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Made possible by the generous, community minded support of American Public University System. (apus.edu) Sentiments and views portrayed in this series do not in any way reflect the modern-day 21st century policies of the University, but are offered to encourage fact-based discussion on the evolution of the foundational values of the United States.

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About Us
https://civilwarscholars.com/about-us/

At Flickr.com
https://civilwarscholars.com/at-flickr-com/

At youtube.com
https://civilwarscholars.com/at-youtube-com/

County fights

https://web.archive.org/web/20190830025232/https://civilwarscholars.com/blog/
https://civilwarscholars.com/county-fights/

County homes 1860
https://civilwarscholars.com/county-homes-1860/

Library of Congress

County-born soldiers (both sides):

https://civilwarscholars.com/county-soldiers-both-sides/

References (with live links to sources):

https://web.archive.org/web/20190830065446/https://civilwarscholars.com/references/

POSTS CHRONOLOGICALLY

Library of Congress
National Geographic Magazine

POST: A Cradle of American Values: The Lower (northern) Shenandoah Valley in 18th Century
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/a-cradle-of-american-values-the-lower-northern-shenandoah-valley-in-18th-century/
1914 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710015354/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/540/

Harpers New Monthly by Meyer Brantz

POST: Mr. Hall Showed Us How to Make Things – Lots of Them, and Quickly by Jim Surkamp
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/mr-hall-showed-us-how-to-make-things-lots-of-them-and-quickly/
2668 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710014718/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/mr-hall-showed-us-how-to-make-things/

Mary Bedinger Mitchell 1870s

POST: Mary Bedinger Mitchell Remembers Shepherdstown & Copenhagen (1850s)
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/mary-mitchell-remembers-shepherdstown-copenhagen-1850s/
11,410 words

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710023214/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/mary-mitchell-remembers-shepherdstown-copenhagen/

William Sidney Mount
From Confederate $100 Dollar Bill Note

POST: Farm Life 1850s – A.R.H. Ranson Tells, Opines
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/farm-life-1850s-a-r-h-ranson-tells-opines/
5839 words

This is taken from one of six essays written for Sewanee Review from 1913 to 1915 by Ambrose Robert Hite Ranson (1831-1919). called “REMINISCENCES OF THE CIVIL WAR BY A CONFEDERATE STAFF OFFICER” about his growing up years living at his family home, Gap View, and his experiences during the Civil War as a Confederate officer. His observations are very informative about daily life pre-war amid unacceptable observations condoning the enslavement of other human beings. His account is still important in its rendering of daily work on a farm in the 1840s and 1850s in Jefferson County, Virginia, one of the most agricultural counties in the Virginias. These conditions were substantially different in the northern Shenandoah Valley when compared to the brutal monocultures in the deep South. Enslavement in Jefferson County, based on writings of those – white and black – who lived here then – was one of diverse work, the pervasive fear of being sold south, pockets of profound cruelty, and the tantalizing nearness of the option of escaping to freedom.

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710015217/https://civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/the-unreconstructed-a-r-h-ranson-of-charles-town/
POST: Farm Life 1850s – A.R.H. Ranson Tells, Opines

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710015957/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/03/ambrose-ranson-remembers-jefferson-county-in-the-1840s-1850s/

POST: Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s (1)

VIDEO: Ambrose Ranson’s Perspective Where Others Do The Work. Click Here. TRT: 6:44.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpHKQDsy5P8&feature=youtu.be

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710013720/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/03/ambrose-ranson-remembers-jefferson-county-in-the-1840s-1850s-part-2/

POST: Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s (2)

VIDEO: Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s Part 2. Click Here. TRT: 8:16.

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710021040/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/03/ambrose-ranson-remembers-jefferson-county-in-the-1840s-1850s-3/

POST: Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s (3)

VIDEO: Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s Part 3 Click Here.
TRT: 7:19.

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710014521/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/03/george-flaggs-stagefright-1850s-jefferson-county-va-by-jim-surkamp/

POST: George Flagg’s Stage Fright – 1850s – Jefferson County, VA by Jim Surkamp

VIDEO: George Flagg’s Stagefright – 1850s – Jefferson County, VA by Jim Surkamp TRT: 9:17

Flickr.com
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/sets/72157641430682544/

https://web.archive.org/web/20190710022725/https://civilwarscholars.com/2014/03/african-american-dick-morris-and-his-owner-ambrose-hite-ranson-by-jim-surkamp/

POST: African-American Dick Morris and his “Owner” Ambrose Hite Ranson by Jim Surkamp (Same As Video, Slightly Changed Title). Click Here. 2907 words.

