Dennis Frye – When Did the Civil War Begin?

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VIDEO: Dennis Frye – When Did the Civil War Begin? TRT: 6:00

Dennis Frye

When did the Civil War begin? When did the Civil War begin? Boy, this is an age-old question that is still so alive today. It is so debated. It’s a lot of fun to debate. Did the Civil War begin with the emphasis on when? Now, many historians would argue that the Civil War actually begins in 1619, 1619 when Jamestown is a very small, new colony. There are very few people of english descent who reside in north America and the first of african descent arrive as slaves in the Jamestown colony. Some will tell you that that is the origin of the Civil War right there: Jamestown, 1619.

Others will argue that it actually happens during the period of the development of the U.S Constitution because slavery was always that dog that was just outside the door. Sometimes, the dog would howl. Sometimes, the dog would scratch on the door. Everybody always knew the dog was there, but they didn’t pay much attention to it. It wasn’t under their feet. It wasn’t beside them. It wasn’t on their lap. The dog was there and the dog got some attention as a result of that. So, even in the Constitution, we see references to slavery compromises, compromises about slavery but never any definitive end to it, with the exception of the end of the african slave trade. So, when did it begin? Well, what I like to do is move away from this more philosophical “when,” to: “is there a point that you can say it starts here,” when do we begin war, when do we begin to fight, when do we begin to kill each other over slavery?” Now, that would take many of us right to Kansas. A civil war in Kansas erupts in 1854 and 1855 as a result of federal legislation, allowing people to decide in their own states, as they’re applying for statehood in the union – “will we be a slave state or will we be a free state?” When that popular sovereignty decision occurred for the territory of Kansas, the abolitionists were sending people in of the anti-slavery fighters. Then, the pro-slavery people – the people that wanted to extend slavery into the territories of the United States – we’re sending people there. The fighting began when John Brown arrives in Kansas as an abolitionist to fight against the extension of slavery. He’s engaged in violence there. He’s engaged in military action. He’s known as Captain Brown. He has his own band of men. We might refer to them as guerrillas who are very effective in the fighting in Kansas. Brown developed a huge reputation for himself. He became famous. He actually had a newspaper reporter with him who was recording the activities that were being reported in the northern press and so Brown became a luminary throughout much of the north, kind of the champion of the anti-slavery fight in Kansas and the captain of that fight on the battlefield that brings us to Harper’s Ferry. John Brown purposely selects Harper’s Ferry to launch his individual personal crusade war against slavery. Now Brown will assault Harper’s Ferry, but he won’t succeed. He’ll ultimately be captured. He’ll be imprisoned and tried and executed. The real significance of John Brown is, not so much what happened in those 36 hours at Harper’s Ferry, but more what happened during his imprisonment, his execution, and, in the aftermath, I would argue that no individual, up until that point had so polarized America, had so divided America, had so carved a canyon in public opinion between north and south as had John Brown. No one had. He was a sensation, whether you liked him or hated him. He was a true popular sensation and he aroused emotion. Brown’s effect on America was not an intellectual one, but an emotional one. He stabbed a knife into everyone’s heart and that knife he pierced you with was the knife of slavery. Where do you stand? How do you feel about this that ultimately led to great division politically in the United States? It completely ruptured the democratic party. they committed fraticide in 1860 and there’s no question that when you look at where did we really, really begin to focus on the hatred, the division and the engagement of emotion, north and south, that dividing line that would make us two separate cultures that would want to go to war against each other – John Brown is the spark. He is the initiator. He is the instigator of this terrible, terrible mental and emotional chasm between north and south that would lead us ultimately to Civil War. So, I think you can make an argument – a very, very strong argument – that the first shots of the American Civil War were not fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor, but were fired at the army in the arsenal in Harper’s Ferry.

Dennis Frye – Did John Brown Succeed?

642 words (Frye)
970 words (John Brown’s final statement in court after verdict, before sentencing)

VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Did John Brown Succeed? TRT: 4:34

Dennis Frye

Did John Brown succeed? This is one of those great questions of history that historians still debate that the public still debates. You know, it all depends on the definition of success. John Brown himself would say that he did not succeed in the execution of his military plan – the plan to to move into southern states to free slaves using guerilla tactics to move them into the mountains and then move them north. He didn’t succeed in doing that. So, by that standard, Brown failed. He himself said that he was a failure with regard to what his plan was. He certainly didn’t get out of Harpers Ferry. The plan was to get out of Harpers Ferry. He didn’t succeed in capturing the weapons. Well, he actually did capture them, but he didn’t move them. He didn’t get them out of Harpers Ferry. He himself would be captured in Harpers Ferry. So, if you just finish him at Harpers Ferry, he’s a failure, an absolute failure. But the point is that Brown was not finished there. He was not killed. He survives and he is permitted to go on trial in Virginia. Indeed, he’s in prison, but during that trial, Brown wisely understands that he no longer has the sword to fight against slavery, but he’s got something much more powerful than the sword, and that’s the word. “The word let me preach against slavery, let me use this court, in this courtroom as my pulpit to attack slavery and let the world hear my words resonate.”

Virginians, being the civilized people as they like to think of themselves, allowed Brown to do this. They saw Brown as a barbarian. They saw Brown as an absolute traitor to humanity. They saw Brown as being beneath them, but they also understood that they needed to allow law to prevail. They felt that they could not possibly be assailed by anyone if the law was allowed to rise and to try John Brown. So Brown is tried for murder. People died during the raid. Treason: he wanted to create his own country in the deep south, and inciting slave rebellion – all of those are capital offenses and he was found guilty on all three counts. Of course, he would be executed, but all during that time Brown is allowed to write letters. He is allowed to conduct interviews; and, of course, in the court itself he will give a short but powerful and dynamic speech address, right after his sentencing on why he had come to Virginia and what his purpose was. Newspapers from all over the United States had correspondents in Charlestown to cover the John Brown trial. It was a sensation of its time and Brown’s words soon were read in papers from Boston to Atlanta, from New York to New Orleans and, depending on where you resided, you read those words differently. Depending on where you lived, you had a different understanding of John Brown and his intentions. I guess the way to answer John Brown and the question of did he succeed is to use Brown’s words himself on the day of his execution. He wrote out in longhand a note that he would hand to his jailer. He would give this to him before he would climb the scaffold. Ultimately the execution occurs on December the 2nd 1859, and after the execution, the jailer will recall that Brown had handed him something and he pulled it out of his pocket and he opened the note and he reads the final words of Brown and this is what it says: I, John Brown am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Brown_(abolitionist)#/media/File:T-john-brown-last-prophecy.jpg

SPEECH AND SENTENCE OF BROWN.
The Court gave his decision on the motion for an arrest of judgment, overruling the objections made. In the objection that treason cannot be committed against a State, he ruled that wherever allegiance is due, treason may be committed. Most of the States have passed laws against treason. The objections as to the form of the verdict rendered, the Court also regarded as insufficient.

The Clerk then asked Mr. Brown whether he had anything to say why sentence should not be pronounced upon him.

Mr. Brown immediately rose, and in a clear, distinct voice, said:

“I have, may it please the Court, a few words to say. In the first place, I deny everything but what I have all along admitted, of a design on my part to free slaves. I intended certainly to have made a clean thing of that matter, as I did last winter when I went into Missouri, and there took slaves without the snapping of a gun on either side, moving them through the country, and finally leaving them in Canada. I designed to have done the same thing again on a larger scale. That was all I intended to do. I never did intend murder or treason, or the destruction of property, or to excite or incite the slaves to rebellion, or to make insurrection. I have another objection, and that is that it is unjust that I should suffer such a penalty. Had I interfered in the manner which I admit, and which I admit has been fairly proved–for I admire the truthfulness and candor of the greater portion of the witnesses who have testified in this case–had I so interfered in behalf of the rich, the powerful, the intelligent, the so-called great, or in behalf of any of their friends, either father, mother, brother, sister, wife, or children, or any of that class, and suffered and sacrificed what I have in this interference, it would have been all right, and every man in this Court would have deemed it an act worthy of reward rather than punishment. This Court acknowledges, too, as I suppose, the validity of the law of God. I see a book kissed, which I suppose to be the Bible, or at least the New Testament, which teaches me that all things whatsoever I would that men should do to me, I should do even so to them. It teaches me further to remember them that are in bonds as bound with them. I endeavored to act up to that instruction. I any I am yet too young to understand that God is any respecter of persons. I believe that to have interfered as

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I have done, as I have always freely admitted I have done in behalf of His despised poor, is no wrong, but right. Now, if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood farther with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, I say let it be done. Let me say one word further. I feel entirely satisfied with the treatment I have received on my trial. Considering all the circumstances, it has been more generous than I expected. But I feel no consciousness of guilt. I have stated from the first what was my intention, and what was not. I never had any design against the liberty of any person, nor any disposition to commit treason or excite slaves to rebel or make any general insurrection. I never encouraged any man to do so, but always discouraged any idea of that kind. Let me say also in regard to the statements made by some of those who were connected with me, I fear it has been stated by some of them that I have induced them to join me, but the contrary is true. I do not say this to injure them, but as regretting their weakness. Not one but Joined me of his own accord, and the greater part at their own expense. A number of them I never saw, and never had a word of conversation with till the day they came to me, and that was for the purpose I have stated. Now, I am done.”

While Mr. Brown was speaking, perfect quiet prevailed, and when he had finished the Judge proceeded to pronounce sentence upon him. After a few primary remarks, he said, that no reasonable doubt could exist of the guilt of the prisoner, and sentenced him W be hung in public, on Friday, the 2d of December next.

Mr. Brown received his sentence with composure.

The only demonstration made was by the clapping of the hands of one man in the crowd, who is not a resident of Jefferson County. This was promptly suppressed, and much regret is expressed by the citizens at its occurrence.

After being out an hour the Jury came in with a verdict that Coppie was guilty on all the counts in the indictment. His counsel gave notice of a motion for arrest of judgment, as in Mr. Brown’s case.

The Court then adjourned.

THE LIFE, TRIAL AND EXECUTION OF CAPTAIN JOHN BROWN
KNOWN AS “OLD BROWN OF OSSAWATOMIE,”
WITH A FULL ACCOUNT OF THE ATTEMPTED INSURRECTION AT HARPER’S FERRY.

COMPILED FROM OFFICIAL AND AUTHENTIC SOURCES.

Including Cooke’s Confession, and all the Incidents of the Execution.

NEW YORK.
ROBERT M. DE WITT, PUBLISHER.
161 & 162 NASSAU STREET NEW YORK

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by
ROBERT M. DE WITT,
In the Clerks’s Office of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York

https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/john_brown.asp

P. Douglas Perks – January, 1861 – Delegates to the Dramatic Virginia Secession Convention

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Video: January, 1861 – Delegates to the Dramatic Virginia Secession Convention – with P. Douglas Perks TRT: 3:27

P. Douglas Perks

On Monday January 21st 1861, according to professor Millard Bushong, one of the most important meetings ever held in Jefferson County took place at the Jefferson County courthouse. The electorate of Jefferson County met to begin to discuss who would represent Jefferson County at the Virginia Secession Convention. As it turned out, there are essentially two groups: a group that supported the Constitution and remaining in the union and a group which favored secession. Each group nominated two men to stand for election and then the the county would vote to determine who would represent Jefferson County at the convention. The Constitutional Union Party nominated two men – Alfred Madison Barbour who was at the time superintendent of the United States armory at Harpers Ferry. They also nominated a local farmer from Kabletown – Logan Osburn. So Osburn and Barbour were the Constitutional Union or pro-union candidates; the secession candidates or the secession side nominated William Lucas, who resided just outside of Halltown at Rion Hall. The election was held and you can imagine that the 1800 men who had gone to the polls just 18 weeks before were back at the polls, this time far, far, far more serious matter.

Again I think sometimes we we think that these things happen without a lot of thought and that’s not the case here and overwhelmingly the pro-Union candidates were elected from Jefferson County.

Barbour got 1433 votes; Logan Osburn got 1350 votes; Hunter got 467 and William Lucas was 430. So you can see, that the mood of the county was “we’re staying in the Union. we’re opposed to secession. They also voted a resolution which instructed those candidates to vote against the session and in favor of remaining in the Union when they went to the convention on February the 13th. So Jefferson County by this vote decided overwhelmingly that it wished to remain in the Union.

P. Douglas Perks – A Tit for Tat in Shepherdstown, December, 1861

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VIDEO: Doug Perks – A Tit for Tat Battle in Shepherdstown 1861 TRT: 2:59

Well everyone’s familiar with the the the song that came out of the Civil War “All Quiet Along The Potomac,” but that certainly was never the case here in Jefferson County, virtually from the start.

Because of its strategic importance. there was a always Union interest in being here and a huge Union presence and the Confederate army, of course, was trying to get rid of it. So, with that constant struggle, a lot of push-and-pull, a lot of activity and very disruptive. So there was nothing “All Quiet Along Our Potomac.”

It starts right away.

There’s the 12th Indiana regiment that parks right across the river from Shepherdstown and, of course, it becomes particularly in the evening, with its campfires, it becomes an attractive target for locals and some of whom may have had a gun that might have reached across the river. So imagine being the mayor of Shepherdstown – Mayor John Reynolds – one day, an army courier knocks on your door and delivers a message. It says:

“Either get them under control or we’re going to take care of Shepherdstown.”

So, you know, put yourself in his shoes. The letter that he wrote back, there’s one sentence in there in particular and of course uh he’s saying: ‘listen it we certainly don’t think that it’s our citizenry. . .

‘We don’t think that it’s anybody who is part of Shepherdstown. We certainly hope that we can bring this under control. We’re going to have someone patrolling the streets. We’ve limited the sale of alcoholic beverages,’ but almost in the last sentence he said: ‘We are a town of widows and children. . .’ so even as early as December of 1861, the war had left its mark and and that was setting the stage for for the next four years.

Doug Perks is a Jefferson County native, a graduate of Charles Town High School, received a bachelor’s degree from West Virginia University, and a master’s degree from James Madison University. After 30 years service he retired from Jefferson County Schools. He is currently the Historian of the Jefferson County Museum, a Harpers Ferry Certified Park Guide, Vice Chair of the Charles Town Historic Landmarks Commission, serves on the museum committee of the Historic Shepherdstown Commission, is a director of the Harpers Ferry Historical Association, and Historian of the Elmwood Cemetery Association, Incorporated. Doug is a frequent lecturer on the History of Mr. Jefferson’s County, a contributing author to The Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society, writes the column “Mr. Jefferson’s County” in the Jefferson County Historical Society newsletter The Guardian, and contributes the weekly column “This Week in History” to the Spirit of Jefferson newspaper.

“Did Virginia Commit Treason?” – Dennis Frye

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https://web.archive.org/web/20190710014822/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/1410/

VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Did Virginia Commit Treason? TRT: 5:46.

54: . . . when Virginia advances on the

armory at Harper’s Ferry to seize the weapons
there – to seize the machinery that belongs to the United States government – is Virginia, like John Brown, committing treason? . . .

1:16 Virginians would argue that they no longer are a part of the United States . . .

1:46 The same thing happened at

the Naval Yard, the U.S. Naval Yard at Norfolk, Virginia

2:06 But the very act of leaving the Union, was that an act of treason? . . .

2:25 Virginians would say, that, when the original Union was founded, it was a compact, it was an agreement, that they voluntarily came into this agreement. So, if you voluntarily join the compact, if you voluntarily come together to form this Union, you also have the right to voluntarily depart from it. . .

3:03 But by legal definition, any act against the United States, such as separation, could be considered treason . . .

3:49 Often this decision will be made by who wins . . .

4:31 I still think it’s ironic that when John Brown attacked the armory and the arsenal, he would be captured and he would be tried by Virginia, and one of the charges was treason, treason against the state . . .

Main References:

Guernsey, Alfred H., Henry Mills. (1894). “Harper’s pictorial history of the Civil War, Vol. 1.” Chicago, IL. : Puritan Press Co. Print.

Guernsey, Alfred H., Henry Mills. (1894). “Harper’s pictorial history of the Civil War, Vol. 1.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

Guernsey, Alfred H., Henry Mills. (1894). “Harper’s pictorial history of the Civil War, Vol. 2.” Chicago, IL.: Puritan Press Co. Print.

Guernsey, Alfred H., Henry Mills. (1894). “Harper’s pictorial history of the Civil War, Vol. 2.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

“Destruction of the Harper’s Ferry Armory: Extracts from Senate Rep. Com. No. 37, 37th Cong., 2d Sess.” West Virginia Archives and History. Latest update 31 July 2008. Web. 3 May 2011.

“Norfolk Naval Yard.” U.S. Gen Web Archives. Start date unavailable. Web. 3 May 2011.

Video:

Frye, Dennis. “Did Virginia Commit Treason?.” American Military University Civil War Scholars. 14 April 2011. Web. 2 May 2011.

Flickr Set:

harperphcw94and95c.jpg (two images)
“Destruction of the United States Navy Yard at Norfolk, Virginia, by Fire, by the United States Troops, on April 20, 1861. Destruction of the United States Ships at the Norfolk Navy Yard, by Order of the Government.” (1894). Harper’s Pictorial History of the Civil War. Chicago, IL.: Puritan Press Co. pp. 94, 95. Print.

“Norfolk Naval Yard.” U.S. Gen Web Archives. Latest update 30 July 2008. Web. 3 May 2011.

burninggosportcopy.jpg
“Burning of the Gosport Naval Yard by U. S. Authorities.” (May 11, 1861). New York Illustrated News. Print.

“Norfolk Naval Yard.” U.S. Gen Web Archives. Latest update 30 July 2008. Web. 3 May 2011

trial.jpg
Strother, David H. (Nov. 12, 1859). “The Trial of the Conspirators.” Harpers Weekly. pp.728-729. Print.

Strother, David H. (Nov. 12, 1859). “The Trial of the Conspirators.”
Digital History. Latest update 31 July 2008. Web. 3 May 2011.

