References

A book can change one’s mind that then changes the world. The father of modern steam turbine technology, James Rumsey of Shepherdstown WV, came across a book

explaining Isaac Newton’s three laws of motion, one being:

“for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction,” got him thinking about a jet propelled boat, basically the forerunner of the jet ski. But he took this idea much further.

The book that caused his thought revolution was by Theophilus Desaguliers.

This is a listing of books, articles, and maps that are available in print and/or online, relating fairly directly with the northern (lower) Shenandoah Valley during the Civil War period. Links are not given because over time they often change.

Two examples have been the cessation of athenaeum.org, a source of thousands of high-quality images and their descriptions of great paintings; and the changed online location of Harpers New Monthly Magazine and the Official Record of the War of the Rebellion from the Digital Library of Cornell University which was moved to hathitrust.org. Of course, searching using the title and author of the work in any search engine will probably do the job.

References

A – D

Abbott, Haviland. “General John D. Imboden.” West Virginia History. Vol. 20. pp. 88-122. Print.

Adams, Charles S. (1998) “Alexander Robinson Boteler: Wheelhorse of Whiggery, Stonewall’s Courier.” Shepherdstown, WV: by author. Based on a 1939 master’s thesis by Emily Timberlake. Print.

Adams, I. H. (1858). Map of the city of Richmond, Virginia From a survey by I. H. Adams, Assist., U.S. Coast Survey, 1858, with additions from Smith’s map of Henrico County, 1853. Prepared at the U.S. Coast Survey Office, A. D. Bache, Supt. H. Lindenkohl & Chas. G. Krebs, lith.). Print.

Adams, I. H. (1858). Map of the city of Richmond, Virginia From a survey by I. H. Adams, Assist., U.S. Coast Survey, 1858, with additions from Smith’s map of Henrico County, 1853. United States. loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

Aglionby, Charles. “The Day Book Kept By Charles Aglionby at Mount Pleasant, Charles Town, Jefferson County, Virginia.” 6 March, 1861 to 1 January, 1866.” Transcribed by Francis John Aglionby (1932-2002). With permission from Julia Aglionby. (Available at the Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, WV). Print.

Aglionby, Francis. (1987). “Charles Aglionby of Mount Pleasant and the Years 1861 to 1865.” Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society Vol. LIII. pp. 14-20. Print.

Alcott, Louisa May. (1869). “Hospital Sketches; And, Camp and Fireside Stories.” Cambridge, MA.: John Wilson & Company. Print.

Alcott, Louisa May. (1869). “Hospital Sketches; And, Camp and Fireside Stories.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

Alcott, Louisa May. (1889). “Louisa May Alcott: her life, letters, and journals.” Boston, MA: Roberts Brothers. Print.

Alcott, Louisa May. (1889). “Louisa May Alcott: her life, letters, and journals.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

Alexander, John H. (1907). “Mosby’s Men.” New York,NY: The Neale Pub. Co. Print.

Alexander, John H. (1907). “Mosby’s Men.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Ambler, C. H. “General R. E. Lee’s Northwest Virginia Campaign.” West Virginia History. Vol. 5. pp. 101-118. Print.

Ames, Mary Clemmer. (1872). “Eirene or A Woman’s Right.” G. P. Putnam & Sons: New York, NY. pp. 155-178. Print.

Ames, Mary Clemmer. (1872). “Eirene or A Woman’s Right.” Google.com 11 November 1998 Web 3 December 2012.

Ames, Mary Catherine. “The Battle of Harpers Ferry As a Woman Saw It.” Encore, September, 1945. pp. 343-348. Reprinted in “The New York Evening Post,” 1862.

Anderson, Osborne. (1861). “A Voice from Harper’s Ferry: A Narrative of Events at Harper’s Ferry; with Incidents Prior and Subsequent to its Capture by Captain Brown and His Men.” Boston MA: self-published. Print.

Anderson, Osborne. (1861). “A Voice from Harper’s Ferry: A Narrative of Events at Harper’s Ferry; with Incidents Prior and Subsequent to its Capture by Captain Brown and His Men.” Date of publication online not available. Web. 29 Dec. 2010.

Andrews, Eliza F. (1908). “The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865.” New York, N.Y. : D. Appleton & Company. Print.

Andrews, Eliza F. (1908). “The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865.”Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University. 10 May 2008. Web. 1 Oct. 2011.

“Eliza Frances Andrews.” Documenting the American South: The University of North Carolina Library. 22 Aug. 2008. Web. 1 Oct. 2011.

Andrews, Rev. C.W. (1877). “Memoir of Rev. C. W. Andrews.” Cornelius Walker, ed. New York, NY: Thomas Whittaker, 2 Bible House. Print.

Andrews, Rev. C.W. (1877). “Memoir of Rev. C. W. Andrews.” Cornelius Walker, ed. Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Arnold, Isaac H. (June, 1868). “Plot To Assassinate Abraham Lincoln.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Vol. 37. pp. 123-128. Print.

Arnold, Isaac H. (June, 1868). “Plot To Assassinate Abraham Lincoln.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Vol. 37. Cornell University Library The Making of American. 6 June 2009 Web. 15 November 2011.

Alexander, Ted. (2011). “Battle of Antietam: The Bloodiest Day.” Charleston, SC.:The History Press Civil War Sesquicentennial Series. Print.

Ames, Mary C.(1871). “Eirene: Or, A Woman’s Right.” New York, NY: G.P. Putnam & Sons. Print.

Avey, Elijah. (1906).”The Capture & Execution of John Brown: A Tale of Martyrdom.” Chicago, IL: Hyde Park Bindery. Print.

Avey, Elijah. (1906). ”The Capture & Execution of John Brown: A Tale of Martyrdom.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 17 April 2011.

Arter, Jared M. (1922). “Echoes From A Pioneer Life.” Atlanta: GA: A. B. Caldwell Publishing. Co. Print.

Arter, Jared M. (1922). “Echoes From A Pioneer Life.” Documenting the American South: The University of North Carolina Library. 22 Aug. 2008. Web. 28 Dec. 2010.

