/13/61. Discharged 4/30-10/31/1862, overage. d. 3/11/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HOUT, GEORGE W.: enl. 6/1/63 Sharpsburg, Md. in Co. B as Musician. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, went west. d. 2/13/20 at Warrensburg, Mo.

HOWELL, DAVID, JR.: b. 8/25/38. Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 10/1/62. Signs roll as commanding Co., March/April 1864, Wded. Aug. 1864, exact battle and date not given. Sent to Richmond to forward recruits to army, 11/23/64. Retired to Invalid Corps, 3/6/65, and stationed at Newtown. Paroled 4/21/65 at Charles Town. d. 1/31/03. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUMPHREYS, DAVID: b. 5/2/32 at Charles Town. Farmer. enl. 5/14/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Unofficial source states he was injured during drill in camp at Centreville (1861); disabled and discharged. Absent on special duty since 11/19/61. Re-enlisted in Co. B. 7th Va.Cav. Retired 12/23/64. Postwar, merchant; moved to Norfolk in 1869 and entered insurance business; helped with the development of Norfolk and was a member of the town council; author of “Heroes and Spies.” d. 7/5/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUMRICKHOUSE, GEORGE W.: enl. 6/21/63 near Sharpsburg in Co. B as Musician. Surrendered at Appomattox.

HUMRICKHOUSE, SAMUEL P.: b. 1830? in Shepherdstown. 5’3″. fair complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Tailor. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Absent sick Aug/5-Nov/Dec. 1862. Present again Jan/Feb, 1863. On furlough March/April 1863. Discharged 5/26/63 by reason of insanity; he was “taken very sick with Typhoid Fever.”

HUNSICKER, JAMES W.: enl. 10/8/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. A as Pvt. Chimborazo #1, 3/21/63; fever. d. 4/2 or 4/3/1863 at Chimborazo #1.

HUNTER, ANDREW: b. 1835? Physician. enl. 6/5/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. C as Pvt. Trans. to Culpeper Court House as a Surgeon, 9/25/61. No further record.

HUNTER, JAMES H. L.: b. 4/9/30. Lawyer/Merchant. Capt. of Letcher Riflemen, a pre-war militia Co. in Jefferson Co., 11/25/59. To Capt., Co. H. 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., enl. 5/3/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62; reason not stated. Paroled 4/26/65 at Ashland. d. 8/17/91. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUNTER, THOMAS C.: 5’11”. light complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 7/3/61 at Martinsburg in Co. D as Pvt. listed as hosp. steward, 4/30-10/31 1862 through March/April 1863. Absent sick at hosp., May/June 1863. Commissioned hosp. steward, 8/28/63; place of service not stated. Present again Sept/Oct. 1863. Last official entry states he was trans. to the surgeon at Gen. Long’s headquarters, 4/30-10/3 1864. Paroled 4/10/65 at Barkelsville Junction.

HURST, JAMES A.: b. 12/19/29. Farmer. enl 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Lt. AWOL 9/20-11/1/61. No further record. d. 7/24/91. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HURST, THOMAS G.: b. 7/23/26. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. MWIA in abdomen, at 1st Manassas 7/21/61. d. 8/1 or 8/8/1861 at Orange Court House Hosp. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HUTSON, ROBERT: b. 1842? Blacksmith. enl 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. d. 7/19/61 at hosp. in Winchester.”The Virginia Free Press” reported 9 Nov 1865 that a “Robert Hudson died at Winchester Hospital 19th July, 1861 aged 22 years.”

JENKINS, JOSEPH J.: b. 1832? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. Elected Capt. 4/20/62. Surrendered at Appomattox.

JOHNSON, JOHN W.: b. 1843? 6’0″. dark complexion, dark eyes, gray hair. Cooper. Residence Jefferson Co. Drafted 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov.-Dec. 1862. Arrested and POW at Leetown. 12/29/62;”said to be at home when taken making barrels for the Confederate army.” (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. Present again 4/8/63.Chimborazo #2, 6/11/64; diarrhea. To lynchburg, 7/9/64. Paroled 4/20/65 at Winchester. d. 11/29/26. bur. Stonewall Cem., Winchester.

JONES, JOHN W.: b. 1842? Blacksmith. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Present again July/Aug. 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Chimborazo #2, 3/10/65; pneumonia. Furloughed 60 days, 3/9/65. No further record. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “John W. Jones wounded at Mine Run 27th Nov 1862 died Nov. 30th age 25.”

KANODE, BLACKFORD W.: b. 12/31/36. 5’7″. fair complexion, black eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. enl. 10/8/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. A as Pvt.- SERVED IN 7TH VA CAV – Detailed to Commissary Dept., 12/5/62. Present again Jan/Feb. 1863. Absent sick since 4/10/63. Present again May/June 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/17/65. d. 1/15/18. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

KEERL, JOHN D. : b. 1840? Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 9/1/63. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Returned from sick furlough, 7/23/63. Last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864.

KEERL, ROBERT DOUGLAS: b. 11/30/45. Trans. from Co. K, 24th Ga. Inf., 11/15/62 (sic) at Culpeper Court House and joined Co. G as Pvt. Only official entry states he was present 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/19/26. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

KEERL, WILLIAM L.: b. 1843? Clerk. enl. 6/6/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Charged $2.00 for pair of shoes received, 8/29/61. Hosp. near Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; fever. Present again by 10/31/61. Wded. in forehead at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present by 10/31/62. Wded. when slightly bruised by shell at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Present again Jan-Feb. 1863. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

KEYES, WILLIAM H.: b. 7/15/41. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Trans. to 1st Va. Cav., 7/14/61. KIA at Jenning’s Landing on the James River, 3/24/64. bur. Old Reformed Graveyard, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

KIMES, HENRY: b. 1816? Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Shepherdstown, Sept/Oct. 1861. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official entry states he was taken POW while on furlough, March/April 1864. b. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

KIMES, WILLIAM: b. 1821? 5’5 1/2″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, black hair. Painter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home, July/Aug. 1861. Surgeon’s discharge, 11/9/61; disability. Re-enlisted 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Released 2/20/65. POW at Ft. Steadman near Petersburg, 3/25/65 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/14/65.

LACKLAND, FRANCIS: b. 5/20/30 near Charles Town. grad. V.M.I. 1849. Employed in Engineer Corps of the Alabama Railroad. Entered C.S. service May, 1861 at Harpers Ferry as Capt.in Engineer Corps. To Lt. Col., 2nd Va. lnf., June 1861. Hosp. 1st Brigade, Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; pneumonia. d. 9/5/61 at Fairfax Court House; “pneumonia supervening upon organic disease of the heart.” bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LAMBRIGHT, GEORGE W.: b. 7/6/47 at Hancock, Md. enl. 7/20/64 at Winchester in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, 10/31/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, spent 6 years in W.Va. and then moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, where he was a merchant.

LEE, RICHARD HENRY: b. 8/24/21. grandson of Richard Henry Lee, mover of the Declaration of Independence in the Continental Congress. Lawyer. Residence Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Lt. Absent sick 8/26-9/13/1861. Wded. severely at Kernstown, 3/23/62. Recommended for service on a military court, Oct. 1862. Later became Judge Advocate and Col. in the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va. d. 6/18/02. bur. Old Chapel Cem., Millwood.

LEMON, ALEX: Unofficial source lists him in Co. B. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LEVI, GEORGE W.: b. 11/23/42 in Jefferson Co. Farmhand. enl. 5/22/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. I as Pvt. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. Disabled by disease and dropped from the roll, 4/18/62. Postwar, farmer, Clarke Co. sheriff for 10 years; U.S. Marshal for Western District of Va. until 1890. d. 3/1/20 at Berryville. NOTE: HE WAS A CHILD IN JEFFERSON COUNTY.

LEWIS, JOHN H. B.: b. 10/10/19. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Ord. Sgt. 4/30-10/31 1862. Absent sick since 11/12/62. No record again until Sept/Oct. 1863 when he is listed as present. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/17-6/28 1864; febris remittens. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/26/64; debility. Retired to Invalid Corps, 3/3/65, and stationed at Lexington. No further record. d. Dec. 1870. bur. Lewis-Muse Graveyard, Jefferson Co., W.Va.

LEWIS, LEWIS: enl. 3/4/62 at Winchester in Co. D as Pvt. MWIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. d. 9/3/62. bur. White Church Graveyard, Middleway. W.Va.

LEWIS, WALTER: enl. 3/4/62 at Winchester in Co. D as Pvt. MWIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. d. l0/15/62. bur. White Church Graveyard, Middleway, W.Va.

LEWIS, WILLIAM H.T.: b. 4/30/32. Farmer. enl. 5/5/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 6/16/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62. reason not stated. d. 5/31/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LICKLIDER, GEORGE W.: b. 12/9/38. Farmer. enl. 6/20/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. Absent. under arrest at Manassas Junction, July/Aug. 1861; reason not stated. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 2/6/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. NOTE: THIS IS THE 12TH CAV ENTRY: b. 12/9/38. 5’11”. dark complexion, gray eyes, black hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 7/1/63 at Orange Court House in Co. F as Pvt. Present July/Aug. 1863-July/Aug. 1864. Sorrel horse appraised at $800. KIA at Shady Grove (Todd’s Tavern), 5/5/64. No further record. Paroled at Winchester, 4/25/65. d. 2/6/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LINK, ADAM, JR.: b. 10/16/17. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Surgeon’s discharge, 5/15/61,”for inability.” d. 3/27/62. bur. St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

LINK, ADAM CRUZEN: b. 11/30/32. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL July/Aug. 1861. No further record. d. 3/28/62 at New Market; measles. bur. 1st at St. Matthew’s Lutheran Church Cem., New Market; body later removed to St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

LINK, JOHN ALLEN: b. 4/21/42. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL July/Aug. 1861. No record again until he appears as wded. in stomach at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Absent wded. Jan/Feb. 1863. Wded. in hand at Chancellorsvllle, 5/3/63. Last official entry shows him still absent wded. and at home, 4/30-10/31 1864. Postwar. farmer. d. 6/19/35 at Uvilla, W.Va. “Last surviving Confederate veteran in Jefferson Co.” bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LINK, THOMAS: b. 4/2/27. Farmer. Residence Dufflelds. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H. Elected Lt. 11/22/61. Absent sick in hosp. near Centerville. July/Aug-Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov-Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 4/16/62. d. 4/21/74 at Duffields.

LOCK, WILLIAM M.: b. 9/17/37. Farmer. enl. 6/2/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Last official entry shows him absent on special duty in Commissary Dept. since 1/16/61. Apptd. 9/9/62 Capt. of Commissary, 62nd Va. Partisan Rangers. POW at Hardy Co., 11/9/62 (Camp Chase). Exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, 12/8/62. Promoted to Major and Commissary, 1/28/63, in Imboden’s Brig. Paroled 5/8/65 at Winchester. d. 5/16/92. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LOYNS, HENRY M.: b. 1839. enl. 10/16/64 at Richmond in Co. H as Pvt. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 1910. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LUCAS, ANDREW: Listed in Co. G. Only official entry says he was discharged 8/7/62. d. 9/3/87.