Turning Point: 10 PM, April 18th, 1861 – Dennis Frye

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https://web.archive.org/web/20190710014625/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/turning-point-10-pm-april-18th-1861-dennis-frye/

Turning Point: 10 PM, April 18th, 1861 – Dennis Frye

The following is a commentary by Historian Dennis Frye on the April 18, 1861 assault by Virginia militias on the arsenal/armory at Harper’s Ferry and its intentional destruction, on the orders of Lieut. Roger Jones of the U.S. Army. Following Frye’s comments, on video and in abbreviated text form here, is the report made by Lieut. Jones on the operations, the calculated losses, with replies from President Lincoln and his Cabinet.

:00 The burning of the arsenal at Harper’s Ferry April, 1861 is a transformative moment, not only in the history of Harper’s Ferry, but in the Shenandoah Valley, and the mid-Atlantic region, and it really did change the nature of Harper’s Ferry and Jefferson County setting the stage for what would become a bloody, bloody four years

This is what happens:

Virginia, following Lincoln’s call for 75,000 volunteers to squash the rebellion. This comes on April the 15th. Fort Sumter, of course, occurred on April the 12th and the President responds. This means Virginia had to dedicate troops. And they had to put troops to fight against their fellow Southerners . . .

1:03 . . . their brothers and sisters in fellow Southern states. This was too much. This was too much for Virginia. And, so on April the 17th, Virginia will decide to secede. Virginia will vote: 88 for, 55 against, but the majority will carry.

As that’s happening Virginia militia will be called forth and sent to Harper’s Ferry for the express purpose of capturing, not destroying, but capturing the United States’ arsenal and the armory at Harper’s Ferry. Virginia wanted those weapons.

1:36 There were thousands of weapons in storage at the arsenal. The estimate is up to 15,000 weapons were stored there in the two arsenal buildings. These are the two same arsenal buildings that John Brown attempted to seize in October, 1859. And the armory, the factory where the weapons were manufactured – all that valuable machinery, all those machines, all the machines that could produce the rifles and the barrels, and the locks, the stocks – all of it there. Virginia wanted wanted possession of that. They needed it now for their new country.

And so the Virginia militia, on the night of April the 18th, are en route, they’re coming from Charles Town principally, principally from Charles Town. They’re following the road from Charles Town, to Halltown, to Bolivar to Harper’s Ferry. But the U.S. commander, Lt. Roger Jones, knows they’re coming. He’s aware. He was there when former superintendent of the armory, Alfred M. Barbour, announced to the citizens of Harper’s Ferry that Virginia would seize the armory. He and his men heard this.

2:43 And so, on the 18th, Jones had his men spread powder and powder kegs throughout the armory and arsenal buildings in preparation for a possible Virginia advance, while about 9:30, 10 o’clock on the evening of the 18th of April Jones is informed that the lead advance, the Virginia militia, have actually arrived at Bolivar Heights. They are now less than two miles away from downtown Harper’s Ferry.

3:08 And then he gives the orders to the men to strike those powder kegs, put the match to them, and blow up the armory/arsenal buildings. At about ten PM Harper’s Ferry citizens are asleep, suddenly are rocked out of their beds, just shocked by this massive explosion that occurs. In fact, it is reported that the explosion is so intense and the flames shoot up so high and so brightly that every tree on Loudoun and Maryland Heights just lit up . . .

Continued on the video. Total Running Time (TRT): 5:04

The Burning of the Arsenal/Armory at Harper’s Ferry in Official Reports to the United States Government (taken from the Official Record of the War of the Rebellion):

Reports of First Lieut. R. Jones, Mounted Rifles, U. S. Army.

HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES ARMORY,
Harpers Ferry, Va., April 18, 1861 9 p. m.
SIR:
Up to the present time no assault or attempt to seize the Government property here has been made, but there is decided evidence that the subject is in contemplation, and has been all day, by a large number of people living in the direction of Charlestown; and at sundown this evening several companies of troops had assembled at Halltown, about three or four miles from here on the road to Charlestown, with the intention of seizing the Government property, and the last report is that the attack will be made to-night. I telegraphed this evening to General Scott that I had received information confirming his dispatch of this morning, and later to the Adjutant-General that I expected an attack to-night. I have taken steps which ought to insure my receiving early intelligence of the advance of any forces, and my determination is to destroy what I cannot defend, and if the forces sent against me are clearly overwhelming, my present intention is to retreat into Pennsylvania.
The steps I have taken to destroy the arsenal, which contains nearly 15,000 stand of arms, are so complete that I can conceive of nothing that will prevent their entire destruction.
If the Government purposes maintaining its authority here, no time should be lost in sending large bodies of troops to my assistance, and as many of them as possible should be regulars.
A courier has just reported the advance of the troops from Halltown. Respectfully, I am, sir, your obedient servant,
R. JONES
First Lieutenant, Mounted Riflemen, Commanding
To the ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL,
Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C.

CHAMBERSBERG, PA. April 19, 1861.

Finding my position untenable, shortly after 10 o’clock last night I destroyed the arsenal, containing 15,000 stand of arms, and burned up the armory building proper, and under cover of the night withdrew my command almost in the presence of twenty five hundred or three thousand troops. This was accomplished with but four casualties. I believe the destruction must have been complete. I will await orders at Carlisle.
R. JONES.
General WINFIELD SCOTT.

CARLISLE BARRACKS, PA., April 20, 1861.

SIR: Immediately after finishing my dispatch of the night of the 18th instant, I received positive and reliable information that 2,500 or 3,000 State troops would reach Harper’s Ferry in two hours, from Winchester, and that the troops from Halltown, increased to 300 men, were advancing, and were at that time (few minutes after 10 o’clock) within twenty minutes march of the Ferry. Under these circumstances I decided the time had arrived to carry out my determination, as expressed in the dispatch above referred to, and accordingly gave the order to apply the torch. In three minutes, or less, both of the arsenal buildings, containing nearly 15,000 arms, together with the carpenter’s shop, which was at the upper end of a long and connected series of workshops of the armory property were a complete blaze.
There is every reason for believing the destruction was complete. After firing the buildings I withdrew my command, marching all night, and arrived here at 2 p.m. yesterday, where I shall await orders. Four men were missing on leaving the armory, and two deserted during the night.
Respectfully, I am, sir, your obedient servant,
R. JONES,
First Lieut. Mounted Riflemen, Comdg. Detachment Recruits.
To the ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL,
Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C.

CARLISLE BARRACKS, PA., April 22, 1861.

SIR: Last evening three of my missing men arrived here, having left Harper’s Ferry the previous afternoon. They report that fifteen minutes
after my command left the armory nine hundred troops marched into town, and that they continued to arrive every hour during the night, so
that by morning there were probably nearly five thousand troops there. They also report that the fire in the workshops was arrested, but that the arsenal buildings containing the arms, together with their contents, were completely demolished, and that it is probable not a single gun was saved from them.
I remain, sir, with respect, your obedient servant,
R. JONES,
First Lieutenant Mounted Riflemen.
To the ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL,
Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C.

No. 2.

Congratulatory letter from United States Secretary of War.

WAR DEPARTMENT,
Washington, April 22, 1861.
Lieut. ROGER JONES, Commanding at Harper’s Ferry:
MY DEAR SIR: I am directed by the President of the United States to communicate to you, and through you to the officers and men under your command at Harper’s Ferry Armory, the approbation of the Government of your and their judicious conduct there, and to tender to you and them the thanks of the Government for the same.
I am, sir, very respectfully,
SIMON CAMERON,
Secretary of War.

No. 3.

Report of Lieut. Col. William Maynadier, U. S. Ordnance Department, of the expenditures upon and losses at the armory.

ORDINANCE OFFICE
Washington, November 16, 1861.
SIR: In answer to the letter [following] of the Hon. John P. Hale, chairman of the committee of the Senate, which you referred to this office, I have the honor to report that the U. S. Armory at Harper’s Ferry was established in the year 1796.
The amount expended on the same is:
For land purchased at different times: $45,477
For improvements thereon for water-power, canals, embankments, walls, and
water privileges, and for hydraulic machinery and buildings of all
kinds: 1,787,430

Total, exclusive of the amount expended in the manufacture and repair of arms: 1,832,907

The latest annual inventory of the property belonging to the United States at that armory is dated June 30, 1860, in which the value of all the property on hand at that date is appraised as follows, viz:
1,669.5 acres of land: $37,457
Mill-dams, canals, water-powers, and hydraulic machinery: 233,279
Forges, rolling-mills, machine-shops, storehouses, dwellings, and other buildings: 341,221
(Total-ED): Amount of real estate: 611,957
Machines used in workshops: $270,235
Tools used in service: 109,560
(Total-ED): 379,795
Unwrought materials on hand: 100,043
Parts of arms in progress: 93,573
(Total-ED): 193,616
20,507 arms of different models in store: 285, 145
Total appraised value June 30, 1860 1,470,513

By the latest returns received at this office from the armory, it appears that the number of arms in store when the armory was destroyed in April, 1861, was reduced to 4,287, the value of which was about $64,000. We may assume that the quantity and value of all other property than the arms in store remained without material change from June, 1860, to April, 1861. The diminished number of arms in store at the latter date reduces that item in the inventory from $285,145 to $164,300, and the total appraised value of all the property from $1,470,513 to $1,207,668.
Respectfully, &c.,
WM. MAYNADIER,
Lieutenant-Colonel, Ordnance.
Hon. SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War.

U. S. CAPITOL, November 14, 1861.

Hon. SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War:
SIR: The committee of the Senate “to inquire into the circumstances attending the destruction of the property of the United States at the armory at Harper’s Ferry,” &c., desire to be informed by the War Department of the date of the establishment of the Harper’s Ferry Armory, the amount expended upon the same by the Government previous to its destruction, the character of the buildings, machinery, &c., and the quantity and description of arms destroyed there, and of the material on hand at that time.
Respectfully, yours,
JOHN P. HALE, Chairman

Reference:

“The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.” (1902). NOTE on authors: Robert N. Scott compiled and edited v. 1-18, 1880-87, and also collected the greater part of the material for v. 19-36, 1887-91. After his death in 1887 the work was continued by Henry M. Lazelle, 1887-89, and by a board of publication, 1889-99, consisting of George B. Davis, 1889-97, Leslie J. Perry, 1889-99, Joseph W. Kirkley, 1889-99, and Fred C. Ainsworth, 1898-99; from 1899-1901 edited by Fred C. Ainsworth and Joesph W. Kirkley. Gettysburg, Pa: Gettysburg National Historical Society.

“The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

Series 1 – Volume II – Chapter IX:
Operations in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Apr 16-Jul 31, 1861. PP. 3-6.

County Men Enlist, May 11, 1861


5095 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710022507/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/more-countians-enlisting-may-11-1861/

Who Joined – May 11, 1861 – 2nd Virginia Infantry, Company B

According to Author Millard Bushong, these are many of the Jefferson County men who were mustered into Company B of the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment (C.S.A.) at Harper’s Ferry, May 11, 1861 and then were fiercely drilled and disciplined by the new commander, Col. Thomas Jackson,who had not yet gotten his famous nickname. A significant number of recruits moved over to a cavalry unit at first opportunity the following spring. Others persevered. (Much of this relies on the roster research done by Historian Dennis Frye) -ED

Census Summaries: The Censuses are 1850 and 1860 and are included in no particular order, except where they confirm the person’s existence within the County at those times.

The man who enlisted is represented by an “*” to the right of “W” or to the right of their profession.

The information represents: name – age – sex- color- profession – place of birth.

Service Records: utilize abbreviated terms such as POW (“prisoner of war”), AWOL (“absent without leave”), KIA (killed in action), MWIA (wounded and missing in action”)

The numbers to the left represent dwelling and family numbers in each Census. The person’s name follows

ADAMS, GEORGE E.: b. 3/21/43. Confectioner. enl. 4/29/61 in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov. 1861 and taken POW while on furlough. Exchanged 8/5/62. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 9/29/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
8 251 253 Adams James A. 35 M W Confectioner MD
9 251 253 Adams Sarah 32 F W MD
10 251 253 Adams William 10 M W VA
11 251 253 Adams George 6 M W* VA
12 251 253 Kidwell John 19 M W Clerk VA
13 251 253 Ross Maria 14 F B VA

ARTHUR, WILLIAM: b. 1842? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 12/1/62. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Last official entry shows him receiving pay on 3/18/65.

SOURCE: 1860 Census
Arthur, William (b: 1841)*
Keshan, Ann E (b: 1810),
Cook, Anny (b: 1790),
Arthur, Margaret V (b: 1840),
Reshan, George E (b: 1851)

BARNHART, DANIEL E.: b. 1840. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 11/13/61. d. 4/25/62 at Gen. Hosp. #2, Lynchburg; disease. bur. City Cem. (Old Methodist Cem.), Lynchburg. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Daniel E. Barnhart wounded at Kernstown 23rd of March 1862 died at Hospital Lynchburg, April 25th, aged 22.”

BARNHART, GEORGE W.: b. 7/28/43. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept./Oct. 1861. KIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/30/62. b. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865 states: “George W. Barnhart killed Aug. 28, 1862 at the second battle of Manassas, aged 20.”

BARNHART, HENRY F.: b. 1837. 5’5″. dark complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown as Sgt. in Co. B. To Lt. 11/18/62. To Capt. 6/13/63. POW at Fisher’s Hill, 9/22/64 (Ft. Delaware). Released 6/16/65. d. 1915. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1860 Census
Barnhart, Samuel D (b: 1798)
Barnhart, Mary A (b: 1810),
Barnhart, Henry F (b: 1837),*
Barnhart, Daniel E (b: 1840),*
Barnhart, George W (b: 1843),*
Barnhart, James E (b: 1846),
Barnhart, Samuel D (b: 1851)

BAST (BOST) GEORGE M.: b. 1818? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Sgt. sick at Shepherdstown since 9/29/61. Present again Nov-Dec. 1861. Surgeon’s discharge, 4/27/62. d. 5/2/70. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
38 280 283 Bost George M. 35 M W Labourer* MD
39 280 283 Bost Mary 25 F W MD
40 280 283 Bost George W. 1 M W MD

BEDINGER, GEORGE RUST: b. 1841? Student. enl. 5/15/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Trans. to Rockbridge Artillery, 8/26/61 by Special Order 208 from General Johnston’s headquarters. KIA Gettysburg 7/63.

BOTELER, ALEXANDER R., JR.: b. 1843? in Jefferson Co. 5’9 1/2″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair. Clerk. enl. 6/10/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. B as Pvt. On special duty, 4/18-6/30 1861. Present again July/Aug. 1861. Discharged by Secretary of War, 10/8/61, reason not given. Unofficial source states he served in the Rockbridge Artillery. “Cadet” Boteler assigned to Ord. Office, Hoke’s Brigade, Early’s Division, 2nd Corps. 4/13/63. Relieved from this duty 8/16/63 and ordered to duty “with some artillery co.in the army.”

SOURCE: 1850 Census
14 730 739 Boteler Alexander R. 35 M W Farmer VA
15 730 739 Boteler Helen M. C. 35 F W NJ
16 730 739 Boteler Elizabeth 13 F W VA
17 730 739 Boteler Angelina 11 F W VA
18 730 739 Boteler Helen 10 F W VA
19 730 739 Boteler Alexander R. 7 M W* VA
20 730 739 Boteler Charlotte R. 5 F W VA

BUTLER, VINCENT MOORE: b. 12/21/20. Physician. Apptd. Capt. of Hamtramck Guards, a pre-war militia company from Shepherdstown. 4/59. Capt. Co. B, 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., 5/3/61. Dropped from the roll, 4/20/62; not re-elected. d. 4/22/64. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
3 420 427 Butler Vincent M. 29 M W Physician*

BUTLER, WILLIAM: b. 8/23/41. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 8/17/61. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861-March/April 1862. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present again Jan /Feb. 1863. d. 5/6 or 5/8 1863 at Chimborazo #5, pneumonia. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
1 1223 1238 Butler William G. 32 M W Farmer VA
2 1223 1238 Butler Lucinda 33 F W VA
3 1223 1238 Butler William 9 M W* VA
4 1223 1238 Butler Mary A. 7 F W VA
5 1223 1238 Butler James 5 M W VA
6 1223 1238 Butler Nancy 3 F W VA
7 1223 1238 Butler Lucy A. 1 F W VA

CAMERON, ALEXANDER B.: b. 1834? Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/20/62. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. MWIA at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62; d. 8/29/62. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Lt. A. B. Cameron wounded 28th of August, 1862 second battle of Manassas, died Aug. 30th, aged 27. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
14 234 236 White John K. 38 M W Merchant VA
15 234 236 White Ellen M. 31 F W VA
16 234 236 White Bettie 7 F W VA
17 234 236 White Robert b. 5 M W VA
18 234 236 White Nannie L. 3 F W VA
19 234 236 White John J. 8/12 M W VA
20 234 236 Tapscott Elizabeth 15 F W VA
21 234 236 Douglass Jackson 23 M W Clerk VA
22 234 236 Cameron Daniel 19 M W Clerk VA
23 234 236 Cameron Alexander B. 16 M W Clerk* VA

CAMERON, HENRY F.: b. 6/18/24. Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Sgt. Reduced to Pvt. Sept./Oct. 1861. AWOL 7/16-8/24 1861. Discharged 4/30-10/31 1862, overage. d. 11/11/88. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown,
W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
21 419 426 Cameron Henry 28 M W Tailor* VA
22 419 426 Cameron Elizabeth 24 F W VA
23 419 426 Cameron Elizabeth 2 F W VA
24 419 426 Cameron Mary 11/12 F W VA
25 419 426 Martin Elizabeth 18 F W VA

CONLEY, WILLIAM H.: b. 1833? Carpenter. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 9/31-13/1862. Wded. in finger on right hand at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/15/65. Chimborazo #2, 3/19/65; scorbutus. POW in Richmond hospital, 4/3/65. Paroled 4/22/65 from Libby Prison.