Bailey, Kenneth R. “One of the Famous 54th Massachusetts: A Short Biography of General John W. M. Appleton.” West Virginia History. Vol. 31. pp. 161-179. Print.

Baker, William Washington. (1910). “Memoirs of service with John Yates Beall, C.S.N.” Freeman, Douglas Southall, ed. Richmond, Va.: Richmond Press. Print.

Baker, William Washington. (1910). “Memoirs of service with John Yates Beall, C.S.N.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2010.

Baldwin Locomotive Works; Burnham, Parry, Williams & Co. (1881). “Illustrated catalogue of Locomotives.” Philadelphia : J.B. Lippincott & Co. Print.

Baldwin Locomotive Works; Burnham, Parry, Williams & Co. (1881). “Illustrated catalogue of Locomotives.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 13 June 2012.

Ballard, Ted. (2007). “Battle of First Bull Run.” Washington, D.C.: Center for Military History, United States Army. Print.

Barber, E. A. (1893). “The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States.” New York, NY: G.P. Putnam’s & Sons.

Barber, E. A. (1893). “The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States.” Internet Archive 26 January 1997 Web. 1 October 2015.

Barger, Raymond G. and Rev. H. Austin Cooper. (1991). “A Chronological History of Berlin-Brunswick, Maryland.” Brunswick, MD: The Brunswick Citizen. Print.

Barger, Raymond G. and Rev. H. Austin Cooper. (1991). “A Chronological History of Berlin-Brunswick, Maryland.” Brunswick, MD History. 16 December 2003 Web. 11 April 2012.

Barlow, Francis C. (2004) “Fear Was Not In Him: The Civil War Letters of Major General Francis C. Barlow, U.S.A.,” ed. Christian G. Samito. New York, NY: Fordham University Press. Print.

Barry, Joseph. (1903). “The Strange Story of Harper’s Ferry: with legends of the surrounding country.” Martinsburg, WV.: Thompson Brothers. Print.

Barry, Joseph. (1903). “The Strange Story of Harper’s Ferry: with legends of the surrounding country.” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Baylor, George. (1900).”Bull Run to Bull Run: Four years in the army of northern Virginia.” Richmond, VA: B. F. Johnson Publishing. Print.

Baylor, George. (1900).”Bull Run to Bull Run: Four years in the army of northern Virginia.”archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Beach, William H. (1902). “The First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry From April 19, 1861 to July 7, 1865.” New York, NY: The New York Cavalry Association. Print.

Beach, William H. (1902). “The First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry From April 19, 1861 to July 7, 1865.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.
pp. 218-219.

Beale, R. L. T. (1899). “History of the Ninth Virginia cavalry, in the war between the states.” Richmond, VA.: B. F. Johnson publishing company. Print.

Beale, R. L. T. (1899). “History of the Ninth Virginia cavalry, in the war between the states.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 20 Oct. 2012. archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 20 Oct. 2012.
Battle of Shepherdstown pp. 43

Beall, John Y. (1865).”Memoir of John Yates Beall: his life; trial; correspondence; diary; and private manuscript found among his papers, including his own account of the raid on Lake Erie.” Montreal, ONT, Canada: J. Lovell, publishers. Print.

Beall, John Y. (1865). “Memoir of John Yates Beall: his life; trial; correspondence; diary; and private manuscript found among his papers, including his own account of the raid on Lake Erie.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Bean, W. G. “Stonewall Jackson’s Jolly Chaplain, Beverly Tucker Lacy.” West Virginia History. Vol. 29. pp. 77-96. Print.

Bearss, Edwin. “War Comes to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.” West Virginia History. Vol. 29. pp. 153-177. Print.

Bearss, Edwin C. “1862 Brings Hard Times to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.” West Virginia History. Vol. 30. pp. 436-462. Print.

Beatty, John. (1879). “The Citizen-soldier: Or, Memoirs of a Volunteer.”
Cincinnati, OH: Wilstach, Baldwin & co. Print.

Beatty, John. (1879). “The Citizen-soldier: Or, Memoirs of a Volunteer.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

Beckman, James A. (2007) “James B. Washington: An Often Forgotten One-Time Resident and Descendant of the George Washington Family in Jefferson County.” Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society Vol. LXXIII. pp. 55-61. Print.

Beale, R. L. T. (1899). “History of the Ninth Virginia cavalry, in the war between the states.” Richmond, Va: B. F. Johnson publishing company Print.

Beale, R. L. T. (1899). “History of the Ninth Virginia cavalry, in the war between the states.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 January 2016.
pp. 43-45.

Beers, F. W. (1877). “Illustrated atlas of the city of Richmond, Va.”
Richmond, VA.: Southern and Southwestern Surveying and Pub. Co. Print.

Berkey, Jonathan M. (2003). “War in the Borderland: The Civilians’ Civil War in Virginia’s Lower Shenandoah Valley.” PhD dissertation. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. Print.

Bennett, Edwin C.(1900). “Musket and sword: or, The camp, march, and firing line in the Army of the Potomac.” Boston, MA: Coburn Publishers, Inc. Print.

Bennett, Edwin C.(1900). “Musket and sword: or, The camp, march, and firing line in the Army of the Potomac.” Google.com 11 November 1998 Web. 28 October 2012.

Bennett, William W. (1877). “A Narrative of the Great Revival Which Prevailed in the Southern Armies During the Late Civil War.” Philadelphia, PA.: Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger. Print.

Bennett, William W. (1877). “A Narrative of the Great Revival Which Prevailed in the Southern Armies During the Late Civil War.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Bigelow, Jacob, (1817). “American medical botany, being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings. Vol. 1.” Boston, MA: Cummings & Hilliard. Print

Bigelow, Jacob, (1817). “American medical botany, being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings. Vol. 1.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.

Bigelow, Jacob, (1817). “American medical botany, being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings. Vol. 2.” Boston, MA: Cummings & Hilliard. Print

Bigelow, Jacob, (1817). “American medical botany, being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings. Vol. 2.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.