LUCAS, EDWARD D.: b. 1842? Lawyer. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/11-7/4/1864; wounded. Surrendered at Appomattox.

MADDOX, JAMES E.: b. 1821? Carpenter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. Elected Lt. 11/22/61. POW at Leetown, 5/3/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. No further record.

MAGAHA, JACOB: enl. 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present again by 10/31/62. d. 5/26/63 in hosp at Richmond “from wound.” “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Jacob Magaha, wounded at Chancellorsville, 5th of May, 1863 died the 9th, aged 30.”

MAGAHA, WILSON H.: b. 1830. 6’0″. light complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Carpenter. Residence Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Detailed as teamster, 10/15-10/31 1861. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 3/10/63; typhoid fever. Present again May/June 1863. Wded. at Gettysburg, 7/2/63. POW at Gettysburg, July 1863 (DeCamp Gen. Hosp., David’s Island, N.Y. Harbor; Ft. Wood, Bedloe’s Island, N.Y. Harbor where “lower one-third of right thigh amputated. “). Paroled from Hammond Gen. Hosp., Pt. Lookout, date not specific. Chimborazo #1, 3/7/64. Furloughed 3/8/64 for 60 days. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 3/22/64. To Staunton, 5/30/64. No further record. d. 1900. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MARMADUKE, JAMES J.: b. 1835? Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL since 10/14/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. POW at Manassas, 8/27/62, and paroled. Absent sick at home since 9/21/62. AWOL since 11/10/62. Arrested (Rebel deserter) at Baltimore, 6/29/63 (Ft McHenry). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 8/26/63.

MARMADUKE, LUTHER: b. 1838? Tanner. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Detailed as Musician to 2nd Regt. Band, May/June 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). d. 10/1/64 at Elmira; typhoid fever. bur. Woodlawn Nat. Cem., Elmira, N.Y., Section 9, grave 532.

MARMADUKE, SELBY “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Selby M Marmaduke died at Fort Delaware 9th of July 1862, aged 21”

MASON, JAMES MURRAY: b. 8/25/39. Unofficial source lists him in Co. F. d. 1/10/23. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MATHENY, BUSHROD: b. in Jefferson Co. drafted 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co G as Pvt. Detailed as shoemaker, in 1st Brig., Nov/Dec 1862. Absent sick and sent to hosp. 1/2/63 Last official entry states he died in hosp. in Washington, no date given.

McCORMICK, PHILIP J.: b. 1837? Brickmaker. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. To Corp. 8/12/61. To Pvt. 10/18/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861. “The Virginia Free Press” Nov.. 9, 1865: “23 March 1862 killed at Kernstown Philip McCormick, Co. K 2nd Va. Infantry, aged 25 years.”

McDONALD, WILLIAM NAYLOR: b. 2/4/34 in Hampshire Co. Received Master’s Degree from University of Virginia and became a professor of rhetoric and principal of a high school in Louisville, Kentucky; then became a lawyer in Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on special duty in Cav. of Angus W. McDonald, Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official record shows him on detail to engineer service, 3/26/62. Resigned from this and trans. to Co. D, 11th Va. Cav. Later promoted to Capt. of artillery and assigned to Ord. Dept. Wded. in side at Wilderness,
5/6/64. Another source says he also served on the staffs of Rosser and Mahone. Postwar, teacher; founder and principal of Shenandoah University School at Berryville; founder of Cool Spring School; author of “The Laurel Brigade.” d. 1/4/98. bur. Greenhill Cem., Berryville.

McDONOUGH, CHARLES T.: b. 1844? in Loudoun Co. Light complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home since 9/5/61. Surgeon’s discharge, 12/8/61; disability. NOTE ENTRY FROM 12TH VA CAV: b. 1844? in Loudoun Co. 5’9″. fair complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Tailor in Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A of 2nd Va.lnf. as Pvt. Absent sick at home since 9/5/61. Surgeon’s discharge, 12/8/61; disability. Listed in Co. B of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. (date and location of enl. not stated). POW 1st N.Y. Cav. near Charles Town, 12/26/62 (Camp Chase, 1/3/63). To City Point for exchange, 3/28/63.

McENDREE, DANIEL M.: b. 1838? in Jefferson Co. 5’9″. fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Clerk. enl. 4/27/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Present again Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL since 5/1/62. Discharged 7/27/62, being a “citizen of Kentucky and having served 90 days after expiration of this term.”

McENDREE, WILLIAM H.: b. 1841? Clerk. enl. 5/29/61 at Lemon’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 4/18/62. Absent sick Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL during July, 1862 and since 9/20/62. AWOL 10/10-12/1/62. Detailed clerk for QM of 2nd Va. Inf., Dec. 1862. Remained on this detail through last official entry which shows him present, 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

McINTYRE (McINTIRE), RICHARD W.: b. 1843? 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. enl. 10/8/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. A as Pvt. Sent to hosp. sick, 10/28/63. Present again Jan./Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/18/65 at Winchester. Alive in 1920.

MciNTYRE, THOMAS B.: b. 1837? Mason. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62.

McKENNEY (McKINNEY), FRANCIS E.: b. 1841? Florid complexion, hazel eyes, black hair. Farmer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Absent sick at home in Jefferson Co. 9/5/62-May-June, 1863. Shown as AWOL since 6/13/63. POW at Leetown, 10/12/63 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 4/23/64. POW at Harpers Ferry, 4/26/64 (Camp Chase). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/1/65. bur. Greenhill Cem., Martinsburg, W.Va.

MEDLAR, NAPOLEON B.: b. 1840? Gunsmith. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G in Pvt. Detailed as musician for 2nd regt., July/Aug. 1861. Gen. Hosp. Howard’s Grove, Richmond, 7/21/63; severe contusion of left thigh by a fall. To Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/3/63. Present again Sept/Oct. 1863. Next official record shows him as an armorer in a repairing establishment at Charlottesville, 3/19-Aug. 1862. Final record shows him as an armorer at the C. S Carbine Factory, Richmond, 3/19/63. No further record.

MELVIN, JACOB S.: b. 1/6/30. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Dufflelds in Co. H as Lt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov. Dec. 1861. Vouchers for the fall of 1862 list him as a Capt. and Asst. Commissary. d. 1/25/12. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MELVIN, WILLIAM: b. 8/27/41. enl. 3/18/63 at Camp Winder in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. by shell in left side of back below shoulder blade at Monocacy, 7/9/64. POW at Monocacy, 7/9/64 (U.S. Gen. Hosp West Buildings, Baltimore: Ft. McHenry). Exchanged 2/16/65. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 2/17/12. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MILLBURN, HENRY: b. 1841? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. AWOL 12/27-12/30 1861. Last official entry shows him present, 12/31/61.

MILLER, BENJAMIN: enl. 4/18/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 4/20-8/1 1862. No further record except parole statement that says he was paroled 4/20/65 at Mt. Jackson.

MILLER, EMMANUEL: b. 1817? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL and never mustered, 4/30-6/30 1861. No further record.

MILLER, MILTON B. : b. 1832? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

MILLER, WILLIAM H.: b. 1830? Farmer. enl. 5/17/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Last official entry shows him AWOL. March/April, 1862.

MOBLEY, GEORGE W.: enl. 9/13/61 at Charles Town in Co. K as Pvt. AWOL Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official entry Says he deserted 11/20/62. d. 1899. bur. Harpers Cem., Harpers Ferry, W.Va.

MOHLER, DAVID GUIN: 5’10”. fair complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Residence Charles Town. Only record in POW statement that shows him in Co. G as Sgt. POW at Fairfax Station, 4/10/65 (Elmira, 5/2/66). Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Elmira. 7/3/65. Unofficial source (VMI Register) says he was in Co. A of the VMI cadets at the Battle of New Market, 5/15/64. Postwar, graduated 122nd from VMI Class of 1867. Worked as a merchant and with real estate. d. 6/5/17. bur. Arlington Cem., Arlington, Va.

MOLER, DANIEL: b. 1840? 5’8″. dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer. enl. 4/25/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Corp. 7/1/63. Absent sick at hosp., July/Aug.-10/25/62. Wded. at Gaines’s Mill or Malvern Hill, 6/27 or 7/1/1862. Present again by 10/31/62. Wded. slightly by shell at Fredericksburg. 12/13/62. Present by 12/31/62. Absent sick at hosp., 4/13/63. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/2-6/9 1863; debility. Wded. in neck at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63, Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton. 1/6/64. Returned to regt. 3/8/64. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/25/65 at Winchester.

MOLER, HENRY CLAY: enl. 12/8/62 at Camp Moss Neck in Co. B as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Present again Sept/Oct., 1863. Detailed in Pioneer Corps, Johnson’s Division, Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864.

MOLER, LEE H.: b. 3/12/37. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Lt. Elected Capt. 4/20/62. Resigned 8/15/62 due to “an old and large hernia at the left side.” d. 10/28/08. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MOLER, RALEIGH V.: b. 9/4/40. Farmer. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. AWOL 11/27-12/2 1861. Last official entry shows him present 12/31/61. d. 10/16/17. NOTE ENTRY FROM 12TH VA CAV: MOLER, RALEIGH: b. 9/4/40. Farmer. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A of 2nd Va.lnf. as Pvt. AWOL 11/27-12/2/61. Last Infantry entry shows him present, 12/31/61. enl. 12/11/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. Pvt. Only entry shows him AWOL, Sept/Oct. 1863. No further record. Unofficial source (“Shepherdstown Register” obituary, 10/25/17) says Moler was captured and sent to Ft. Delaware, where he was kept in confinement for some time. Finally, with several other Confederate prisoners, he accepted an offer of freedom from the Union authorities with the provision that he go west for garrison duty at Ft. Laramie, Wyoming. The Confederates agreed to this condition, hoping to escape on their way west or at Ft. Laramie. Their plan proved futile, however, as there was no opportunity to escape en route. In Wyoming, the hostile Indians were so numerous that it would dare to run the gauntlet. Therefore, Moler served in the U.S. Army until the end of the war, fighting Indians on the Great Plains. Postwar, farmer at Uvllla, Jefferson Co., W.Va. m. Lydia E. Engle, 1/5/89. d. 10/16/17. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

MONROE, GEORGE B. : b. 8/8/18. Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on special duty, 4/18-6/30/1861. Absent sick since 7/1/61. Discharged 1/19/62 for disability. d. 2/18/67. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, ALBERT L.: b. 12/29/45. Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. d. 4/14/34. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, BERKELEY W.: b. 7/30/44 at Charles Town. Clerk. enl. 5/4/61 at Harpers Ferry, Co. K as Pvt. To Sgt Maj., 2nd Va. Inf., 5/4/61. To Lt. 4/20/62. To Capt., date not given. Signs roll as commanding Co. 6/30-10/31 1862. Wded. slightly by shell at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Signs roll as commanding Co. Nov./Dec 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present March/April, 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox d. 3/27/22 at Richmond bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, CLEON: b. 11/24/40. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co G as Pvt. To Corp 8/23/61. To Lt. Nov/Dec. 1862. Absent sick at hosp., 10/15/61 Present again Nov/Dec 186l Last official records state he was on duty with Provost Guard, 10/12/Nov. 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, lawyer d 12/26/14 bur. Edge Hill Charles Town, WVa.