CONLEY, JAMES P.: enl. 2/28/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. No further record. NOTE: Conley was not in the early enlistment cycle.- ED.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
20 362 368 Conley Eli 53 M WHotel Keeper MD
21 362 368 Conley Prudence 45 F W VA
22 362 368 Conley William 13 M W* VA
23 362 368 Conley James 6 M W* VA
24 362 368 Conley Armetta 6 F W VA
25 362 368 Conley George 4 M W VA

COOKUS, GEORGE W.: b. 10/11/40. Mason. enl. 4/21/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 6/30/61. Present again July/Aug., 1861. Absent sick 9/15/62 at home. POW at Shepherdstown, 4/23/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe). Paroled 4/30/63. Absent sick 5/21/63. Gen. Hosp. #11, Richmond, 6/5/62; diarrhea. Furloughed 60 days, 6/5/63. d. 10/5/63 at home in Shepherdstown, disease. bur. Old Reformed Graveyard, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
27 367 373 Cookus Jacob 45 M W Butcher VA
28 367 373 Cookus Margaret 42 F W VA
29 367 373 Cookus Mary C. 15 F W VA
30 367 373 Cookus Sarah E. 14 F W VA
31 367 373 Cookus Ann M. 12 F W VA
32 367 373 Cookus Jacob H. 11 M W VA
33 367 373 Cookus George W. 9 M W* VA
34 367 373 Cookus Joseph L. 1 M W VA

CROW, JACOB B. : b. 11/6/32. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 8/17/61. To Pvt. Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 7/16-8/10 1861. Detailed as teamster, 9/8/61. Detailed as teamster, 6/30-10/31 1862 through Jan/Feb. 1864. Detailed to report to Col. Nadenbousch at Staunton 2/64. POW near Lexington, 6/11/64 (Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/2/65. No further record. d. 2/24/97. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

Crow, Jacob (b: 1834)*
Crow, Ellen (b: 1836),
Crow, Emma (b: 1857),
Crow, Charles W
SOURCE: 1860 Census

CULP, JOHN WESLEY: b, 1839? Tailor. enl. 4/20/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Taken POW while absent on furlough, March/April 1862. Exchanged 8/5/62. KIA at Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill near family farm property
7/3/63.

ENTLER, CATO MOORE: b. 1822. Confectioner. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. sick at Manassas Hosp, 10/21/61. To Chimborazo #5, 1/13/61; diarrhea. To Gen. Hosp. Farmville, 5/7/62; torpor of liver. Returned to duty 7/16/62; however, last official entry shows him absent sick 6/30-10/31 1862.

ENTLER, WILLIAM M.: enl. in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 9/20/62. No further record.
NOTE: Entler was not in the early enlistment cycle.- ED.

Entler, Cato M (b: 1822)*
Entler, Mary E (b: 1829),
Entler, William M (b: 1849),*
Entler, Ellen V (b: 1852),
Entler, Sallie G
SOURCE: 1860 Census

ENTLER, CHARLES E.: b. 1842. Clerk. enl. 4/20/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Deserted 6/15/61.

Entler, Elizabeth (b: 1805)
Entler, Leonora (b: 1839),
Entler, Charles E (b: 1844),*
Entler, Sallie (b: 1795)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

ENTLER, DANIEL M.: b. 1835. in Shepherdstown. 5’8”. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov-Dec. 1861. On furlough Jan-Feb, 1862. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Detailed as asst. in commissary dept. (temporarily), Nov. 1862. Wded. in arm at Gettysburg, 7/2/63. Sent to Gen. Hosp. 7/15/63; fractured humerus, left arm. To Chimborazo #4, Richmond, 9/28/63. Surgeon’s Discharge 12/23/63, “wound is still open at elbow joint.”

SOURCE: 1850 Census
26 420 427 Entler Daniel 65 M W Hotel Keeper VA
27 420 427 Entler Margaret 55 F W VA
28 420 427 Entler Virginia 29 F W VA
29 420 427 Entler Frances Q. 24 F W VA
30 420 427 Entler Henry C. 21 M W VA
31 420 427 Entler Emily 18 F W VA
32 420 427 Entler Daniel M. 15 M W* VA
33 420 427 Entler Annetta 12 F W VA

ENTLER, JOHN PHIL: b. 8/22/38. Carpenter. enl. 4/21/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 4/25/62· To Sgt. March 1864, Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout), Exchanged 3/14/65. No further record. d. 12/30/09. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.

Entler, Philip (b: 1810)
Entler, Elizabeth A (b: 1816),
Entler, John P (b: 1837),*
Entler, Sarah M (b: 1842),
Entler, George W (b: 1847),
Entler, David A (b: 1856)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

FEAMAN, JOHN S.: b. 1825. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. KIA at Kernstown, 3/23/62.

FEAMAN, WELLS A.: Pvt Co. F. enl. Striders Mill 10/13/62. deserted 11/10/62. NOTE: Feaman was not in the early enlistment cycle.- ED.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
19 372 379 Feaman George 60 M WHatter VA
20 372 379 Feaman Fanny 40 F W VA
21 372 379 Feaman John 22 M WNone* VA
22 372 379 Feaman William 13 M W VA
23 372 379 Feaman Joseph 12 M W VA
24 372 379 Feaman Wells 10 M W* VA
25 372 379 Fowler Jane 35 F W VA
26 372 379 Feaman Philip 45 M WHatter VA

FERRELL, CHARLES F.: b. 8/23/42, Painter. enl. 4/20/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 7/17/61 while on march from Winchester to Manassas. Present again Sept-Oct. 1861. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. After exchange, went home without leave, and taken POW at home. On parole as of 10/31/62. Present again Nov.-Dec. 1862. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 5/23/08. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
18 380 387 Ferrall Jacob 31 M W Chairmaker VA
19 380 387 Ferrall Susan 31 F W VA
20 380 387 Ferrall Charles 7 M W* VA

GROVE, FRANCIS T.: b. 1845? Student. enl. 5/17/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Last official entry shows him AWOL, March/April, 1862. d. 1924. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

GROVE, WILLIAM H.: b. 1842? Student. enl. 5/17/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick July/Aug. 1861. AWOL March/April, 1862. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. No further record.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
15 1416 1431 Grove Thomas 46 M W Labourer VA
16 1416 1431 Piper Mary A. 33 F W VA
17 1416 1431 Grove Henry 6 M W VA
18 1416 1431 Grove William 4 M W*? VA
19 1417 1432 Grove Abraham 46 M W Labourer MD
20 1417 1432 Grove Margaret 35 F W VA
21 1417 1432 Grove John 18 M W Labourer VA

HAMTRAMCK, SELBY M.: b. 11/24/42. Student enl. 4/20/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62. (Ft. Delaware). d. 6/9/62 at Ft. Delaware, cause not stated. Claim to C. S. government states that he died with no wife or children and that $180.30 was paid to his mother Sallie E. Hamtramck for his service. bur. Finn’s Point Nat. Cem., Ft. Delaware or Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1860 Census
Hamtramck, Selby (b: 1843)*
Hamtramck, Henry Selby (b: 1814),
Hamtramck, Sarah E (b: 1812),
Hamtramck, Florence (b: 1837),
Hamtramck, Sarah F (b: 1839)

HAWN, WILLIAM H. H.: b. 1840? Shoemaker. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. Supposed to have been taken POW while falling back up the Valley, March/April 1862. Absent sick at home since 9/15/62. Present again Nov/Dec. 1862. AWOL 7/14/63. No further record.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
7 284 287 Hawn David 57 M WCarpenter PA
8 284 287 Hawn Mary 51 F W VA
9 284 287 Hawn Ellen 25 F W VA
10 284 287 Hawn John R. 15 M W VA
11 284 287 Hawn Ann R. 12 F W VA
12 284 287 Hawn William H. 0 M W* VA

HESSEY, CHARLES E.: b. 1836? Tailor. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at Shepherdstown, July/Aug. 1861. d. 1/3 or 1/30 1862 at Shepherdstown; disease. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
28 254 256 Rightstine William 42 M W Tailor VA
29 254 256 Rightstine Catharine 38 F W VA
30 254 256 Rightstine Marcella 12 F W VA
31 254 256 Rightstine Emily 10 F W VA
32 254 256 Rightstine Ann 7 F W VA
33 254 256 Rightstine James 4 M W VA
34 254 256 Rightstine William 9/12 M W VA
35 254 256 Hessey Charles 13 M W Apprentice* VA

HESSEY, EDWARD H.: b, 1826? Brickmaker. enl. 6/9/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Winchester, March/April 1862-May/June 1863. Nurse at New School Presbyterian Church Hosp., Winchester, 10/20/62. Present again July/Aug, 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 10/29/64. No further record.

HESSEY, RICHARD AMOS: enl. 7/9/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Absent on furlough Nov-Dec. 1861. Present again Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL since 5/28/62, and dropped from the roll 12/22/62. No further record. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
1 225 227 Hessey Thomas 59 M W Farmer VA
2 225 227 Hessey Elizabeth 56 F W VA
3 225 227 Hessey James 26 M W Farmer VA
4 225 227 Hessey Edward 24 M W Farmer* VA
5 225 227 Hessey Elizabeth 22 F W VA
6 225 227 Hessey Richard 20 M W Farmer* VA
7 225 227 Hessey Ellen 18 F W VA
8 225 227 Hessey Frances 16 F W VA

HOUT, DAVID H.: b. 11/24/20. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Corp. To Sgt. 11/13/61. Discharged 4/30-10/31/1862, overage. d. 3/11/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

HOUT, GEORGE W.: enl. 6/1/63 Sharpsburg, Md. in Co. B as Musician. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, went west. d. 2/13/20 at Warrensburg, Mo. NOTE: Hout was not in the early enlistment cycle.- ED.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
33 279 282 Hout David 28 M W Carpenter* VA
34 279 282 Hout Margaret 25 F W VA
35 279 282 Hout George W. 5 M W* VA

HUMRICKHOUSE, GEORGE W.: enl. 6/21/63 near Sharpsburg in Co. B as Musician. Surrendered at Appomattox. NOTE: Humrickhouse was not in the early enlistment cycle.- ED.

HUMRICKHOUSE, SAMUEL P.: b. 1830? in Shepherdstown. 5’3″. fair complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Tailor. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. Absent sick Aug/5-Nov/Dec. 1862. Present again Jan/Feb, 1863. On furlough March/April 1863. Discharged 5/26/63 by reason of insanity; he was “taken very sick with Typhoid Fever.”

SOURCE: 1850 Census
1 395 402 Humrickhouse Eliza 50 F W VA
2 395 402 Humrickhouse George 25 M W Carpenter* VA
3 395 402 Humrickhouse Sarah J. 19 F W VA
4 395 402 Humrickhouse Samuel J. 21 M W Labourer* VA
5 395 402 Humrickhouse James 23 M W Labourer VA

HUTSON, JACOB: b. 1842? Carpenter. enl. 4/19/61 Harper’s Ferry. AWOL since 3/15/62.

HUTSON, ROBERT: b. 1842? Blacksmith. enl 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. d. 7/19/61 at hosp. in Winchester. “The Virginia Free Press” reported 9 Nov 1865 that a “Robert Hudson died at Winchester Hospital 19th July, 1861 aged 22 years.”

SOURCE: Census 1860
Hutson, Robert (b: 1841)*
Shell, John (b: 1823),
Shell, Margaret (b: 1828),
Shell, John R (b: 1847),
Shell, Charles C (b: 1848)

KEYES, WILLIAM H.: b. 7/15/41. Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Trans. to 1st Va. Cav., 7/14/61. KIA at Jenning’s Landing on the James River, 3/24/64. bur. Old Reformed Graveyard, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
19 346 352 Keyes Peter 39 M W Manufacturer VA
20 346 352 Keyes Frances 35 F W VA
21 346 352 Keyes Margaret 13 F W VA
22 346 352 Keyes Rachel 11 F W VA
23 346 352 Keyes William 9 M W* VA
24 346 352 Keyes John 7 M W VA
25 346 352 Keyes Joseph 3 M W VA

KIMES, HENRY: b. 1816? Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick at home in Shepherdstown, Sept/Oct. 1861. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official entry states he was taken POW while on furlough, March/April 1864. b. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

LEE, Edwin G. : b. 5/27/1836; residence: Shepherdstown, enlisted Co. B, re-assigned to Confederate Secret Service in Canada. died 8/24/1870.

LUCAS, BENJAMIN F.: b. 1838. Boatman. enl. 4/18/61 in Co. B at Halltown
SOURCE: Confederate Service Records

LUCAS, EDWARD D.: b. 1842? Lawyer. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/11-7/4/1864; wounded. Surrendered at Appomattox.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
5 360 366 Lucas Edward 37 M W Boatman VA
6 360 366 Lucas Eliza 34 F W VA
7 360 366 Lucas Benjamin 13 M W * VA
8 360 366 Lucas Edward 7 M W VA
9 360 366 Lucas Emily 5 F W VA
10 360 366 Lucas Margaret 3 F W VA
11 360 366 Lucas William B. 7/12 M W VA
12 361 367 Lucas Lewis 40 M W Boatman VA
13 361 367 Lucas Ellen 32 F W VA
14 361 367 Lucas George 10 M W VA
15 361 367 Lucas Edward 8 M W* VA
16 361 367 Lucas Lewis 6 M W VA
17 361 367 Lucas Franklin 2 M W VA

McENDREE, DANIEL M.: b. 1838? in Jefferson Co. 5’9″. fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Clerk. enl. 4/27/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Present again Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL since 5/1/62. Discharged 7/27/62, being a “citizen of Kentucky and having served 90 days after expiration of this term.”

McENDREE, WILLIAM H.: b. 1841? Clerk. enl. 5/29/61 at Lemon’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 4/18/62. Absent sick Jan/Feb. 1862. AWOL during July, 1862 and since 9/20/62. AWOL 10/10-12/1/62. Detailed clerk for QM of 2nd Va. Inf., Dec. 1862. Remained on this detail through last official entry which shows him present, 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox

SOURCE: 1850 Census
31 230 232 McEndree John H. 44 M W Merchant VA
32 230 232 McEndree Eugenia 36 F W VA
33 230 232 McEndree William 15 M W* VA
34 230 232 McEndree Daniel M. 13 M W* VA
35 230 232 McEndree Louisa P. 11 F W VA
36 230 232 McEndree Eugenia P. 9 F W VA
37 230 232 McEndree Ann H. T. 5 F W VA

MAGAHA, JACOB: enl. 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Wded. at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present again by 10/31/62. d. 5/26/63 in hosp at Richmond “from wound. ” “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Jacob Magaha, wounded at Chancellorsville, 5th of May, 1863 died the 9th, aged 30.”

SOURCE: 1850 Census
14 307 310 McGackey Jacob 37 M WLabourer* VA
15 307 310 Sigafoose Mary A. 29 F W MD
16 307 310 Widows Bushrod 14 M W VA
17 307 310 Widows David 27 M WLabourer MD
18 307 310 Wise John 43 M WPotter VA

MARMADUKE, JAMES J.: b. 1835? Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Camp Whiting in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL since 10/14/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. POW at Manassas, 8/27/62, and paroled. Absent sick at home since 9/21/62. AWOL since 11/10/62. Arrested (Rebel deserter) at Baltimore, 6/29/63 (Ft McHenry). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 8/26/63.

MARMADUKE, LUTHER: b. 1838? Tanner. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Detailed as Musician to 2nd Regt. Band, May/June 1863. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). d. 10/1/64 at Elmira; typhoid fever. bur. Woodlawn Nat. Cem., Elmira, N.Y., Section 9, grave 532.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
17 246 248 Marmaduke John A. 70 M W Tanner VA
18 246 248 Marmaduke Catharine 53 F W VA
19 246 248 Marmaduke Sampson 27 M W Tanner VA
20 246 248 Marmaduke Presley 24 M W Tanner VA
21 246 248 Marmaduke Mary 19 F W VA
22 246 248 Marmaduke Vincent 18 M W VA
23 246 248 Marmaduke James 15 M W* VA
24 246 248 Marmaduke Luther 12 M W* VA

MILLER, BENJAMIN: enl. 4/18/62 at Rude’s Hill in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL 4/20-8/1 1862. No further record except parole statement that says he was paroled 4/20/65 at Mt. Jackson.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
37 1428 1443 Miller Jacob 49 M W Farmer VA
38 1428 1443 Miller Lydia 38 F W VA
39 1428 1443 Miller Mary 16 F W VA
40 1428 1443 Miller John 13 M W VA
41 1428 1443 Miller George 11 M W VA
42 1428 1443 Miller Sarah 9 F W VA
1 1428 1443 Miller Jacob 7 M W VA
2 1428 1443 Miller Benjamin 5 M W* VA
3 1428 1443 Miller Ann 3 F W VA
4 1428 1443 Miller William 2 M W VA

MILLER, WILLIAM H.: b. 1830? Farmer. enl. 5/17/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. Last official entry shows him AWOL. March/April, 1862.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
1 578 587 Miller John 53 M W Shoemaker VA
2 578 587 Miller Mary 51 F W Shoemaker VA
3 578 587 Miller Ann K. 23 F W VA
4 578 587 Miller Mary C. 13 F W VA
5 578 587 Miller John S. 11 M W VA
6 578 587 Miller William H. 9 M W* VA

MOLER, HENRY CLAY: enl. 12/8/62 at Camp Moss Neck in Co. B as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Present again Sept/Oct., 1863. Detailed in Pioneer Corps, Johnson’s Division, Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
11 1357 1372 Moler Henry 49 M W Farmer VA
12 1357 1372 Moler Harriet 41 F W VA
13 1357 1372 Moler Henry C. 2 M W Farmer* VA
14 1357 1372 Moler John J. 21 M W Farmer VA
15 1357 1372 Moler George A. 20 M W Farmer VA
16 1357 1372 Moler Emily V. 17 F W VA
17 1357 1372 Moler Daniel J. 15 M W VA
18 1357 1372 Moler Rolly M. 13 M W VA
19 1357 1372 Moler Mary L. 11 F W VA
20 1357 1372 Moler Isaac N. 8 M W VA
21 1357 1372 Moler Milton M. 6 M W VA
22 1357 1372 Moler Benjamin F. 9/12 W VA

MOLER, LEE H.: b. 3/12/37. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Lt. Elected Capt. 4/20/62. Resigned 8/15/62 due to “an old and large hernia at the left side.” d. 10/28/08. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
9 646 655 Moler Levi 47 M W Farmer 20,000 VA
10 646 655 Moler Hester 47 F W VA
11 646 655 Moler Ann 16 F W VA
12 646 655 Moler Mary E. 14 F W VA
13 646 655 Moler Lee H. 13 M W* VA

PENDLETON, BENJAMIN S.: b. 3/28/42. Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Absent on leave 10/31/62. Absent on detail as brig. orderly, 11/26/62-May/June 1863. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 1/19/31. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

REED, JOHN J.: b. 1834? Lawyer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Discharged 10/12/61, reason not stated.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
23 88 88 Reed John 50 M W Constable MD
24 88 88 Reed Margaret E. 40 F W VA
25 88 88 Reed Mary 18 F W VA
26 88 88 Reed John 16 M W* VA
27 88 88 Reed William B. 15 M W VA
28 88 88 Reed Albert d. 11 M W VA
29 88 88 Reed Daniel G. 3 M W VA

RICKARD, JAMES R.: b. 2/21/28. Residence Shepherdstown. enl. 6/20/63 near Sharpsburg, Md. in Co. B as Musician. Last official entry shows him absent in hosp. at Lynchburg, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled 4/14/65 at Lynchburg. d. 8/26/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1860 Census
Rickard, Elijah (b: 1795)
Rickard, Elizabeth (b: 1798),
Rickard, James R (b: 1828),*
Rickard, Mary E (b: 1833),
Rickard, Maria A (b: 1835*)

RIGHTSTINE, ADAM: enl. 10/10/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 5/31/63. Last official entry shows him still absent sick, March/April 1864. NOTE” Rightstine was not in the first enlistment in 1861.-ED

SOURCE: 1850 Census
29 642 651 Rightstine Adam 36 M W Labourer* VA
30 642 651 Rightstine Mary 35 F W VA
31 642 651 Rightstine Elizabeth 10 F W VA
32 642 651 Rightstine James 6/12 M W VA

SHEPHERD, EDWARD CLARENCE: b. 1836? 5’8″. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. grad. V.M.I. enl. 10/22/61 at Centerville as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/18/62. Court-martialed for cowardice at 2nd Manassas, 10/28/62, and cashiered from the service. Went home to Jefferson Co. after the sentence. When Confederates approached his home in June 1863, he went to Baltimore. Arrested at Baltimore, 6/29/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Delaware, Johnson’s Island). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 5/19/65. Postwar, mathematics professor at Frederick, Md. College. d. 8/29/07 at Frederick, Md. NOTE: Shepherd was not in the early enlistment cycle.- ED.