Bigelow, Jacob, (1817). “American medical botany, being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings. Vol. 3.” Boston, MA: Cummings & Hilliard. Print

Bigelow, Jacob, (1817). “American medical botany, being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings. Vol. 3.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.

Black, Wilfred. “Civil War Letters of George Washington McMillen and Jefferson O. McMillen, 122nd Regiment, O.V.I..” West Virginia History. Vol. 32. pp. 171-193. Print.

Blackford, William W. (1945). “War Years with Jeb Stuart.” New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons. Print.

Blackford, William W. (1945). “War Years with Jeb Stuart.” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Boteler, Alexander R. (July, 1883). “Recollections of the John Brown Raid By a Virginian Who Witnessed It.” Century Magazine. Vol. 26. New York, Scribner & Co. pp. 399-411. Print.

Boteler, Alexander R. (July, 1883). “Recollections of the John Brown Raid By a Virginian Who Witnessed It.” Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. 7 Nov. 2007. Web. 26 Aug. 2010.

Booth, George Wilson. (1898). “Personal reminiscences of a Maryland soldier in the war between the states, 1861-1865.” Press of Fleet, McGinley. Print.

Booth, George Wilson. (1898). “Personal reminiscences of a Maryland soldier in the war between the states, 1861-1865.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

Bourry, Emile; Wilton P. Rix. (1901). ”Treatise on Ceramic Industries: A Complete Manual for Pottery, Tile and Brick Works.” London, UK: Scott & Greenwood & Co.

Bourry, Emile; Wilton P. Rix. (1901). ”Treatise on Ceramic Industries: A Complete Manual for Pottery, Tile and Brick Works.” Internet Archive 26 January 1997 Web. 1 October 2015.

Bowen, Eli. (1855). “Rambles in the path of the steam-horse. An off-hand olla podrida, embracing a general historical and descriptive view of the scenery, agricultural and mineral resources, and prominent features of the travelled route from Baltimore to Harper’s Ferry, Cumberland, Wheeling, Cincinnati, and Louisville Philadelphia.” W. Bromwell and W. W. Smith; Baltimore, S. B. Hickcox, agent, Print.

Bowen, Eli. (1855). “Rambles in the path of the steam-horse. An off-hand olla podrida, embracing a general historical and descriptive view of the scenery, agricultural and mineral resources, and prominent features of the travelled route from Baltimore to Harper’s Ferry, Cumberland, Wheeling, Cincinnati, and Louisville Philadelphia.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

Brackett, L. P. (1867). “Woman’s work in the Civil War : a record of heroism, patriotism and patience.” Vaughan, Mary C; Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882. Publisher: Philadelphia, Pa. ; Chicago, Ill. ; Cincinnati, Ohio ; St. Louis, Mo.: Zeigler, McCurdy & Co. ; Boston, Mass. : R.H. Curran. Print.

Brackett, L. P. (1867). “Woman’s work in the Civil War : a record of heroism, patriotism and patience.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

Bright, David L. ed.Confederate Railroads. csa-railroads.com 6 April 2002 Web. 9 June 2012. The contents of this web site are copyrighted. Data may be used from these pages for non-commercial purposes as long as credit is given to David L. Bright and the address of this site is given www.csa-railroads.com. (c 2002-2012).

Bright, Simeon Miller. “The McNeill Rangers: A Study in Confederate Guerilla Warfare.” West Virginia History. Vol. 12. pp. 338-394. Print.

Brockner, William L. (2005). “The Correspondence of Bettie Brittian Koonce, September 1862.” Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society. Vol. LXXI.pp. 85-94. Print.

Brown, Edmund R. (1899).”The Twenty-seventh Indiana volunteer infantry in the war of the rebellion, 1861 to 1865. First division, 12th and 20th corps. A history of its recruiting, organization, camp life, marches and battles, together with a roster of the men composing it . . .” Monticello, IND. starting p. 98.

Brown, Edmund R. (1899).”The Twenty-seventh Indiana volunteer infantry in the war of the rebellion, 1861 to 1865. First division, 12th and 20th corps. A history of its recruiting, organization, camp life, marches and battles, together with a roster of the men composing it . . .” Internet Archives. 26 January 1997 Web. 9 September 2012.

Brown, Howell S. “Map of Jefferson County, Virginia From Actual Surveys With Farm Limits, 1852.” Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society Vol. XLV. (1979): pp. 1-7. Print.

Brown, S. Howell. (1852). “Map of Jefferson County, Virginia from actual survey with the farm limits.” United States. loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

Brown, S. Howell. (1862). “Map of Jefferson County, VA. / photographed for the Bureau of Topographical Engineers Oct. 1862.” United States. loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web 10 Sept. 2010.

Brown, S. Howell; Hoffman, J. Paul. (1863). “Map of the lower [Shenandoah] Valley.” United States. loc.gov loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

Brown, S. Howell. (1883). “Map of Jefferson County, West Virginia from actual survey with the farm limits.” Philadelphia, PA: J. L. Smith. Print.

Brown, S. Howell. (1883). “Map of Jefferson County, West Virginia from actual survey with the farm limits.” United States. loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

Browne, Dunn. (1866). “Mr. Dunn Browne’s Experiences in the Army.” Boston: Nichols and Noyes. Print

Browne, Dunn. (1866). “Mr. Dunn Browne’s Experiences in the Army.” Internet Archives archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Browne, Francis F. (1886). “The Every-Day Life of Abraham Lincoln.” New York: N.D. Thompson Publishing Co. Print.

Browne, Francis F. (1886). “The Every-Day Life of Abraham Lincoln.” Internet Archives archive.org 9 August 2002 Web. 20 April 2014.
Hatch and Lincoln morning October 3, 1862. pp. 417-418.

Browning, Orville Hickman. “The Diary of Orville Hickman Browning, 2 vols.” edited by Theodore Calvin Pease and James G. Randall, Illinois State Historical Library Collections, vols. 20, 22. Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Library, 1925-33. Print.