MOORE, EDWIN L.: b 2/14/31. Banker enl. 4/18/61 Charles Town Co G. Elected Capt. to succeed Capt. Botts 6/13/61. To Maj. 9/16/62. Signs roll as commanding 2nd Va. lnf., 10/31/62. Absent on detail as acting inspector, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va., Nov/Dec. 1862-May/June 1863. Next official record lists him as AAG to Trimble’s Division, 1/6/64. No further record. d. 12/11/81. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MOORE, FONROSE M.: b. 1844? Student. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

MOORE, SAMUEL JOHNSTON CRAMER: b. 6/29/26 in Charles Town. Lawyer. m. Ellen Kownslar. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Lt. Elected Capt. 11/19/61. Last official entry shows him absent due to wound in thigh at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Detailed as Judge Advocate, Army of Northern Va., 8/25/62. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/13-7/25 1863; hemorrhoid. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/9/64. To Front Royal, 6/27/64. Served as Ass’t. lnspector Gen., 2nd Corps, dates not given. Assigned as Adj. Gen. to Gen. Early and the Valley Army, 7/29/64 to Appomattox. Postwar, Clarke Co. lawyer and judge. d. 12/19/08. bur. Greenhill Cem. Berryville.

MOORE, WILLIAM H.: b. 10/29/41 in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. dark complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Laborer. Wded. in leg at Port Republic, 6/9/62. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/20-8/13/1862. Trans. to C. S. Navy, 4/6/64. d. 2/25/10. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MORNINGSTAR, SAMUEL: b. 1827 5′ 11 “. dark complexion, black eyes, dark hair. drafted 10/1/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. K as Pvt. AWOL since 10/12/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. Absent on detail as teamster, 1/6/63. last official entry shows him still absent on detail as teamster, March/April 1864. Paroled 4/27/65 at Winchester.

MURPHY, SMITH: b. 1842. 5’7″. light complexion, black eyes, brown hair. Carpenter. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Sgt. 7/1/62. Wded. in thigh at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864. Paroled 4/26/65 at Charles Town.

MYERS, SAMUEL B.: b. 6/27/41. 5’6″. sandy complexion, gray eyes, sandy hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home 8/2/61-Sept/Oct. 1861. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861 and detailed as orderly to Col. Allen. Absent on detail as Post Master of 1st Division, 10/25/62-March/April 1863. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/9-7/6 1864; debility. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/24/65 at Winchester. d. 5/11/74. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

MYERS, GEORGE N.: b. 2/16/43. Student. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. MWIA at 1st Manassas. 7/21/61. d. 8/12/61 at Gen. Hosp. Culpeper Court House. bur. Edge Hill Cem. Charles Town, W.Va.

MYERS, JAMES W.: b. 1842? Printer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Sgt. Nov/Dec. 1862. Wded. at Cedar Run, 8/19/62. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville. 8/11/62. To Gen. Hosp. Lynchburg. 9/1/62. Present again by 10/31/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Jackson Hosp., Richmond, 3/7/65; debility. Furloughed 3/9/65 for 30 days. No further record.

NICHOLS, FRANCIS M.: enl. 12/1/62 at Guinea’s Station in Co. A as Pvt. Stuart Hosp., Richmond, 7/6/64; diarrhea. Jackson Hosp., Richmond, 7/29/64. Furloughed 7/29/64 for 30 days. Last official entry shows him present for 10/31/64 muster and states he was detailed to division Ord. train. No further record.

NOLAND, GEORGE WILLIAM: b. 1838. 5’7″. dark complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Painter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp. 8/5/61. To Sgt. 9/1/62. To Pvt. 10/31/63. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/22/65 at Winchester. d. before 1900 at Baltimore, Md.

NOLAND, JAMES HENRY: b. 12/7/34. Machinist. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. On duty at Col. Allen’s headquarters, Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him absent sick in hosp., Nov/Dec. 1861. Unofficial source states he served in medical dept. Postwar, member of Turner Ashby Camp #22 at Winchester. d. 12/7/98. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

O’BANNON, GEORGE M.: b. 1844? Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp., Nov/Dec. 1863. Re-enlisted 4/18/62 in Co. I. AWOL Jan./Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present again, March/April 1864.

O’BANNON, HENRY C.: b. 1841? Miller. Residence Charles Town. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A. Wded. in forearm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. POW at Charles Town, 11/10/62 (Ft. McHenry). Paroled 11/12/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 1/6-1/8 1863; debility. Absent on detail to Gen. Ewell’s headquarters, 6/16/63. Present again July/Aug. 1863. Absent on detail as guard at hosp. in Staunton, 10/3/63. Last official entry shows him still on detail as guard at hosp· in Staunton. March/Aprll 1864. POW at Staunton, 9/26/64 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/12/65.

O’BANNON, JAMES H.: b. 1840? 5’8″. ruddy complexion, black eyes, dark hair, Printer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Corp. To Lt. 9/2/61. To Capt. 9/2/62. Absent sick Sept/Oct. 1861. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Absent on furlough Jan/Feb. 1863. Present again March/April 1863. Absent sick Jan/Feb. 1864. Present again March/April 1864. POW at Snicker’S Gap, 7/25/64 (Old Capitol Prison, Ft. Delaware). Oath of Allegiance to U.S. 6/14/65.

O’BANNON, WILLIAM A.: b. 1843? 5’6″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Butcher. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A of 2nd Va Inf. as Pvt. Last Infantry record shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1881. enl. 6/1/62 in Charles Town in Co. A of 12th Va Cav. POW in Jefferson Co., 12/4/63 Ft. Delaware, 3/4/64), Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Ft. Delaware, 6/19/65.

OSBOURN, ALEXANDER LINK: b. 11/1/44. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Trans. to Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. d. 1/19/11 at Shenandoah Jct. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. NOTE ENTRY FROM 12TH VA CAV. OSBOURN (OSBORN) ALEXANDER LINK: b. 11/1/44. 5’8″. dark complexion. gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer in Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co, H of 2nd Va. Inf. as Pvt. enl. 4/19/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. Shown as 4th Corp, on Jan./Feb. 1864 roll. Present Sept./Oct. 1863-March/April 1864. POW at New Market 10/9/64 (Pt. Lookout 10/20/64), Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Pt. Lookout 6/15/65. Postwar. resident of Shenandoah Junction in Jefferson Co. W.Va. Furnished rosters of Co. A and Co. D for McDonald’s Laurel Brigade book. d. 1/19/11 at Shenandoah Junction. Jefferson Co. W.Va. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown. W.Va

OSBOURN, JAMES S. ALLEN: Unofficial source shows him in Co. H. d. 9/29/01. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

PAINTER, JAMES H.: b. 1841? Laborer. enl. 5/11/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Wded in the thigh at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to regt. 10/1/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec· 1861. d. 1910. bur. Greenhill Cem., Stephens City. DIFFERENT FROM JAMES PAINTER LISTED IN THE 12TH VA CAVALRY.

PENDLETON, BENJAMIN S.: b. 3/28/42. Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Absent on leave 10/31/62. Absent on detail as brig. orderly, 11/26/62-May/June 1863. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 1/19/31. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

PENDLETON, JAMES ALBERT: b. 5/8/44· Printer. enl. 6/9/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/30/62. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

REDMAN, WILLIAM R.: Only record is a POW statement that lists him in Co. A as Lt. POW 1/7/65 at Baltimore: “Rebel officer and spy.” (Old Capitol Prison, Alexandria). “Alias Jackson Wallace. Alias Jerry Bissell.” No further record.

REED, JOHN J.: b. 1834? Lawyer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Discharged 10/12/61, reason not stated.

RICKARD, JAMES R.: b. 2/21/28. Residence Shepherdstown. enl. 6/20/63 near Sharpsburg, Md. in Co. B as Musician. Last official entry shows him absent in hosp. at Lynchburg, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/14/65 at Lynchburg. d. 8/26/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

RIDER, JOHN WILLIAM: b. 4/1/40. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town Co. G as Pvt. Appears as Sgt. at 10/31/62 muster. Wded. in arm and chest at Harpers Ferry, 10/16/61. Wded. at 1st Winchester, 5/25/62. Gen. Hosp. Mt. Jackson, 6/1/62. Present again by 10/31/62. Detailed as Sgt. in charge of ambulances, May/June 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/3 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 12/31/23 at Halltown. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RIGHTSTINE, ADAM: enl. 10/10/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 5/31/63. Last official entry shows him still absent sick, March/April 1864.

RISSLER, GEORGE L.: b. 10/11/27 in Frederick Co. 5′ 10 1/2″. florid complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. AWOL since 12/19/61. No further record. d. 7/20/16. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RISSLER, SAMUEL J. (or L.): b. 9/30/30. 5’9″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. drafted 12/4/62 at Guinea’s Station in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed as ambulance driver for 2nd Regt., 12/14/62-July, 1864. POW near Harpers Ferry, 7/2/64 (Old Capitol Prison, Elmira). Exchanged 3/10/65. Paroled 4/19/65 at Charles Town. d. 9/3/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ROBERTSON, MYRTILLO STEPTOE BRENT: b. 5/29/26. Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. Absent on detail guarding baggage wagons, 10/7/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Detailed as commissary Sgt., 10/10/62. Last official entry shows him present and still on detail as commissary Sgt., 4/30-10/31/1864. Paroled at Farmville, date not specific. d. 2/16/86 at Charles Town, W.Va.

ROBINSON, FREDERICK M.: b. 1831? Tailor and postal worker in Charles Town. enl. 5/9/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. AWOL since 12/27/61. Gen. Hosp. #13, Richmond, 10/31-11/15/1862; rheumatism. Gen. Hosp. Camp Winder, Richmond, 11/17-1/27 1862; acute diarrhea. Absent on detail with extra baggage, Jan/Feb.-May/June 1863. Absent on detail with Ord. train, May/June-8/6 1863. AWOL 2/11-3/20 1864. Chimborazo #5, 3/12/64; gonorrhea. To Chimborazo #2, 4/10/64. To Farmville, 5/5/64. To Chimborazo #4, 5/19-9/20 1864. Last official entry shows him present again by 10/31/64. POW (Rebel deserter) at Brandy Station, 4/6/65. Took oath and sent to New York City.