SHEPHERD, H. SMITH: b. 1838? Clerk. enl. 6/18/61 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. Detailed to attend to sick in hosp. at Gettysburg, 7/4/63. POW at Gettysburg, 7/3/63 (sic) (U.S. Gen. Hosp., West Buildings, Baltimore; debility). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 3/16/65.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
27 261 263 Shepherd James 62 M W Cabinet Maker VA
28 261 263 Shepherd America 45 F W PA
29 261 263 Shepherd Virginia 23 F W VA
30 261 263 Shepherd Serena 21 F W VA
31 261 263 Shepherd Clarence 15 M W* VA
32 261 263 Shepherd Smith 13 M W* VA
33 261 263 Shepherd Susan 11 F W VA
34 261 263 Shepherd Ann H. 9 F W VA

SMALL, JAMES N.: b. 1844? 5’4″; dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. enl. 9/16/61 at Charles Town in Co. A as Pvt. POW at Newtown, 7/28/63 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 3/10/65. Paroled 4/18/65 at Charles Town.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
21 35 35 Small James B. 42 M W Carpenter VA
22 35 35 Small Jane C. 27 F W VA
23 35 35 Small James N. 6 M W* VA
24 35 35 Small Alexander S. 4 M W VA

SMITH, CONRAD C.: b. 4/5/24. Unofficial source lists him in Co. B. d. 3/14/86. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
11 530 537 Shepherd Rezin D. 65 M W Farmer VA
12 530 537 Slone Eli 45 M W Overseer MD
13 530 537 Smith Conrad 26 M W Stonemason* GERMANY

STONEBRAKER, A.S.: Apptd. 6/19/61 Regt QM. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Next official record says he was reassigned, 9/15/64; nature of reassignment not stated. No further record.

SOURCE: Census 1860
Stonebraker, Abraham (b: 1832)*
Stonebraker, Catharine E. (b: 1832),
Stonebraker, Joseph P. (b: 1859)

TAPSCOTT, SAMUEL B.: b. 1837? 5’7″. dark complexion, black eyes, black hair, brown whiskers. Clerk. enl. 4/30/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. AWOL May/June-July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861 Absent sick March/April 1862. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/4-9/16 1862; wounded (probably wded. at 2nd Manassas. although his entries state he was AWOL since 7/1/62, so there is a possibiity that he was wded. at Malvern Hill and turned up missing as a result). POW at Strasburg, 2/13/63 (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. Present again March/April 1863. Gen. Hosp. #13, Richmond, 6/16/63; acute diarrhea Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville. 7/24-8/4 1863; debility. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira) . Exchanged 10/29/64. No further record. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “Samuel Tapscott died March 23rd 1865 at Fortress Monroe, aged 28.”

SOURCE: Census 1860
Tapscott, Samuel (b: 1836)*
Kerney, Ariadne H (b: 1794),
Hamnill, Alevia A (b: 1819),
Hamnill, James A (b: 1846),
Hamnill, Giles C J (b: 1849)

TAYLOR, JOHN W.: b. 3/31/42. 5’5’/2 “. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 11/22/61 at Camp Stephenson in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp. 4/18/62. To Sgt. 8/1/62. Absent on furlough, Jan-Feb. 1862. Absent sick March/April 1862. Present again 4/30-10/31 1862. Gen. Hosp. Danville, June 1864; wounded neck. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/26/64; wounded neck. To Lynchburg 9/28/64. Last official entry shows him present again by 10/31/64 muster POW at Ft. Steadman near Petersburg, 3/25/65 (Pt. Lookout). Oath of Allegiance to U.S. 6/11/65. d. 12/11/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
36 215 217 Taylor J. H. 34 M W Physician VA
37 215 217 Taylor Ann A. 30 F W VA
38 215 217 Taylor Levi 36 M W Farmer VA
39 215 217 Taylor John W. 7 M W* VA
40 215 217 Taylor Sally F. 25 F W VA
41 215 217 Taylor Margaretta 8 F W VA
42 215 217 Taylor Samuel 90 M W VA

TAYLOR, LEMUEL T.: b. 1825. Wagon maker. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Corp. To Sgt. 8/17/61. POW at Kernstown, 3/23/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. AWOL since 8/5/62 and dropped from the roll, Nov/Dec. 1862. No further record until 10/3/64 when he is shown in Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond. To Gen. Hosp. #5, Richmond. 10/8/64. chronic diarrhea. d. 1/12/64 at Gen. Hosp. #5, Richmond.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
36 1284 1299 Wagely Jacob W. 29 M W Blacksmith VA
37 1284 1299 Wagely Martha J. 26 F W VA
38 1284 1299 Taylor Lemuel T. 23 M W Wagonmaker* VA
39 1284 1299 Roberts William 15 M W VA

TOWNER, JAMES L.: b. 1828? Postmaster. enl 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent on recruiting service, July/Aug. 1861. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. Absent sick Jan/Feb. 1862. Absent sick behind enemy lines, March/April 1862. No further record.

TOWNER. THOMAS HARRIS: b. 1822? Served 20 months during Mexican War. Lawyer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 8/14/61. MWIA at Kernstown, 3/23/62. d. 3/26/62 at Winchester. “The Virginia Free Press” 9 Nov. 1865: “T. Harris Towner, wounded a Kernstown, 23rd of March, 1862 and died the 25th at Winchester aged about 40.”

WALTERS, JOSEPH W.: b. 9/8/34. Laborer. Residence Augusta Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick since 6/24/63. Detailed to wait on sick at Gettysburg. POW at Gettysburg, 7/3/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Delaware, Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 9/30/64. Furloughed from Chimborazo #1, 10/10/64, length of furlough not stated. No further record. d. 11/23/68. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
8 1206 1221 Walters Jonathan 46 M W Overseer VA
9 1206 1221 Walters Elizabeth 46 F W VA
10 1206 1221 Walters Isaac 18 M W VA
11 1206 1221 Walters Joseph 15 M W* VA

WINTERMOYER, JACOB: b. 10/28/31. Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Pvt. Absent sick 6/18/63-Jan. 1864. Deserted 2/1/64. d. 8/27/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
11 397 404 Wintermyer Henry 50 M W Weaver PA
12 397 404 Wintermyer Elizabeth 37 F W MD
13 397 404 Wintermyer Jacob 20 M W Weaver* VA

WINTERMOYER, THOMAS H.: b. 1834? 5’8″. light complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Shoemaker. enl. 4/23/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. To Sgt. 12/1/62. Exchanged POW, 8/5/62. Where and when captured not stated. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 10/29/64. Next record shows him in hosp. in Macon, Georgia, 11/15/64; diarrhea. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
23 228 230 Wintermyer Henry 21 M W Shoemaker PA
24 228 230 Wintermyer Rebecca 19 F W VA
25 228 230 Wintermyer Sarah G. 4/12 F W VA
26 228 230 Wintermyer Thomas 16 M W Shoemaker* VA

WINTERMOYER, JOHN: b. 1827? Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Exchanged POW, 8/5/62. Where and when captured not stated. No further record. d. 2/28/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census

32 310 314 Wintermyer Philip 62 M WWeaver PA
33 310 314 Wintermyer Mary 60 F W MD
34 310 314 Wintermyer William 19 M WWeaver VA
35 310 314 Wintermyer Margaret 23 F W VA
36 310 314 Wintermyer John 23 M WWeaver* VA
37 311 315 Wintermyer Jeptha 28 M WWeaver VA
38 311 315 Wintermyer Melinda 27 F W VA
39 311 315 Wintermyer Mary C. 2 F W VA
40 311 315 Wintermyer Eliza A. 30 F W VA

YONTZ, GEORGE W.: b. 1842 Shoemaker. enl.4/20/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. B as Pvt To Corp. 8/1/62. Wded. at 2nd Manassas. date not specific. Present at 10/31/62 muster. Detailed in band, 6/20/63. Trans. to 2nd Regt Band, Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/13 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

SOURCE: Census 1860
Yontz, George (b: 1842)*
Wintermeyer, Henry (b: 1829),
Wintermeyer, Harriet R (b: 1831),
Wintermeyer, Sarah G (b: 1850),
Wintermeyer, Prudence E (b: 1852)

YONTZ, JOSEPH E,: enl. 2/18/62 at Winchester in Co. B as Pvt. To Corp 10/1/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. NOTE: Yontz was not in the early enlistment cycle.- ED.

SOURCE: Census 1860
Yontz, Jacob (b: 1810)
Yontz, Emily E (b: 1814),
Yontz, Vanetta (b: 1842),
Yontz, Joseph (b: 1845),*
Yontz, Mary V (b: 1851)

ZITTLE, JOHN H.: b. 1835? Printer. enl. 4/18/61 at Halltown in Co. B as Lt. Last official entry shows him present, Jan/Feb. 1862. Dropped from the Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62; reason not stated.

SOURCE: 1860 Census
Zittle, John H (b: 1830)*
Zittle, Elizabeth (b: 1831),
Mc Glincey, Richard P (b: 1841),
Mc Glincey, Virginia (b: 1843)

References:

Bushong, Millard K.(2007). “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Westminster, MD: Heritage Books. Print.

Bushong, Millard K. “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Confederate Service Records, National Archives

Frye, Dennis E. (1984). “2nd Virginia Infantry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1355 – 1860 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – James City and Jefferson Counties).” Jefferson, Kanawha, King George, King and Queen, and King William Counties).”Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia.” [microform] (Volume Reel 0953 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Free Schedules – Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.

“The Virginia Free Press,” Nov. 9, 1865.

Dennis Frye – “Why Did Virginia Secede?”

https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/why-did-virginia-secede-dennis-frye/

540 words

VIDEO: Dennis Frye – Why Did Virginia Secede? TRT: 4:05.

Dennis Frye

“Why Did Virginia Secede?” – Dennis Frye

Why Did Virginia secede from the Union? Actually why did Virginia divorce itself from the Union. Sometimes the word “secede” is just a little too nice. This was total separation, total divorce, complete, complete separation from the United States of America.

We were now the Divided States of America in 1861. And Virginia chose to go with the divided states rather than remain united. Very ironic considering all the efforts of the Founding Fathers to unite us as one nation. And, now, here we are, separating eighty years later into two nations.

It’s really interesting, with Washington and Madison and Monroe and Jefferson – all these great Virginians, that Americans, North and South, completely revered – to have the state – the mother state – the whole state of Virginia – the leader in the unification of the Country and the leader during the Revolution and the post-Revolution period to find itself leaving the country it helped create. It was literally a divorce. It did not come easily. It was a very, very difficult thing for Virginia to do. Virginia was not a “hothead” state. It wasn’t the first to secede. South Carolina had left the Union in 1860 only a few weeks after Lincoln’s election. Here we are in April – January, February, March and here we are in mid-April – three-and-a-half, four months have passed, and Virginia is still part of the United States. Virginia was really very uncomfortable about going with the South. It was a slave State. It was the largest of the slave holding states but it was very, very uncertain about the future of the Confederacy, and it was also uncertain about the future of a divided nation. After all, Virginia helped create the United States which was in response to the Articles of Confederation, which is what really the Confederacy amounted to in many respects.

And so this question of secession, leaving the Union, carving itself away from the Union, was not taken lightly. In fact, Virginia had voted on secession in previous months. It had voted it down. The state had a special secession convention. Delegates from each one of the counties went to the secession convention, representing the local folks back home. And time and again the vote was against secession. What changed it all? Why did they finally decide to cast their votes in favor of departure from the United States?

Well, really it was war, the outbreak of war. When Fort Sumter was fired upon by South Carolinians – and President Lincoln requested that all of those states still within the United States, contribute troops to squash the rebellion in the Southern States, that was too much. Virginia said: “Now, wait a minute, wait a minute. We can’t go fight our brothers in the South. We can argue against them. We can certainly disagree with them and their perspective on the new Confederacy.

But we can’t have Virginians wearing United States Army uniforms, and launching invasions into the South. And with that, the argument shifted. It changed and on April the 17th of 1861, the Virginia Secession Convention secretly voted to leave the United States and hence a new confederacy was born with the grandest and oldest state now the the leader the captain of the ship.

More County Men Enlist, May 11, 1861

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https://web.archive.org/web/20190710022507/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/more-countians-enlisting-may-11-1861/

According to Author Millard Bushong, these are many of the Jefferson County men who were mustered into Company G (Bott’s Greys) of the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment (C.S.A.) at Harper’s Ferry, May 11, 1861 and then were fiercely drilled and disciplined by the new commander, Col. Thomas Jackson,who had not yet gotten his famous nickname. A significant number of recruits moved over to a cavalry unit at first opportunity the following spring. Others persevered. Much of this relies on the roster research done by Historian Dennis Frye. -ED

Where a man served in two units, he is recorded in the unit he was in the longest or with the most record.

Census Summaries: The Censuses are 1850 and 1860 and are included in no particular order, except where they confirm the person’s existence within the County at those times. Past estimates of those who enlisted in Confederate units from Jefferson County have been excessive due to the inclusion of many who enlisted in Jefferson County but were not from Jefferson County.

The man who enlisted is represented by an “*” to the right of “W” or to the right of their profession.

The information represents: name – age – sex- color- profession – place of birth.

Service Records: utilize abbreviated terms such as POW (“prisoner of war”), AWOL (“absent without leave”), KIA (killed in action), MWIA (“wounded and missing in action”)

The numbers to the left represent dwelling and family numbers in each Census. The person’s name follows.

Early Enlistees in 2nd Virginia Infantry Company G from Jefferson County

AISQUITH, ARCHIBALD H.: b. 5/11/45. 5’7″. light complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Clerk. ent. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Right arm amputated at Gen. Hosp. at Staunton. Listed as unfit for active duty. Attached to Gen. Hosp. Staunton, 5/28/63. Last official entry shows him still at same hospital in Sept./Oct. 1864. Paroled 4/22/65 at Winchester. d. 11/3/94. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

AISQUITH, CHARLES W.: b. in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt., date not listed. Wded. in neck at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to duty 9/25/61. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Present again 4/30-10/31, 1862. Hospitalized 4/5/63, chronic diarrhea. Last official entry shows him commissioned as hospital steward, 6/1/63. d. 4/2/92. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

AISQUITH, CHARLES M.: b. 1842? Listed in Co. G as Sgt. Last official entry shows him “slightly wounded by shell in Battle of Fredericksburg,” 2/13/62.

SOURCE:1850 Census
14 87 87 Moore Cato 66 M WCashier VA
15 87 87 Moore M. S. 60 F W VA
16 87 87 Moore Sarah 33 F W VA
17 87 87 Moore Edwin 19 M WClerk Bank VA
18 87 87 Moore Charles 17 M WClerk VA
19 87 87 Aisquith Margaret T. 30 F W VA
20 87 87 Aisquith Edward 6 M W VA
21 87 87 Aisquith Charles M. 8 M W* VA
22 87 87 Aisquith Archy A. 5 M W* VA

ALEXANDER, THOMAS B. b. 1840? Farmer. enl. 4/21/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. B as Pvt. d. in hospital at Staunton, 6/18 or 6/19 1862; cerebretis. bur. Thornrose Cem., Staunton.