Bryant, Edwin E. (1891). “History of the Third regiment of Wisconsin veteran volunteer infantry 1861-1865.” Cleveland, OH: Arthur H. Clark company. Print.

Bryant, Edwin E. (1891). “History of the Third regiment of Wisconsin veteran volunteer infantry 1861-1865.” Internet Archives archive.org 9 August 2002 Web. 20 April 2014.

Burke, Dawne R. (2006). “An American Phoenix: Storer College from Slavery to Desegregation 1865-1955.” Pittsburgh, PA.: Geyer Printing House. Print

Bushong, Millard K. “Jackson in the Shenandoah.” West Virginia History. ” Vol. 27. pp. 85-96. Print.

Bushong, Millard K.(2007). “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Westminster, MD: Heritage Books. Print.

Bushong, Millard K. “A History of Jefferson County, West Virginia [1719-1940].” Google Books. 19 July 2008. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.

Bushong, Millard K.; Bushong, Dean M. “Fightin’ Tom Rosser, C.S.A.” Shippensburg, PA: Beidel Printing House, Inc. Print.

Butterworth, Benjamin. (1892) “The growth of industrial art.” Patent Office. Washington, D.C.: Govt. print. off. Print.

Butterworth, Benjamin. (1892) “The growth of industrial art.” Internet Archives. 26 January 1997 Web. 9 September 2012.

Caldwell, J. F. J. (1866). “The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as ‘Gregg’s’ and subsequently as ‘McGowan’s brigade.” Philadelphia, PA.: King & Baird, printers. Print.

Caldwell, J. F. J. (1866). “The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as ‘Gregg’s’ and subsequently as ‘McGowan’s brigade.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 18 July 2012.

Callahan, James Morton. (1923). “History of West Virginia, old and new.” Vol. 1. Chicago, IL.: The American Historical Society. Print.

Callahan, James Morton. (1923). “History of West Virginia, old and new.” Vol. 1. archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 28 Dec. 2010.

Caplinger, Michael W. (1997). “Bridges Over Time: A Technological Context for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Main Stem at Harpers Ferry, west Virginia.” Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Institute for the History of Technology & Industrial Archaeology. Print.

Carman, Ezra – Papers, Manuscript Division. Library of Congress. Washington, D. C.

Carman, Ezra A. “The Maryland Campaign of September, 1862, Vol II: Antietam.” Edited and annotated by Thomas G. Clemens.” El Dorado Hills, CA: Savas Beatie LLC. Print.

Carman, Ezra A.; edited/annotated by Clemens, Thomas, G. (2010). “The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 Vol. 1: South Mountain.” Edited and annotated by Thomas G. Clemens.” El Dorado Hills, CA: Savas Beatie LLC. Print.

Carter, Robert G. (1913). “Four brothers in blue; or, Sunshine and shadows of the War of the Rebellion; a story of the great civil war from Bull Run to Appomattox.” Washington, DC: Press of Gibson Bros., inc. Print.

Carter, Robert G. (1913). “Four brothers in blue; or, Sunshine and shadows of the War of the Rebellion; a story of the great civil war from Bull Run to Appomattox.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 20 Oct. 2012.
Battle of Shepherdstown and Antietam pp. 28-35

Cartmell, Thomas K. (1909) “Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, VA.” Winchester, VA.: Eddy Press Corp. Print.

Cartmell, Thomas K. (1909) “Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, VA.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Casler, John O. (1906). “Four years in the Stonewall Brigade, containing the daily experiences of four year’s service in the ranks from a diary kept at the time.” Marietta, GA: Continental Book Company. Print.

Casler, John O. (1906). “Four years in the Stonewall Brigade, containing the daily experiences of four year’s service in the ranks from a diary kept at the time.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

Casper, Scott E. (2008). “Sarah Johnson’s Mount Vernon: The Forgotten History of an American Shrine.” New York, NY: Hill and Wang. Print.

Casper, Scott E. “A Mount Vernon Slave Census, 1815-1861.” University of Nevada at Reno. 4 June 2008. Web. 10 April 2010. (Click on Staff and Faculty – Scott Casper).

Casper, Scott E. “Table 2: Slaves Belonging to John Augustine Washington (II), 1832-1833.” A Mount Vernon Slave Census, 1815-1861. University of Nevada at Reno. 30 Oct. 2010 Web. 22 Feb. 2012.

Casper, Scott E. “Table 3: Slaves Belonging to (John) Augustine Washington (III), 1841-1861.” A Mount Vernon Slave Census, 1815-1861. University of Nevada at Reno. 30 Oct. 2010 Web. 22 Feb. 2012.

Cauley, Avis Mary. (1937). “The Confederacy in the Lower Shenandoah Valley as Illustrated by the Career of Col. Roger Preston Chew.” unpublished Master’s thesis submitted to the Graduate School of the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. Print.

Chamblerlain, Joshua L. (Col). (1914). “Abraham Lincoln Seen from the Field.” Rare Lincolniana. New York, NY: William Abbatt. Print, pp. 73-74. (327_328).

Chamblerlain, Joshua L. (Col). (1914). “Abraham Lincoln Seen from the Field.” Rare Lincolniana. Internet Archives archive.org 9 August 2002 Web. 20 April 2014.
pp. 73-74. (327_328).

Chambers, Jennie. (January, 1902). “What a School-Girl saw of John Brown’s Raid.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 104. Print.

Chase, Julia; Lee, Laura. (2002). “Winchester Divided: The Civil War Diaries of Julia Chase and Laura Lee.” edited by Michael G. Mahon. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Press. pp. 8-17. Print.

Cheshire, R. M. “Sketches – The Underground Railroad.” Book of the Royal Blue. Vol. III. (October, 1904). pp. 3-4. Print.

Cheshire, R. M. “Sketches – Wizard Clip.” Book of the Royal Blue. Vol. III. (October, 1904). pp. 4-5. Print.