ROBINSON, JAMES B. : b. 3/27/37. Farmer. enl. 5/15/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 6/22/85. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

RONEMOUS, LEWIS: b. 1826? Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

RONEMOUS, WILLIAM: b. 1817? Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H, date not given. Listed AWOL at both 6/30 and 8/31/1861 musters. No further record.

ROWAN, JOHN W.: b. 8/3/10. 5’10”. dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Mason. Capt. of Co. K, 2nd Battalion, Va. Regt. U.S. Army, Mexican War. Capt. of Jefferson Guards, a pre-war militia Co. from Jefferson Co., since May, 1858. To Capt. of Co. A, 2nd Va. Inf., 5/3/61. Wded. in the ankle at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Still absent at home in Charles Town, Nov/Dec. 1861. Absent sick at Charles Town since 9/15/62, “complaining of wound received at Manassas.” Present again Jan/Feb. 1863. Retired to Invalid Corps, 4/26/64 because of wound. Assigned to Staunton where he assisted Provost Marshal. Paroled 4/30/65 at Staunton. d. 12/24/72. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RUST, HENRY D.: b. 1833? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Sgt. To Pvt. 7/1/62. Wded. in arm and foot at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. At hosp. in Lynchburg since 11/20/62. Gen. Hosp. Liberty, 12/13/62. Present again Sept/Oct. 1863. Wded. in hand and thumb at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Last official entry shows him still absent from wound, March/April 1864. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RUST, THOMAS G.: b. 1839. 5’4″. dark complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Carpenter. Residence Harpers Ferry. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/20/65. d. 1908. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RUTHERFORD, GERARD DAVID: b. 1841? 5’8″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair. Farmer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Jefferson Co., Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official entry says he deserted, 5/31/62. When captured at Petersburg, however, he is listed in Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. POW at Petersburg, 10/29/62 (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 12/2/62. No further record. Listing with Co. D 12th Va not reflected in 12th Rosters in Frye’s book

RUTHERFORD, JOHN A.: b. 1843? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

RUTHERFORD, THOMAS W.: b. 1838? Laborer. enl. 4/20/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Absent sick at home Nov/Dec. 1862-Nov/Dec. 1863. AWOL 2/1/64. No further record.

SAPPINGTON, GEORGE W.: b. 1827? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Corp. Aug. 1861. To Sgt. 11/22/61. To Lt. 4/20/62. Wded. at Kernstown, 3/23/62 and still absent from wounds at 10/31/62 muster. Dismissed from C.S.A. service, 12/16/62; reason not stated.

SADLER, JOHN N.: b. 11/26/29. enl. 6/11/62? at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick, captured at Charles Town, and paroled by 10/31/62. Absent sick at Staunton hosp., Jan/Feb-5/24/63. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, Jan./Feb-5/24/63; typhoid fever. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 4/13/63; phthisis. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/5/63; pneumonia. To Lynchburg, 9/21/63. Returned from sick leave, 10/3/63. Wded. in neck at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton, 12/8/63. Listed as unfit for active service, Sept/Oct. 1864. On “duty” at Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond, 11/23/65. No further record. d. 1/18/95. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SADLER, LEONARD L.: b. 4/16/32. Merchant. enl. 6/14/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him absent sick, Nov/Dec. 1862. No further record. d. 9/22/98. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SANBORN, JOHN J.: b. 1841? Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Lost one bayonet sometime before 6/30/61. Fined $11.00 by court·martial, 8/15/61; reason not stated. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

SCARLET, JOHN W.: enl. 9/4/61 at Charles Town in Co. K as Pvt. AWOL Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record.

SCOTT, MICHAEL: b. 1838? enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Deserted 9/20/61.

SELDON (SELDEN), JOHN: b. 2/24/22 in Loudoun Co. 6’0″. florid complexion, blue eyes, light brown hair. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 8/1/61. Discharged 12/5/61, “unfit for duty.” d. 1/8/96. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SHARFF, JACOB K.: b. 3/2/24. Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Detailed as cook with surgeon, Nov/Dec. 1862. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 3/1/11. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

SHEETZ, DANIEL W.: drafted 4/14/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. K as Pvt. Absent sick and sent to hosp., 8/11/62. Still absent sick in hosp., May/June 1863. Listed as AWOL, July/Aug. 1863. Last official entry still shows him AWOL, March/April 1864. No further record.

SHEETZ, WILLIAM L.: drafted 4/14/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. K as Pvt. Absent sick 5/2/62-4/5/63. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). d. 2/12/65 at Elmira; chronic diarrhea. bur. Woodlawn Nat. Cem., Elmira N.Y., grave #2018.

SHEETZ, WILLIAM W.: enl. 4/8/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Deserted from Winchester 5/24/62. Recovered from desertion 9/8/63. Sentenced by court-martlal to 1 year’s hard labor. Sentence remitted by order of Gen. Lee. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

SHEPHERD, ABRAHAM S.: b. 3/21/36. Farmer. enl. 5/22/61 at Camp Jackson in Co. A. Discharged 6/6/61 “on account of being a captain in the 55th Regiment militia in Jefferson County and being ordered on duty by Col. John T. Gibson, commanding said regiment of militia,” Unofficial source shows him also in Co. F, 17th Va. Cav. Wded. at 3rd Winchester, 9/19/64. d. 11/5/07. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SHEPHERD, EDWARD CLARENCE: b. 1836? 5’8″. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. grad. V.M.I. enl. 10/22/61 at Centerville as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/18/62. Court-martialed for cowardice at 2nd Manassas, 10/28/62, and cashiered from the service. Went home to Jefferson Co. after the sentence. When Confederates approached his home in June 1863, he went to Baltimore. Arrested at Baltimore, 6/29/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Delaware, Johnson’s Island). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/19/65. Postwar, mathematics professor at Frederick, Md. College. d. 8/29/07 at Frederick, Md.

SHEPHERD, H. SMITH: b. 1838? Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Detailed to attend to sick in hosp. at Gettysburg, 7/4/63. POW at Gettysburg, 7/3/63 (sic) (U.S. Gen. Hosp., West Buildings, Baltimore; debility). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 3/16/65.

SHEPHERD, ALEXANDER H.: b. 1831. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. d. 9/25 or 9/26/1861 at hosp. at Camp Harman; typhoid fever. bur. Shepherd Burial Ground, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SHIRLEY, JOHN J.: b. 2/1/31. Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL 7/3-10/15 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 7/24/96. bur. Uvilla Methodist Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

SIMPSON, FRANK A.: b. 10/26/41. enl. 7/17/61 in Co. A as Pvt. location not stated. To Corp. 8/1/61. Wded. at Port Republic, 6/9/62. Present before 10/31/62 muster. Absent on detached service March/April 1863; duty not stated. Present again May/June 1863. Last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864. No further record. d. 9/18/71. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SKINNER, WILLIS: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. To Corp., date not given. Absent sick at hosp. at Camp Harman, July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. KIA at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63.

SMALL, JAMES M. (or N.): b. 1844? 5’4″; dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. enl. 9/16/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Newtown, 7/28/63 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 3/10/65. Paroled 4/18/65 at Charles Town.

SMITH, CONRAD C.: b. 4/5/24. Unofficial source lists him in Co. B. d. 3/14/86. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SMITH, DANIEL C. (or L.): b. 1836. Carpenter. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. To Sgt. 3/1/64. Last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864. No further record. d. 2/24/80. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SMITH, GEORGE W.: b. 3/16/33. enl. 11/1/62 at Camp Allen in Co. A as Pvt. Deserted 6/22/62. POW (Rebel deserter), 7/31/63; location of capture not stated. Oath of Allegiance to U.S., date not given. d. 4/12/04. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

SNYDER, HENRY M.: b. 6/7/36. Farmer. enl. 5/1/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. in thigh at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Last official entry shows him still absent from wound, Nov./Dec. 1861. d. 11/11/64. bur Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SNYDER, JOHN: b. 1822. enl. 10/23/61 at Centerville in Co. B as Pvt. Present for muster 12/31/62 through April 30, 1864. Next record shows him wded. in right testicle and thigh at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (U S. Gen. Hosp., Alexandria; wounded). d. 5/1 or 6/1 1864 at U.S. Gen. Hosp., Alexandria; from wounds. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SPOTTS, JOSEPH B.: b. 1843? Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp. Aug. 1861 To Pvt. 11/25/61 for “bad conduct.” Detailed in QM’s Dept., 7/1/62. Present again Jan/Feb. 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt Lookout). d. 6/4/64 at Pt. Lookout, cause not stated.

STEWART, CHARLES H.: b. 1832? Clerk. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Lt. To Capt 4/20/62. To Maj. 4/21/64. Signs rolls as commanding the regt. Nov/Dec. 1863-March/April 1864. Paroled 4/19/65 at Mt. Jackson. d. 10/18/66. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

STONEBRAKER, A.S.: Apptd. 6/19/61 Regt QM. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Next official record says he was reassigned, 9/15/64; nature of reassignment not stated. No further record.

STRAITH, JOHN ALEXANDER: b. 1/26/35. Physician. Apptd. Asst Surg., 2nd Va. Inf., 5/17/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. d. 1/4/72. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

STRIDER, JOHN S.: b. 1837? Farmer. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct 1861. d. 12/18/61, cause not stated.

STURDY, JOHN W.: b. 1840? Armorer. enl. 4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. K as Pvt Discharged 8/14/61 and detailed to C. S. Carbine Factory in Richmond to make arms. POW 5/6/65 at Athens, Georgia. Paroled 5/25/65 at Harpers Ferry.

SUDDITH, GEORGE E.: b. 1841? Machinist. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

TABB, CHARLES W. M.: b. 5 October 1844, served as a private in Company G of the 2nd Virginia Infantry, Confederate State Army. enlisted 28 May 1862, at Winchester, Virginia. Wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg on 31 December, 1862. He was mortally wounded in action in the thigh at Paynes Farm on 27 Nov 1863, and died in the Confederate hospital at Gordonsville, VA., on 15 February 1864. He is buried in the military Cemetery at Stanton, Virginia.

TAPSCOTT, SAMUEL B.: b. 1837? 5’7″. dark complexion, black eyes, black hair, brown whiskers. Clerk. enl. 4/30/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL May/June-July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861 Absent sick March/April 1862. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/4-9/16 1862; wounded (probably wded. at 2nd Manassas. although his entries state he was AWOL since 7/1/62, so there is a possibiity that he was wded. at Malvern Hill and turned up missing as a result). POW at Strasburg, 2/13/63 (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. Present again March/April 1863. Gen. Hosp. #13, Richmond, 6/16/63; acute diarrhea Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville. 7/24-8/4 1863; debility. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira) . Exchanged 10/29/64. No further record. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Samuel Tapscott died March 23rd 1865 at Fortress Monroe, aged 28.”