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM FONTAINE: b. 8/13/41. Druggist. enl. 6/3/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 9/10/61. Present again Nov.-Dec. 1861. Apptd. Hospital Steward, Ladies Relief Hospital, Lynchburg, 5/27/62. Steward at University Hosp., Charlottesville, June, 1862. To Ladies Relief Hospital, Lynchburg, 12/62-11/63. “Request that Steward be permanently assigned to duty as druggist” at Chimborazo #5, 2/29/64. Last official entry states he received a furlough from Chimborazo, 9/30/64. d. 4/11/80. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
23 961 974 Alexander William P. 49 M WFarmer VA
24 961 974 Alexander Hannah L. 39 F W VA
25 961 974 Alexander Thomas B. 12 M W* VA
26 961 974 Alexander William 9 M W* VA
27 961 974 Alexander Jane 7 F W VA
28 961 974 Alexander Herbert 4 M W VA
29 961 974 Alexander Richard 1 M W VA

BACKHOUSE, DAVID H.: b. 1837? Farmer. enl. 4/21/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Fined $11.00 by court-martial, 8/13/61 (reason not stated). Detailed as Regt. teamster, Nov./Dec. 1862. Deserted 5/15/63.

BEALL, JOHN YATES: b. 1/1/35 in Jefferson Co. 5’8″. fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed to convey a sick soldier to Jefferson Co., Sept./Oct. 1861. Wded. in chest in Battle of Bolivar Heights, 10/16/61. Discharged due to wound, 2/18/63. POW at Accomac Co., 1/16/63. Held as a political prisoner and pirate for his privateering in the Chesapeake Bay (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe, Pt. Lookout). Paroled from Pt. Lookout, 3/3/64. Court-martialed as a guerrilla and spy after captured in his attempt to release Confederate prisoners held on Johnson’s Island. Hanged on Governor’s Island in New York Harbor, 2/24/65. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BEALL, WILLIAM: b. 3/26/44. Student. Brother of John Yates Beall. enl. 6/8/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 10/3/61. POW near Manassas, 8/27/62. Exchanged and returned 11/20/62. On furlough, Jan.-Feb. 1863, Sent to hospital, 4/18/63. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/2-7/20 1863; diarrhea. Detailed by Special Order 253 from Secretary of War to report to J. Y. Beall, 10/4/63. POW at Accomac Co., 11/16/63 (Ft. McHenry, Ft. Monroe). Exchanged 3/16/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/16/07. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
9 1144 1159 Beall George B. 48 M WFarmer VA
10 1144 1159 Beall Janet 46 F W VA
11 1144 1159 Beall Mary Y. R. 21 F W VA
12 1144 1159 Beall Hezekiah 19 M W VA
13 1144 1159 Beall John Y. 15 M W* VA
14 1144 1159 Beall Ann O. 11 F W VA
15 1144 1159 Beall Elizabeth 8 F W VA
16 1144 1159 Beall William 6 M W* VA
17 1144 1159 Beall Janetta 4 F W VA

BERRY, CHARLES JAMES: b. Sept. 1844 at Charles Town. enl. 7/9/61 at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Discharged 10/14/62, no reason given. d. 4/20/89 at Albany, Georgia. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BERRY, LAWRENCE LEE GRIBBS: b. 7/14/39 at Charles Town. Entered University of Virginia, 1857. grad. in political economy and moral philosophy. enl. 7/9/61 in Co. G as Pvt. KIA 9/21/61 while on picket duty at Natt’s Farm on Munson’s Hill near Falls Church. bur. Edge Hill Cem. Charles Town, W.Va.

Berry, Lawrence L (b: 1832)*
Berry, Charles J (b: 1845),*
Berry, Holmes (b: 1853),
Griggs, Frances M (b: 1822),
Griggs, Jane R (b: 1824)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

BOTTS, LAWSON: b. 7/25/25 at Fredericksburg. Attended V.M.I. 1841. Lawyer in Charles Town. m. Sarah Elizabeth Bibb Ranson, 1851. Defense attorney for John Brown during the early stages of Brown’s trial. Commissioned Capt. of Botts Greys, pre-war militia Co. from Charles Town, 11/4/59. Capt. Co. G. 2nd Va. Vol. lnf., 5/3/61. To Maj., 6/12/61. To Lt. Col., 9/11/61. To Col. 6/27/62. Provost Marshal at Winchester, Nov-Dec. 1861. MWIA when shot through cheek and mouth at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. d. 9/16/62 at Middleburg. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
26 3 3 Botts Lawson 24 M WLawyer* VA

BRISCOE, THOMAS W.: b. 9/4/33. Physician. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. MWIA in chest at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. d. 7/24/61 at hospital at Culpeper Court House. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
31 1321 1336 Briscoe George 27 M WArmourer VA
32 1321 1336 Briscoe Sarah R. 22 F W VA
33 1321 1336 Briscoe Frances 4 F W VA
34 1321 1336 Briscoe George W. 1 M W VA
35 1321 1336 Hicks Frances 14 F W VA
36 1321 1336 Power John W. 23 M WLabourer VA
37 1321 1336 Briscoe Thomas 59 M WFarmer VA
38 1321 1336 Briscoe Juliet W. 48 F W VA
39 1321 1336 Briscoe Ellen M. 30 F W VA
40 1321 1336 Briscoe Ann 23 F W VA
41 1321 1336 Briscoe James 21 M W VA
42 1321 1336 Briscoe Thomas W. 17 M W* VA

BROTHERTON, ROBERT R.: b. 12/23/30. enl. 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Deserted near Bunker Hill, 10/16/62. d. 8/20/12. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va. NOTE; Brotherton was not one of the early enlistees.-ED

Brotherton, Robert R (b: 1830)*
Brotherton, Lucinda (b: 1833),
Brotherton, Lydia A (b: 1858),
Brotherton, John W
SOURCE: 1860 Census

BROWN, JAMES H.: b. 1841. Dept. of the Post Master. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Corp. d. 8/13/61, measles. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Brown, John P (b: 1809)
Brown, Mary E (b: 1810),
Brown, Margaret T (b: 1840),
Brown, James H (b: 1841),*
Brown, Robert F (b: 1843)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

BROWN, SAMUEL HOWELL: b. 1/14/31. Surveyor. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Sgt. Detailed as a recruiting officer, 8/2/61. Returned from recruiting 10/11/61. Detailed for special duty under Col. Angus W. McDonald by order of Gen. Jackson, Nov./Dec. 1861. Detailed in engineer corps, 4/18/62. Apptd. Lt. in engineer corps, 6/1/63. No further record. d. 1/24/05. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Brown, Samuel H (b: 1831)*
Crawford, Joshua M (b: 1830),
Ranson, Lucy (b: 1846)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

BURNETT, THOMAS D.: b. 9/10/38. Druggist and farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Corp. Detailed as Hospital Steward in 33rd Va. Vol. Inf., 9/10/61. d. 3/10/62. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

BURNETT, WILLIAM: b. 1837? 5’9″. fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Lawyer. enl. 6/19/61 at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov./Dec. 1861. Discharged 2/28/62, reason not stated. d. 5/12/88. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Burnett, Ann J (b: 1812)
Burnett, Thomas D (b: 1839),*
Burnett, William (b: 1837)*
SOURCE: 1860 Census

BUTLER, FRANCIS G.: b. 4/10/21. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. MWIA in chest at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. d. 7/25/61 at Pringle’s House, Manassas. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
10 456 463 Butler Frances G. 29 M WFarmer* KY
11 456 463 Butler Hannah S. F. 28 F W VA
12 456 463 Butler Sarah E. 4 F W VA
13 456 463 Butler John D. 2 M W VA

CHAPMAN, JOSEPH H.: b. 1840? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Sent to hospital in Winchester, 12/16/61. Present by 10/31/62. Deserted 7/15/63. d. 8/25/77. NOTE; Brother John enlisted in 1862:

CHAPMAN, JOHN: b. 1839? 6′ 2″. dark complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/62 near Harrisonburg in Co. G as Pvt. POW at Rippon, W.Va., 9/6/64 (Camp Chase). Oath of Allegiance to U.S., 6/11/65.

Chapman, Jos H (b: 1841)*
Chapman, Sarah J (b: 1846),
Chapman, John W (b: 1845),*
Chapman, Rachael (b: 1851),
Chapman, James M (b: 1853),
Chapman, George (b: 1857)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

COLBERT, GEORGE W.: b. 1838? 5’10”. florid complexion, gray eyes, black hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since mid-May, 1861. Discharged 11/9/61, no reason stated.

COLBERT, JOHN JAMES: b. 12/18/39. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov/Dec. 1861. Killed 9/9/62? bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
12 1341 1356 Colbert Hezekiah 39 M WFarmer MD
13 1341 1356 Colbert Rebecca 35 F W MD
14 1341 1356 Colbert George 12 M W* VA
15 1341 1356 Colbert John J. 10 M W* VA
16 1341 1356 Colbert Joseph 8 M W VA
17 1341 1356 Colbert Martha 6 F W VA
18 1341 1356 Colbert Mary 4 F W VA
19 1341 1356 Colbert Harriet 5/12 F W VA
20 1341 1356 Jackson Sarah A. 15 F W MD
21 1341 1356 Jackson Archibald 52 M WLabourer VA
22 1341 1356 Cockrell Thomas 26 M W VA

CRAIGHILL, EDWARD A.: b. 11/2/40 at Charles Town. Physician. enl. 4/22/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Asst. Surgeon, 11/16/61. Detailed as steward in hospital at Winchester, 6/25/61. Detailed as hospital steward at Camp Pickens, Manassas, 9/19/61. Trans. Nov/Dec. 1861, location not stated. Postwar, physician at Lynchburg.

CRAIGHILL, JAMES B.: b. 1839? Student. enl. 616/61 at Camp Jackson in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed in Ord. Dept., 7/11/61. Last official entry shows him as an Ord. Sgt. through 2/26/62. No further record.

SOURCE:1850 Census
1 446 453 Craighill William N. 42 M WTeller Bank VA
2 446 453 Craighill Sarah E. 38 F W VA
3 446 453 Craighill Ellen R. 13 F W VA
4 446 453 Craighill James B. 11 M W* VA
5 446 453 Craighill Edward A. 9 M W* VA
6 446 453 Craighill Robert T. 7 M W VA
7 446 453 Craighill Mary L. 5 F W VA
8 446 453 Craighill Frances A. 1 M W VA

EICHELBERGER, GEORGE F.: b. 12/18/43. 6′ 0″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. Student. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 4/15/64. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Returned to duty 2/20/62. Wded. at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/24/64. Furloughed 6/9/64. Paroled 4/24/65 at Charles Town. d. 2/6/10. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

EICHELBERGER, WEBSTER: b. 3/9/35. Minister. enl. 6/26/61 at Camp Stephens in Co. G as Pvt. Discharged 7/20/62, reason not stated.

SOURCE:1850 Census
17 624 633 Echilbuger Martin 53 M WFarmer MD
18 624 633 Echilbuger Maria 47 F W MD
19 624 633 Echilbuger Joseph L. 22 M W MD
20 624 633 Echilbuger Ann E. 19 F W MD
21 624 633 Echilbuger Catharine 15 F W MD
22 624 633 Echilbuger Jane E. 12 F W MD
23 624 633 Echilbuger Webster 17 M W* MD
24 624 633 Echilbuger George F. 8 M W* MD

ENGLISH, ROBERT M.: b. 9/27/24. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Lt. Wded. in arm,leg, and breast at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to duty 10/25/61. KIA at Port Republic, 6/9/62, bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

English, Robert M (b: 1826)*
SOURCE: 1860 Census

FLAGG, GEORGE H.: b. 4/9/32. 5’7″. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Farmer. enl. 4/21/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 4/20/62. Signs roll as commanding Co., Jan.-Feb. 1864. Stuart Hosp., Richmond, 3/26-4/2 1865; rheumatism. Paroled 4/19/65 at Winchester. d. 3/25/00. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
14 457 464 Flagg John R. 56 M WFarmer VA
15 457 464 Flagg Mary E. 50 F W VA
16 457 464 Flagg Sarah Ann 29 F W VA
17 457 464 Flagg George H. 18 M W* VA

FRAZIER, JAMES H.: b. 1838? Auctioneer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Special duty as harness-maker, Nov.-Dec. 1861. Discharged 7/30/62, reason not stated.

SOURCE:1850 Census
25 985 998 Frazier James H. 24 M WSaddler* VA

GALLAHER, CHARLES HORACE: b. 4/17/39. 5’10,”. florid complexion, blue eyes, amber hair. Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 10/13/63. Wded. ln head at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63.Chimborazo #3,11130/63. To Staunton, 12/8//63.Returned to duty 2/11/64. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64(Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/20/65. paroled 4/30//65at Staunton. d. 1/29/11. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

36 79 79 Gallaher H. N. 42 M WEditor VA
37 79 79 Gallaher Adeline B. 40 F W VA
38 79 79 Gallaher William B. 17 M W VA
39 79 79 Gallaher Charles H. 12 M W* VA
40 79 79 Gallaher James N. 10 M W VA
41 79 79 Gallaher Anna A. 7 F W VA
42 79 79 Gallaher John S. 5 M W VA
1 79 79 Gallaher Edwin F. 9/12 M W VA
2 79 79 Gallaher Ann C. 12 F W VA

GIBSON, JOSHUA GREGG: b. 1/3/23. Listed in Co. G, but never mustered “being of bad health” and because he “furnished a substitute uniformed.” d. 2/124/94. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Gibson, Joshua G (b: 1823)*
Gibson, Susan (b: 1828),
Gibson, Fannie H (b: 1848),
Gibson, William W (b: 1850),
Gibson, Agnes (b: 1853),
Gibson, James (b: 1856)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

GREEN, THOMAS CLAIBORNE: b. 11/30/20 at Fredericksburg. Son of John W. Green, a Va. Supreme Court of Appeals judge. Practiced law with Col. Angus McDonald in Hampshire Co. at Romney. m. Mary Naylor McDonald, Col. McDonald’s oldest daughter. Mayor of Charles Town during the John Brown raid in 1859; also served as a defense attorney for Brown. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. On special duty in telegraph office, June 1861. Elected to Va. Legislature from Jefferson Co., 12/22/61. Apptd. chief collector of Confederate taxes in Va. by President Davis in 1863 and remained in this position until war’s end. Postwar, returned to Charles Town; apptd. to W.Va. Supreme Court of Appeals in 1876 and continued in this capacity until his death. d. 12/4/89. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Green, Thomas C (b: 1821)*
Green, Mary W (b: 1828),
Green, Anna L (b: 1854),
Green, Thomas C (b: 1859)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

HENDERSON, DAVID E.: b. 6/23/32. Artist enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Apptd. Lt in Topographical Engineers, date not stated. “Employed in making maps since the commencement of the war with the exception of a few weeks preceding the Battle of Manassas.” Detailed as draftsman to Gen. Johnston, 8/26/61. Draftsman at Gen. Lee’s headquarters, 6/30/62. No further record. d. 11/16/87. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

HENDERSON, RICHARD: b: 7/26/43. Student enl. 5/25/61 at Camp Lee in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 10/13/61. Present again Nov/Dec. 1861. Detailed as teamster for QM’s train, Nov/Dec. 1862. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31 1864. Paroled at Appomattox. Postwar, farmer. d. 6/22/05. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
38 1339 1354 Henderson Richard 50 M WFarmer MD
39 1339 1354 Henderson Elizabeth A. 40 F W DC
40 1339 1354 Henderson John 20 M W DC
41 1339 1354 Henderson David E. 17 M W* VA
42 1339 1354 Henderson Janett L. 14 F W VA
1 1339 1354 Henderson Areanne T. 12 F W VA
2 1339 1354 Henderson Elizabeth S. 10 F W VA
3 1339 1354 Henderson Richard 8 M W* VA
4 1339 1354 Henderson Charles E. 7 M W VA
5 1339 1354 Henderson Robert M. 4 M W VA
6 1339 1354 Henderson Comilia 1 F W VA
7 1339 1354 Henderson Sarah 22 F W VA

HILBERT, JOHN E.: b. 1829, blacksmith enl. 4/18/61 Co. G

Hilbert, John E (b: 1829)*
Hilbert, John S Hilbert,
Elizabeth (b: 1832),
Hilbert, Charles L (b: 1853),
Hilbert, William H (b: 1856)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, Charlestown, P. 178

HOOFF, JAMES LAWRENCE: b. 10/2/25. enl. 7/6/61 at Darkesville in Co. G as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. One record states he served as a QM Sgt. in the 2nd Va. Inf. and as Asst. QM in the 11th Va. Cav. Postwar, merchant in Charles Town; elected to W.Va. legislature in 1875; later became president of Jefferson Co. Court. d. 8/24/87. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
23 442 449 Hooff James L. 24 M WFarmer* VA

HOOFF, WILLIAM A.: b. 1839? 5’8″. dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed as nurse to Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, 1/30/63. Ward master in Gen. Hosp. #4, Richmond, March/April 1863-Jan./Feb. 1864. Returned to regt. 3/14/64. POW at Salem Church, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/16/65 at Winchester.