Cheshire, R. M. “Sketches – The Underground Railroad.” Book of the Royal Blue. archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 28 March 2012.

Chew, Roger P. (1911) “Military Operations in Jefferson County, Virginia (and West Va.) 1861-1865.” [s.l.] : Charles Town, WV: published by authority of Jefferson County Camp, U.C.V. [by] Farmers Advocate Printing. Print.

Chew, Roger P. (1911) “Military Operations in Jefferson County, Virginia (and West Va.) 1861-1865.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 24 Dec. 2010.31 Dec. 2010.

Childers, William. “A Virginian’s Dilemma.” West Virginia History. Vol. 27. pp. 173-200. Print.

Chisholm, J. J. (1864). “A Manual of Military Surgery, for the use of surgeons in the Confederate States army; with explanatory plates of all useful operations.” Richmond, VA: Columbia, Evans and Cogswell. Print.

Chisholm, J. J. (1864). “A Manual of Military Surgery, for the use of surgeons in the Confederate States army; with explanatory plates of all useful operations.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.

Citti, L. F. (186-?). “A map of the Virginia Central Railroad, west of the Blue Ridge, and the preliminary surveys, with a profile of the grades.” Richmond, VA.: L.F. Citti. Print.

Citti, L. F. (186-?). “A map of the Virginia Central Railroad, west of the Blue Ridge, and the preliminary surveys, with a profile of the grades.” United States. loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

Clark, James H. (1865). “The iron hearted regiment: being an account of the battles, marches and gallant deeds performed by the 115th regiment N.Y.” Albany, NY: J. Munsell, Publishers. pp. 6-26. Print

Clark, James H. (1865). “The iron hearted regiment: being an account of the battles, marches and gallant deeds performed by the 115th regiment N.Y.” Internet Archives. 26 January 1997 Web. 9 September 2012.

Clemens, Thomas & Ezra Carman. (2010). “The Maryland Campaign of September 1862: Volume 1, South Mountain.”
Clemens, Thomas & Ezra Carman. (2012). “The Maryland Campaign of September 1862. Volume II: Antietam.”
Clemens, Thomas & Ezra Carman. (2017). “The Maryland Campaign of September 1862. Volume III: Shepherdstown Ford and the End of the Campaign.”
All published by Savas Beatie LLC: El Dorado Hills, CA. amazon.com 12 December 1998 Web. 19 June 2018.

Colling, Franklin. “Virginians and West Virginians at Fort Donelson, February 1862.” West Virginia History. Vol. 28. pp. 101-120. Print.

Excerpts from Swann’s “Prison Life at Fort Delaware,” ed. by Elizabeth Cometti, part I Vol. 2 pp. 120-141; part II Vol. 2. pp. 217-230. Print.

Conser, S. L. M. (1891). “Virginia after the war. An account of three year’s experience in reorganizing the Methodist Episcopal Church in Virginia at the close of the Civil War.” Indianapolis, IN: Baker-Randolph Litho. & Eng. Co. Print.

Conser, S. L. M. “Virginia after the war. An account of three year’s experience in reorganizing the Methodist Episcopal Church in Virginia at the close of the Civil War.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 26 Dec. 2010.

Conway, Martin R. (1993). “Shepherdstown: An American Treasure.” Shepherdstown, WV: Carabelle Books. Print.

Cook, Roy Bird. (Jan., 1952). “Western Virginia’s Contribution to the Adoption of the Federal Constitution.” West Virginia History. Vol. 13. pp. 90-110. Print.

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U.S. Army. (1913). “Souvenir, the Seventeenth Indiana Regiment: a history from its organization to the end of the war, giving description of battles, etc., also list of the survivors.” Elwood, IN: Model Printing and Litho Co. Print.

U.S. Army. (1913). “Souvenir, the Seventeenth Indiana Regiment: a history from its organization to the end of the war, giving description of battles, etc., also list of the survivors.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association of the Union. (1903). Historical sketch of Ann Pamela Cunningham, “The Southern matron,” founder of “The Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association.” Jamaica, Queensborough, New York, Printed for the Association at the Marion Press. Print.

Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association of the Union. (1903). Historical sketch of Ann Pamela Cunningham, “The Southern matron,” founder of “The Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

The Great Locomotive Chase Civil War, Railroad Learning Activity:
The Parts of a 19th Century Railroad Engine. 3 May 2005 Web. 12 June 2012.

Locomotive General.com
10 May 2002 Web. 12 June 2012.

Steam Locomotive Glossary. Railway Technical Web Pages. 10 October 2004 Web. 12 June 2012.

ArlisHerring.com.
April 20, 2008. Web. 26 Dec. 2010.

Bee Line Chapter, National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution. “Tombstone Inscriptions and Burial Lots of Jefferson County, West Virginia 1687-1980.” Marceline, MO: Walsworth Publishing Company, 1980. Print.

“Biography of Thomas R. Sharp.” (Compiled by the National Archivists before the microfilming of the Civil War records). Confederate Railroads. 12 June 2008. Web. 30 Dec. 2010.

“CivilWarWomen Blog.” 25 May 2011 Web. 1 Oct. 2011.

C.S.A. Surgeon General’s Office. (1863). “Standard Supply Table of the Indigenous Remedies for Field Service and Sick in General Hospital. Articles [and] Quantities for one year, for commands of 500 men in the field, or 100 sick in general hospital.”
Richmond, VA.: Ayers & Wade. Print

C.S.A. Surgeon General’s Office. (1863). “Standard Supply Table of the Indigenous Remedies for Field Service and Sick in General Hospital. Articles [and] Quantities for one year, for commands of 500 men in the field, or 100 sick in general hospital.” Documenting the American South: The University of North Carolina Library. 22 Aug. 2008. Web. 1 Oct. 2011.

Jefferson County, WV Historic Landmarks Commission. “Maps/Databases.” Initiation date unavailable Web. 20 Sept. 2010.

thelincolnlog.org 3 February 2013 Web. 20 April 2014.