TAYLOR, JOHN W.: b. 3/31/42. 5’5’/2 “. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 11/22/61 at Camp Stephenson in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 4/18/62. To Sgt. 8/1/62. Absent on furlough, Jan-Feb. 1862. Absent sick March/April 1862. Present again 4/30-10/31 1862. Gen. Hosp. Danville, June 1864; wounded neck. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/26/64; wounded neck. To Lynchburg 9/28/64. Last official entry shows him present again by 10/31/64 muster POW at Ft. Steadman near Petersburg, 3/25/65 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S. 6/11/65. d. 12/11/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

TAYLOR, LEMUEL T.: b. 1825. Wagon maker. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Corp. To Sgt. 8/17/61. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. AWOL since 8/5/62 and dropped from the roll, Nov/Dec. 1862. No further record until 10/3/64 when he is shown in Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond. To Gen. Hosp. #5, Richmond. 10/8/64. chronic diarrhea. d. 1/12/64 at Gen. Hosp. #5, Richmond.

TIMBERLAKE. BENJAMIN T.: b. 1839? Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 8/8-9/2 1861. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/9/65. Paroled at Harpers Ferry, 3/24/65 (sic).

TOWNER, JAMES L. b. about 1828. occupation postmaster. enl. 4/18/61 Halltown. Pvt. 7-8/61 absent on recruiting service not mustered. Present 9-10/61 and 11-12/61. Absent sick 1-2/62. absent sick behind enemy lines 3-4/62. d. 4/16/91.

TOWNER, HARRIS T. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “T. Harris Towner, wounded a Kernstown, 23rd of March, 1862 and died the 25th at Winchester aged about 40.” (2nd husband of Laura Morgan Parran of Shepherdstown).

WALTERS, JOSEPH W.: b. 9/8/34. Laborer. Residence Augusta Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick since 6/24/63. Detailed to wait on sick at Gettysburg. POW at Gettysburg, 7/3/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Delaware, Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 9/30/64. Furloughed from Chimborazo #1, 10/10/64, length of furlough not stated. No further record. d. 11/23/68. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

WASHINGTON, RICHARD BLACKBURN: b. 11/12/22. Attd. V.M.I., 1843. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 8/20/61. Discharged 10/14/61, reason not stated. Postwar, farmer at Charles Town. d. 10/15/10. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

WATSON, SAMUEL: b. 1839? Weaver. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on 30-day detail for manufacturing duty, 10/13/61. Absent on special duty, Nov/Dec. 1861; “time unllmited·” Type of duty not specified. No further record.

WATSON, WILLIAM: b. 1842? Weaver. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on 30-day detail for manufacturlng duty, 10/13/61. Absent on special duty, Nov/Dec. 1861; “time unlimited. ” Type of duty not specified. No further record.

WHITE, BENJAMIN S.: b. 9/28/42. Student. enl. 4/26/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt., date not given. Absent sick 10/28-10/31 1862. KIA at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va

WHITTINGTON, GEORGE W.: b. 1843? Blacksmith. enl. 4/18/61 at Berryville in Co. I as Pvt. Absent sick in hosp., July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. AWOL since 12/27/61. AWOL since 5/30/62, and dropped from the roll. No further record. d. 1/1/24 in Clarke Co.

WHITTINGTON, JAMES: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 5/14/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL 31 days, July/Aug. 1861, and fined $11.00 for absence by court-martial. Absent sick, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. Later appears on rolls of Co. B 12th Va. Cav. d. 10/28/01. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

WHITTINGTON, JOHN N.: b. 1840? Painter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Corp. 9/1/62. To Sgt. 10/31/63. POW at Woodstock, 6/2/62. Exchanged 8/5/62. POW at Fisher’s Hill. 9/22/64 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/14/65. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

WHITTINGTON, CORNELIUS: b. 1838? 5’10”. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Absent on detached service under Asst. AM, July/Aug. 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-12/31 1864. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

WILLINGHAM, GEORGE W.: b. 1838? 5’9″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark brown hair. Carpenter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 6/16/61 at Winchester in Co. I as Pvt. AWOL 8/4-8/13 1861. Fined $5.00 for absence by court-martial. Absent sick Sept/Oct.-Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 3/17-5/28 1862. POW at High Bridge, 4/6/65 (City Point). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/22/65.

WILTSHIRE, JAMES B.: b. 1844 Farmer. enl. 6/12/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick, Nov./Dec. 1861. enl. 4/17/62 Conrad’s Store Co. 12th Va Cav., 10/1/63 taken prisoner Winchester, Ft. McHenry 11/2/63; d. 7/11/64.

WILTSHIRE, CHARLES B. b: 1842 enlisted brother of James. June, 1861 Co. G. as Pvt. Absent, sick. enl. 5/15/62 as sgt Co. A, 12th Va. Cav.; present 9-10/63; present 11-12/63; wded 2/28/64; absent wded. 1-4/64; died 4/65 from ball left in right lung.

WINTERMOYER, JACOB: b. 10/28/31. Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 6/18/63-Jan. 1864. Deserted 2/1/64. d. 8/27/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

WINTERMOYER, JOHN: b. 1827? Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861. Exchanged POW, 8/5/62. Where and when captured not stated. No further record. 2/28/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

WINTERMOYER, THOMAS H.: b. 1834? 5’8″. light complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Shoemaker. enl. 4/23/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 12/1/62. Exchanged POW, 8/5/62. Where and when captured not stated. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 10/29/64. Next record shows him in hosp. in Macon, Georgia, 11/15/64; diarrhea. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

WINTERMOYER, WILLIAM. b. abt. 1829. weaver. enlisted Co. B. 4/18/61. Present 7-12/61 and 1-2/62. AWOL 3-4-/62. AWOL since 5/1/62. Dropped from the roll 12/22/62.

WRITT, GEORGE W.: b. 1//25/41. Farmhand. enl. 4/29/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. I as Pvt. AWOL 7/27-7/31 1861. AWOL 11/25-11/30 1861. Deserted 1/24/64. d. 2/21/01 at Rippon, W.Va. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

YONTZ, GEORGE W.: b. 1842 Shoemaker. enl.4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt To Corp. 8/1/62. Wded. at 2nd Manassas. date not specific. Present at 10/31/62 muster. Detailed in band, 6/20/63. Trans. to 2nd Regt Band, Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/13 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

YONTZ, JOSEPH E.: enl. 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp 10/1/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

YOUNG, THOMAS B.: b. 3/5/38. Butcher. enl. 4/18/6 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. To Sgt. 7/1/62. To Pvt 10/31/63. Fined $11.00 for AWOL by court-martial, July/Aug. 1861. Absent on detached service in Valley of Virginia, 1/1/63; duty not stated. Present again May/June 1863. Charged $.50 for wasting 10 rounds of ammunition, Jan/Feb. 1864. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/2/65. Jackson Hosp., Richmond, 3/7/65; debility. Furloughed 3/8/65 for 30 days. No further record. d. 11/13/90. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ZITTLE, JOHN H.: b. 1835? Printer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Lt. Last official entry shows him present, Jan/Feb. 1862. Dropped from the Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62; reason not stated.

33rd Virginia Cavalry

LEE, WILLIAM FITZHUGH: b. 4/27/32. Res. Shepherdstown. grad. VMI 1853. resigned U.S. Army commission 4/30/1861. Temporarily assigned to 33rd Va. Inf. as Capt. 7/61.

Lee, William Fitzhugh, document (MS #0326)

The collection consists of the United States Army Commission document of William Fitzhugh Lee, VMI Class of 1853. The document is dated August 1, 1856 and is signed by Secretary of War Jefferson Davis. During the Civil War Lee served as Lt. Col. , 33rd Virginia Infantry Regiment, and was killed at Manassas in July 1861. bur. Elmwood Cem, Shepherdstown. WV. Connected to the story of Gen. J.E.B.Stuart’s silver spurs.

Archives, Virginia Military Institute

6th Virginia Cavalry

Musick, Michael P. (1990). “6th Virginia Cavalry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, Inc. Print.

BALTIS, CHARLES: b. Loudoun Co. enl. 9/13/62 in Co. A. Deserter since 4/1/64. on 7-8/64 roll. AWOL on 9-10/64 roll. d. 1/26/09 at Charles Town, W.Va., supposedly bur. Harpers Ferry.

DAVIS, ALBERT F.: enl. 10/12/62 in Co. C. One month’s pay deducted by court-martial 11-12/63. in General Hosp. Charlottesville, 1/24-2/5/64 with scabies. Absent with leave 9-10/64. POW 1/13/65 at Kabletown W.Va. Took the oath at Elmira 6/27/65. resid. Charles Town, W.Va.

DAVIS, A. STROTHER.: enl. 5/31/61 in Co. D. AWOL sick since 10/16/62 at Charles Town, W.Va. Paroled 10/22/62 at Harpers Ferry. POW 1/16/63 near Berryvile on horse leave. Paroled 2/15/63 at Ft. McHenry. in General Hosp. Petersburg 2/18-2/24/63 with debilitas. absent with leave on 9-10/64 roll. AWOL 3/22/65. Res.Jefferson Co. W.Va.

GRIGGS, JAMES LEE: enl. 7/24/61 in Co. D. Absent on duty in Ordinance Dept. on rolls for 8/31/63 and 11-12/64. in Richmond Hosp with dysentery 4/19-6/4/64 and on 5/4/64. Wded. 9/22/64 near Luray. Otherwise present thru 3/22/65 final roll. d. 7/25/85, bur. Edge Hill Cem. Charles Town, W.Va.

HARRIS, GEORGE: b. in Jefferson Co. (W.Va.). enl. 8/16/61 in Co. D. To Corp. on 5-6/62 roll. Horse KIA 6/9/64 near Woodstock. Present on every roll thru 3/22/65. d. near Myerstown, W.Va. age 73 bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

JANNEY, WILLIAM WALTER: b. 9/23/43. enl. 4/23/61 in Co. D. Student. Courier for Gen. J.E.B. Stuart on 9-10/61 thru 5-6/62. POW while on furlough. Paroled in Richmond hosp. with dysentery 6/10-6/17/64. POW 7/20/64 at Winchester. d. 3/5/65 at Camp Chase of chronic diarrhea and bur. there but re-interred in Episcopal and Masonic Cem. Middleway, W.VA.

LEWIS ROBERT HUME: b. 11/12/43 in Alexandria. Att VMI. enl. 10/1/62 in Co. D. with scabies 12/4/63. Found guilty of AWOL by court martial 3/7/64. Courier for Gen.T. Rosser on 9-10/64 roll. Scout for Gen Fitzhugh Lee 3/22/65. Paroled 4/20/65 at Winchester. res. Jefferson County, W.Va. Postwar farmer and insurance agent in Charles Town and Winchester, m. Ann Cary Randolph Jones 1879. d. 12/12/21 in Baltimore MD.