Hooff, Francis R (b: 1827)
Hooff, Susan R (b: 1830),
Hooff, Anna C (b: 1854),
Hooff, Francis H (b: 1857),
Hooff, Sarah,
Hooff, Fannie R (b: 1803),
Hooff, William A (b: 1840),*
Hooff, Jane H (b: 1836)
SOURCE: Census 1860

HOWELL, DAVID, JR.: b. 8/25/38. Farmer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Elected Lt. 10/1/62. Signs roll as commanding Co., March/April 1864, Wded. Aug. 1864, exact battle and date not given. Sent to Richmond to forward recruits to army, 11/23/64. Retired to Invalid Corps, 3/6/65, and stationed at Newtown. Paroled 4/21/65 at Charles Town. d. 1/31/03. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
17 76 76 Howell David 51 M WTanner VA
18 76 76 Howell Samuel 19 M W VA
19 76 76 Howell Mary 13 F W VA
20 76 76 Howell David 11 M W* VA
21 76 76 Howell John W. P. 9 M W VA
22 76 76 Howell Ruth A. 8 F W VA

HUMPHREYS, DAVID: b. 5/2/32 at Charles Town. Farmer. enl. 5/14/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Unofficial source states he was injured during drill in camp at Centreville (1861); disabled and discharged. Absent on special duty since 11/19/61. Re-enlisted in Co. B. 7th Va.Cav. Retired 12/23/64. Postwar, merchant; moved to Norfolk in 1869 and entered insurance business; helped with the development of Norfolk and was a member of the town council; author of “Heroes and Spies.” d. 7/5/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
12 481 488 Humphreys John 52 M WFarmer VA
13 481 488 Humphreys Mary 44 F W VA
14 481 488 Humphreys Elizabeth 22 F W VA
15 481 488 Humphreys John T. 20 M W VA
16 481 488 Humphreys David 18 M W* VA

ISLER, CHARLES H.: b. 1839 Farmer enl. 4/18/61 Co. G

Isler, Charles H (b: 1839)*
Isler, Abraham Isler (b: 1794),
Isler Sarah W (b: 1804),
Hooff, Harrison (b: 1842)
Hicks, Levi (b: 1802)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, Page 139

JOHNSON, JOHN W.: b. 1843? 6’0″. dark complexion, dark eyes, gray hair. Cooper. Residence Jefferson Co. Drafted 10/3/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick Nov.-Dec. 1862. Arrested and POW at Leetown. 12/29/62;”said to be at home when taken making barrels for the Confederate army.” (Wheeling, Camp Chase). Exchanged 3/28/63. Present again 4/8/63.Chimborazo #2, 6/11/64; diarrhea. To Lynchburg, 7/9/64. Paroled 4/20/65 at Winchester. d. 11/29/26. bur. Stonewall Cem., Winchester.

SOURCE:1850 Census
34 1270 1285 Johnson William 54 M WCooper 1,000 VA
35 1270 1285 Johnson Mary 38 F W VA
36 1270 1285 Johnson Emanuel 20 M W VA
37 1270 1285 Johnson John 9 M W* VA
38 1270 1285 Johnson Susannah F. 4 F W VA

KEERL, JOHN D. : b. 1840? Clerk. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt. 9/1/63. Wded. at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. Returned from sick furlough, 7/23/63. Last official entry shows him present, March/April 1864.

KEERL, WILLIAM L.: b. 1843? Clerk. enl. 6/6/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Charged $2.00 for pair of shoes received, 8/29/61. Hosp. near Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; fever. Present again by 10/31/61. Wded. in forehead at 2nd Manassas, date not specific. Present by 10/31/62. Wded. when slightly bruised by shell at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Present again Jan-Feb. 1863. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/31/1864. Surrendered at Appomattox.

SOURCE:1850 Census
24 763 772 Keerl William 45 M WFarmer MD
25 763 772 Keerl Ellen 40 F W MD
26 763 772 Keerl Annlia 16 F W PA
27 763 772 Keerl Henry 13 M W PA
28 763 772 Keerl Margaretta 11 F W PA
29 763 772 Keerl John 9 M W* VA
30 763 772 Keerl William 7 M W* VA
31 763 772 Keerl Robert 5 F W* VA
32 763 772 Keerl Eleanor 3 F W VA
33 763 772 Keerl Harris 1 M W VA
34 763 772 Haugton Susan D. 35 F W CT

LEE, RICHARD HENRY: b. 8/24/21. grandson of Richard Henry Lee, mover of the Declaration of Independence in the Continental Congress. Lawyer. Residence Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Lt. Absent sick 6/26-9/13/1861. Wded. severely at Kernstown, 3/23/62. Recommended for service on a military court, Oct. 1862. Later became Judge Advocate and Col. in the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va. d. 6/18/02. bur. Old Chapel Cem., Millwood.

SOURCE:1850 Census
20 3 3 Lee Richard H. 28 M WLawyer* VA
21 3 3 Lee Eveline B. 24 F W VA
22 3 3 Lee Mary P. 1 F W VA

LEWIS, JOHN H. B. : b. 10/10/19. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. To Ord. Sgt. 4/30-10/31 1862. Absent sick since 11/12/62. No record again until Sept/Oct. 1863 when he is listed as present. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 6/17-6/28 1864; febris remittens. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 9/26/64; debility. Retired to Invalid Corps, 3/3/65, and stationed at Lexington. No further record. d. Dec. 1870. bur. Lewis-Muse Graveyard, Jefferson Co., W.Va.

Lewis, William H T (b: 1832)
Lewis, Belle S (b: 1834),
Lewis, Charles H (b: 1818),
Lewis, Estelle D P (b: 1831),
Lewis, Charles H (b: 1857),
Lewis, John S (b: 1859),
Lewis, John H. B. (b: 1820)*
SOURCE: 1860 Census

LOCK, WILLIAM M.: b. 9/17/37. Farmer. enl. 6/2/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Last official entry shows him absent on special duty in Commissary Dept. since 1/16/61. Apptd. 9/9/62 Capt. of Commissary, 62nd Va. Partisan Rangers. POW at Hardy Co., 11/9/62 (Camp Chase). Exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, 12/8/62. Promoted to Major and Commissary, 1/28/63, in Imboden’s Brig. Paroled 5/8/65 at Winchester. d. 5/16/92. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va. NOTE: “LOCKE” IN BUSHONG-ED.

SOURCE:1850 Census
3 196 196 Lock William F. 62 M WFarmer VA
4 196 196 Lock Rachel 52 F W PA
5 196 196 Lock John J. 26 M WMerchant 300 VA
6 196 196 Lock Martha Ellen 20 F W VA
7 196 196 Lock Mary C. 19 F W VA
8 196 196 Lock Susan R. 17 F W VA
9 196 196 Lock Amanda 16 F W VA
10 196 196 Lock William M. 12 M W* VA
11 196 196 Lock Fanny 14 F W VA
12 196 196 Lock Lucy 8 F W VA
13 196 196 Lock John Milton 18 M WClerk VA
14 196 196 Allison William 30 M WLabourer VA

McDONALD, WILLIAM NAYLOR: b. 2/4/34 in Hampshire Co. Received Master’s Degree from University of Virginia and became a professor of rhetoric and principal of a high school in Louisville, Kentucky; then became a lawyer in Charles Town. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on special duty in Cav. of Angus W. McDonald, Nov/Dec. 1861. Last official record shows him on detail to engineer service, 3/26/62. Resigned from this and trans. to Co. D, 11th Va. Cav. Later promoted to Capt. of artillery and assigned to Ord. Dept. Wded. in side at Wilderness, 5/6/64. Another source says he also served on the staffs of Rosser and Mahone. Postwar, teacher; founder and principal of Shenandoah University School at Berryville; founder of Cool Spring School; author of “The Laurel Brigade.” d. 1/4/98. bur. Greenhill Cem., Berryville.

MEDLAR, NAPOLEON B.: b. 1840? Gunsmith. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G in Pvt. Detailed as musician for 2nd regt., July/Aug. 1861. Gen. Hosp. Howard’s Grove, Richmond, 7/21/63; severe contusion of left thigh by a fall. To Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/3/63. Present again Sept/Oct. 1863. Next official record shows him as an armorer in a repairing establishment at Charlottesville, 3/19-Aug. 1862. Final record shows him as an armorer at the C. S Carbine Factory, Richmond, 3/19/63. No further record.

SOURCE:1850 Census
12 1415 1430 Medlor Napoleon 9 M W* VA
13 1415 1430 Medlor Mary J. 12 F W VA
14 1415 1430 Medlor Elizabeth 4 F W VA

MOLER, DANIEL: b. 1840? 5’8″. dark complexion, gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer. enl. 4/25/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Corp. 7/1/63. Absent sick at hosp., July/Aug.-10/25/62. Wded. at Gaines’s Mill or Malvern Hill, 6/27 or 7/1 1862. Present again by 10/31/62. Wded. slightly by shell at Fredericksburg. 12/13/62. Present by 12/31/62. Absent sick at hosp., 4/13/63. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 5/2-6/9 1863; debility. Wded. in neck at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63, Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton. 1/6/64. Returned to regt. 3/8/64. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 3/14/65. Paroled 4/25/65 at Winchester.

SOURCE:1850 Census
23 1312 1327 Moler Daniel 48 M WFarmer VA
24 1312 1327 Moler Elizabeth 31 F W VA
25 1312 1327 Moler George G. 11 M W VA
26 1312 1327 Moler Daniel 9 M W* VA
27 1312 1327 Moler Sarah T. 7 F W VA
28 1312 1327 Moler Comelia 2 F W VA

MONROE, GEORGE B.: b. 8/8/18. Painter. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on special duty, 4/18-6/30/1861. Absent sick since 7/1/61. Discharged 1/19/61 for disability. d. 2/18/67. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Monroe, George B (b: 1818)*
Monroe, Ann E (b: 1824),
Whittington, John W (b: 1839),
Barnett, Hannah (b: 1787)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, Charlestown, P. 182

MOORE, CLEON: b. 11/24/40. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co G as Pvt. To Corp 8/23/61. To Lt Nov/Dec. 1862. Absent sick at hosp., 10/15/61 Present again Nov/Dec 186l Last official records state he was on duty with Provost Guard, 10/12/Nov. 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, lawyer d 12/26/14 bur. Edge Hill Charles Town, WVa.

Moore, Cleon (b: 1841)*
Moore, Thomas A (b: 1803), Moore, Maria J (b: 1813),
Moore, Berkely (b: 1844)
Moore, Myra (b: 1847)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, Charlestown, P. 163

MOORE, EDWIN L.: b 2/14/31. Banker enl. 4/18/61 Charles Town Co G. Elected Capt. to succeed Capt. Botts 6/13/61. To Maj. 9/16/62. Signs roll as commanding 2nd Va. lnf., 10/31/62. Absent on detail as acting inspector, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Va., Nov/Dec. 1862-May/June 1863. Next official record lists him as AAG to Trimble’s Division, 1/6/64. No further record. d. 12/11/81. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va. NOTE: “EDMUND” IN BUSHONG-ED.

SOURCE:1850 Census
14 87 87 Moore Cato 66 M WCashier Valley Bank VA
15 87 87 Moore M. S. 60 F W VA
16 87 87 Moore Sarah 33 F W VA
17 87 87 Moore Edwin 19 M WClerk Bank* VA
18 87 87 Moore Charles 17 M WClerk VA

NOLAND, JAMES HENRY: b. 12/7/34. Machinist. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. On duty at Col. Allen’s headquarters, Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him absent sick in hosp., Nov/Dec. 1861. Unofficial source states he served in medical dept. Postwar, member of Turner Ashby Camp #22 at Winchester. d. 12/7/98. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
37 1404 1419 Noland Charles L. 40 M WCarpenter VA
38 1404 1419 Noland Elizabeth 44 F W VA
39 1404 1419 Noland Henry 17 M W* “JAMES HENRY” VA 40 1404 1419 Noland George 13 M W* VA
41 1404 1419 Noland Samuel C. 9 M W VA
42 1404 1419 Noland Charles 8 M W VA
1 1404 1419 Noland Gregory 6 M W VA
2 1404 1419 Whittington Ellen 19 F W VA
3 1404 1419 Noland Pearce 42 M WCarpenter VA

PAINTER, JAMES H.: b. 1841? Laborer. enl. 5/11/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. Wded in the thigh at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Returned to regt. 10/1/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec· 1861. d. 1910. bur. Greenhill Cem., Stephens City. DIFFERENT FROM JAMES PAINTER LISTED IN THE 12TH VA CAVALRY

SOURCE:1850 Census
19 929 942 Painter George 45 M WLabourer VA
20 929 942 Painter Barbara 46 F W VA
21 929 942 Painter Mary J. 15 F W VA
22 929 942 Painter Jacob 13 M W VA
23 929 942 Painter James 10 M W* VA

RIDER, JOHN WILLIAM: b. 4/1/40. Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town Co. G as Pvt. Appears as Sgt. at 10/31/62 muster. Wded. in arm and chest at Harpers Ferry, 10/16/61. Wded. at 1st Winchester, 5/25/62. Gen. Hosp. Mt. Jackson, 6/1/62. Present again by 10/31/62. Detailed as Sgt. in charge of ambulances, May/June 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-10/3 1864. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 12/31/23 at Halltown. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Rider, William (b: 1809)
Rider, Elizabeth (b: 1811,)
Rider, John W C (b: 1840),*
Rider, Susan E (b: 1843),
Rider, Rachael A (b: 1849)
SOURCE: Census 1860

RISSLER, GEORGE L.: b. 10/11/27 in Frederick Co. 5′ 10 1/2″. florid complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. AWOL since 12/19/61. No further record. d. 7/20/16. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

RISSLER, SAMUEL J. (or L.): b. 9/30/30. 5’9″. dark complexion, brown eyes, dark hair. drafted 12/4/62 at Guinea’s Station in Co. G as Pvt. Detailed as ambulance driver for 2nd Regt., 12/14/62-July, 1864. POW near Harpers Ferry, 7/2/64 (Old Capitol Prison, Elmira). Exchanged 3/10/65. Paroled 4/19/65 at Charles Town. d. 9/3/05. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va. NOTE: Samuel Rissler, as the record shows was drafted in 1862 and was not among those enlisting in April-May-ED

SOURCE:1850 Census
12 959 972 Rissler George 63 M WFarmer PA
13 959 972 Rissler Rebecca 23 F W VA
14 959 972 Rissler George 21 M W* VA
15 959 972 Rissler Samuel 18 M W* VA

ROBINSON, FREDERICK M.: b. 1831? Tailor and postal worker in Charles Town. enl. 5/9/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. AWOL since 12/27/61. Gen. Hosp. #13, Richmond, 10/31-11/15/1862; rheumatism. Gen. Hosp. Camp Winder, Richmond, 11/17-1/27 1862; acute diarrhea. Absent on detail with extra baggage, Jan/Feb.-May/June 1863. Absent on detail with Ord. train, May/June-8/6 1863. AWOL 2/11-3/20 1864. Chimborazo #5, 3/12/64; gonorrhea. To Chimborazo #2, 4/10/64. To Farmville, 5/5/64. To Chimborazo #4, 5/19-9/20 1864. Last official entry shows him present again by 10/31/64. POW (Rebel deserter) at Brandy Station, 4/6/65. Took oath and sent to New York City.

SADLER, JOHN N.: b. 11/26/29. enl. 6/11/62? at Winchester in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick, captured at Charles Town, and paroled by 10/31/62. Absent sick at Staunton hosp., Jan/Feb-5/24/63. Gen. Hosp. Staunton, Jan./Feb-5/24/63; typhoid fever. Gen. Hasp. Staunton, 4/13/63; phthisis. Gen. Hosp. Charlottesville, 8/5/63; pneumonia. To Lynchburg, 9/21/63. Returned from sick leave, 10/3/63. Wded. in neck at Payne’s Farm, 11/27/63. Chimborazo #3, 11/30/63. To Staunton, 12/8/63. Listed as unfit for active service, Sept/Oct. 1864. On “duty” at Gen. Hosp. #9, Richmond, 11/23/65. No further record. d. 1/18/95. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
31 4 4 Sadler Leonard 56 M WCabinet Maker VA
32 4 4 Sadler Sarah 54 F W VA
33 4 4 Sadler George W. 30 M W VA
34 4 4 Sadler John N. 19 M WClerk* VA
35 4 4 Sadler Leonard L. 18 M WClerk VA
36 4 4 Nixon Jonathan 54 M WCabinet Maker VA
37 4 4 Miller Samuel 35 M WCabinet Maker VA
38 4 4 Crane John W. 33 M WMerchant VA
39 4 4 Crane Joseph C. 8 M W VA
40 4 4 Crane Charles H. 4 M W VA

SANBORN, JOHN J.: b. 1841? Teacher. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Lost one bayonet sometime before 6/30/61. Fined $11.00 by court·martial, 8/15/61; reason not stated. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

Sanborn, Laura (b: 1807),
Sanborn, John J (b: 1841),*
SOURCE: Census 1860

SHEERER. WM C.: b. 1834 enl. 4/18/61 Co. G, Sgt.

Sheerer, William C (b: 1833)*
Kearsley, George W T (b: 1819),
Kearsley, Rebecca (b: 1825),
Kearsley, William K (b: 1851),
Kearsley, Anna (b: 1853)
1860 Census – Charlestown, P. 170

SELDON (SELDEN), JOHN: b. 2/24/22 in Loudoun Co. 6’0″. florid complexion, blue eyes, light brown hair. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 8/1/61. Discharged 12/5/61, “unfit for duty.” d. 1/8/96. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
34 816 828 Selden John 28 M WFarmer* IRELAND
35 816 828 Selden Anna R. 24 F W IRELAND
36 816 828 Selden Wilson C. 3 M W IRELAND
37 816 828 Selden Mary 2 F W IRELAND
38 816 828 Merchant Landon O. 29 M WOverseer IRELAND
39 816 828 Evens Robert B. 47 M WOverseer IRELAND
40 816 828 Evens Gertrude 40 F W IRELAND

STRAITH, JOHN ALEXANDER: b. 1/26/35. Physician. Apptd. Asst Surg., 2nd Va. Inf., 5/17/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. d. 1/4/72. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
41 20 20 Straith John J. H. 28 M WPhysician VA
42 20 20 Straith Mary A. E. 37 F W VA
1 20 20 Straith John A. 16 M W* VA
2 20 20 Straith Ellen S. 8 F W VA
3 20 20 Straith Rose 3 F W VA

TABB, CHARLES W. M.: b. 5 October 1844, served as a private in Company G of the 2nd Virginia Infantry, Confederate State Army. enlisted 28 May 1862, at Winchester, Virginia. Wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg on 31 December, 1862. He was mortally wounded in action in the thigh at Paynes Farm on 27 Nov 1863, and died in the Confederate hospital at Gordonsville, VA., on 15 February 1864. He is buried in the military Cemetary at Stanton, Virginia.