Maryland. Commission on the Publication of the Histories of the Maryland Volunteers during the Civil War. (1898). “History and roster of Maryland volunteers, war of 1861-5.” Baltimore, MD: Press of Guggenheimer, Weil & co. Print.

Maryland. Commission on the Publication of the Histories of the Maryland Volunteers during the Civil War. (1898). “History and roster of Maryland volunteers, war of 1861-5.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 2 March 2011.

“Debates and Proceedings of the First Constitutional Convention
of West Virginia December 18, 1861.” West Virginia Archives and History. 20 Aug. 2002. Web. 8 Oct. 2011.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. (1861-1865) Part I. Volume I. Medical History. (1st Medical volume).” Washington, D.C.: Otis Historical Archives, National Museum of Health and Medicine. Print.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. (1861-1865) Part I. Volume I. Medical History. (1st Medical volume).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1879). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part II, Volume I. (2nd Medical volume).” Washington, D.C.: Otis Historical Archives, National Museum of Health and Medicine. Print.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1879). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part II, Volume I. (2nd Medical volume).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1875). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part III, Volume I. (2nd Medical volume).” Washington, D.C.: Otis Historical Archives, National Museum of Health and Medicine. Print.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1875). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part III, Volume I. (2nd Medical volume).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part I, Volume II.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O. Print.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part II, Volume II.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O. Print.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part II, Volume II.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part III, Volume II.” Washington, D.C.: Otis Historical Archives, National Museum of Health and Medicine. Print.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part III, Volume II.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part II, Volume III.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O. Print.

U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office. (1870). “The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. Part II, Volume III.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March 2011.

United States Census 1810-1880 (including Slave Schedules in 1850 and 1860) for Jefferson County WV and Va. and environs

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (197-). 10th census, 1880, West Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1404 – 1880 West Virginia Federal “Population Census Schedules – Harrison (cont’d: ED 111, sheet 31-end), Jackson, and Jefferson (part: EDs 1-4, sheet 22) Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Gov’t Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (197-). 10th census, 1880, West Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1404 – 1880 West Virginia Federal “Population Census Schedules – Harrison (cont’d: ED 111, sheet 31-end), Jackson, and Jefferson (part: EDs 1-4, sheet 22) Counties).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (197-). 10th census, 1880, West Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1405 – 1880 West Virginia Federal “Population Census Schedules – Jefferson (cont’d: ED 4, sheet 23-end) and Kanawha (part: EDs 1-61, sheet 26) Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Gov’t Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (197-). 10th census, 1880, West Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1405 – 1880 West Virginia Federal “Population Census Schedules – Jefferson (cont’d: ED 4, sheet 23-end) and Kanawha (part: EDs 1-61, sheet 26) Counties).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1965). “Population schedules of the ninth census of the United States, 1870, West Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1689 – 1870 West Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Jackson and Jefferson Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Gov’t Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1965). “Population schedules of the ninth census of the United States, 1870, West Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1689 – 1870 West Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Jackson and Jefferson Counties).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 1355 – 1860 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – James City and Jefferson Counties).” Jefferson, Kanawha, King George, King and Queen, and King William Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Gov’t Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860, Virginia (Volume Reel 1355-1860 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – James City and Jefferson Counties).” Jefferson, Kanawha, King George, King and Queen, and King William Counties).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860, Virginia. [microform] (Volume Reel 1392 – 1860 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules Slave – Henrico, James City, Jefferson, Kanawha, King George, King and Queen, and King William Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Gov’t Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860, Virginia. [microform] (Volume Reel 1392 – 1860 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules Slave – Henrico, James City, Jefferson, Kanawha, King George, King and Queen, and King William Counties).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia.” [microform] (Volume Reel 0953 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Free Schedules – Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia.” [microform] (Volume Reel 0953 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Free Schedules – Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” archive.org 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia. [microform] (Volume Reel 0988 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Slave Schedules – Hampshire, Hancock, Hanover, Hardy, Harrison, Henrico, Henry, Highland, Isle of Wight, Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1964). “Population schedules of the seventh census of the United States, 1850, Virginia. [microform] (Volume Reel 0988 – 1850 Virginia Federal Population Census Slave Schedules – Hampshire, Hancock, Hanover, Hardy, Harrison, Henrico, Henry, Highland, Isle of Wight, Jackson, James City, and Jefferson Counties).” archive.org 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the sixth census of the United States, 1840, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 0563 – 1840 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Hampshire, Jackson, and Jefferson Counties).”United States. Bureau of the Census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1967). “Population schedules of the sixth census of the United States, 1840, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 0563 – 1840 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Hampshire, Jackson, and Jefferson Counties).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1969). “Population schedules of the fifth census of the United States, 1830, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 0191 – 1830 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Hampshire, Hardy, Jefferson, Kanawha, Lewis, Logan, Lee, and Monongalia Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1969). “Population schedules of the fifth census of the United States, 1830, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 0191 – 1830 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Hampshire, Hardy, Jefferson, Kanawha, Lewis, Logan, Lee, and Monongalia Counties).” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1959). “Population schedules of the fourth census of the United States, 1820, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 0134 – 1820 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Brunswick, Fluvanna, Jefferson, King George, and Princess Anne Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1959). “Population schedules of the fourth census of the United States, 1820, Virginia [microform] (Volume Reel 0134 – 1820 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Brunswick, Fluvanna, Jefferson, King George, and Princess Anne Counties).” archive.org 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1961). “Population schedules of the third census of the United States, 1810, Virginia. [microform] (Volume Reel 0069 – 1810 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Hampshire, Hanover, Harrison, Henrico (excluding the city of Richmond), Isle of Wight, Jefferson, Kanawha, King and Queen, King George, Lancaster, Lee (recapitulation only), Loudoun, Lunenburg, Madison, Mason, Mathews, Middlesex, and Monongalia Counties).” Washington, D.C.: Gov/t Printing Office. Print.