MILSTEAD, JAMES: b. 1845. res. Charles Town. enl 9/29/62 in Co. H. Present on all rolls thru 3/22/65 final roll, but reported by Richmond as deserter 2/26/65. Wded. and POW 4/1/65 at Hatcher’s Run. d. 5/23/65 at Lincoln Gen. Hosp. Washington, D.C. chronic diarrhea. Single effects given to his Aunt Bea.

MORGAN, DANIEL HENRY: enl. 4/28/62 in Co. D. POW 7/14/63 at Falling Waters, Va. (now W.Va.). Paroled 12/24/63 at Pt. Lookout. Present as Pvt. Present 9-10/64. AWOL 3/22/65. MWIA at Five Forks. d. 4/8/65 bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va. 4/1/65. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Daniel H. Morgan of this town, member of Co. D 6th Virginia Cavalry, wounded on 1st April 1865 on the South Side Railroad and d. in Cumberland County, on the 8th following, at the residence of his brother-in-law, A.J. Smith aged 31.”

OPIE, JOHN NEWTON b. 3/14/44 at “Millview” Jefferson Co. WVa Att. VMI enl 10/15/62 in Co. D. Previously in 5th Va Inf. Horse KIA 6/9/63 at Brandy Station Wded 10/11/63 at Brandy Station and absent wded on rolls until POW on final 3/22/65 roll/Retired to Invalid Corps 1/8/65. POW 2/6/65 in Clarke Co . Paroled 3/14/65 at Elmira. Paroled Winchester 5/8/65 Grad U. Va law school 1885 House of Delegates 1882-84 State Senate 1896-1904 10 married Belle harmon 1866, 2) Ida Watson Fletcher 1878 Wrote “A Rebel Cavalryman” (1899) d at Staunton 1/26/06 bur Thormrose Cem. Staunton.

PENDLETON DUDLEY DIGGES: b. 1840 in Louisa Co. Grad. Washington College. Teacher. enl. 9/24/61 in Co. D. Trans. from Rockbridge Artillery. Present until appointed Capt. and Adjutant on staff of his uncle, Gen. William N. Pendleton 5/22/62. Personally recommended for Lt. by Gen. T. J. Jackson and by Col. Charles Field, Capt. Hugh M. Nelson, and Gens W. N. Pendleton and J.E.B. Stuart. Paroled 4/9/65 at Appomattox. Postwar, Principal of Shepherd College, Shepherdstown W.Va. d. 8/25/86. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown.

PENDLETON, ROBERT NELSON: b. 2/4/42 in Louisa Co. Att. Washington Coll. enl. 3/19/62 in Co. D. Horse wounded 5/23/62 near Front Royal. Absent as clerk at brigade HQ 12/5/63 thru 3/22/65. To Lt. and drillmaster on the staff of Gen. W. H. Payne 3/28/65. Recommended by Gen. Payne 2/26/65 for “intelligence, good habits, courage and usefulness on the field.” Paroled 4/25/65 at Summit Pt., W.Va. Postwar, farmer and civil engineer res. Jefferson and Clarke Cos. m. Fannie Gibson 1869. d. at Wyethville 1905.

STEPTOE ROBERT C.: enl. 8/14/61 in Co. D. Courier for Gen. W. E. Jones. on 11-12/62 returns. Wded at Trevillian Station 6/11/64. POW 4/1/65 at Five Forks. Otherwise always present thru final 3/22/65 roll. Took the oath 6/19/65 at Pt. Lookout res. Jefferson Co. transportation furnished to Baltimore, MD

TIMBERLAKE, THOMAS WILLIAM: b. 10/7/42. enl. 5/12/61 in Co. D. in Richmond hosp. 5/16-5/17/64 in Charlottesville hosp. with intermittent fever 6/12-7/29/64 including furlough. Present on all rolls until KIA; 9/19/64 at Winchester. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem. Middleway W.Va.

WIGGINTON, JAMES: b. 12/15/40. Farmer. enl. Harpers Ferry 5/15/61. Trans. Co. D 6th Va. Cav 9/61. AWOL 12/25. Present 11-12/61. POW Clarke County 3/20/64. Sent to Ft. Delaware prison. exch. 3/65. Paroled Winchester 4/20/65. Postwar, physician. d. Summit Point, W.Va. 2/1/08. bur. Episcopal Masonic Cem. Middleway.

WILLIAMS, THOMAS E.: b. Va. about 1837. enl. Shepherdstown 6/4/61. To 6th Cav Co. D. Pvt. Apptd. ass’t surgeon 2nd NC Cav. 11/3/64. Paroled 5/1/65.

7th Virginia Cavalry

Armstrong, Richard L. (1992). “7th Virginia Cavalry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

CLEMENS, WILLIAM: “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Killed in battle of Beverly, Randolph County, Va. on the 12th of January,1865, William Clemens of this town a member of Co. G 7th Virginia Cavalry, Rosser’s Brigade aged about 21 years.”

DINKLE, LEWIS GRAHAM: b. Charles Town 11/8/29 enlisted Charles Town 9/20/62. (Listed in 1860 Census in Charles Town occupation “artist.”)

DREW, DOLPHIN: b. 1846 Co. A 7th Cav. imprisoned 9/29/63

DRISCOL, DANIEL O.: b. 5/3/45. Lt. Co. A. Glenn’s 7th Cav. KIA Dam No. 4 12/11/61. bur. Chapline Cem. north of Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GLENN, JAMES W.: b. 1/10/32. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 6/22/61 at Charles Town in Henderson’s Co. of 7th Va. Cav. (later Co. A of 12th). Elected 1st Lt., 10/28/61. Appointed Capt. of Co. A, 5/10/62. Dec. 31, 1862 muster reports he received a two-week furlough about 6/20/62, and had not returned to the Co. since then. Resigned 1/12/63; reason not stated. POW (location and date of capture not stated) at Ft. Delaware, 4/20/63. Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Ft. Delaware, 4/24/63. No further record. Postwar, resident of Shenandoah Junction, W.Va. d. 11/27/07. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

LEE, EDMUND III (JR). b. Jefferson County 1844. Enl. January at Timberville. Pvt. paroled 1865. Pvt.

MCDONALD, ANGUS WILLIAM JR.: b. 5/16/29. 1st Lt. Co. F. d. Charles Town 10/24/1914 Bur Zion Episcopal Church. Lived after the war in Jefferson County with brothers Edward Hitchcock and William N.

MYERS, SAML. B.: b. 6/27/41. Carpenter. enl. Winchester 3/8/62 Pvt. Co. F. d. 5/11/74 Edge Hill Cem.

ORNDORFF, JAMES G.: b. Jefferson County 1843. Pvt. Co. G. charged with being a “bushwhacker” of Feds imprisoned most of the war.

STARRY, JOHN D.: b. 4/18/19. Surgeon. d: 4/28/99 bur. Zion Episcopal Church. “Tom” his servant hired out as a teamster.

STARRY, WILLIAM S.: b. 1831. Pvt. Co. A Glenn’s 7th Va Cav. d. 4/16/63 bur. Zion Episcopal Church.

TRAPNELL JOSEPH III: b. 1842. Pvt. Co. G. Ashby’s 7th Va. Cav. d. 11/12/1922 bur. Zion Episcopal.

Confederate Batteries: Chew’s, Rockbridge, Amherst

CHEWS’s BATTERY:

ATKINSON, ROBERT CHILTON.: b. 10/3/41 in Smithfield. Son of Hon. Archibald and Elizabeth Ann Chilton Atkinson. attended Lynchburg Military Institute and William and Mary. enl. 4/61/ Pvt. Co. K 3rd Va Inf. Discharged 10/2/61. Trans. to 10th Va Cav as hosp. steward. Detailed in Lynchburg hosp. after Gettysburg. Discharged 10/31/64. enl. Chew’s Battery 1864. Paroled at Isle of Wight 4/30/65. Attended U.Va. 1865-1866. m. Marry Tandy Bull in 1868. Pharmacist St.Louis Mo. 1894-1900. d. St. Louis 12/31/17.

CHEW, JOHN A.: QM Sgt enl 3/4/62 at Winchester as Sgt QM Sgt sometime between 9/62-10/63 Absent sick 11-12/63 On detached service 1-2/64 Present 3/64.

CHEW, ROGER PRESTON: b. 4/9/43 Loudoun County, Va. from Kabletown, Jefferson Co. grad. VMI 12/12/61. Drill master in Richmond 4/61. Assigned to the Lee battery at Monterey 7/15/61-9/61. Apptd. Capt. 4/23/62. Served with the 7th Va Cav. to 6/62. 11-12/63 on furlough. To Major, Horse Artillery 3/14/64. Lt Col. commanding Horse Artillery 2/8/65. Paroled at Greensboro, NC 5/3/65. M. Louisa Fontaine Washington 8/15/71. Postwar, farmer, real estate, and insurance. Member of the W.VA. Legislature 1882-1890. d. 3/16/21. buried Zion Episcopal Church.

CLIP(P), SAMUEL: Pvt. Enl Deserted 2/26/62 at Martinsburg.

CLIP(P), THOMAS: Pvt. Enl Deserted 2/26/62 at Martinsburg.

DECK, WILLIAM J.: b. 1839. enl. 5’7″ light complexion, dark hair, black eyes. 10/4/62 at Charles Town as Pvt. Present 9/62-8/63. Absent sick 9/7/63. Present 11/63-8/31/64. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

HOOFFMASTER, GEORGE W.: Pvt. enl. 11/13/61 at Charles Town. Disabled by wounded in leg at Dam #5, C&O Canal 12/8/61.

HOOFFMASTER S. WASHINGTON: Pvt. Only record shows him as a deserter 2/10/62 at Martinsburg.

KEPHART, JACOB: Pvt. Born in Frederick County, MD. 6′ dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Blacksmith. Only record shows deserted 4/20/62 at Conrad’s Store.

LINE, JOHN D.: Pvt. enl 11/13/61 at Charles Town Present. 9/62-2/63. Trans. to Imboden’s Brigade.

REILY, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN “FRANCIS”: enl. 7/20/63 at Berryville. WIA 10/11/63 at Brandy Station. at Chimborazo hosp. #5 10/14-11/11/63 with gunshot wound to right leg. Trans. to Lynchburg. Present 1-2/64. Present 3-5/64. App’td. Corp. 4/1/64 d. of wounds received at Trevillian Station 6/12/64.

THOMSON, JAMES WALTON: b. 10/28/43 in Jefferson Co. Fought beside father at the attack on John Brown at Harpers Ferry. At 1st Manassas as aide to Jackson. absent 10/1-10/31/65. commanding company 11-12/63. Captain on service voucher 2/27-3/30/64. Appted. Major 3/1/65. KIA 4/6/65 at High Bridge in Amelia Co. bur. Charlottesville, re-interred in the Stonewall Cem. Winchester.