Tabb, Dudley (b: 1859)
Tabb, Geo W (b: 1815),
Tabb, Mary E (b: 1823),
Tabb, Marry P (b: 1841),
Tabb, Charles W (b: 1844)*
SOURCE: Census 1860

TERRILL, JOHN URIEL: b. 5/23/43. 5’6″. fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Residence Jefferson County. student enl. 6/10/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G. of 2nd Va. Inf as Pvt. Last Infantry record shows him present Nov./Dec 1861. enl. 3/1/62 at Woodstock in Co. B of 12th Va. Cav as Pvt on detail as courier to Maj Massie Sept 1862. Present Nov./Dec 1863-Jan./Feb. 1864. AWOL March/April 1864. No further record. Paroled at Winchester 4/18/65 d. 11/15/78. bur. Zion Episcopal Church Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
5 489 496 Yates John 71 M WFarmer ENGLAND
6 489 496 Yates Julia 66 F W VA
7 489 496 Terrill Julia Y. 30 F W VA
8 489 496 Terrill Anna E. 9 F W VA
9 489 496 Terrill Julia L. 8 F W VA
10 489 496 Terrill John W. 6 M W* VA

TIMBERLAKE. BENJAMIN T.: b. 1839? Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick 8/8-9/2 1861. POW at Salem Church, 5/20/64 (Pt. Lookout, Elmira). Exchanged 2/9/65. Paroled at Harpers Ferry, 3/24/65 (sic).

SOURCE:1850 Census
27 130 130 Timberlake Mildred C. 40 F W VA
28 130 130 Timberlake Henry Lee 21 M W VA
29 130 130 Timberlake Fanny M. 13 F W VA
30 130 130 Timberlake Benjamin F. 11 M W* VA
31 130 130 Brown Carver W. 22 M WTeacher VA

WASHINGTON, RICHARD BLACKBURN: b. 11/12/22. Attd. V.M.I., 1843. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick since 8/20/61. Discharged 10/14/61, reason not stated. Postwar, farmer at Charles Town. d. 10/15/10. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE:1850 Census
34 963 976 Washington Jane C. 64 F W VA
35 963 976 Washington Richard B. 27 M WFarmer* VA
36 963 976 Washington Christian 23 F W VA
37 963 976 Washington Elizabeth 5 F W VA
38 963 976 Washington John A. 3 M W VA
39 963 976 Washington Anna b. 9/12 F W VA

WATSON, SAMUEL: b· 1839? Weaver. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on 30-day detail for manufacturing duty, 10/13/61. Absent on special duty, Nov/Dec. 1861; “time unllmited·” Type of duty not specified. No further record.

WATSON, WILLIAM: b. 1842? Weaver. enl. 4/18/61 at Charles Town in Co. G as Pvt. Absent on 30-day detail for manufacturlng duty, 10/13/61. Absent on special duty, Nov/Dec. 1861; “time unlimited. ” Type of duty not specified. No further record.

Watson, James (b: 1820)
Watson, Eliza (b: 1822),
Watson, William (b: 1843),*
Watson, Hannah (b: 1847),
Watson, James H (b: 1851),
Watson, George S (b: 1856),
Watson, Charles J (b: 1858),
Watson, Samuel (b: 1838),*
Watson, Squire (b: 1843)
SOURCE: Census 1860

WHITE, BENJAMIN S.: b. 9/28/42. Student. enl. 4/26/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. G as Pvt. To Sgt., date not given. Absent sick 10/28-10/31 1862. KIA at Chancellorsville, 5/3/63. bur. Zion Episcopal Cem., Charles Town, W.Va

SOURCE:1850 Census
15 81 81 White Nathan S. 32 M WLawyer MD
16 81 81 White Fredericka 34 F W VA
17 81 81 White Benjamen S. 7 M W* VA
18 81 81 White Rebecca H. 5 F W VA
19 81 81 Macky Rebecca 51 F W VA
20 81 81 Tidball Nannie 5 F W VA

WILTSHIRE, JAMES B. : b. 1842? Farmer. enl. 6/12/61 at Camp Jackson on Bolivar Heights in Co. G as Pvt. Absent sick, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record.

References:

Bushong, Millard K.(2007). “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Westminster, MD: Heritage Books. Print.

Bushong, Millard K. “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Confederate Service Records, National Archives

Frye, Dennis E. (1984). “2nd Virginia Infantry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1355 – 1860 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – James City and Jefferson Counties).” Jefferson, Kanawha, King George, King and Queen, and King William Counties).”Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia.” [microform] (Volume Reel 0953 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Free Schedules – Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.

“The Virginia Free Press,” Nov. 9, 1865.

More County Men Enlist, May 12, 1861

4198 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710014726/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/still-more-countians-become-soldies-may-12-1861/

Still More Countians Become Soldiers, May 12, 1861

This group of men, who lived in the north-central part of the County near Uvilla, Duffields, and Shenandoah Junction, were more German and Scot-Irish than the more English, southern section of the County. These new soldiers had large families and farms. They gathered at Duffields initially April 18, 1861, the night of the assault by local militias on the armory and arsenal at Harper’s Ferry. They were mustered in on May 12, 1861, as the 2nd Virginia Infantry, Company H, also called Letcher’s Riflemen, after the Governor of the state.

Much of this relies on the roster research done by Historian Dennis Frye.

Where a man served in two units, he is recorded in the unit he was in the longest or with the most record.

Census Summaries: The Censuses are 1850 and 1860 and are included in no particular order, except where they confirm the person’s existence within the County at those times. Past estimates of those who enlisted in Confederate units from Jefferson County have been excessive due to the inclusion of many who enlisted in Jefferson County but were not from Jefferson County.

The man who enlisted is represented by an “*” to the right of “W” or to the right of their profession.

The information represents: name – age – sex- color- profession – place of birth.

Service Records: utilize abbreviated terms such as POW (“prisoner of war”), AWOL (“absent without leave”), KIA (“killed in action”), MWIA (“wounded and missing in action”)

The numbers to the left represent dwelling and family numbers in each Census. The person’s name follows.

A “?” is when dates between two official documents don’t agree.-ED

Early Recruits of Co. H, 2nd Virgina Infantry from Jefferson County Homes

ALLEN, JAMES WALKENSHAW: b. 7/2/29 in Shenandoah Co. 6’3″. “One eye lost in childhood when a piece from a spent cap blinded him.” Grad. V.M.I. 1849 (#5 of 24). V.M.I. faculty 1852, Asst. Professor of Mathematics. Farmer, Summit Point, Va., 1857. Commissioned Col. 2nd Va. Volunteer Militia, Jefferson Co., 1860. Apptd. Col. 2nd Va. Volunteer Infantry, 4/28/61. KIA when shot through the head at Gaines’s Mill, 6/27/62. bur. Hollywood Cem., Richmond. Re-interred Liberty, date not known.

Allen, Hugh P (b: 1858)
Allen, James W (b: 1829),*
Allen, Julia W (b: 1830)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

BANE, JOHN F.: b. 8/6/23. Merchant. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields as Pvt. To Sgt., no date given. Elected Lt. 11/23/61. POW at Winchester, 5/3/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. No further record. d. 4/12/70.

Bane, John F (b: 1823)*
Bane, Elizabeth J (b: 1829),
Bane, John F (b: 1856),
Neal, Margaret (b: 1845)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

BARRINGER, GEORGE W.: b. 1830? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Corp. To Pvt. Nov/Dec. 1861. AWOL 7/17-12/13/61. POW 6/10/62. No further record. NOT IN COUNTY IN 1860 CENSUS

SOURCE: 1850 Census
4 711 720 Barringer George 23 M WLabourer* VA
5 711 720 Barringer Mary 18 F W VA

BARRINGER, JAMES.: b. 1835? 6’0″. dark complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Laborer. Residence Jefferson Co., Va. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H of 2nd Va. Inf. as Pvt. AWOL 7/17/61. Returned to ranks, 10/15/61. Last Infantry record shows him present Nov/Dec. 1861. enl. 4/17/62 at Conrad’s Store in Co. B of 12th Va. Cav. as a Pvt. POW 10/16/62 near Charles Town. Paroled at Ft. McHenry 10/25/62. Present Nov/Dec. 1863. AWOL Jan./Feb. 1864. POW at Halltown, Jefferson Co., W.Va. 8/24/64 (Old Capitol Prison, 6/25/64; Ft. Delaware, 9/20/64; Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Ft. Delaware. 6/7/65). d. by 1900.

BRANTNER, GEORGE WARREN: b. 4/4/27. 5’10”. dark complexion, gray eyes, brown hair. Laborer and B&0 Railroad track inspector, enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H of 2nd Va, Inf., as Pvt. AWOL July/Aug. 1861. No further Infantry record. enl. 9/26/62 at Shepherdstown in 12th Va. Cav. in Co. D as Pvt. POW at Beverly Ford 6/9/63 (Old Capitol Prison). Paroled 6/25/63. Present Sept./Oct. 1863-July/Aug, 1864, No further record. Paroled at Mt Jackson 4/18/65. m. Blanche Ann Hendricks d. 4/2/84 or ’82, bur. St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, WVa.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
2 735 744 Engle Bennett 35 M WWagon Maker VA
3 735 744 Engle Ellen 32 F W VA
4 735 744 Engle Eliza 6 F W VA
5 735 744 Engle Sarah 3 F W VA
6 735 744 Chambers William 25 M WBlacksmith VA
7 735 744 Brantner* George 22 M WWagon Maker

CHAPMAN, JAMES W.: b. 1833? Blacksmith. enl. 4/19/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. To Pvt. 11/22/61. Absent sick July-Aug./Nov./Dec. 1861. AWOL at Bunker Hill, 10/15/62. No further record.

Chapman, James W (b: 1834)*
Chapman, Catharine V (b: 1835),
Chapman, John W (b: 1857),
Chapman, Anna A (b: 1859),
Whittington, Joseph (b: 1846)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

COLBERT, JOSEPH W.: b. 1842, Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 Co. H

Colbert, James W (b: 1819)
Colbert, Margaret (b: 1810),
Colbert, Joseph W (b: 1842),*
Colbert, Richard W (b: 1844)*
Colbert, Sallie A (b: 1850)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, P. 75

CURRIE, CHARLES W.: b. 1838. 5’3″. dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Farmer. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H of 2nd Va. Inf. as Pvt. Wded. at Kernstown 3/23/62. POW near Harpers Ferry 10/16/62 (Ft. McHenry). Exchanged 10/25/62. enl. 12/62/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. Present Sept./Oct. 1863-July/Aug. 1864. Admitted to Chimborazo #1 8/20/64; debility. Discharged from hosp. 8/27/64. No further record. Paroled at Winchester 4/21/65. d. Dec. 1879 at Martinsburg, W.Va.

CURRIE, GEORGE E.: b. 3/21/39. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Sgt. 6/30·10/31 1862. To Lt. Jan/Feb. 1863. Wded. at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (Pt. Lookout). Exchanged 3/14/65. d. 2/24/95. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

ENGLE, BENJAMIN F.: b. 1843 Farmer enl. 4/18/61 Co. H, Pvt.

ENGLE, GEORGE W.: b. enl Dec., 1862 Co. H
Engle, Benjamin F (b: 1843)*
Engle, Edwin C (b: 1815),
Engle, Nancy A (b: 1814)
Engle, George W (b: 1839),*
Engle, Susan F (b: 1846)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, P. 38

ENGLE, JOHN M: b. 9/8/22. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co, H as Pvt. AWOL sometime before 6/30/61 and never mustered. d. 1/9/97. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Engle, John M (b: 1823)*
Engle, Mary E (b: 1826),
Engle, Mary J (b: 1854),
Engle, Jesse M (b: 1855),
Engle, Sarah C (b: 1859)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

FAGHENDER, FENTON L.: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 6/15/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. last official entry shows him present, Nov.-Dec. 1861.

Faghender, Fenton L. (b: 1844)*
Faghender, George (b: 1801),
Faghender, Prudence (b: 1802),
Faghender, Joseph (b: 1828)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

FOLEY, JOHN F.: b. 10/22/40. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Shown as Sgt. 6/30-10/31/62. To. Lt. 11/18/62 for “exhibition of extraordinary valor and skill in the several battles in which this regt. has been engaged. ” Signs roll as commanding Co., Nov.-Dec. 1863. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 6/3/26. bur. Harper’s Cem., Harper’s Ferry, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census:
4 1158 1173 Foley Michael 51 M WFarmer VA
5 1158 1173 Foley Ann C. 35 F W VA
6 1158 1173 Foley Anna M. 19 F W VA
7 1158 1173 Foley Sally E. 17 F W VA
8 1158 1173 Foley Virginia J. 13 F W VA
9 1158 1173 Foley John F. 10 M W* VA

GAGEBY, DAVID B.: b. 1826? Carpenter. enl. 4/19/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Corp. 8/1/61. To Sgt. 11/22/61. Absent sick 5/30/62-March/April 1863. AWOL 5/11/63. No further record. d. 1901. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

Gageby, David (b: 1833)*
Gageby, Mary A (b: 1834),
Gageby, Mary E (b: 1856),
Gageby, David A (b: 1859),
Gageby, Sarah W
SOURCE: 1860 Census

GRUBER, BENJAMIN F.: b. 1845? Laborer. enl. 5/15/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

Gruber, Jacob (b: 1818)
Gruber, Sarah C (b: 1845),
Gruber, Ann M (b: 1847),
Gruber, Benjamin F (b: 1851),*
Gruber, Charles W (b: 1853),
Gruber, Joseph M (b: 1858)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

HARDING, CHARLES B.: b. 1806 enl. 7/15/61 in Co. H.

Harding, Charles B (b: 1806)*
Buskirk, Ona M (b: 1805),
Parker, Cynthia (b: 1791),
Bell, Lewis (b: 1842)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, Charlestown, P. 169.

HARP. JOHN W.: b. 1846 enlisted 7/30/64 Winchester in Co. H. NOTE: Harp was not among the early enlistees.-ED.

Harp, Van (b: 1817)
Harp, Ann E (b: 1820),
Harp, Van R (b: 1844),
Harp, John W (b: 1846),*
Harp, James T (b: 1850),
Harp, Mary F (b: 1852),
Harp, Bettie L (b: 1854),
Harp, Mary A (b: 1857)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, Shepherdstown, P. 87

HASTINGS, DANIEL B.: b. 1816? Blacksmith. enl. 5/12/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Absent sick in hosp. at Fairfax Court House, Sept/Oct. 1861; rheumatism. Surgeon’s Discharge, 11/7/61.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
32 1138 1153 Hastings Daniel 38 M W* VA

HENDRICKS, DANIEL WEBSTER: b. 7/26/38. Farrier. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Listed as present through July/Aug. 1861; then no record again until shown absent sick, Sept./Oct., 1863. Also appears on rolls of Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. Present again Jan/Feb. 1864. Last official record shows him present, July/Aug. 1864. Paroled 4/18/65 at Harper’s Ferry. d. 1/15/10 near Duffields. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

Hendricks, Daniel W (b: 1839),*
Hendricks, Sarah M (b: 1840),
Hendricks, Walter G
Hendricks, Sophia (b: 1812),
Hendricks, Margaret A (b: 1841),
Hendricks, Virginia C (b: 1844)
Hendricks, Alice S (b: 1849)
SOURCE: 1860 Census

HENDRICKS, JAMES MADISON: b. 2/6/44. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Re-enlisted in Co. D, 6th Va. Cav., 6/30-10/31/1862. d. 6/12/23. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
23 589 598 Hendricks Sophie 40 F W VA
24 589 598 Hendricks Mary E. 18 F W VA
25 589 598 Hendricks John W. 17 M W VA
26 589 598 Hendricks Elizabeth J. 16 F W VA
27 589 598 Hendricks Daniel 12 M W VA
28 589 598 Hendricks Margaret 10 F W VA
29 589 598 Hendricks Virginia C. 8 F W VA
30 589 598 Hendricks James M. 6 M W* VA
31 589 598 Hendricks Sophia A. 2 F W VA

HENDRICKS, WILLIAM: b. 12/32/21, Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. KIA at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. bur. St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
40 585 594 Hendricks Daniel 53 M WFarmer VA
41 585 594 Hendricks Mary 55 F W VA
42 585 594 Hendricks Sarah 27 F W VA
1 585 594 Hendricks Margaret 24 F W VA
2 585 594 Hendricks Blanch 21 F W VA
3 585 594 Hendricks Tobias 16 M WFarmer VA
4 585 594 Hendricks James 53 M WFarmer VA
5 586 595 Hendricks William 30 M WFarmer* VA
6 586 595 Hendricks Ruhanna 21 F W VA
7 586 595 Hendricks Adam 4 M W VA

HESS, CHARLES W.: b. 1844. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 Co. H, Pvt.

Hess, Charles W (b: 1844)*
Hess, John (b: 1808),
Hess, Elizabeth (b: 1820),
Hess, Joseph A (b: 1842),
Hess, Nancy E (b: 1847)
SOURCE: 1860 Census, P. 38

HILL, JOHN: b. 12/18/20. 5’9″. light complexion, blue eyes, black hair. Tailor. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To. Corp. 11/22/61. Detailed to Staunton as nurse in hosp., 11/20/62-Nov/Dec. 1863. Deserted 1/16/64, Oath of Allegiance to U.S., date not given. d. 3/13/05, bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
24 114 114 Hill John 29 M WTailor* VA
25 114 114 Hill Mary 31 F W VA
26 114 114 Hill Lauretta 3 F W VA

HORN, GEORGE: b. 8/6/19. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL and never mustered, 4/18-6/30 1861. No further record. d. 2/2/79. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

Horn, George (b: 1821)*?
Horn, Susan M (b: 1822),
Horn, Cornelia A (b: 1845),
Horn, Frances J (b: 1847),
Horn, Celia C (b: 1848),
Horn, Mary V (b: 1850),
Horn, George W (b: 1853),
Horn, Margaret E (b: 1854),
Horn, Susan E A (b: 1856),
Horn, Rosanna B (b: 1859)
SOURCE: Census 1860

HUNTER, JAMES H. L.: b. 4/9/30. Merchant. Capt. of Letcher Riflemen, a pre-war militia Co. in Jefferson Co., 11/25/59. To Capt., Co. H. 2nd Va. Vol. Inf., enl. 5/3/61. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 5/18/62; reason not stated. Paroled 4/26/65 at Ashland. d. 8/17/91. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

Hunter, James H L (b: 1827)*?
Household:
Hunter, Mary E (b: 1838),
Hunter, Rosa B (b: 1856)
SOURCE: Census 1860

HURST, JAMES A.: b. 12/19/29. Farmer. enl 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Lt. AWOL 9/20-1/11 1861. No further record. d. 7/24/91. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
3 488 495 Hurst James 22 M WFarmer* VA
4 488 495 Hurst Hannah F. 17 F W VA

JENKINS, JOSEPH J.: b. 1832? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. Elected Capt. 4/20/62. Surrendered at Appomattox.