United States. Bureau of the Census; United States. National Archives and Records Service. (1961). “Population schedules of the third census of the United States, 1810, Virginia. (Volume Reel 0069 – 1810 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Hampshire, Hanover, Harrison, Henrico (excluding the city of Richmond), Isle of Wight, Jefferson, Kanawha, King and Queen, King George, Lancaster, Lee (recapitulation only), Loudoun, Lunenburg, Madison, Mason, Mathews, Middlesex, and Monongalia Counties).”archive.org 31 July 2008. Web. 3 March 2011.

United States. The Library of Congress Geography and Map Division. (186-). “ Map of Loudoun County, Va., and parts of Fairfax County, Va., Jefferson County, W.Va., and Washington and Frederick counties, Md.“. United States. loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web 10 Sept. 2010.

United States. The Library of Congress Geography and Map Division. (1864). “Map of Loudoun County and part of Clarke County, Va., Jefferson County and part of Berkeley County, W. Va., and parts of Montgomery and Frederick counties, Md.” (“Copied by J. Paul Hoffmann, Top’l Office, A.N.Va.” – “Approved S. Howell Brown. 1st Lt. Engs. Troops in chg. Top’l. Dep’t. A.N.Va. March 23rd 1864.”). [Hotchkiss map collection; no. 43]

United States. The Library of Congress Geography and Map Division. (1864). “Map of Loudoun County and part of Clarke County, Va., Jefferson County and part of Berkeley County, W. Va., and parts of Montgomery and Frederick counties, Md.” United States. loc.gov 27 Oct. 2009 Web 10 Sept. 2010.

U.S. Dept. of the Treasury. (1863). “Commercial intercourse with and in states declared in insurrection : and the collection of abandoned and captured property.” Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Print.

U.S. Dept. of the Treasury. (1863). “Commercial intercourse with and in states declared in insurrection : and the collection of abandoned and captured property.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2011.

“Trial of John Y. Beall: as a spy and guerrillero, by Military Commission.” (1865). United States. Army. Military Commission; Joseph Meredith Toner Collection (Library of Congress). New York, NY: D. Appleton and Co.
Print.

Military Commission. (1865). “Trial of John Y. Beall: as a spy and guerrillero, by Military Commission.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Jan. 2012.

United States, War Dept. Library. (1913). “Bibliography of State Participation in the Civil War 1861-1865.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Print.

United States, War Dept. Library. (1913). “Bibliography of State Participation in the Civil War 1861-1865.” archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 March, 2011.

Period Sources on Virginia Agriculture:

“Southern Planter.” (1841). Richmond, Va.: P.D. Bernard. Print.

“Southern Planter.” (1841). archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

“Southern Planter.” (1848). Richmond, Va.: P.D. Bernard. Print.

“Southern Planter.” (1848). archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

“Southern Planter.” (1852). Richmond, Va.: P.D. Bernard. Print.

“Southern Planter.” (1852). archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

“Southern Planter.” (1859). Richmond, Va.: P.D. Bernard. Print.

“Southern Planter.” (1859). archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

“Southern Planter.” (1860). Richmond, Va.: P.D. Bernard. Print.

“Southern Planter.” (1860). archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

“Southern Planter.” (1861). Richmond, Va.: P.D. Bernard. Print.

“Southern Planter.” (1861). archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

“Virginia Lands.” American agriculturist. Vol. 2. Springfield, Mass. [etc.] Orange Judd Company, Publishers. (September, 1843). p. 176. Print.

“Virginia Lands.” (September, 1843). American agriculturist. Vol. 2. archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

“Virginia Lands.” American agriculturist. Vol. 3. Springfield, Mass. [etc.] Orange Judd Company, Publishers. (Jan., 1844). pp. 8-9. Print.

“Virginia Lands.” (Jan., 1844). American agriculturist. Vol. 3. archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012.

The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.” (1902). NOTE on authors: Robert N. Scott compiled and edited v. 1-18, 1880-87, and also collected the greater part of the material for v. 19-36, 1887-91. After his death in 1887 the work was continued by Henry M. Lazelle, 1887-89, and by a board of publication, 1889-99, consisting of George B. Davis, 1889-97, Leslie J. Perry, 1889-99, Joseph W. Kirkley, 1889-99, and Fred C. Ainsworth, 1898-99; from 1899-1901 edited by Fred C. Ainsworth and Joesph W. Kirkley. Gettysburg, Pa: Gettysburg National Historical Society. Print.

“The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.”

Series I, Volume II – Chapter IX:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies
Operations in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Apr 16-Jul 31, 1861.

Series 1 – Volume II – Chapter X:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies
Operations in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Apr 16-Jul 31, 1861. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume V – Chapter XIV:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies
Operations in Maryland, Northern Virginia, and West Virginia. Aug. 1, 1861-Mar. 17, 1862. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume VII – Chapter XVII:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies
Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, N. Alabama, and W. Virginia. Nov. 19, 1861-Mar 4, 1862. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume XII – Chapter XXIV in Three Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Part I – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. Mar 17-Sep 2, 1862: Reports, Mar 17-Jun 25 scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org.

Part II – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. Mar 17-Sep 2, 1862: Reports, Jun 26-Sep 2 scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. Mar 17-Sep 2, 1862: Supplement. 1886. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part III – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. Mar 17-Sep 2, 1862: Correspondence scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume XIX – Chapter XXXI in Two Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Part I – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. Sep 3-Nov 14, 1862. Reports, September 3-20 scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org
Part II – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. Sep 3-Nov 14, 1862. Reports, September 20-November 14; Correspondence, etc., Sept 3-Nov. 14 scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org
Series I – Volume XXI – Chapter XXXIII:

Official records of the Union and Confederate armies
Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. November 15, 1862 – January 25, 1863. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume XXV – Chapter XXXVII in Two Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Part I – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. January 26-June 3, 1863. Reports scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. January 26-June 3, 1863. Correspondence, etc. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume XXVII – Chapter XXXIX in Three Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Part I – Operations in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Department of the East. June 3-August 3, 1863. Reports scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Department of the East. June 3-August 3, 1863. Reports scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part III – Operations in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Department of the East. June 3-August 3, 1863. Correspondence, etc. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume XXIX – Chapter XLI in Two Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Part I – Operations in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. August 4-December 31, 1863. Reports scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. August 4-December 31, 1863. Correspondence, etc. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org
Series I – Volume XXXIII – Chapter XLV:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Series I – Volume XXXVII – Chapter XLIX in Two Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies
Operations in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. January 1-April 30, 1864 scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part I – Operations in Northern West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. May 1-August 3, 1864. Reports, Union and Confederate Correspondence, etc. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in Northern West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. May 1-August 3, 1864. Union and Confederate Correspondence, etc. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume XLIII – Chapter LV in Two Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Part I – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. August 4-December 31, 1864. Reports, Union and Confederate Correspondence, etc. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. August 4-December 31, 1864. Union and Confederate Correspondence, etc. scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume XLVI – Chapter LVIII in Three Parts:
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies

Part I – scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in Northern and Southeastern Virginia, North Carolina (January 1-31), West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. January 1-June 30, 1865. Union and Confederate Correspondence
scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part III – Operations in Northern and Southeastern Virginia, North Carolina (January 1-31), West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. January 1-June 30, 1865. Union and Confederate Correspondence
scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Series I – Volume LI – Chapter LXIII in Two Parts: SUPPLEMENT
Official records of the Union and Confederate armies
SUPPLEMENT Embracing Documents Found or Received Too Late for Insertion in Volumes 1, 2, 4, 5, 9, 11, 12, 18, 19, 21, 25, 27, 29, 33, 36, 37, 40, 42, 43, and 46. [Note: The number in brackets at the lower left hand of each document indicates the volume to which it properly belongs.]

Part I – Operations in Maryland, Eastern North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia (except Southwestern), and West Virginia. January 1, 1861-June 30, 1865. Reports, Union Correspondence, etc.
scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

Part II – Operations in Maryland, Eastern North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia (except Southwestern), and West Virginia. January 1, 1861-June 30, 1865. Confederate Correspondence, etc.
scanned by Library of Cornell University and available at babel.hathitrust.org

“Atlas to accompany the official records of the Union and Confederate armies: House miscellaneous documents. Vol. 40. pt 1 (plates 1-84).” – “The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.” (1902). NOTE on authors: Robert N. Scott compiled and edited v. 1-18, 1880-87, and also collected the greater part of the material for v. 19-36, 1887-91. After his death in 1887 the work was continued by Henry M. Lazelle, 1887-89, and by a board of publication, 1889-99, consisting of George B. Davis, 1889-97, Leslie J. Perry, 1889-99, Joseph W. Kirkley, 1889-99, and Fred C. Ainsworth, 1898-99; from 1899-1901 edited by Fred C. Ainsworth and Joesph W. Kirkley. Gettysburg, Pa: Gettysburg National Historical Society. Print.

“Atlas to accompany the official records of the Union and Confederate armies: House miscellaneous documents. Vol. 40. pt 1 (plates 1-84).” baylor.edu. 9 May 1997 Web. 28 October 2012.

The Virginia Free Press, March 11, 1869. quoting “The New York Weekly” article “Scenes at the Gallows.”

“Women in the Civil War.” 21 Nov. 2009 Web. 2 Oct. 2011.

“Voting Results on the Virginia Ordinance of Secession” – A State of Convenience The Creation of West Virginia. wvculture.org (West Virginia Archives & History). 2 March 2000 Web. 1 Oct. 2011.

“Chapter Three Richmond Convention February 13-April 17, 1861” – A State of Convenience The Creation of West Virginia. wvculture.org (West Virginia Archives & History). 2 March 2000 Web. 1 Oct. 2011.

“Virginia Ordinance of Secession April 17, 1861” – A State of Convenience The Creation of West Virginia. wvculture.org (West Virginia Archives & History). 2 March 2000 Web. 1 Oct. 2011.

“Proceedings of the Second Session of the Second Wheeling Convention” wvculture.org (West Virginia Archives & History). 6 June 2002 Web. 12 Nov. 2011

Votes on Secession. Virginia Memory. Library of Virginia. 21 March 2009 Web. 9 Nov. 2011.

“Journal of the House of Delegates of the State of Virginia, for the Extra Session.” (1861). Virginia General Assembly House of Delegates. p. 321, i-lv p. Richmond, VA: William F. Ritchie, Printer.

“Journal of the House of Delegates of the State of Virginia, for the Extra Session.” (1861). Virginia General Assembly House of Delegates. p. 321, i-lv. doc.south.unc.edu University of North Carolina Library. 19 January 2001 Web 14 Nov. 2011.

Ordinance of Secession, adopted April 17, 1861, ratified May 23, 1861, Virginia Convention. (1861: Richmond), Records, 1861-1961. Acc. 40586. State Government Records. Record Group 93, Library of Virginia.

Virginia Secession Ordinance Image of the original “Union or Secession.” Virginia Memory. Library of Virginia. 21 March 2009 Web. 9 Nov. 2011.

Map of Virginia, Maryland &c., seat of war, compiled from the latest maps, 1861 sold by George L. Bidgood, Richmond, Va. and Tucker & Perkins, Augusta, Ga. Hoyer & Ludwig, lithographic establisht., Richmond, Va.

“American caricatures pertaining to the Civil War.”(1918). New York, NY: Brentano’s. Print. “American caricatures pertaining to the Civil War.”(1918). archive.org 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2010.

“The Baltimore Sun” – March 2, 1862; March 4, 1862; September 19, 1862; September 20, 1862; September 30, 1862.

“The New York Times” – June 1, 1862; June 3, 1862; June 8, 1862; August 28, 1862; September 1, 1862; September 18, 1862; October 3,1862; October 6, 1862.

Search All “Virginia Cavalcade.” Virginia.gov 3 June 2003 Web. 4 December 2012.

“Search Across 9 History Magazine Indexes: Andrew Ferguson’s Portfolio.” 5 June 2010 Web. 10 Jan. 2012.