WARE, NIMROD ANDERSON: b. 1846 Clarke Co. 6’2″ light complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes. Entered VMI 1862 for one year. enl. Chews Battery 6/5/63 at Culpeper CH. Present 6/5/63-8/31/64 Ware was in Neese’s gun section in 1864. Clothing issued 12/14/64. at Staunton Hosp. at Charlottesville Hosp 1/2-1/9/64 with scabies trans. Lynchburg. Paroled Charles Town 5/4/65. Attended U.Va 1868. obtained a position on a steamship line operating between Shanghai and Yokahoma. d. Nagasaki before 3/1881. Personal effects including the flag of the Stuart Horse Artillery were transfered back to Charles Town and the flag eventually turned over to Col. Chew.

ZOMBRO, JOHN L.: enl. 10/1/62 in Co. F. AWOL 7/8 and 9-10/64.

Dennis Frye – Lee’s Defense of Virginia

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Lee’s Defense of Virginia TRT: 4:50.

Dennis Frye

Okay tell us about the plan for defending the state of Virginia by General Robert E Lee? General Robert E Lee, who was charged with the defense of Virginia – the overall commander of all Virginia forces – looked at the state and decided that he couldn’t defend everywhere, every time. So he looked for very specific points that he could defend. critical strategic points in the state of Virginia. You need to remember that in 1861 Virginia ran all the way from the Ohio river where Wheeling is today the western panhandle of current West Virginia, all the way, of course, to Norfolk. Virginia was a huge state, very expansive. Of course the Virginia border was the boundary between the United States of America and the confederacy. Virginia separated two nations. He knew that it would be difficult to try to defend his state because he knew that the federals would be invading. They knew that even before Virginia succeeded that Virginia would become the target of federal invasion. Complicating matters for Lee is this: the capital of the confederacy would move from Montgomery, Alabama, where it had been since February. When the confederacy was formally established to Richmond and in May of 1861 the move would occur. President Jefferson Davis, his cabinet officials would come and locate and the principal center of government for the confederacy would now become Richmond. Of course this makes Richmond even a more inviting target for union incursion. So it fell upon General Lee to defend the state and, ultimately, to defend the capital the confederacy and the northern frontier of the confederacy. So he looks at the state. He pulls out his map and of course he’s a native Virginian, so he knows much about his home state and he says this: “well, let’s start with the area around Norfolk. We need to protect Norfolk. We need to keep Norfolk under control and to ensure that the union navy and union armies can’t come into the soft underbelly of Virginia. So Norfolk becomes a principal area of defense. Of course the peninsula between the James and York river, approaching Richmond becomes another area of defense that Lee will select. Then he moves north and he moves all the way north to Manassas Junction where railroads come together, only a little over 30 miles from Washington D.C., But there, by Lee holding Manassas Junction with confederate forces, he could ensure that there would not be an easy route directly south from Washington to Richmond. So that’s a blockading force, basically, to try to protect Richmond. Then we move west and north to Harpers Ferry and, again, he selects Harper’s Ferry, because it, strategically, is located in the Shenandoah Valley. the Shenandoah Valley was critical to the confederacy. It was a place where huge amounts of food will be produced for confederate armies. It also was a logical location of northern invasion. So if lee could have a force at Harper’s Ferry, he could help block that invasion and he could also help control the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. That then takes us further west all the way to Grafton. Grafton today is in West Virginia, but Grafton was another one of those very significant railroad towns that Lee felt if he could hold that he could help defend western Virginia and help ensure that western Virginia does not collapse. Western Virginia was the area where the anti-secessionists lived. Western Virginia was where the people who voted against the secession resided and it was vulnerable to union invasion from Pennsylvania and from Ohio. So by holding Grafton, he hoped Lee did what he could to keep western Virginia very solidly in Virginia and in favor of the confederacy. So think of that huge arc running all the way from Norfolk to Richmond in the peninsula to Manassas to Harper’s Ferry and then ultimately to Grafton. Those became the points of defense that Robert E. Lee selected to protect Virginia at the outbreak of the civil war.

Dennis Frye – What was the Union’s Strategy at the Beginning of the Civil War?

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – What was the Union’s Strategy at the Beginning of the Civil War? TRT: 4:35.

Keep in mind that at the outset of the war, Virginia is the easy target for United States forces. This is the place where again with Maryland remaining in the union and Virginia now the confederacy, the confederate states of america – union troops can can come together in Maryland, can stage in Maryland, and then launch invasions from Maryland into Virginia into the confederacy. Now remember,early in the war there’s an expectation, especially in the north, that this is going to be a short war. This isn’t going to last very long. Remember that, when President Lincoln issues his initial proclamation requesting troops, he only asked for troops for 90 days because we’re going to finish this war in the 90 days. It’s going to be over, and so it becomes very evident that if it’s going to be a short war, that is going to occur in close proximity to Washington and that the closest enemy territory to Washington and the north – Maryland – is the state of Virginia. So this becomes the focus of union strategy. Now basically Winfield Scott, the union commander, develops a two-prong advance. He is going to have one force concentrate around Washington, drilling there, preparing there. All its logistics and operations there will move against Manassas Junction. You’ll recall that Robert E. Lee has a blockading force under general P.G.T. Beauregard, holding the very strategic railroad junction at Manassas, a little more than 30 miles from Washington. So, one union force will concentrate against Manassas – the second union force will concentrate against Harper’s Ferry. Then again, Lee had placed troops at Harpers Ferry, commanded by Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson. So these are going to be the two points of contact – the two points, probably – of battle, initial fighting between the north and the south. Manassas and Harper’s Ferry: that’s what General Scott has in mind. So, to make this advance against the Harper’s Ferry and Shenandoah valley area, he selects a veteran General Robert Patterson. Now Patterson is almost 70 years old, a native of Pennsylvania. He’ll be commanding mainly Pennsylvania troops, who are responding to this 90-day call to come squash the rebellion in the south in Virginia. So Patterson’s army is formed ultimately nearly 20,000 men, 20,000 gather in Patterson’s army and come to Hagerstown, Maryland. Hagerstown will be the launch pad for this advance into Virginia. Now it’s not going to be a direct advance upon Harper’s Ferry. What they hope to do is be able to flank the confederates out of Harper’s Ferry to move in such a way that they could either get behind them or encircle them by coming in from the north near Williamsport, Maryland, coming into the Shenandoah valley via the Valley Pike to Martinsburg, Virginia, (today West Virginia), and then moving from Martinsburg in various ways toward Harper’s Ferry where, ultimately, the battle will occur. So Patterson has very little time to make this happen. He’s got inexperienced troops. These are militiamen who have been farmers and shoemakers and laborers in the fields and businesses and manufacturers of Pennsylvania. Ultimately, an organization arrives from Massachusetts, the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry, which is often known as the Harvard regiment. This was a three-year regiment. They actually enlisted for three years, not 90 days and Patterson even has a few of the regular army with him when he initiates his campaign. So, middle of June, arriving and concentrating around Hagerstown by first week of July he is preparing to move against the confederates in the Shenandoah Valley. But something has happened: the confederates retreat suddenly from Harper’s Ferry and the campaign plans change for Patterson, General Scottcott and the Shenandoah Valley operation.

Dennis Frye – When Did the Civil War Begin?

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – When Did the Civil War Begin? TRT: 6:00

Dennis Frye

When did the Civil War begin? When did the Civil War begin? Boy, this is an age-old question that is still so alive today. It is so debated. It’s a lot of fun to debate. Did the Civil War begin with the emphasis on when? Now, many historians would argue that the Civil War actually begins in 1619, 1619 when Jamestown is a very small, new colony. There are very few people of english descent who reside in north America and the first of african descent arrive as slaves in the Jamestown colony. Some will tell you that that is the origin of the Civil War right there: Jamestown, 1619.

Others will argue that it actually happens during the period of the development of the U.S Constitution because slavery was always that dog that was just outside the door. Sometimes, the dog would howl. Sometimes, the dog would scratch on the door. Everybody always knew the dog was there, but they didn’t pay much attention to it. It wasn’t under their feet. It wasn’t beside them. It wasn’t on their lap. The dog was there and the dog got some attention as a result of that. So, even in the Constitution, we see references to slavery compromises, compromises about slavery but never any definitive end to it, with the exception of the end of the african slave trade. So, when did it begin? Well, what I like to do is move away from this more philosophical “when,” to: “is there a point that you can say it starts here,” when do we begin war, when do we begin to fight, when do we begin to kill each other over slavery?” Now, that would take many of us right to Kansas. A civil war in Kansas erupts in 1854 and 1855 as a result of federal legislation, allowing people to decide in their own states, as they’re applying for statehood in the union – “will we be a slave state or will we be a free state?” When that popular sovereignty decision occurred for the territory of Kansas, the abolitionists were sending people in of the anti-slavery fighters. Then, the pro-slavery people – the people that wanted to extend slavery into the territories of the United States – we’re sending people there. The fighting began when John Brown arrives in Kansas as an abolitionist to fight against the extension of slavery. He’s engaged in violence there. He’s engaged in military action. He’s known as Captain Brown. He has his own band of men. We might refer to them as guerrillas who are very effective in the fighting in Kansas. Brown developed a huge reputation for himself. He became famous. He actually had a newspaper reporter with him who was recording the activities that were being reported in the northern press and so Brown became a luminary throughout much of the north, kind of the champion of the anti-slavery fight in Kansas and the captain of that fight on the battlefield that brings us to Harper’s Ferry. John Brown purposely selects Harper’s Ferry to launch his individual personal crusade war against slavery. Now Brown will assault Harper’s Ferry, but he won’t succeed. He’ll ultimately be captured. He’ll be imprisoned and tried and executed. The real significance of John Brown is, not so much what happened in those 36 hours at Harper’s Ferry, but more what happened during his imprisonment, his execution, and, in the aftermath, I would argue that no individual, up until that point had so polarized America, had so divided America, had so carved a canyon in public opinion between north and south as had John Brown. No one had. He was a sensation, whether you liked him or hated him. He was a true popular sensation and he aroused emotion. Brown’s effect on America was not an intellectual one, but an emotional one. He stabbed a knife into everyone’s heart and that knife he pierced you with was the knife of slavery. Where do you stand? How do you feel about this that ultimately led to great division politically in the United States? It completely ruptured the democratic party. they committed fraticide in 1860 and there’s no question that when you look at where did we really, really begin to focus on the hatred, the division and the engagement of emotion, north and south, that dividing line that would make us two separate cultures that would want to go to war against each other – John Brown is the spark. He is the initiator. He is the instigator of this terrible, terrible mental and emotional chasm between north and south that would lead us ultimately to Civil War. So, I think you can make an argument – a very, very strong argument – that the first shots of the American Civil War were not fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor, but were fired at the army in the arsenal in Harper’s Ferry.

Dennis Frye – Did John Brown Succeed?