Jenkins, Joseph J (b: 1833)*
Jenkins, Ida (b: 1808),
Jenkins, Mary E (b: 1843),
Jenkins, Ida E (b: 1852)
SOURCE: Census 1860

LAMBRIGHT, GEORGE W.: b. 7/6/47 at Hancock, Md. enl. 7/20/64 at Winchester in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, 10/31/64. Surrendered at Appomattox. Postwar, spent 6 years in W.Va. and then moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, where he was a merchant. NOTE: Lambright enlisted later-ED

Lambright, William (b: 1817)
Lambright, Mary A (b: 1817),
Lambright, George W (b: 1847),*
Lambright, Mary E (b: 1853),
Lambright, Julia R (b: 1855)
SOURCE: Census 1860

LICKLIDER, GEORGE W.: b. 12/9/38. Farmer. enl. 6/20/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. Absent. under arrest at Manassas Junction, July/Aug. 1861; reason not stated. Present again Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 2/6/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. NOTE: THIS IS THE 12TH CAV ENTRY: b. 12/9/38. 5’11”. dark complexion, gray eyes, black hair. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 7/1/63 at Orange Court House in Co. F as Pvt. Present July/Aug. 1863-July/Aug. 1864. Sorrel horse appraised at $800. KIA at Shady Grove (Todd’s Tavern), 5/5/64. No further record. Paroled at Winchester, 4/25/65. d. 2/6/05. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
23 492 499 Licklider George 46 M WFarmer VA
24 492 499 Licklider Jane 46 F W VA
25 492 499 Licklider Elizabeth 16 F W VA
26 492 499 Licklider John 15 M W VA
27 492 499 Licklider George 13 M W* VA
28 492 499 Licklider Margaret 11 F W VA
29 492 499 Licklider Mary J. 3 F W VA
30 492 499 Melvin Sarah 37 F W VA

LINK, ADAM, JR.: b. 10/16/17. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Surgeon’s discharge, 5/15/61,”for inability.” d. 3/27/62. bur. St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

LINK, ADAM CRUZEN: b. 11/30/32. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL July/Aug. 1861. No further record. d. 3/28/62 at New Market; measles. bur. 1st at St. Matthew’s Lutheran Church Cem., New Market; body later removed to St. James Lutheran Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

LINK, JOHN ALLEN: b. 4/21/42. Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL July/Aug. 1861. No record again until he appears as wded. in stomach at Fredericksburg, 12/13/62. Absent wded. Jan/Feb. 1863. Wded. in hand at Chancellorsvllle, 5/3/63. Last official entry shows him still absent wded. and at home, 4/30-10/31 1864. Postwar. farmer. d. 6/19/35 at Uvilla, W.Va. “Last surviving Confederate veteran in Jefferson Co.” bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
32 590 599 Link Adam 52 M WFarmer* VA
33 590 599 Link Ann 35 F W VA
34 590 599 Link Adam C. 17 M WFarmer* VA
35 590 599 Link Daniel 16 M W VA
36 590 599 Link Sarah 10 F W VA
37 590 599 Link John A. 6 M W* VA
38 590 599 Link Mary C. 3 F W VA

LINK, THOMAS: b. 4/2/27. Farmer. Residence Dufflelds. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H. Elected Lt. 11/22/61. Absent sick in hosp. near Centerville. July/Aug-Sept/Oct. 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov-Dec. 1861. Dropped from Register of Commissioned Officers, 4/16/62. d. 4/21/74 at Duffields.

Link, Thomas (b: 1828)*
Link, Elizabeth J (b: 1834),
Link, Edward M (b: 1857),
Link, Thomas O (b: 1858),
Link, Jacob A
SOURCE: Census 1860

MADDOX, JAMES E.: b. 1821? Carpenter. Residence Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Sgt. Elected Lt. 11/22/61. POW at Leetown, 5/3/62 (Ft. Delaware). Exchanged 8/5/62. No further record.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
25 575 584 Maddox Daniel 44 M WCooper MD
26 575 584 Maddox Sarah 40 F W VA
27 575 584 Maddox James E. 19 M W* VA
28 575 584 Maddox John 17 M W VA
29 575 584 Maddox Marinda 15 F W VA
30 575 584 Maddox Na**a 12 F W VA
31 575 584 Maddox David 10 M W VA
32 575 584 Maddox Thomas 8 M W VA
33 575 584 Maddox Elizabeth 5 F W VA
34 575 584 Maddox William 3 M W VA

MELVIN, JACOB S.: b. 1/6/30. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Dufflelds in Co. H as Lt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov. Dec. 1861. Vouchers for the fall of 1862 list him as a Capt. and Asst. Commissary. d. 1/25/12. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
30 717 726 Snyder John 80 M WFarmer PA
31 717 726 Snyder Hester 45 F W VA
32 717 726 Snyder Mary A. 20 F W VA
33 717 726 Snyder Elizabeth 18 F W VA
34 717 726 Snyder John 16 M WNone VA
35 717 726 Snyder Catharine 14 F W VA
36 717 726 Snyder Susan 12 F W VA
37 717 726 Snyder William 10 M W VA
38 717 726 Melvin Jacob 21 M W* VA
39 717 726 Melvin Elizabeth 15 F W VA

MELVIN, WILLIAM: b. 8/27/41. enl. 3/18/63 at Camp Winder in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. by shell in left side of back below shoulder blade at Monocacy, 7/9/64. POW at Monocacy, 7/9/64 (U.S. Gen. Hosp West Buildings, Baltimore: Ft. McHenry). Exchanged 2/16/65. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 2/17/12. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
22 581 590 Melvin John 41 M WFarmer VA
23 581 590 Melvin Catharine 37 F W VA
24 581 590 Melvin William 9 M W* VA
25 581 590 Melvin John H. 7 M W VA
26 581 590 Melvin James A. 4 M W VA
27 581 590 Melvin Mary C. 3/12 F W VA

MILLER, EMMANUEL: b. 1817? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL and never mustered, 4/30-6/30 1861. No further record.

Miller, John (b: 1798)
Miller, Mary (b: 1800),
Miller, Emanuel (b: 1826),*
Miller, Mary S (b: 1846),
Miller, John H (b: 1849)*
SOURCE: Census 1860

MILLER, MILTON B. : b. 1832? Shoemaker. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
24 1194 1209 Miller Jacob J. 33 M WFarmer 4,000 VA
25 1194 1209 Miller Catharine A. 34 F W VA
26 1194 1209 Miller George W. 12 M W VA
27 1194 1209 Miller Susan E. 11 F W VA
28 1194 1209 Miller William H. H. 9 M W VA
29 1194 1209 Miller Milton S. 6 M W* VA
30 1194 1209 Miller Abraham S. 3 M W VA
31 1194 1209 Miller Jacob R. 8/12 M W VA

MILSTEAD, JAMES: b. 1845. res. Charles Town. enl 9/29/62 in Co. H. Present on all rolls thru 3/22/65 final roll, but reported by Richmond as deserter 2/26/65. Wded. and POW 4/1/65 at Hatcher’s Run. d. 5/23/65 at Lincoln Gen. Hosp. Washington, D.C. chronic diarrhea. Single effects given to his Aunt Bea. NOTE: Milstead enlisted later-ED

OSBOURN, ALEXANDER LINK: b. 11/1/44. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Trans. to Co. D, 12th Va. Cav. d. 1/19/11 at Shenandoah Jct. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va. NOTE ENTRY FROM 12TH VA CAV. OSBOURN (OSBORN) ALEXANDER LINK: b. 11/1/44. 5’8″. dark complexion. gray eyes, dark hair. Farmer in Jefferson Co. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co, H of 2nd Va. Inf. as Pvt. enl. 4/19/62 at Shepherdstown in Co. D of 12th Va. Cav. as Pvt. Shown as 4th Corp, on Jan./Feb. 1864 roll. Present Sept./Oct. 1863-March/ApriI 1864. POW at New Market 10/9/64 (Pt. Lookout 10/20/64), Oath of Allegiance to U.S. at Pt. Lookout 6/15/65. Postwar. resident of Shenandoah Junction in Jefferson Co. W.Va. Furnished rosters of Co. A and Co. D for McDonald’s Laurel Brigade book. d. 1/19/11 at Shenandoah Junction. Jefferson Co. W.Va. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown. W.Va

SOURCE: 1850 Census
36 726 735 Osbourn John 29 M W VA
37 726 735 Osbourn Jane 25 F W VA
38 726 735 Osbourn Alexander 6 M W* VA
39 726 735 Osbourn John A. 3 M W VA
40 727 736 Osbourn Daniel K. 25 M WFarmer VA
41 727 736 Osbourn Angelina 25 F W VA
42 727 736 Osbourn Emily 3 F W VA

OSBOURN, JAMES S. ALLEN: Unofficial source shows him in Co. H. d. 9/29/01. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
20 723 732 Osbourn William 37 M WFarmer VA
21 723 732 Osbourn Eliza 37 F W VA
22 723 732 Osbourn Robert L. 17 M W VA
23 724 733 Osbourn James A. 32 M WFarmer* VA
24 724 733 Osbourn Jane 25 F W VA
25 724 733 Osbourn James B. 6 M W VA
26 724 733 Osbourn Alice 4 F W VA
27 724 733 Osbourn Mary A. 19 F W VA
28 724 733 Osbourn Thomas 6 M W VA
29 724 733 Osbourn Henry 3 M W VA

ROBINSON, JAMES B. : b. 3/27/37. Farmer. enl. 5/15/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 6/22/85. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

RONEMOUS, LEWIS: b. 1826? Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861.

RONEMOUS, WILLIAM: b. 1817? Farmer. enl. at Duffields in Co. H, date not given. Listed AWOL at both 6/30 and 8/31 musters. No further record.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
8 587 596 Ronemous John 41 M WFarmer VA
9 587 596 Ronemous Barbara 37 F W VA
10 587 596 Ronemous William 11 M W VA
11 587 596 Ronemous John 10 M W VA
12 587 596 Ronemous George 8 M W VA
13 587 596 Ronemous Helen 6 F W VA
14 587 596 Ronemous Ann L. 4 F W VA
15 587 596 Ronemous Lewis M. 1 M W VA
16 588 597 Ronemous Jane 68 F W VA
17 588 597 Ronemous William 33 M WFarmer* VA
18 588 597 Ronemous Lewis 28 M WFarmer* VA
19 588 597 Ronemous Catharine 38 F W VA
20 588 597 Ronemous Maria 30 F W VA
21 588 597 Ronemous John 11 M W VA
22 588 597 Reed Alcinda 8 F W VA

RUTHERFORD, JOHN A.: b. 1843? Carpenter. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov./Dec. 1861.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
23 1218 1233 Rutherford James 38 M WLabourer VA
24 1218 1233 Rutherford Elizabeth 32 F W VA
25 1218 1233 Rutherford Thomas W. 10 M W VA
26 1218 1233 Rutherford Sarah E. 9 F W VA
27 1218 1233 Rutherford John A. 7 M W* VA
28 1218 1233 Rutherford Samuel D. 2 M W VA
29 1218 1233 Butt Margarett 13 F W VA

RUTHERFORD, THOMAS W.: b. 1838? Laborer. enl. 4/20/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. in arm at 2nd Manassas, 8/28/62. Absent sick at home Nov/Dec. 1862-Nov/Dec. 1863. AWOL 2/1/64. No further record.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
41 1213 1228 Rutherford John B. 44 M WFarmer VA
42 1213 1228 Rutherford Sarah 50 F W VA
1 1213 1228 Rutherford Virginia 16 F W VA
2 1213 1228 Rutherford Catharine 14 F W VA
3 1213 1228 Rutherford Thomas 11 M W* VA

SAPPINGTON, GEORGE W.: b. 1827? Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. To Corp. Aug. 1861. To Sgt. 11/22/61. To Lt. 4/20/62. Wded. at Kernstown, 3/23/62 and still absent from wounds at 10/31/62 muster. Dismissed from C.S.A. service, 12/16/62; reason not stated.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
36 626 635 McFarland John M. 25 M WFarmer VA
37 626 635 McFarland Maria L. 45 F W VA
38 626 635 Sappington George W. Jr. 24 M WLabourer* VA

SHARFF, JACOB K.: b. 3/2/24. Laborer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Detailed as cook with surgeon, Nov/Dec. 1862. Surrendered at Appomattox. d. 3/1/11. bur. Episcopal and Masonic Cem., Middleway, W.Va.

Sharff, Jacob K (b: 1833)*?
Link, Thomas (b: 1828),
Link, Elizabeth J (b: 1834),
Link, Edward M (b: 1857),
Link, Thomas O (b: 1858)
SOURCE: Census 1860

SHEPHERD, ALEXANDER H.: b. 1831. Farmer. enl. 4/18/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. d. 9/25 or 9/26/1861 at hosp. at Camp Harman; typhoid fever. bur. Shepherd Burial Ground, Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SHIRLEY, JOHN J.: b. 2/1/31. Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL 7/3-10/15 1861. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. d. 7/24/96. bur. Uvilla Methodist Cem., Uvilla, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
16 441 448 Shirley David 48 M WWagonmaker VA
17 441 448 Shirley Caroline 48 F W VA
18 441 448 Shirley John J. 19 M WWagonmaker* VA
19 441 448 Shirley William T. 14 M W VA
20 441 448 Shirley Lorena J. 12 F W VA
21 441 448 Shirley Eliza 8 F W VA
22 441 448 Knight Mary 81 F W VA

SNYDER, HENRY M.: b. 6/7/36. Farmer. enl. 5/1/61 at Harpers Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. Wded. in thigh at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Last official entry shows him still absent from wound, Nov./Dec. 1861. d. 11/11/64. bur Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SNYDER, JOHN: b. 1822. enl. 10/1/62 at Bunker Hill in Co. H as Pvt. Absent sick at home since 11/6/62. Remained absent sick until 11/10/63 when he is listed as AWOL. Next record shows him wded. in right testicle and thigh at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64. POW at Spotsylvania, 5/12/64 (U S. Gen. Hosp., Alexandria; wounded). d. 5/1 or 6/1 1864 at U.S. Gen. Hosp., Alexandria; from wounds. bur. Elmwood Cem. Shepherdstown, W.Va.
NOTE: Snyder enlisted later-ED

TRUSSELL, JAMES M.: b. 1840? Farmer. enl. 6/17/61 at Charles Town in Co. H as Pvt. Wded., leg broken, at 1st Manassas, 7/21/61. Absent sick through Nov/Dec. 1861. Absent sick 6/30-10/31/62 through Sept/Oct. 1863. AWOL since 1/10/63. No further record.

SOURCE: 1860 Census
Trussell, Baylies (b: 1813),
Trussell, Angelica (b: 1815),
Trussell, Mary E (b: 1838),
Trussell, James M (b: 1841)*
Trussell, Sarah V (b: 1852)

WHITTINGTON, JAMES: b. 1843? Laborer. enl. 5/14/61 at Harper’s Ferry in Co. H as Pvt. AWOL 31 days, July/Aug. 1861, and fined $11.00 for absence by court-martial. Absent sick, Nov/Dec. 1861. No further record. Later appears on rolls of Co. B 12th Va. Cav. d. 10/28/01. bur. Edge Hill Cem., Charles Town, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
7 802 814 Whittington Joseph 45 M WOverseer VA
8 802 814 Whittington John 10 M W VA
9 802 814 Whittington James 8 M W* VA
10 802 814 Whittington Taylor 4 M W VA
11 802 814 Whittington Brown 6 M W VA

WHITTINGTON, CORNELIUS: b. 1838? 5’10”. light complexion, blue eyes, light hair. Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Absent on detached service under Asst. AM, July/Aug. 1863-March/April 1864. Last official entry shows him present, 4/30-12/31 1864. Paroled 4/21/65 at Winchester.

Whittington, Cornelius (b: 1838)*
Whittington, Henry B (b: 1843),
Belt, Daniel J (b: 1812),
Belt, Mary C (b: 1845),
Belt, Sarah M (b: 1841)
SOURCE: Census 1860

WINTERMOYER, JOHN: b. 1827? Laborer. enl. 4/21/61 at Duffields in Co. H as Pvt. Last official entry shows him present, Nov/Dec. 1861. Exchanged POW, 8/5/62. Where and when captured not stated. No further record. d. 2/28/09. bur. Elmwood Cem., Shepherdstown, W.Va.

SOURCE: 1850 Census
32 310 314 Wintermyer Philip 62 M WWeaver PA
33 310 314 Wintermyer Mary 60 F W MD
34 310 314 Wintermyer William 19 M WWeaver VA
35 310 314 Wintermyer Margaret 23 F W VA
36 310 314 Wintermyer John 23 M WWeaver* VA
37 311 315 Wintermyer Jeptha 28 M WWeaver VA
38 311 315 Wintermyer Melinda 27 F W VA
39 311 315 Wintermyer Mary C. 2 F W VA
40 311 315 Wintermyer Eliza A. 30 F W VA

References:

Bushong, Millard K.(2007). “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Westminster, MD: Heritage Books. Print.

Bushong, Millard K. “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Confederate Service Records, National Archives

Frye, Dennis E. (1984). “2nd Virginia Infantry.” Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1355 – 1860 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – James City and Jefferson Counties).” Jefferson, Kanawha, King George, King and Queen, and King William Counties).”Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia.” [microform] (Volume Reel 0953 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Free Schedules – Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” Internet Archives: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music, and Wayback Machine. 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.

“The Virginia Free Press,” Nov. 9, 1865.