Flickr.com
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/sets/72157642317237773/

SERIES: “THIS MOST EXTRAORDINARY & INTELLIGENT BLACK MAN – MARTIN DELANY” – President Abraham Lincoln, upon meeting Delany at the White House in February, 1865

Major Martin Robison Delany – Massachusetts Historical Society

From an extensive researcher’s website by Jim Surkamp that had been maintained by West Virginia University Library:

http://web.archive.org/web/20110311052746/http://www.libraries.wvu.edu/delany/home.htm

http://web.archive.org/web/20031025161435/http://www.libraries.wvu.edu/delany/

http://web.archive.org/web/20110305144957/http://www.libraries.wvu.edu/delany/masint.htm

http://web.archive.org/web/20110130191709/http://www.libraries.wvu.edu/delany/maspt1.htm http://web.archive.org/web/20110303021438/http://www.libraries.wvu.edu/delany/maspt2.htm http://web.archive.org/web/20110130173343/http://www.libraries.wvu.edu/delany/maspt3.htm

https://www.flickr.com/photos/jimsurkamp/albums/72157628428691207

Charles Town and Martin Delany Pt. 1 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 6:51

Charles Town and Martin Delany Pt. 2 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 6:28

MARTIN DELANY SERIES – FULL LENGTH VIDEO 11 CHAPTERS:

Martin Delany – 1 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 5:38

Martin Delany – 2 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 4:55

Martin Delany – 3 by Jim Surkamp temporarily not available

Martin Delany – 4 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 7:22 https://youtu.be/yoov745rJIQ

Martin Delany – 5 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 6:34

Martin Delany – 6 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 5:32

Martin Delany – 7 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 2:20

Martin Delany – 8 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 4:17

Martin Delany – 9 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 5:37

Martin Delany – 10 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 6:01

Martin Delany – 11 by Jim Surkamp TRT: 4:29

POST: Martin Delany: To Be More Than Equal
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/martin-delany-to-be-more-than-equal/
6982 words

SERIES: THE JOHN BROWN RAID OCT., 1859, AND ALL HELL BREAKS LOOSE – WITH INDEPENDENT HISTORIAN DENNIS FRYE

John Brown – circa 1856
Source
Boston Athenaeum
Author
John Bowles (
Dennis Frye – Shepherd University

POST: Free, Black Families in Jefferson County, Va., Towns 1860
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/free-black-families-in-jefferson-county-va-towns-1860/
550 words

POST: 7 Biggest “People-Owners,” Jefferson County, Va. 1860
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/7-biggest-people-owners-jefferson-county-va-1860/
660 words

POST: 589 Enslaved Counted in 1860 as “Escaped”
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/589-enslaved-counted-in-1860-as-escaped-by-jim-surkamp-on-june-17-2011/
698 words

POST: Fifteen Set Fires a Sign of Slave Resistance?
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/fifteen-set-fires-a-sign-of-slave-resistance/
5733 words


POST: Dennis Frye -“Did John Brown Have A Military Plan?”
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/did-john-brown-have-a-military-plan-dennis-frye/
866 words

VIDEO: Dennis Frye -“Did John Brown Have A Military Plan?” TRT: 5:25https://youtu.be/0r5JzYXOAr4

POST: John Brown Plots A Gov’t with Martin Delany
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/john-brown-plots-a-govt-with-martin-delany/
4502 words


POST: Dennis Frye -“Why Was Jefferson County a Crucible of the Civil War?”
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/why-was-jefferson-county-a-crucible-of-the-civil-war-dennis-frye/
728 words

VIDEO: Dennis Frye -“Why Was Jefferson County a Crucible of the Civil War?” TRT: 4:53https://youtu.be/67JGmRYyLUo


POST: Dennis Frye -“Why Did Virginia Try John Brown?”
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/why-did-virginia-try-john-brown-dennis-frye/
710 words

VIDEO: Dennis Frye -“Why Did Virginia Try John Brown?” TRT: 4:03 https://youtu.be/o1-Kn3qENeY

POST: Jefferson County, Virginia 1860 – A Profile of Prosperity
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/jefferson-county-virginia-1860-a-profile-of-prosperity/
2061 words


POST: Dennis Frye -“Was John Brown Insane?”
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/was-john-brown-insane-dennis-frye/
530 words

VIDEO: “Was John Brown Insane?” – Dennis Frye TRT: 4:45
https://youtu.be/wqYia06HiAA


POST: Dennis Frye -“Did John Brown Elect Abraham Lincoln President?”
501 words
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/did-john-brown-elect-abraham-lincoln-president-dennis-frye/

VIDEO: Dennis Frye -“Did John Brown Elect Abraham Lincoln President?” TRT: 3:23 https://youtu.be/h6SJwnpBcbA


POST: Dennis Frye – “Did Virginia Realize They Would Host the Civil War?”
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/did-virginia-realize-they-would-host-the-civil-war-dennis-frye/
550 words

VIDEO: “Did Virginia Realize They Would Host the Civil War?” – Dennis Frye TRT: 3:27
https://youtu.be/zcRbPnO5ZUY

POST: Shepherdstown, Va. – July, 1860 – Drumbeats By Jim Surkamp
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/shepherdstown-va-july-1860-drumbeats-by-jim-surkamp/
1638 words

POST: P. Douglas Perks- Jefferson County, Va. late 1850s – Clouds of War
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/p-douglas-perks-november-1860-jefferson-county-votes/
729 votes

VIDEO: P. Douglas Perks- Jefferson County, Va. late 1850s – Clouds of War TRT: 7:17 https://youtu.be/W0c4Ir6DPpQ

POST: Dennis Frye – “What Was Virginia’s Opinion of Secession?”
https://civilwarscholars.com/uncategorized/what-was-virginias-opinion-of-secession-dennis-frye/
707 words

VIDEO: Dennis Frye – “What Was Virginia’s Opinion of Secession?” TRT: 5:28 https://youtu.be/kjgoy9PraTg