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970 words (John Brown’s final statement in court after verdict, before sentencing)

VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Did John Brown Succeed? TRT: 4:34

Dennis Frye

Did John Brown succeed? This is one of those great questions of history that historians still debate that the public still debates. You know, it all depends on the definition of success. John Brown himself would say that he did not succeed in the execution of his military plan – the plan to to move into southern states to free slaves using guerilla tactics to move them into the mountains and then move them north. He didn’t succeed in doing that. So, by that standard, Brown failed. He himself said that he was a failure with regard to what his plan was. He certainly didn’t get out of Harpers Ferry. The plan was to get out of Harpers Ferry. He didn’t succeed in capturing the weapons. Well, he actually did capture them, but he didn’t move them. He didn’t get them out of Harpers Ferry. He himself would be captured in Harpers Ferry. So, if you just finish him at Harpers Ferry, he’s a failure, an absolute failure. But the point is that Brown was not finished there. He was not killed. He survives and he is permitted to go on trial in Virginia. Indeed, he’s in prison, but during that trial, Brown wisely understands that he no longer has the sword to fight against slavery, but he’s got something much more powerful than the sword, and that’s the word. “The word let me preach against slavery, let me use this court, in this courtroom as my pulpit to attack slavery and let the world hear my words resonate.”

Virginians, being the civilized people as they like to think of themselves, allowed Brown to do this. They saw Brown as a barbarian. They saw Brown as an absolute traitor to humanity. They saw Brown as being beneath them, but they also understood that they needed to allow law to prevail. They felt that they could not possibly be assailed by anyone if the law was allowed to rise and to try John Brown. So Brown is tried for murder. People died during the raid. Treason: he wanted to create his own country in the deep south, and inciting slave rebellion – all of those are capital offenses and he was found guilty on all three counts. Of course, he would be executed, but all during that time Brown is allowed to write letters. He is allowed to conduct interviews; and, of course, in the court itself he will give a short but powerful and dynamic speech address, right after his sentencing on why he had come to Virginia and what his purpose was. Newspapers from all over the United States had correspondents in Charlestown to cover the John Brown trial. It was a sensation of its time and Brown’s words soon were read in papers from Boston to Atlanta, from New York to New Orleans and, depending on where you resided, you read those words differently. Depending on where you lived, you had a different understanding of John Brown and his intentions. I guess the way to answer John Brown and the question of did he succeed is to use Brown’s words himself on the day of his execution. He wrote out in longhand a note that he would hand to his jailer. He would give this to him before he would climb the scaffold. Ultimately the execution occurs on December the 2nd 1859, and after the execution, the jailer will recall that Brown had handed him something and he pulled it out of his pocket and he opened the note and he reads the final words of Brown and this is what it says: I, John Brown am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Brown_(abolitionist)#/media/File:T-john-brown-last-prophecy.jpg

SPEECH AND SENTENCE OF BROWN.
The Court gave his decision on the motion for an arrest of judgment, overruling the objections made. In the objection that treason cannot be committed against a State, he ruled that wherever allegiance is due, treason may be committed. Most of the States have passed laws against treason. The objections as to the form of the verdict rendered, the Court also regarded as insufficient.

The Clerk then asked Mr. Brown whether he had anything to say why sentence should not be pronounced upon him.

Mr. Brown immediately rose, and in a clear, distinct voice, said:

“I have, may it please the Court, a few words to say. In the first place, I deny everything but what I have all along admitted, of a design on my part to free slaves. I intended certainly to have made a clean thing of that matter, as I did last winter when I went into Missouri, and there took slaves without the snapping of a gun on either side, moving them through the country, and finally leaving them in Canada. I designed to have done the same thing again on a larger scale. That was all I intended to do. I never did intend murder or treason, or the destruction of property, or to excite or incite the slaves to rebellion, or to make insurrection. I have another objection, and that is that it is unjust that I should suffer such a penalty. Had I interfered in the manner which I admit, and which I admit has been fairly proved–for I admire the truthfulness and candor of the greater portion of the witnesses who have testified in this case–had I so interfered in behalf of the rich, the powerful, the intelligent, the so-called great, or in behalf of any of their friends, either father, mother, brother, sister, wife, or children, or any of that class, and suffered and sacrificed what I have in this interference, it would have been all right, and every man in this Court would have deemed it an act worthy of reward rather than punishment. This Court acknowledges, too, as I suppose, the validity of the law of God. I see a book kissed, which I suppose to be the Bible, or at least the New Testament, which teaches me that all things whatsoever I would that men should do to me, I should do even so to them. It teaches me further to remember them that are in bonds as bound with them. I endeavored to act up to that instruction. I any I am yet too young to understand that God is any respecter of persons. I believe that to have interfered as

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I have done, as I have always freely admitted I have done in behalf of His despised poor, is no wrong, but right. Now, if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood farther with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, I say let it be done. Let me say one word further. I feel entirely satisfied with the treatment I have received on my trial. Considering all the circumstances, it has been more generous than I expected. But I feel no consciousness of guilt. I have stated from the first what was my intention, and what was not. I never had any design against the liberty of any person, nor any disposition to commit treason or excite slaves to rebel or make any general insurrection. I never encouraged any man to do so, but always discouraged any idea of that kind. Let me say also in regard to the statements made by some of those who were connected with me, I fear it has been stated by some of them that I have induced them to join me, but the contrary is true. I do not say this to injure them, but as regretting their weakness. Not one but Joined me of his own accord, and the greater part at their own expense. A number of them I never saw, and never had a word of conversation with till the day they came to me, and that was for the purpose I have stated. Now, I am done.”

While Mr. Brown was speaking, perfect quiet prevailed, and when he had finished the Judge proceeded to pronounce sentence upon him. After a few primary remarks, he said, that no reasonable doubt could exist of the guilt of the prisoner, and sentenced him W be hung in public, on Friday, the 2d of December next.

Mr. Brown received his sentence with composure.

The only demonstration made was by the clapping of the hands of one man in the crowd, who is not a resident of Jefferson County. This was promptly suppressed, and much regret is expressed by the citizens at its occurrence.

After being out an hour the Jury came in with a verdict that Coppie was guilty on all the counts in the indictment. His counsel gave notice of a motion for arrest of judgment, as in Mr. Brown’s case.

The Court then adjourned.

THE LIFE, TRIAL AND EXECUTION OF CAPTAIN JOHN BROWN
KNOWN AS “OLD BROWN OF OSSAWATOMIE,”
WITH A FULL ACCOUNT OF THE ATTEMPTED INSURRECTION AT HARPER’S FERRY.

COMPILED FROM OFFICIAL AND AUTHENTIC SOURCES.

Including Cooke’s Confession, and all the Incidents of the Execution.

NEW YORK.
ROBERT M. DE WITT, PUBLISHER.
161 & 162 NASSAU STREET NEW YORK

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by
ROBERT M. DE WITT,
In the Clerks’s Office of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York

https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/john_brown.asp

P. Douglas Perks – January, 1861 – Delegates to the Dramatic Virginia Secession Convention

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Video: January, 1861 – Delegates to the Dramatic Virginia Secession Convention – with P. Douglas Perks TRT: 3:27

P. Douglas Perks

On Monday January 21st 1861, according to professor Millard Bushong, one of the most important meetings ever held in Jefferson County took place at the Jefferson County courthouse. The electorate of Jefferson County met to begin to discuss who would represent Jefferson County at the Virginia Secession Convention. As it turned out, there are essentially two groups: a group that supported the Constitution and remaining in the union and a group which favored secession. Each group nominated two men to stand for election and then the the county would vote to determine who would represent Jefferson County at the convention. The Constitutional Union Party nominated two men – Alfred Madison Barbour who was at the time superintendent of the United States armory at Harpers Ferry. They also nominated a local farmer from Kabletown – Logan Osburn. So Osburn and Barbour were the Constitutional Union or pro-union candidates; the secession candidates or the secession side nominated William Lucas, who resided just outside of Halltown at Rion Hall. The election was held and you can imagine that the 1800 men who had gone to the polls just 18 weeks before were back at the polls, this time far, far, far more serious matter.

Again I think sometimes we we think that these things happen without a lot of thought and that’s not the case here and overwhelmingly the pro-Union candidates were elected from Jefferson County.

Barbour got 1433 votes; Logan Osburn got 1350 votes; Hunter got 467 and William Lucas was 430. So you can see, that the mood of the county was “we’re staying in the Union. we’re opposed to secession. They also voted a resolution which instructed those candidates to vote against the session and in favor of remaining in the Union when they went to the convention on February the 13th. So Jefferson County by this vote decided overwhelmingly that it wished to remain in the Union.

P. Douglas Perks – A Tit for Tat in Shepherdstown, December, 1861

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VIDEO: Doug Perks – A Tit for Tat Battle in Shepherdstown 1861 TRT: 2:59

Well everyone’s familiar with the the the song that came out of the Civil War “All Quiet Along The Potomac,” but that certainly was never the case here in Jefferson County, virtually from the start.

Because of its strategic importance. there was a always Union interest in being here and a huge Union presence and the Confederate army, of course, was trying to get rid of it. So, with that constant struggle, a lot of push-and-pull, a lot of activity and very disruptive. So there was nothing “All Quiet Along Our Potomac.”

It starts right away.

There’s the 12th Indiana regiment that parks right across the river from Shepherdstown and, of course, it becomes particularly in the evening, with its campfires, it becomes an attractive target for locals and some of whom may have had a gun that might have reached across the river. So imagine being the mayor of Shepherdstown – Mayor John Reynolds – one day, an army courier knocks on your door and delivers a message. It says:

“Either get them under control or we’re going to take care of Shepherdstown.”

So, you know, put yourself in his shoes. The letter that he wrote back, there’s one sentence in there in particular and of course uh he’s saying: ‘listen it we certainly don’t think that it’s our citizenry. . .

‘We don’t think that it’s anybody who is part of Shepherdstown. We certainly hope that we can bring this under control. We’re going to have someone patrolling the streets. We’ve limited the sale of alcoholic beverages,’ but almost in the last sentence he said: ‘We are a town of widows and children. . .’ so even as early as December of 1861, the war had left its mark and and that was setting the stage for for the next four years.

Doug Perks is a Jefferson County native, a graduate of Charles Town High School, received a bachelor’s degree from West Virginia University, and a master’s degree from James Madison University. After 30 years service he retired from Jefferson County Schools. He is currently the Historian of the Jefferson County Museum, a Harpers Ferry Certified Park Guide, Vice Chair of the Charles Town Historic Landmarks Commission, serves on the museum committee of the Historic Shepherdstown Commission, is a director of the Harpers Ferry Historical Association, and Historian of the Elmwood Cemetery Association, Incorporated. Doug is a frequent lecturer on the History of Mr. Jefferson’s County, a contributing author to The Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society, writes the column “Mr. Jefferson’s County” in the Jefferson County Historical Society newsletter The Guardian, and contributes the weekly column “This Week in History” to the Spirit of Jefferson newspaper.